Saturday, January 23, 2016

Shocking Crimes in South Sudan

South SudanHundreds of extra-judicial killings, enforced disappearances, gang-rapes, sexual slavery, forced abortion, massive child soldier recruitment and indiscriminate attacks against civilians with entire villages burned down have been perpetrated by all in sides in war-torn South Sudan, the United Nations reported this week.

“The constant attacks on women, the rape, enslavement and slaughter of innocents; the recruitment of thousands upon thousands of child soldiers; the deliberate displacement of vast numbers of people in such a harsh and poverty-stricken country – these are abhorrent practices that must be halted,” said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, whose Office (OHCHR) compiled the report along with the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).

The country, which only gained independence in 2009 after breaking away from Sudan, its northern neighbour, was thrown into turmoil when conflict erupted between President Salva Kiir and his former Vice-President Riek Machar in December 2013, killing thousands, displacing over 2.4 million people, 650,000 of whom fled abroad, and impacting the food security of 4.6 million.

“Very few places in areas of conflict have been safe, as the parties have intentionally attacked traditional safe havens, such as places of worship, hospitals and, from time to time, United Nations bases,” the report said. “These attacks reveal a shocking disregard for civilian life, with an increasing number of armed groups and communities being involved in the violence.”

From the middle of 2015, a new pattern emerged, particularly in the central and southern counties of Unity state, with entire villages being burned down, food crops destroyed and livestock looted, amid indications that this may have been a deliberate strategy by the Government or army to deprive civilians of any source of livelihood and force their displacement, it added.

It documented at least 280 cases of conflict-related sexual violence, including gang-rape, sexual slavery and forced abortion, as well as a sharp increase in child recruitment, with at least 13,000 to 15,000 child soldiers, recruited mainly, but not solely, by opposition forces, as of December 2015.

“Despite the severity of the human rights and humanitarian law violations perpetrated by both sides to the conflict, there are no tangible accountability mechanisms beyond the rhetoric of the main belligerents,” the report stressed.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s Special Representative UNMISS chief Ellen Margrethe Løj underscored that accountability must be a fundamental element in the ongoing peace process seeking to end the strife.

“It is time to end the cycle of impunity that has allowed these violations to occur and embrace a brighter future of sustainable peace for all South Sudanese,” she said.

Mr. Zeid added: “Accountability and justice sound like empty words in such a bleak landscape, but they are essential if South Sudan is to come out of this terrible period. The current regional and international peace efforts offer some hope that this perpetual cycle of bloodshed and misery can be brought to an end, and I urge all sides to negotiate in good faith.”

Adapted from a UN Press Release

January 23, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, January 22, 2016

U.S. State Department's Advisory Committee on International Law

The U.S. Department of State announced a public meeting of the Advisory Committee on Private International Law to discuss international parentage and surrogacy. The meeting will take place on February 9, 2016 from 1 pm until 4 pm, Room 9.04, State Department Annex 17, 600 19th Street NW, Washington, DC. FR3229

Hat tip to the ABA Governmental Affairs Office.

(mew)

January 22, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Spokesperson for Main Political Party in Malawi Calls for Gay and Lesbians to Be Killed

MalawiThe United Nations human rights office today expressed concern over recent developments in Malawi, after the spokesperson of one of the country’s main political parties recently called for gay and lesbian people to be killed, describing them as “worse than dogs.”

The spokesperson for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), Rupert Colville, told the regular bi-weekly press briefing in Geneva that “the statements were made earlier this month by People’s Party spokesperson Kenneth Msonda on his personal Facebook page and repeated in media interviews.”

A criminal case was subsequently lodged against Mr. Msonda by two civil society organizations and he was due today to appear before the Blantyre Magistrate Court on charges of inciting others to break the law.

However, the OHCHR spokesperson said that yesterday the director of public prosecutions decided to discontinue the case – underlining that the State would not prosecute Mr. Msonda.

Mr. Colville said: “We are concerned that the failure to prosecute this case sends a dangerous message that inciting others to kill gay people is legitimate and will be tolerated by the authorities – in effect encouraging violent threats and attacks on the gay and lesbian community in Malawi.”

In May 2015, Malawi accepted a recommendation under the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review in Geneva to “take effective measures to protect lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons from violence, and prosecute the perpetrators of violent attacks.”

