Tuesday, November 12, 2013
The General Assembly today elected 14 countries to serve on the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) for a period of three years beginning on January 1, 2014. The countries elected today are:
- Saudi Arabia,
- South Africa,
- the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
- Viet Nam,
- Russia, and
- the United Kingdom.
Members of the Council serve for a period of three years and are not eligible for immediate re-election after serving two consecutive terms. The Council, composed of 47 members, is an inter-governmental body within the UN system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. All of its members are elected by the world body’s General Assembly, and it has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.
The Council’s membership is based on equitable geographical distribution and seats are distributed as follows:
- 13 seats for African States,
- 13 seats for Asian States,
- 8 seats for Latin American and Caribbean States,
- 7 seats for Western European and other States, and
- 6 seats for Eastern European States.
The other members of the Council and the end of their terms are as follows:
- Argentina (2015),
- Austria (2014),
- Benin (2014),
- Botswana (2014),
- Brazil (2015),
- Burkina Faso (2014),
- Chile (2014),
- Congo (2014),
- Costa Rica (2014),
- Côte d’Ivoire (2015),
- Czech Republic (2014),
- Estonia (2015),
- Ethiopia (2015),
- Gabon (2015),
- Germany (2015),
- India (2014),
- Indonesia (2014),
- Ireland (2015),
- Italy (2014),
- Japan (2015),
- Kazakhstan (2015),
- Kenya (2015),
- Kuwait (2014),
- Montenegro (2015),
- Pakistan (2015),
- Peru (2014),
- Philippines (2014),
- Republic of Korea (2015),
- Romania (2014),
- Sierra Leone (2015),
- United Arab Emirates (2015),
- United States (2015), and
- Venezuela (2015).
(mew) (adapted from a UN press release)
Monday, November 11, 2013
The United Nations International Court of Justice (ICJ) today ruled that Cambodia has sovereignty over the whole territory of the Preah Vihear temple, and that Thailand is obligated to withdraw its military personnel from the area.
Following Cambodia’s independence, Thailand occupied the 900-year-old Hindu temple in 1954. The temple and its vicinity have long been a bone of contention between the neighbours and have in recent years led to deadly clashes between them. In a June 1962 judgment, the ICJ found that the temple is situated in territory under the sovereignty of Cambodia, and that Thailand is under an obligation to withdraw any military or police forces, or other guards or keepers, stationed at the Temple or in its vicinity on Cambodian territory.
In April 2011, Cambodia requested the ICJ to interpret the 1962 Judgment, arguing that while Thailand recognizes Cambodia’s sovereignty over the temple itself, it does not appear to recognize the sovereignty of Cambodia over the vicinity of the temple.
In its decision today, the Court declared unanimously that the 1962 Judgement decided that Cambodia had sovereignty over the whole territory of the promontory of Preah Vihear, and that Thailand is obligated to withdraw its forces from that territory. It also affirmed that the temple, which was inscribed in 2008 on the World Heritage List drawn up by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), is a site of religious and cultural significance for the peoples of the region. In this respect, the Court recalled that Cambodia and Thailand – which are both parties to the World Heritage Convention – must cooperate in the protection of the site as a world heritage. In addition, each State is under an obligation not to “take any deliberate measures which might damage directly or indirectly” such heritage.
(adapted from a UN press release)
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
Earlier today, the Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) issued a decision in the case of Hissène Habré, the former dictator of Chad who has been indicted for crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture.
After many years of litigation and waiting, Habre is set to be tried by the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC), a special court created pursuant to an agreement between the African Union (AU) and Senegal, where Habre has been residing since he stepped down from power in 1990.
Habre brought suit at the ECOWAS Court seeking an “order [for] the immediate suspension of activities, investigations, and prosecutorial acts undertaken or to be undertaken within the framework of the application of the Chambers’ statute” on the ground that the Extraordinary African Chambers were not legitimate. Habré’s lawyers also alleged that he could not get a fair trial before the Chambers. The ECOWAS Court held that it did not have jurisdiction to rule on the application because the EAC was established pursuant to a treaty between Senegal and the AU. It dismissed his case, clearing the way for trial at the EAC.
