Friday, October 24, 2014

See you at the ASIL Midyear Meeting and Reseach Forum

The American Society of International Law (ASIL) is pleased to announce that its 2014 Midyear Meeting and Research Forum will be held in Chicago, IL, November 6-8, 2014. 

 

The meeting will feature remarks by such leading figures in the field as Anne-Marie Slaughter, former U.S. State Department director of policy planning and current New America Foundation president and CEO, on "State Realism versus Human Realism: The Individualization of International Law," and Diane Wood, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit chief judge, on "International Law in U.S. Courts." 

 

The conference will also include a plenary panel on the question of legal responsibility for this summer's Malaysia Airlines disaster over Ukraine.  Additionally there will be a "speed mentoring" event for students interested in pursuing a career in international law. 

 

The Research Forum portion of the program will consist of 24 sessions in which 70 cutting edge works-in-progress on topics ranging from "International Law and the Reshaping of the American Constitution" to "Unilateral Acts Affecting Respect for International Law" will be discussed.

 

For full program details including registration, click here.  For live updates from the Meeting, follow ASIL on Twitter (@asilorg) and use the hashtag #ASILMYM.

 

(cgb)

October 24, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Happy United Nations Day!

Friday, October 24 is United Nations Day in commemoration of the entry into force of the U.N. Charter in 1945.  This year marks the 69th anniversary of the Charter.  

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki Moon recently observed:                                            Un_symbol_sm[1]

"The United Nations is needed more than ever at this time of multiple crises. [...] At this critical moment, let us reaffirm our commitment to empowering the marginalized and vulnerable. On United Nations Day, I call on Governments and individuals to work in common cause for the common good. "

For more information about U.N. Day events, click here.

(cgb)

October 24, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Job Posting: University of Detroit Mercy School of Law -- U.S. and Canada

University of Detroit Mercy School of Law

Dual Degree Comparative Legal Writing & Research

Tenure or Tenure-Track Faculty Member

The University of Detroit Mercy School of Law seeks applicants for a tenure or tenure-track faculty position to teach Comparative Legal Writing and Research in itsCanadian & American Dual JD Program, commencing July 2015.

About the Position

The successful candidate will play a key part in the students’ introduction to the Dual JD Degree Program and will teach one section of the year-long, nine-credit hour Comparative Legal Research and Writing course.  Typically, each section consists of approximately 30 students and is supported by at least one Teaching Assistant.

About UDM Law

The School of Law is located at the Riverfront Campus in Downtown Detroit and is within  walking distance of federal, state, and municipal courts, the region’s largest law firms, and  major corporations, including General Motors, Quicken Loans, and Comerica Bank.  The School is also uniquely situated two blocks from the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel, an international border crossing that links Detroit, Michigan with Windsor, Ontario, Canada. 

About the Dual JD Program 

The close proximity to Canada has allowed UDM Law to partner with the Faculty of Law at the University of Windsor (Canada) to create a Dual JD Program that is the only program of its kind in the country.  Students are concurrently enrolled at both UDM and University of Windsor and attend classes that are fully integrated and wholly comparative, and taught by faculty at both institutions.  (Typically, the commute between the Detroit and Windsor law school campuses is about 20 minutes.)  Upon successful completion of the three-year program, students earn both an ABA-accredited JD and an accredited Canadian JD, and are eligible to sit for the bar examinations in both jurisdictions.  (Completing the two degrees would require either six years of study if done independently or four years if attending other dual programs.)

About the Comparative Legal Research & Writing Course

The course is a comprehensive comparative research, writing, and analysis course that is specifically designed for the Dual JD Program.  Students learn the similarities and differences between the American and Canadian legal systems, including governmental structure, court structure, jurisdiction, procedure, and ethics. Students also learn fundamental lawyering skills and explore the research, writing, and citation protocols in each country.  The course is structured so that for every major American assignment, there is a comparative Canadian assignment. The highlight of the course involves student participation in both an American and Canadian moot court experience.

About Detroit

Downtown Detroit offers a dynamic variety of cultural, entertainment, and sporting attractions that are easily accessible from the Law School, including the Detroit Institute of Arts (housing a world-class art collection), the Detroit Symphony, the Detroit Opera House, the Detroit Zoo, the Henry Ford Museum, Eastern Market (historic farmer’s market), and major league sports teams.

About University of Detroit Mercy

The University of Detroit Mercy is an independent Catholic institution of higher education sponsored by the Religious Sisters of Mercy and Society of Jesus.  The university seeks qualified candidates who will contribute to the University's urban mission, commitment to diversity, and tradition of scholarly excellence.  The University of Detroit Mercy is an Equal Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer with a diverse faculty and student body and welcomes persons of all backgrounds.