“The Government of Malawi has a responsibility, enshrined in international human rights law, to protect all individuals from hatred and violence based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, and to hold to account anyone who either engages in such violence or incites others to do so,” said Mr. Colville, concluding: “We urge the Government to meet its responsibilities in this regard.”

UN Press Release

January 22, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Concern Over Israel's Claim of "State Land" in the Occupied West Bank

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called for “substantial policy changes on the ground” by Israel, voicing deep concern at reports that the Government has declared of 370 acres in the occupied West Bank south of Jericho as so-called “state land.”

“If implemented, this declaration would constitute the largest land appropriation by Israel in the West Bank since August 2014,” a statement issued by his spokesman said last night. “The Secretary-General reiterates his call for substantial policy changes on the ground by Israel that will improve the lives of Palestinians. Settlement activities are a violation of international law and run counter to the public pronouncements of the Government of Israel supporting a two-state solution to the conflict.”

The two-state solution forms the main plank of efforts by the diplomatic Quartet, comprising the UN, European Union, Russia and the United States, to solve the Middle East crisis, with two states – Israel and Palestine – living side by side in peace and security.

UN Press Release

January 22, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

U.S. Amends Visa Waiver Rules

On January 21, the United States began implementing changes under the Visa Waiver Program Improvement and Terrorist Travel Prevention Act of 2015 (the Act). U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) welcomes more than a million passengers arriving to the United States every day and is committed to facilitating legitimate travel while maintaining the highest standards of security and border protection. Under the Act, travelers in the following categories are no longer eligible to travel or be admitted to the United States under the Visa Waiver Program (VWP):
  • Nationals of VWP countries who have traveled to or been present in Iran, Iraq, Sudan, or Syria on or after March 1, 2011 (with limited exceptions for travel for diplomatic or military purposes in the service of a VWP country).
  • Nationals of VWP countries who are also nationals of Iran, Iraq, Sudan, or Syria.
These individuals will still be able to apply for a visa using the regular immigration process at our embassies or consulates. For those who need a U.S. visa for urgent business, medical, or humanitarian travel to the United States, U.S. embassies and consulates stand ready to process applications on an expedited basis.
Beginning January 21, 2016, travelers who currently have valid Electronic System for Travel Authorizations (ESTAs) and who have previously indicated holding dual nationality with one of the four countries listed above on their ESTA applications will have their current ESTAs revoked.
Under the new law, the Secretary of Homeland Security may waive these restrictions if he determines that such a waiver is in the law enforcement or national security interests of the United States. Such waivers will be granted only on a case-by-case basis. As a general matter, categories of travelers who may be eligible for a waiver include:
  • Individuals who traveled to Iran, Iraq, Sudan or Syria on behalf of international organizations, regional organizations, and sub-national governments on official duty;
  • Individuals who traveled to Iran, Iraq, Sudan or Syria on behalf of a humanitarian NGO on official duty;
  • Individuals who traveled to Iran, Iraq, Sudan or Syria as a journalist for reporting purposes;
  • Individuals who traveled to Iran for legitimate business-related purposes following the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (July 14, 2015); and
  • Individuals who have traveled to Iraq for legitimate business-related purposes.
Again, whether ESTA applicants will receive a waiver will be determined on a case-by-case basis, consistent with the terms of the law. In addition, we will continue to explore whether and how the waivers can be used for dual nationals of Iraq, Syria, Iran and Sudan.
Any traveler who receives notification that they are no longer eligible to travel under the VWP are still eligible to travel to the United States with a valid nonimmigrant visa issued by a U.S. embassy or consulate. Such travelers will be required to appear for an interview and obtain a visa in their passports at a U.S. embassy or consulate before traveling to the United States.
The new law does not ban travel to the United States, or admission into the United States, and the great majority of VWP travelers will not be affected by the legislation.
An updated ESTA application with additional questions is scheduled to be released in late February 2016 to address exceptions for diplomatic - and military-related travel provided for in the Act.
Information on visa applications can be found at travel.state.gov.
 
Press release from the U.S. Department of State.

