Wednesday, June 12, 2013
Every year, millions of children work in jobs that violate their human rights. For the past decade, the International Labor Organization (ILO) has sponsored the World Day Against Child Labor on June 12 to bring international attention and action to this problem. Child labor deprives these children of an adequate education and health, as well as leisure time, among other human rights violations. According to the ILO, more than half of working children are exposed to the worst forms of child labour such as work in hazardous environments, slavery, or other forms of forced labour, illicit activities such as drug trafficking and prostitution, as well as involvement in armed conflict. The ILO has addressed these issues in part through two widely ratified conventions: ILO Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour (174 ratifications) and ILO Convention No. 138 on the minimum age for employment (161 ratifications).