Qualifications

Candidates must have a law degree from an accredited U.S. or Canadian law school, strong academic background, superior writing and communication skills, and a record or the promise of excellence and high scholarly achievement.  Preference will be given to candidates with law degrees, practice experience or significant exposure in both jurisdictions.

Applicants should send a curriculum vitae, a cover letter describing the applicant’s qualifications for the position, and details of at least three references to Professor Gary Maveal, Chair of Faculty Recruitment, University of Detroit Mercy School of Law, 651 E. Jefferson, Detroit, MI 48226.  Email applications may be sent to mavealgm@udmercy.edu. Review of applications will begin immediately and will continue until the position is filled.

Hat tip to Julie St John

(mew)

October 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

"International Business With Russian Nexus: Why Not New York Law?"

On November 12, 2014 - from 6-8 PM -the International Centre for Dispute Resolution ("ICDR"), in cooperation with the Russian Arbitration Association ("RAA") and with support of the American Bar Association Section of International Law ("ABA SIL"), the US-Russia Business Council ("USRBC"), and the New York State Bar Association, International Section ("NYSBA IS") will host a discussion on the topic of "International Business With Russian Nexus: Why Not New York Law?" The event will take place on November 12, 2014 at the ICDR office located at 150 East 42nd Street, 17th Floor from 6 to 8 PM. Reception to follow.  

The focus is to explore whether New York law may be an attractive option to international businesses with Russian nexus. Registration is on a first come, first served basis as space is limited.  Please be sure to RSVP early. Thanks to the generosity of the sponsor, Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP, this event is free of charge. To get a registration form, email Mandy Sawier at SawierM@adr.org 

(mew)

October 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New Database to Research Decisions of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Loyola Law School Los Angeles has a new, student-run project on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.  The website includes a database and journal to assist practitioners, journalists, students, and other scholars in understanding the Inter-American system of justice.  The website includes 74 summaries of decisions rendered by the Inter-American Court of Human RIghts and a searchable database.  Click here to visit the Inter-American Court of Human Rights Project.

Hat tip to Bob Brain.

(mew)

October 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

My Name is Bond. Argentina Bond.

There seem to be a total of 461 judgments around the world against Argentina following its default on government bonds that Argentina issued in 2002.  Among other things, there have been lawsuits in New York, Washington DC, France, Ghana, and Italy.  Of particular note for U.S. lawyers in the litigation against Argentina is the U.S. case of NML Capital Ltd v. Republic of Argentina.

Argentina settled with most of the bondholders but a group of holdouts (known as the "vulture funds") refused to settle for anything less than the full value of the bonds (even though the vulture funds purchased the funds at less than full value). In addition to judicial actions, a public relations war has been waged to win over public opinion.

On August 7, 2014, the Republic of Argentina submitted a request to the International Court of Justice seeking leave to sue the United States, on the basis that U.S. court judgments against Argentina's sovereignty violated international law.  To sue the United States in this case, however, Argentina needed to obtain the consent of the United States to be sued. On August 9, the United States refused to recognize jurisdiction before the International Court of Justice.

After its default, the Republic of Argentina enacted legistaion to pay exchange bondholders and deposited $161 million in a local Argentina bank to pay the exchange bondholders.  But the holdouts moved for sanctions for Argentina's attempt to pay other bondholders. In September 2014, the federal district court judge in New York held Argentina in contempt. It should be noted that Argentina had waived its sovereign immunity.  The court's ruling holding Argentina in contempt appears to be the first time that a sovereign country was found to be in contempt of a U.S. court.

On September 9, 2014, the United Nations General Assembly voted in favor of a legal framework to regulate restructuring of foreign debt. 124 countries voted in favor, but the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, and Canada opposed it.

On September 26, 2014, the U.N. Human Rights Council approved an Argentine-sponsored resolution that essentially condemned vulture funds as a violation of human rights. The arguments before the Human Rights Council were that when governments were forced to pay on its bonds it would then have no money for other things such as education or hospitals or roads.  The text of the United Nations Human Rights Council Resolution can be viewed at A/HRC/27/L.26 (Sept. 23, 2014).

On October 8, 2014, the International Monetary Fund recommended that modifications should be able to be made to the "pari pasu" clause to exclude the duty to make ratable payments. And Argentina has also gotten support from the World Bank as well as banks in Brazil and China. But the litigation continues.

Argentina BondThis brief timeline presents only some of the background to the Argentine financial crisis, a topic being explored in several panels at the Fall Meeting of the American Bar Association Section of International Law.