January 22, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Michigan State International Law Review

Thursday, January 21, 2016

Global Legal Skills Awards

Verona Bridge David Austin PhotoA list of past individual and institutional recipients of Global Legal Skills Awards is now available by clicking here.

The GLS awards were first given out in Costa Rica at the seventh Global Legal Skills Conference. Awards are given for individuals, scholarship (including new books and new editions of previously published books), institutions, and law schools. Nominations for 2016 Awards are now being accepted in all categories. Send nominations to gls11verona@gmail.com by March 30, 2016. There is no particular form for nominations, but please include sufficient information to explain to the Awards Committee why the person, institution, publication, or law school is deserving of the award. Contact Professor Mark E. Wojcik at The John Marshall Law School for more information about the GLS Awards.

The next Global Legal Skills Conference (and Awards Presentation) will be held May 24-26, 2016 at the University of Verona Department of Law. Click here for more information about the conference, including how to submit a proposal for presentation.

(mew)

January 21, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

International Law Weekend West

Here's a reminder that the American Branch of the International Law Association will hold its International Law Weekend-West on January 29, 2016, at Brigham Young University Law School in Provo, Utah.  The theme for the conference is "International Law in a Divided World."  As reflected in the program below, panels, roundtable discussions, and keynotes will address issues such as income inequality, international arbitration, corruption, the European migration crisis and more.  To register, click here.
 
Conference participants should plan to fly into Salt Lake City International Airport and take a shuttle, taxi, or rental car to Provo (approximately 45 miles south of the Salt Lake Airport).   Participants may reserve a room at the Provo Marriott at the conference rate of $104 per night.  Reservations must be made by January 7, 2016.  To reserve your room, click on the following link: Book your group rate for Brigham Young University International Law Weekend-West.
 
Those wishing to enjoy Utah beyond the day of the conference may consider skiing options or the Sundance Film Festival, which closes January 31, 2016.  
 
For logistical questions about International Law Weekend-West, please contact BYU Law School Events Planner Lauren Wignall at wignalll@law.byu.edu.  For program questions, please contact the conference organizer, BYU Law Professor David Moore, at moored@law.byu.edu.


"International Law in a Divided World"
International Law Weekend - West
International Law Association, American Branch
Brigham Young University Law School
January 29, 2016
 
8:30 am - 8:50 am Welcome and Opening Remarks
  •  David Moore, Brigham Young University Law School
  •  David P. Stewart, Georgetown University Law Center; President, International Law Association - American Branch
                       
9:00 am - 10:30 am Panels
 
Disasters and International Law - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Maxine Burkett, University of Hawaii School of Law (via video conference)
  • Cinnamon Carlarne, Ohio State University Law School
  • Hari Osofsky, University of Minnesota Law School
  • Karen Bradshaw Shulz, Arizona State University College of Law
  • Lisa Grow Sun, Brigham Young University Law School
 
The Middle East and the Islamic State - 1.5 hours Utah CLE 9 (requested)
  • Frederick Axelgard, Brigham Young University Wheatley Institution
  • Sahar F. Aziz, Texas A&M University School of Law (invited)
  • Christopher Jenks, Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law
  • Rachel VanLandingham, Southwestern Law School
 
Private International Law Practice - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Stirling Adams, Novell
  • Curtis Anderson, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Jacob Briem, LANDESK Software
  • Loren Hulse, Stoel Rives
  • Gayla Sorenson, Brigham Young University Law School
10:45 am - 12:15 pm Panels
 
International Business Trends - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Lew Cramer, Coldwell Banker Commercial Associates
  • Richard Hartvigsen, NuSkin Enterprises
  • Kirk Jowers, dōTERRA
  • Derek Miller, World Trade Center Utah
  • Craig Parry, Parr Brown Gee & Loveless
  • David Rudd, Ballard Spahr
Presidential Power to Implement Treaties - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Kif Augustine-Adams, Brigham Young University Law School
  • David Moore, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Mike Ramsey, University of San Diego Law School
  • David Sloss, Santa Clara Law School
  • Michael Van Alstine, University of Maryland School of Law
 
Public International Law Practice - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Nikki Eberhardt, Progress Through Business, Inc.
  • Janet Eberle, U.S. Air Force, Judge Advocate General Corps
  • Trent Pedersen, Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • David Stewart, Georgetown University Law Center
 