Senior officials from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and the International Criminal Court briefed the UN General Assembly last week, highlighting the work of the courts over the past year tackling their respective cases.
International Court of Justice
“During the last 12 months, the International Court of Justice has continued to fulfil its role as the forum of choice of the international community of States for the peaceful settlement of every kind of international dispute over which it has jurisdiction,” Judge Peter Tomka, President of the Court said, briefing the General Assembly at UN Headquarters in New York. He said that the Court has cleared its backlog of cases and detailed for the Assembly the progress of as many as 11 contentious cases with which it dealt over the past year.
The ICJ held public hearings in and is currently deliberating three cases:
- a maritime dispute involving Peru and Chile,
- an interpretation of a 1962 judgement in the case concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear between Cambodia and Thailand, and
- the case concerning whaling in the Antarctic between Australia and Japan, with New Zealand intervening.
The ICJ also delivered two judgements this year:
- a territorial and maritime dispute involving Nicaragua and Colombia, and
- the frontier dispute between Burkina Faso and Niger.
In addition, the ICJ delivered six Orders in other cases.
Judge Tomka told the General Assembly that because the ICJ “has been able to clear its backlog of cases, States thinking of submitting cases to the principal judicial organ of the United Nations can be confident that, as soon as they have completed their written exchanges, the Court will move to the hearings stage without delay.”
International Criminal Court
Also briefing the U.N. General Assembly last week was Judge Sang-Hyun Song, President of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
He provided an update on the eight situations before the Court:
- the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC),
- the Central African Republic (CAR),
- Côte d’Ivoire,
- the Darfur region of Sudan, and
“The ICC has attracted considerable international attention in the past months, especially in Africa. Some voices have urged the Court to show flexibility on certain issues,” noted Mr. Song. “I would like to underline that while the ICC will naturally try to find practical solutions to the challenges it faces, such solutions must be consistent with the legal framework set by States in the Rome Statute.”
With regard to Kenya, the ICC today decided to postpone the trial of Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, which was set to begin on November 12, 2013, to February 5, 2014 to allow further time to prepare his case. Mr. Kenyatta is charged, as an indirect co-perpetrator, with five counts of crimes against humanity consisting of murder, deportation or forcible transfer, rape, persecution and other inhumane acts allegedly committed during the post-election violence in Kenya in 2007-2008.
The ICC is an independent, permanent court that tries persons accused of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole, namely the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.
Mr. Song reminded Member States that the issues which engage the ICC’s mandate have tremendous societal and political significance in the countries concerned. “ICC decisions will often be welcome to some and disappointing to others. But the reasons driving the Court’s decisions are always legal, not political.
“In five years’ time, many ad hoc courts and tribunals will have closed their doors. The ICC’s role in the global efforts for peace, security and the prevention of mass atrocities will be even more pronounced than it is today.”
(adapted from a UN press release)
The Faroe Islands lie northwest of Scotland and are halfway between Iceland and Norway. It's an archipelago composed of 18 islands that cover 1399 square kilometers. It is 113 km long and 75 kilometers wide and is said to be roughly in the shape of an arrowhead, although I think I need a better map to see that.
What's its status under international law? The Faroe Islands is a self-governing territory of Denmark and is covered by Denmark’s membership of the World Trade Organization. However, the Faroe Islands is not covered by Denmark’s membership of the European Union.
So what are the Faroe Islands up to now?
We wrote a short while back that the Faroe Islands has initiated arbitration against the European Union (EU) pursuant to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in connection with a dispute over fishing rights. Why? Earlier this year, the Faroese government decided to increase the amount of herring its fishermen were allowed to take. In response, the EU Member States voted to impose sanctions against the Faroe Islands for overfishing of herring. The Faroe Islands and Iceland charged that the EU actions violate international maritime law as reflected in UNCLOS. Iceland and the Faroe Islands said the dispute should be resolved through negotiations with the other coastal states: Russia, Norway, and the EU. At the time of our post, the EU sanctions were not yet in effect.
