Thursday, October 29, 2009
Yesterday, Honduras filed an application instituting proceedings at the International Court of Justice against Brazil alleging that Brazil is unlawfully interfering in matters that are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of Honduras. More specifically, Honduras alleges that Brazil has been housing Mr. Zelaya, President of Honduras until his removal by the military in June 2009, in the Brazilian embassy in Tegucigalpa since September. Honduras further alleges that Brazil is allowing Zelaya and his followers to use the embassy as a platform to spread political propaganda that threatens the peace in Honduras, at a time when Honduras in preparing for presidential elections on November 29, 2009. The application also claims that the Brazilian embassy staff are allowing Mr. Zelaya to use the embassy premises and resources to evade the jurisdiction of the Brazilian authorities. Honduras requests that the Court find that Brazil does not have the right to allow the embassy premises to be used by Honduran citizens for illegal activities in violation of Article 2(7) of the United Nations Charter regarding the principle of nonintervention in the domestic affairs of another State and in violation of the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. Honduras has reserved the right to ask for provisional measures as well as damages for breach of Brazil's interntional obligations.