12:30 pm - 2:00 pm Lunch and Keynote Address
 
International Norm Diffusion- 1 hour Utah CLE (requested)
  • Katerina Linos, Berkeley Law School
 
2:15 pm - 3:45 pm Panels
 
Selective Enforcement of International Criminal Law - 1.5 hours Utah CLE
(requested)
  • Charles Jalloh, Florida International University College of Law
  • Leila Sadat, Washington University, St. Louis School of Law
 
Issues in International Anti-Corruption Law- 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Miriam Baer, Brooklyn Law School
  • Tom Lee, Fordham University School of Law
  • Philip Nichols, The Wharton School
  • Andy Spalding, University of Richmond School of Law
 
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm Roundtables
 
The European Migration Crisis - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Carolina Núñez, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Moria Paz, Stanford Law School
 
Contemporary International Arbitration - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Charles "Chip" Brower, Wayne State University Law School
  • Victoria Sahani, Washington & Lee University School of Law
 
Cyber Security- 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  •  Eric Jensen, Brigham Young University Law School
  •  John McClurg, Dell
 
6:00 pm - 8:00 pm Dinner and Keynote Address
 
Income Inequality and International Law- 1 hour Utah CLE (requested)
  • Chantal Thomas, Cornell Law School

(mew)

January 21, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, January 18, 2016

WTO Appellate Report in EU-China Antidumping Case

WTOThe Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization has issued its compliance report in the dispute “European Communities — Definitive Anti-Dumping Measures on Certain Iron or Steel Fasteners from China — Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU by China” (DS397).  Click here for a one-page summary of the key findings.

(mew)

January 18, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

EU Files Trade Dispute Against Columbia Over Alcoholic Beverages

Earlier, today, the European Union (EU) requested consultations with Columbia at the World Trade Organization (WTO), the first step in the WTO dispute resolution process. The EU alleges that Columbian measures accord discriminatory treatment to imported alcoholic beverages, negatively affecting exports of spirits from the EU to Columbia in violation of WTO rules.  If the parties have not resolved the matter within 60 days of the request for consultations, the EU may request the establishment of  a dispute resolution panel.  The matter has been assigned WT/DS502/1.

For more information, visit the WTO website.

(cgb)

January 13, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, January 7, 2016

Call for Papers: Utrecht Journal of International and European Law

The Utrecht Journal of International and European Law is issuing a Call for Papers to be published in its 83rd edition in summer 2016 on ‘General Issues’ within International and European law.

The Board of Editors invites submissions addressing any aspect of International and European law; topics may include, but are not limited to, European Union law, International and European Human Rights Law, International and European Criminal Law, Transnational Justice, Family Law, Health and Medical Law, Children’s Rights, Commercial Law, Media Law, Law of Democracy, Taxation, Comparative Law, Competition Law, Employment Law, Law of the Sea, Environmental Law, Indigenous Peoples, Land and Resources Law, Alternative Dispute Resolution, or any other relevant topic.

Authors are invited to address questions and issues arising from the specific area of law relating to their topic. All types of manuscripts, from socio-legal to legal technical to comparative, will be considered for publication. However, any analysis solely limited to a national legal system will fall outside the scope of the Journal. An international or European legal dimension is imperative.

The Board of Editors will select articles based on quality of research and writing, diversity and relevance of topic. The novelty of the academic contribution is also an essential requirement. Prospective articles should be submitted online and should conform to the journal style guide on the journal's website. Utrecht Journal has a word limit of 15,000 words including footnotes.

Deadline for Submissions: 18 April 2016

Utrecht Journal of International and European Law is the student-led, peer-reviewed biannual law journal of Urios, the Utrecht Association for International and European Law. The Journal was originally founded in 1981 as Merkourios. Since 1981, the Journal has expanded its readership and is now distributed all over the world through databases such as HeinOnline and the Directory of Open Access Journals.

(cgb)

January 7, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, January 4, 2016

International Law Weekend West

The American Branch of the International Law Association will hold its International Law Weekend-West on January 29, 2016, at Brigham Young University Law School in Provo, Utah.  The theme for the conference is "International Law in a Divided World."  As reflected in the program below, panels, roundtable discussions, and keynotes will address issues such as income inequality, international arbitration, corruption, the European migration crisis and more.  To register, click here.
 