But now those sanctions are in effect, and the Faroe Islands, through the Kingdom of Denmark, notified the Secretariat of the World Trade Organization yesterday that they would like consultations with the European Union regarding "the use of coercive economic measures in relation to Atlanto-Scandian herring."
The request for consultations claims that on August 28, 2013, the EU Commission adopted measures against the Faroe Islands, including prohibition on imports into the EU of Atlanto-Scandian herring and associated species of mackerel caught under the control of the Faroe Islands. The measures also include prohibition of the use of EU ports by Faroese-flagged vessels that fish for these species and by vessels that transport fish and fishery products stemming from herring or mackerel caught by Faroese-flagged vessels or vessels flying other flags but authorized by the Faroe Islands.This is the first case in which an EU member state has requested consultations under the Dispute Settlement Understanding with another WTO member. Further information will be available within the next few days on the WTO website in document WT/DS469/1.
The request for consultations formally initiates a dispute in the WTO. Consultations give the parties an opportunity to discuss the matter and to find a satisfactory solution without proceeding further with litigation. After 60 days, if consultations have failed to resolve the dispute, the complainant may request adjudication by a panel.
(Adapted from WTO press releases)
Sunday, November 3, 2013
ABA Section of International Law is an Official Co-Sponsor of the Global Legal Skills Conference in Verona, Italy (May 2014)
The Amercian Bar Association Section of International Law, with more than 22,000 members around the world, is an official co-sponsor of the next Global Legal Skills Conference ("GLS-9"). The conference will be held next May in Italy at the University of Verona Faculty of Law. The conference will be held on May 21-23, 2014 and will be followed by an optional day trip to the city of Vicenza Italy.
The conference is a global gathering of experts and professionals working in law, international and comparative law, legal skills, and language education. A major focus of past conferences has been on the unique skills needed to teach "Legal English" to lawyers and law students who speak English as a second language. The conference will also include sessions on international and comparative law, international legal exchanges, and international legal skills education.
The Global Legal Skills Conference will also include a follow-up session from the recent International Legal Education Summit organized by the ABA Section of International Law in connection with its Fall Meeting. The Educational Summit was held at the University of Law in London, England.
Leadership from the ABA Section of International Law participating in the conference will include Professor William Mock of The John Marshall Law School, who currently serves as Secretary of the ABA Section of International Law.
Other organizations co-sponsoring the GLS Conference include the Teaching International Law Committee of the American Branch of the International Law Association (ABILA) and the International Law Students' Association (ILSA) (the group that organizes the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition).
The day trip to Vicenza is expected to include a reception at the art gallery of Rosalba Pedrina, a noted artist of the Veneto region who for many years has run an art gallery and school for children and adults. She and her students are expected to prepare a special show for the conference focusing on artistic interpretations of international law and justice.
There is also a "Global Legal Skills Conference" page on Facebook to "like."
Proposals for presentations at the Global Legal Skills Conference are due in January and can be submiteed through the website for the Global Legal Skills Conference..
Friday, November 1, 2013
Earlier this week, Japan requested consultations with the Ukraine at the World Trade Organization (WTO), over allegations that the Ukraine acted inconsistently with its obligations under the WTO Safeguards Agreement. More particularly, Japan alleges that Ukraine failed to promptly notify the Safeguards Committee and to provide WTO members with an adequate opportunity for consulations prior to Ukraine's imposition of safeguard duties on certain imported passenger cars. Japan further alleges that the Ukraine failed to publish a report setting forth its findings and reasoned conclusions and a detailed analysis of the case under investigation, and applied the safeguard measures two years after the end of the investigation period. Finally, Japan alleges that Ukraine applied the safeguard measures beyond the extent necessary to prevent or remedy serious injury.
More information regarding Case No. WT/DS468/1 may be found on the WTO website.
This is the second case brought against the Ukraine since its accession to the WTO in 2008 (the first case, on distilled spirits, was brought by Moldova in March 2011).
