Tuesday, November 5, 2013

International Courts: ICJ Clears its Backlog of Cases

Senior officials from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and the International Criminal Court briefed the UN General Assembly last week, highlighting the work of the courts over the past year tackling their respective cases. 

International Court of Justice

“During the last 12 months, the International Court of Justice has continued to fulfil its role as the forum of choice of the international community of States for the peaceful settlement of every kind of international dispute over which it has jurisdiction,” Judge Peter Tomka, President of the Court said, briefing the General Assembly at UN Headquarters in New York. He said that the Court has cleared its backlog of cases and detailed for the Assembly the progress of as many as 11 contentious cases with which it dealt over the past year. 

The ICJ  held public hearings in and is currently deliberating three cases:

  • a maritime dispute involving Peru and Chile,
  • an interpretation of a 1962 judgement in the case concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear between Cambodia and Thailand, and
  • the case concerning whaling in the Antarctic between Australia and Japan, with New Zealand intervening.

The ICJ also delivered two judgements this year:

  • a territorial and maritime dispute involving Nicaragua and Colombia, and
  • the frontier dispute between Burkina Faso and Niger.

In addition, the ICJ delivered six Orders in other cases.

Judge Tomka told the General Assembly that because the ICJ “has been able to clear its backlog of cases, States thinking of submitting cases to the principal judicial organ of the United Nations can be confident that, as soon as they have completed their written exchanges, the Court will move to the hearings stage without delay.” 

International Criminal Court

Also briefing the U.N. General Assembly last week was Judge Sang-Hyun Song, President of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

He provided an update on the eight situations before the Court:

  • Uganda,
  • the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC),
  • the Central African Republic (CAR),
  • Mali,
  • Kenya,
  • Côte d’Ivoire,
  • the Darfur region of Sudan, and
  • Libya.

“The ICC has attracted considerable international attention in the past months, especially in Africa. Some voices have urged the Court to show flexibility on certain issues,” noted Mr. Song. “I would like to underline that while the ICC will naturally try to find practical solutions to the challenges it faces, such solutions must be consistent with the legal framework set by States in the Rome Statute.”

With regard to Kenya, the ICC today decided to postpone the trial of Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, which was set to begin on November 12, 2013, to February 5, 2014 to allow further time to prepare his case.  Mr. Kenyatta is charged, as an indirect co-perpetrator, with five counts of crimes against humanity consisting of murder, deportation or forcible transfer, rape, persecution and other inhumane acts allegedly committed during the post-election violence in Kenya in 2007-2008. 
The ICC is an independent, permanent court that tries persons accused of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole, namely the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.

Mr. Song reminded Member States that the issues which engage the ICC’s mandate have tremendous societal and political significance in the countries concerned. “ICC decisions will often be welcome to some and disappointing to others. But the reasons driving the Court’s decisions are always legal, not political.

“In five years’ time, many ad hoc courts and tribunals will have closed their doors. The ICC’s role in the global efforts for peace, security and the prevention of mass atrocities will be even more pronounced than it is today.”

(adapted from a UN press release)

(mew)

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