Conference participants should plan to fly into Salt Lake City International Airport and take a shuttle, taxi, or rental car to Provo (approximately 45 miles south of the Salt Lake Airport).   Participants may reserve a room at the Provo Marriott at the conference rate of $104 per night.  Reservations must be made by January 7, 2016.  To reserve your room, click on the following link: Book your group rate for Brigham Young University International Law Weekend-West.
 
Those wishing to enjoy Utah beyond the day of the conference may consider skiing options or the Sundance Film Festival, which closes January 31, 2016.  
 
For logistical questions about International Law Weekend-West, please contact BYU Law School Events Planner Lauren Wignall at wignalll@law.byu.edu.  For program questions, please contact the conference organizer, BYU Law Professor David Moore, at moored@law.byu.edu.


"International Law in a Divided World"
International Law Weekend - West
International Law Association, American Branch
Brigham Young University Law School
January 29, 2016
 
8:30 am - 8:50 am Welcome and Opening Remarks
  •  David Moore, Brigham Young University Law School
  •  David P. Stewart, Georgetown University Law Center; President, International Law Association - American Branch
                       
9:00 am - 10:30 am Panels
 
Disasters and International Law - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Maxine Burkett, University of Hawaii School of Law (via video conference)
  • Cinnamon Carlarne, Ohio State University Law School
  • Hari Osofsky, University of Minnesota Law School
  • Karen Bradshaw Shulz, Arizona State University College of Law
  • Lisa Grow Sun, Brigham Young University Law School
 
The Middle East and the Islamic State - 1.5 hours Utah CLE 9 (requested)
  • Frederick Axelgard, Brigham Young University Wheatley Institution
  • Sahar F. Aziz, Texas A&M University School of Law (invited)
  • Christopher Jenks, Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law
  • Rachel VanLandingham, Southwestern Law School
 
Private International Law Practice - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Stirling Adams, Novell
  • Curtis Anderson, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Jacob Briem, LANDESK Software
  • Loren Hulse, Stoel Rives
  • Gayla Sorenson, Brigham Young University Law School
10:45 am - 12:15 pm Panels
 
International Business Trends - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Lew Cramer, Coldwell Banker Commercial Associates
  • Richard Hartvigsen, NuSkin Enterprises
  • Kirk Jowers, dōTERRA
  • Derek Miller, World Trade Center Utah
  • Craig Parry, Parr Brown Gee & Loveless
  • David Rudd, Ballard Spahr
Presidential Power to Implement Treaties - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Kif Augustine-Adams, Brigham Young University Law School
  • David Moore, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Mike Ramsey, University of San Diego Law School
  • David Sloss, Santa Clara Law School
  • Michael Van Alstine, University of Maryland School of Law
 
Public International Law Practice - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Nikki Eberhardt, Progress Through Business, Inc.
  • Janet Eberle, U.S. Air Force, Judge Advocate General Corps
  • Trent Pedersen, Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • David Stewart, Georgetown University Law Center
 
12:30 pm - 2:00 pm Lunch and Keynote Address
 
International Norm Diffusion- 1 hour Utah CLE (requested)
  • Katerina Linos, Berkeley Law School
 
2:15 pm - 3:45 pm Panels
 
Selective Enforcement of International Criminal Law - 1.5 hours Utah CLE
(requested)
  • Charles Jalloh, Florida International University College of Law
  • Leila Sadat, Washington University, St. Louis School of Law
 
Issues in International Anti-Corruption Law- 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Miriam Baer, Brooklyn Law School
  • Tom Lee, Fordham University School of Law
  • Philip Nichols, The Wharton School
  • Andy Spalding, University of Richmond School of Law
 
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm Roundtables
 
The European Migration Crisis - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Carolina Núñez, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Moria Paz, Stanford Law School
 
Contemporary International Arbitration - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Charles "Chip" Brower, Wayne State University Law School
  • Victoria Sahani, Washington & Lee University School of Law
 
Cyber Security- 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  •  Eric Jensen, Brigham Young University Law School
  •  John McClurg, Dell
 
6:00 pm - 8:00 pm Dinner and Keynote Address
 
Income Inequality and International Law- 1 hour Utah CLE (requested)
  • Chantal Thomas, Cornell Law School

(mew)

January 4, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, January 1, 2016

Legal Research and Writing Classes for Non-U.S. Lawyers

Here's another entry for your Dance Card at the upcoming annual meeting of the Association of American Law Schools, sponsored by the AALS Section on Graduate Programs for Non-U.S. Lawyers:

Saturday, January 9, 2016, 3:30 to 5:15 p.m.