An important international conference on elder law and policy will be held in Chicago on July 10-11, 2014, co-sponsored by The John Marshall Law School-Chicago, Roosevelt University, and the East China University of Political Science and Law (ECUPL).
The international conference is expected to draw leading academics, policy-makers, and elder law practitioners and advocates from Europe, Asia, Australia, and across the United States. Speakers will discuss various themes including:
- Elimination of Age Discrimination;
- Autonomy, Independent Living, and Health Care Issues Affecting the Elderly;
- Life Continuing with Dignity Because of Adequate Access to Social Security and Other Financial Resources;
- The Prevention of Elder Abuse and Violence; and
- Access to Justice for Elderly Individuals in Need of Assistance.
The conference is being organized by Professor Barry Kozak of The John Marshall Law School in cooperation with others at the law school and colleagues at East China, Roosevelt University, and the Chicago Bar Association.
Mark E. Wojcik
Thursday, October 31, 2013
Two of the surviving former leaders of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge regime charged with mass killings during the 1970’s requested to be acquitted today, as closing arguments began at the United Nations-backed war crimes tribunal in the south-east Asian country.
Nuon Chea, 87, and Khieu Samphan, 81, are before the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), on charges of crimes against humanity for their roles in the regime which ruled from 1975-1979. Nearly 2 million people are thought to have died during that period of forced labour, starvation, torture and execution.
The ECCC is a hybrid court established in 2006 to try senior leaders and those most responsible for the crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge regime. The UN has deployed international judges, prosecutors and staff to the ECCC through the UN Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials. More than 100,000 people have attended hearings since the trial began, many of them survivors of the Khmer Rouge regime who travelled far to watch the proceedings.
As for today’s proceedings, Mr. Nuon, also known as ‘Brother Number Two,’ claimed that he was not responsible for any of the crimes alleged by the prosecution although he expressed remorse over moral responsibilities as the deputy secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.
“I did not plan to commit crimes: I did not encourage anyone to commit crimes, either,” he said. “Nevertheless, I’d like to express my deepest remorse to Cambodian people who suffered during the Democratic Kampuchea.”
For his part Mr. Khieu, said he had lost faith in the tribunal. “I have a strong feeling that no matter how hard I try to explain the truth, they (the Court) will only turn their deaf ears. They will not pay attention to what I have to say and would use it against me.”
The trial of began in November 2011 and concluded today with Mr. Noun and Mr. Khieu’s final statements, following closing submissions by the prosecution and civil parties in the last two weeks. During the course of two years, 92 individuals, including 31 civil parties gave testimony. The ECC is expected to deliver verdicts in the first half of 2014.
Last week, the prosecution called for a life sentence, the maximum penalty available in Cambodia, arguing that the two accused were the mastermind of criminal policies that forced millions of people to march thousands kilometres away from home to unknown places in inhumane conditions and killed hundreds of former Lon Nol officials and soldiers at Tuol Po Chrey in the northwest province of Pursat.
“We do not ask you to condemn these men […] we ask you for justice – justice for the victims who perished, justice for the victims who survive today,” said National Co-Prosecutor Chea Leang.
(UN Press Release)
Click here to download an article on rights of victims before the Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia: Mark E. Wojcik, False Hope: The Rights of Victims Before International Criminal Tribunals, L'Observateur des Nations Unies, Vol. 28, 2010
Last year, the U.S. Senate narrowly voted against giving its advice and consent to U.S. ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee has decided to revive the debate and will hold new hearings on the treaty next Tuesday, November 5.
In an effort to convince wavering Republicans who voted against the treaty the first time around, the first two witnesses scheduled to testify next week are Sen. Kelly Ayotte (R-N.H.) and Mark Kirk (R-Ill.). Last year, the treaty fell five votes short of the two-thirds needed for ratification. Advocates hope this time around they can convince enough Republicans to vote yes now that the divisive presidential election is over.
