Monday, February 2, 2009
From the United Nations, an update from the Appellate Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). Like the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the ICTR was established as a peace-keeping measure under Article VII of the U.N. Charter. I share with my students my great pleasure at the idea that courts can used to bring peace.
The Appeals Chamber of the United Nations tribunal dealing with the 1994 Rwandan genocide today confirmed the life sentence imposed on a former provincial leader convicted for his role in the killings.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, based in Arusha in neighbouring Tanzania, convicted François Karera in December 2007 after finding him guilty of three counts of genocide and crimes against humanity. The Tribunal had found that Mr. Karera, who served as the prefect, or chief administrator, of Kigali-Rural Prefecture between April and July 1994, ordered, instigated and encouraged attacks by Hutu militiamen and soldiers against Tutsis in his prefecture. Mr. Karera will remain in the UN Detention Facility in Arusha until he is transferred to the country in which he will serve his sentence.
More than 800,000 people were massacred, mostly by machete, for being ethnic Tutsis or Hutu moderates during a period of less than 100 days starting in April 1994 in the small African nation.