New Law Teacher Program – Pedagogy:

Legal Research and Writing Classes for Non-U.S. Lawyers

This program will review legal research and writing assignments, materials, and teaching needs for non-U.S. lawyers attending LL.M. programs in the United States. The program will also consider how professors and law schools can better serve the needs of international students.

Moderators: Lauren Fielder (University of Texas School of Law)

Speakers:

Hether Clash Macfarlane (Pacific McGeorge School of Law)

January 1, 2016 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, December 31, 2015

Live from "L"

"L" is the nickname for the Legal Adviser for the U.S. Department of State. Several years ago, the American Bar Association Section of International Law started a program called "Live from L" in which the Legal Adviser would discuss current international law issues. The program will next be held on Thursday, February 18, 2016, at the George Washington University School of Law. It will be co-sponsored by the American Society of International Law. You can attend the program in person or listen in online. The focus will be on the Iran Nuclear Deal, but of course events in February may bring additional topics for discussion or to be raised in the question and answer segment. The program will also be webcast, making it widely available to all of you.

(mew)

December 31, 2015 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, December 30, 2015

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda To Close Its Doors December 31, 2015

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), created in the wake of the genocide that took place in Rwanda in 1994,  has rendered its last judgment and will officially close its doors on New Year's Eve 2015.

On December 14, the ICTR  delivered its final judgment on appeal in the case against former Minister of Family and Women’s Development Pauline Nyiramasuhuko and five co-accused. Nyiramasuhuko was the first woman convicted of genocide by an international court. The court found her guilty of rape and other crimes. The Appeals Chamber upheld the convictions for most of the charges, but lowered the prison sentences for all six defendants.

In another significant development in December, Congolese officials arrested Ladislas Ntaganzwa, the former mayor of Nyakizu, Rwanda, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The ICTR had indicted Ntaganzwa for genocide, incitement to commit genocide, and crimes against humanity, and transferred his case to Rwanda in 2012 for trial. He is currently detained in the Congolese capital, Kinshasa.

The United Nations Security Council established the ICTR in 1994 to prosecute persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Rwanda or by Rwandan citizens in neighboring countries between January 1, 1994 and December 31, 1994. It was expected to try mostly high-level suspects and those who played a leading role in the genocide.

Among the ICTR's successes are the trial and conviction of several prominent figures, including former Prime Minister Jean Kambanda; the former army chief of staff, General Augustin Bizimungu; and the former Defense Ministry chief of staff, Colonel Théoneste Bagosora. During its 20 years in existence, the ICTR indicted 93 people, sentenced 61, and acquitted 14, helping to establish the truth relating to the Rwandan genocide and providing justice to victims. The ICTR also established important precedents in international criminal law and served as a model for  the creation of the International Criminal Court under the 1998 Rome Statute.

Despite these successes, the ICTR has also been criticized for the lack of reparations for victims,  its location outside Rwanda in Arusha, Tanzania, its handling of a relatively small number of cases, its high operating costs, and its lengthy trials.  It also has been criticized for its unwillingness to prosecute war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in 1994 by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), the rebel group that ended the genocide and has been Rwanda’s ruling party ever since. 

Prosecutions of perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Rwanda will continue through the Rwandan justice system and in the domestic courts of several other countries, including Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Canada, Finland, Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands, and France. The ICTR also is handing over three other cases to the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals. 

A top priority continues to be the arrest, transfer, and prosecution of eight remaining fugitives, five of whom are to be tried by Rwanda and three by the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals: former Defense Minister Augustin Bizimana, the former commander of the Presidential Guard Protais Mpiranya, and Félicien Kabuga, a businessman. The execution of international arrest warrants has posed a major problem in international criminal law. Neither the ICTR nor the residual mechanism have their own police to carry out arrests and depend entirely on the cooperation of states where suspects are living. Rwanda's Minister of Justice has called upon the international community to assist in bringing those suspects to justice to finish the work carried out by the ICTR.