The treaty enjoys broad bipartisan support. Joining will allow the United States to continue its leadership internationally for the protection of disabled persons. Opposition to the treaty comes primarily from conservatives who fear an erosion of American sovereignty with any international commitments and who believe joining the treaty is unncessary because U.S. law already adequate protects disabled persons.
Currently, 138 other nations belong to the Disabilities Treaty.
Wednesday, October 30, 2013
Save the date!
Sunday, January 5, 2014
9:00 AM - 12:00 PM
ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN LAW SCHOOLS
- SECTION ON ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME LAW
- SECTION ON NORTH AMERICAN COOPERATION
Legal Issues of the Arctic
Papers to be published in Ocean & Coastal Law Journal.
- Betsy Baker, Vermont Law School
- William V. Dunlap, Quinnipiac University School of Law
- Rear Admiral Frederick J. Kenney, Judge Advocate General and Chief Counsel, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of the Judge Advocate General, Washington, DC
- Commander Peter Killaby, Assistant Deputy Judge Advocate General/ Regional Services, Department of National Defence, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
- Commander James Kraska, S.J.D., Howard S. Levie Chair of Operational Law, United States Naval War College, Newport, RI
- Charles Norchi, University of Maine School of Law
- John W. Reifenberg, Jr., Michigan State University College of Law
- Fernando Villarreal-Gonda, Academic Dean, Free Faculty of Law of Monterrey, Santa Catarina, Nuevo León, Mexico
In September 2012, the lowest level of Arctic sea ice in recorded history was measured. As the sea ice recedes, an emerging maritime frontier is expanding. Oil drilling operations are growing; mineral extraction is expanding; increasing numbers of foreign tankers are using the northen sea routes; and small cruise ships are venturing farther into the Arctic Sea. This increasing human activity in the Arctic requires an examination of the legal issues related to its growth. The panel will address some of these issues.
Some of the topics that will be discussed by the panel members are: national sovereignty, Arctic governance, new sea lanes, natural resource exploration, Arctic security, and the treatment of Arctic high-seas enclaves as a model for cooperation in other high-seas enclaves. In addition, the United States’ recently released national Arctic Strategy will be presented as will Canada’s perspective on some of these topics.
The program is part of the upcoming annual meeting of the Association of American Law Schools, which will meet in New York City in January 2014.
Hat tip to Fernando Villareal Gonda of the Facultad Libre de Derecho de Monterrey (Mexico)
Tuesday, October 29, 2013
For the 22nd consecutive year, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution calling for an end to the economic, commercial, and financial blockade of Cuba imposed by the United States. The resolution passed by a vote of 188 in favour to two against (Israel and the United States) with three abstentions (the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau).
States and corporations need to do more to prevent the violation of indigenous peoples’ rights as a result of business-related activities, a United Nations independent expert body has said. “Indigenous peoples are among the groups most severely affected by the extractive, agro-industrial and energy sectors,” said Pavel Sulyandziga, Chair of the UN Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises. “Negative effects range from indigenous peoples’ right to maintain their chosen traditional way of life, with their distinct cultural identity, to discrimination in employment and in accessing goods and services.”
Other challenges involved land use and ownership, as well as displacement through forced or economic resettlement Mr. Sulyandziga said yesterday in his presentation of the Working Group’s report to the General Assembly’s social, humanitarian and cultural committee (Third Committee) on the adverse effects of business activities on indigenous peoples’ rights. “Such disruption often leads to serious abuses of civil and political rights, with human rights defenders in particular put at risk,” Mr. Sulyandziga said. “Indigenous peoples are also often excluded from agreements and decision-making processes that irrevocably affect their lives.”
The report highlights how the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights can clarify the roles and responsibilities of States, business enterprises and indigenous peoples in addressing these problems. “We call on States and business enterprises to increase their efforts to implement the Guiding Principles. This includes the State’s duty to protect indigenous peoples against business-related human rights abuses and corporate responsibility to respect human rights, and where abuses have occurred, to ensure people can have effective remedy,” said Mr. Sulyandziga, while urging interested parties to register for the second annual Forum on Business and Human Rights to be held in Geneva in December. “It will be an opportunity to discuss challenges in implementing the Guiding Principles, in particular sectors, in operational environments and in relation to specific rights and groups, including indigenous peoples. It will also be a chance to identify good practices and opportunities for dialogue and cooperation toward solutions,” he added.