Pictured here is one of those panels, one entitled "Cross-Border Enforcement of Court Judgments and Arbitral Awards: Opportunities, Pitfalls, Flaws, and Remedies."  Seated is Hagit M. Elul (Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP, New York).  Standing (from left to right) are Patrick Goudreau (DS Welch Bussieres, Montreal, Quebec, Canada), Malcolm McNeil (Arent Fox LLP, Los Angeles, California), and former ABA President Stephen N. Zack (Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP).  The panel at the ABA Section of International Law was presented in conjunction with the Association Internationale des Jeunes Avocats.

Hat tip to James Bond Fan Malcolm McNeil for the title of this Blog Post

Mark E. Wojcik (mew)

 

October 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Buenos Aires Hospitality Evening

20141021_222419-1Attendees of the ABA Section of International Law Fall Meeting in Argentina were treated to a special evening of hospitality hosted by the local Buenos Aires legal community. Many law firms hosted visiting attendees in their homes.

I was part of the group hosted by the Buenos Aires law firm of Maciel Norman & Asociados, a firm known for its specialized work in areas such as energy, natural resources, aviation finance, and transport law. The firm also serves other industries including banking, finance, electricity, international trade and customs, utilities, real estate, retail business, mergers and acquisitions, trusts, project finance, agribusiness, tax planning, labor law, industrial relations, social security, renewable energy, intellectual property, litigation, and arbitration.

Tango TrioIn addition to hosting an amazing dinner, the Maciel Norman law firm also organized live tango music to complete a highly enjoyable evening.  Other attendees were hosted at homes around Buenos Aires and all of the attendees participating in the hospitality evening were overwhelmed by the generous and genuinely warm welcome to Argentina.

The ABA Section of International Law meeting continues through October 25, 2014 at the Hilton Buenos Aires.

Mark E. Wojcik (mew)

 

October 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

ABA Section of International Law Meeting in Argentina

Buenos Aires HiltonThe American Bar Association Section of International Law ("ABA-SIL") is holding its Fall Meeting in Buenos Aires, Argentina.  Hundreds of lawyers are attending this first ABA-SIL seasonal meeting being held in South America.

Section Chair Marcelo Bombau, a lawyer from Argentina, is the first non-U.S. lawyer to chair the ABA Section of International Law.  He and his team have done a fantastic job organizing this conference. Members of the 2014 Fall Meeting Steering Committee are Manuela Cavalo, Fabian A. Pal, Marcos Rios, Sara Sandford, and Carlos Velazques de Leon.  ABA-SIL staff members have also worked many long hours to make this conference an outstanding success.

The photo here is of the lobby of the Buenos Aires Hilton, site of the Fall Meeting in Buenos Aires.  This meeting is also unique in that it is the first Fall Meeting being held in the Spring (because it's Spring here in Argentina, and the weather is lovely!).

(mew)

October 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Climate Talks this Week in Bonn, Germany

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) is holding meetings this week from 20-25 October 2014 in Bonn, Germany.  Below is a guest blog post from Ian Leslie, a third-year law student at Southern Illinois University School of Law regarding the prospects for progress on global climate change. (cgb)

Mankind has a remarkable way of changing its environment to better suit its needs. However, since the 1950s we have altered the environment in a way that is detrimental to our wellbeing. I am of course talking about global warming. Global emissions have declined over the last two decades; nonetheless, there is a growing sentiment among leading environmental scientists that it may be "too late" to save the Earth from Global Warming catastrophe. If we are to continue on our current course a Chicago summer, within the next 100 years, could feel like Mobile, Alabama, with an average Heat Index of more than 105 degrees. Chicago currently sees around 2 days per year of over 100 degrees, but if the trend continues Chicago would likely see around 31 days per year of over 100 degrees. Just from an observation through news and talking with individuals there seems to be a growing trend within America for isolationism; however, this is an issue even greater than all the powers the United States can muster and requires a global effort in fixing a problem that the world has created.

In 1995, the United Nations entered into an agreement, the Kyoto Protocol, to reduce carbon emissions, a contributing factor to Global Warming. The Kyoto Protocol has exhausted its powers as it ran its course at the end of 2012. However, the Durban Conference on Climate Change in 2011 picked up the proverbial torch and looks to champion the cause of saving humanity from earthly catastrophes into the 2020s. The Durban Protocol implements a “road map” in re-committing to the Kyoto Protocol by increasing and strengthening its legal abilities; launching a new platform of negotiations; concluding the 2012 broad-based stream of negotiations (finished); and increasing global review based on new science and data.