(cgb) 

December 30, 2015 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, December 27, 2015

Congratulations to David Gerber, New President of the American Society of Comparative Law

David GerberProfessor David Gerber of the Chicago-Kent College of Law has been elected President of the American Society of Comparative Law. Founded in 1851, the American Society of Comparative Law promotes the comparative study of law. As its new President, Professor Gerber plans to focus outreach activities in Latin America and Asia.

Professor Gerber writes and teaches primarily in the areas of antitrust/competition law, comparative law, international economic law and globalization studies. He received his B.A. from Trinity College (Conn.), his M.A. from Yale, and his J.D. from the University of Chicago. In 2013 he was awarded the degree of Honorary Doctor of Laws by the University of Zurich, Switzerland.

He has been a visiting professor at the law schools of the University of Pennsylvania, Northwestern University, and Washington University in the United States as well as on the law faculties of the University of Munich and Freiburg in Germany, Stockholm and Uppsala in Sweden, and the Global Law Faculty of Catolica University in Portugal. He has been a distinguished visitor at numerous universities, including the University of Rome (Sapienza), the University of Paris II, the University of Zurich, the University of Aix-en-Provence, and Meiji University (Japan). He has also been a visiting fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods in Bonn, Germany. Before beginning his teaching career, Professor Gerber practiced law in New York and in Europe.

(mew)

December 27, 2015 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, December 26, 2015

A Beginner's Guide to Treaty Research

Have to do some treaty research? Here's some helpful tips from our good friends at the Law Library of Congress, the largest law library in the world. Click here for their helpful advice on treaty research. And even if you're already a treaty research expert, you'll love the story about how President Washington brought a treaty to the Senate for its advice and consent but was surprised when they didn't want to debate it in front of him. Have a look!

(mew)

December 26, 2015 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, December 23, 2015

Registration is now open for the ABILA International Law Weekend-West

The American Branch of the International Law Association announced that International Law Weekend-West will take place January 29, 2016, at Brigham Young University Law School in Provo, Utah.  The theme for the conference is "International Law in a Divided World."  As reflected in the program below, panels, roundtable discussions, and keynotes will address issues such as income inequality, international arbitration, corruption, the European migration crisis and more.  To register, click here.
 
Conference participants should plan to fly into Salt Lake City International Airport and take a shuttle, taxi, or rental car to Provo (approximately 45 miles south of the Salt Lake Airport).   Participants may reserve a room at the Provo Marriott at the conference rate of $104 per night.  Reservations must be made by January 7, 2016.  To reserve your room, click on the following link: Book your group rate for Brigham Young University International Law Weekend-West.
 
Those wishing to enjoy Utah beyond the day of the conference may consider skiing options or the Sundance Film Festival, which closes January 31, 2016.  
 
For logistical questions about International Law Weekend-West, please contact BYU Law School Events Planner Lauren Wignall at wignalll@law.byu.edu.  For program questions, please contact the conference organizer, BYU Law Professor David Moore, at moored@law.byu.edu.


"International Law in a Divided World"
International Law Weekend - West
International Law Association, American Branch
Brigham Young University Law School
January 29, 2016
 
8:30 am - 8:50 am Welcome and Opening Remarks
  •  David Moore, Brigham Young University Law School
  •  David P. Stewart, Georgetown University Law Center; President, International Law Association - American Branch
                       
9:00 am - 10:30 am Panels
 
Disasters and International Law - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Maxine Burkett, University of Hawaii School of Law (via video conference)
  • Cinnamon Carlarne, Ohio State University Law School
  • Hari Osofsky, University of Minnesota Law School
  • Karen Bradshaw Shulz, Arizona State University College of Law
  • Lisa Grow Sun, Brigham Young University Law School
 
The Middle East and the Islamic State - 1.5 hours Utah CLE 9 (requested)
  • Frederick Axelgard, Brigham Young University Wheatley Institution
  • Sahar F. Aziz, Texas A&M University School of Law (invited)
  • Christopher Jenks, Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law
  • Rachel VanLandingham, Southwestern Law School
 