(adapted from a UN press release)
Israel has agreed to participate in a periodic review by the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) today, ending an 18-month boycott. Pursuant to the Internatioanl Covenant on Civil and Politial Rights, the HRC is to review members states' human rights records every four years. However, Israel refused to participate when its turn came last January, alleging that the HRC has an anti-Israeli bias. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced on Sunday that Israel is willing to go forward with the review, perhaps in response to pressure from international allies who would like to set a postive precedent.
Thursday, October 24, 2013
The European Union (EU) has announced that it will resume accession talks with Turkey in November after a three-year hiatus. Talks were delayed in large part due to concerns over human rights issues and Turkey's troubled relationship with Cyprus. The European Commission issued a report last week concluding that Turkey has made progress in some areas, but expressing continuing concerns, especially with respect to human rights issues. There are 35 chapters involving different policies that must be agreed upon before the talks will be concluded. Only 13 have been opened so far, so there is still a long road ahead.
Tuesday, October 22, 2013
The Americas Regional Round of the Price Media Law Moot Court Competition will be held in New York City from January 22-26, 2104. It is an international moot court program sponsored by the University of Oxford’s Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, and the Annenberg School of Communication. The competition provides a regional forum for dialogue and debate on freedom of expression and media law issues of global importance. This year's case focuses on privacy, surveillance, and data security, issues that are very much relevant to current events as well as the future of international and national media law. Participants will use relevant international case law, including those based on the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and upheld by the Universal Court of Human Rights. Participants will also be encouraged to draw on domestic law when formulating their legal arguments.
Schools from Canada, the United States, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean are invited to participate. The competition will be adjudicated by federal judges and leading media law attorneys from the world’s most reputable institutions. Winning teams will qualify to participate in the International Rounds held at Oxford University, UK.
Travel grants between $1,000- 5,000 USD are available to teams from Latin America.
For more information or to register a team, visit the website here. The registration deadline is October 31, 2013.
Monday, October 21, 2013
Here in the United States, it is National Pro Bono Week. During this week, we celebrate lawyers who provide free legal services to clients who otherwise lack access to justice and encourage more lawyers to participate in pro bono work.
According to the ABA Journal (July 2013), "[l]awyers are the most socially responsible professionals in the United States, donating an estimated 25 hours a year of their time to pro bono services."
Many of those lawyers work on legal issues that relate to international law, such as international human rights and asylum law. So here is a shout out to all those fantastic lawyers who are providing an essential service. Keep up the good work!
Friday, October 18, 2013
Yesterday, five new non-permanent members were elected to the United Nations Security Council: Chad, Chile, Lithuania, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia. Non-permanent members hold their seats for two-year terms, in this case from January 1, 2014 through the end of 2015.
Initially, Saudi Arabia's UN Ambassador welcomed the election, stating that it is a recognition of Saudi Arabia's role in peacefully resolving Middle East disputes. Overnight, however, Saudi Arabia changed its position and rejected the seat, accusing the UNSC of double standards, which resulted in its failure to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian dispute.
Some human rights advocates are pleased with the Saudi withdrawal. They believe Saudi Arabia should not be on the UNSC because of its own poor human rights record, especially with respect to its treatment of women and homosexuals. Human rights advocates and organizations also opposed other states with poor human rights records, such as Chad, which has a recent history involving the use of child soldiers.
Presumably, the UN will elect a new member to fill the seat vacated by Saudi Arabia.
The International Court of Justice (CJ) has announced it will deliver its judgment in the case of Request for Interpretation of the Judgment of 15 June 1962 in the case concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia v. Thailand) on Monday, November 11 at 10 am. For more information, see the ICJ Press Release here.