Monday, December 5, 2011
Vanuatu has become the latest State to accede to the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC), bringing to 120 the number of countries that are parties to the statute. Vanuatu deposited to the United Nations its instrument of accession to the Rome Statute on Friday. The treaty will enter into force in the South Pacific island nation on 1 February next year.
The ICC can try cases involving individuals charged with war crimes committed after July 2002. The Security Council, the ICC prosecutor, or a State party to the court can initiate any proceedings. The ICC only acts when countries themselves are "unwilling" or "unable" to investigate or prosecute.
(mew) (adapted from a UN Press Release)