Private International Law Practice - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Stirling Adams, Novell
  • Curtis Anderson, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Jacob Briem, LANDESK Software
  • Loren Hulse, Stoel Rives
  • Gayla Sorenson, Brigham Young University Law School
 
10:45 am - 12:15 pm Panels
 
International Business Trends - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Lew Cramer, Coldwell Banker Commercial Associates
  • Richard Hartvigsen, NuSkin Enterprises
  • Kirk Jowers, dōTERRA
  • Derek Miller, World Trade Center Utah
  • Craig Parry, Parr Brown Gee & Loveless
  • David Rudd, Ballard Spahr
 
Presidential Power to Implement Treaties - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
Kif Augustine-Adams, Brigham Young University Law School
David Moore, Brigham Young University Law School
Mike Ramsey, University of San Diego Law School
David Sloss, Santa Clara Law School
Michael Van Alstine, University of Maryland School of Law
 
Public International Law Practice - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Nikki Eberhardt, Progress Through Business, Inc.
  • Janet Eberle, U.S. Air Force, Judge Advocate General Corps
  • Trent Pedersen, Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • David Stewart, Georgetown University Law Center
 
12:30 pm - 2:00 pm Lunch and Keynote Address
 
International Norm Diffusion- 1 hour Utah CLE (requested)
Katerina Linos, Berkeley Law School
 
2:15 pm - 3:45 pm Panels
 
Selective Enforcement of International Criminal Law - 1.5 hours Utah CLE
(requested)
  • Charles Jalloh, Florida International University College of Law
  • Leila Sadat, Washington University, St. Louis School of Law
 
Issues in International Anti-Corruption Law- 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Miriam Baer, Brooklyn Law School
  • Tom Lee, Fordham University School of Law
  • Philip Nichols, The Wharton School
  • Andy Spalding, University of Richmond School of Law
 
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm Roundtables
 
The European Migration Crisis - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Carolina Núñez, Brigham Young University Law School
  • Moria Paz, Stanford Law School
 
Contemporary International Arbitration - 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  • Charles "Chip" Brower, Wayne State University Law School
  • Victoria Sahani, Washington & Lee University School of Law
 
Cyber Security- 1.5 hours Utah CLE (requested)
  •  Eric Jensen, Brigham Young University Law School
  •  John McClurg, Dell
 
6:00 pm - 8:00 pm Dinner and Keynote Address
 
Income Inequality and International Law- 1 hour Utah CLE (requested)
  • Chantal Thomas, Cornell Law School

(mew)

December 23, 2015 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, December 21, 2015

Live From "L"

"L" is the nickname for the Legal Adviser for the U.S. Department of State. Several years ago, the American Bar Association Section of International Law started a program called "Live from L" in which the Legal Adviser would discuss current international law issues. The program will next be held on Thursday, February 18, 2016, at the George Washington University School of Law. It will be co-sponsored by the American Society of International Law. You can attend the program in person or listen in online. The focus will be on the Iran Nuclear Deal, but of course events in February may bring additional topics for discussion or to be raised in the question and answer segment. The program will also be webcast, making it widely available to all of you.

(mew)

December 21, 2015 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Save the Dates! Upcoming AALS Annual Meetings in New York, San Francisco, San Diego, and New Orleans

AALS LogoThe Association of American Law Schools holds its well-attended annual meeting each January. Here's the schedule of upcoming meetings for the next few years:

  • January 6-10, 2016: New York
  • January 4-7, 2017: San Francisco
  • January 3-6, 2018: San Diego
  • January 2-6, 2019: New Orleans

The Association of American Law Schools is a nonprofit association of 180 law schools. Its law school members enroll most of the law students in the United States.  The AALS describes its mission as "to uphold and advance excellence in legal education." The AALS promotes the core values of excellence in teaching and scholarship, academic freedom, and diversity, including diversity of backgrounds and viewpoints, while seeking to improve the legal profession, to foster justice, and to serve local, national, and international communities.

Visit the AALS website for more information about the Association and its upcoming meetings and other activities. The AALS has a large number of Sections focused on various topics, including international law. At the 2016 Annual Meeting, the AALS Section of International Law has organized a field trip to the United Nations.

(mew)

December 21, 2015 | Permalink | Comments (0)