Monday, June 3, 2013
The first international
treaty regulating the global arms trade opened for signature at United
Nations Headquarters this morning, culminating a decades-long push to
halt illegal shipments of weapons such as missiles, combat aircraft and
attack helicopters. Approved overwhelmingly two months ago in the UN General Assembly by a
vote of 154 to three – Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK),
Iran and Syria – with 23 abstentions, the treaty, according to the UN
Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), “will foster peace and security
by putting a stop to destabilizing arms flows to conflict regions.”
Angela Kane, UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, opened this morning’s special event, saying that the day opens “a new chapter in which States will sign up to an international contract bringing responsibility and transparency to the global arms trade.” While the treaty is “not perfect,” she said it is certainly “robust.” Some 30 countries are listed to take part in today’s events, which will be capped by a Ministerial segment this even, which will be opened by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and is expected to feature a keynote address by Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of Liberia and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate.
The Treaty will come into force 90 days after it has been signed by 50 nations. Though it will not control the domestic weapons use, once ratified, it will require States to establish national regulations to control the transfer of conventional arms and regulate arms brokers, among other objectives.
(Adapted from a UN press release)