On October 20, 2014 the United Nations is set to begin a one week discussion in Bonn, Germany, to iron out details not yet agreed to by the 195 nations on aspects like how to fund the global initiative to fight Global Warming and implementing a plan to limit the global temperature to only a 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit increase by 2020. Some issues surrounding these talks are: What are the possible legal options for governance arrangements for the 2015 agreement, i.e., how should future arrangements take place and what will the authority body consist of? What should the “final clause” consist of,  i.e., how to ratify, entry into force, economic integration organizations, amendment procedures, settlement of disputes?

However, the most important or rather controversial issue is what amount of funds rich/developed countries are required to contribute to combating Global Warming. Current trends provide evidence that rich/developed countries' percentage of carbon emissions has declined by 26% from 62% in 1990 to 36% in 2013. While developing countries' carbon emissions have increased from 34% in 1990 to 58% in 2013, an increase of 24%. Smaller states want developed/rich states to contribute more money to climate aid since they have caused more environmental damage through their carbon emissions than smaller states and developing states. Developed states will likely be reproachful towards these accusations on the basis that they are no longer the number one cause of carbon emissions. Additionally, any effort to pledge a good faith effort in combating carbon emissions will likely be fought by lobbyists and other political movements aimed at discrediting Global Warming statistics.  

From an international law point of view, these current talks could bring potential binding authority through the ratification by all U.N. member nations. Any binding agreement towards legal authority would likely be found in the declaration of the protocol itself. However, if a state were likely to argue that there is no express legal effect in the protocol, the ratification of the declaration would also establish a customary international law. This customary international law is found in the general acceptance of all member states of a right to make a legal claim against any other state that fails to meet its global emissions pledge. One major flaw in this entire protocol is whether a State will really have legal authority to impose on other states that do not comply with their pledge. First, because each State is only making a pledge and a pledge does not have binding authority. Second, who is to say that the State that failed to meet its pledge on emissions was the sole State to pollute the aggrieved State’s border?

The Bonn talks are crucial to the stabilization of Earth, it is imperative that each State act as a global citizen in achieving the means of saving the planet. Putting our own national interests aside and pledging funds to climate aid will be seen as an act of good faith in reducing and controlling carbon emissions. There are certainly steps that need to be hashed out, but they must be done sooner rather than latter as this is a constant battle between humanity and Mother Nature. 

 

October 21, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

The U.S. Supreme Court Has Gone to the Dogs

Friday, October 17, 2014

Columbia Farmers Sue BP in UK Court for Environmental Damage

BPEarlier this week, a group of farmers from Columbia filed suit in the United Kingdom against Equion Energia (a UK company formerly known as BP Exploration Columbia) alleging that BP's negligence in building the Ocensa oil pipeline in the 1990s severely reduced the productivity of their land due to environmental damage. The alleged damage includes severe soil erosion, reduced vegetation coverage and areas for pasture, as well as blocked or damaged water resources.  Before construction began, BP entered into contracts with the farmers to allow BP to lay the oil pipeline on their land. However, the farmers claim they did not fully understand the contracts and have not been adequately compensated for the damage.  The farmers are seeking US $29 million in compensation.  According to The Guardian, the trial will be the first time BP has had to defend its actions overseas in a UK court and the first time compensation for environmental damage to privately owned land, caused by a UK oil company, has been litigated in the UK.

(cgb)

October 17, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, October 16, 2014

ICTR Appeals Chamber Affirms Convictions in Three Cases

The Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda delivered its judgement in three cases at the end of September. The cases are:

The judgements delivered by the Appeals Chamber today bring to 44 the total number of appeal judgements rendered by the Tribunal, disposing of appeals concerning 55 persons. The remaining caseload of the ICTR Appeals Chamber consists of one case which concerns six persons.

Édouard Karemera and Matthieu Ngirumpatse

A panel composed of Judge Theodor Meron, presiding, Judge Fausto Pocar, Judge Arlette Ramaroson, Judge Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov, and Judge Koffi Kumelio A. Afanđe delivered judgement in the appeals lodged by Édouard Karemera, Matthieu Ngirumpatse, and the Prosecution. On 21 December 2011, Trial Chamber III convicted Karemera and Ngirumpatse of direct and public incitement to commit genocide, genocide, extermination and rape as crimes against humanity, and murder as a serious violation of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol II. The Trial Chamber sentenced Karemera and Ngirumpatse to life imprisonment.

The Appeals Chamber affirmed Karemera’s and Ngirumpatse’s convictions based on their role in the killings in Kigali by 12 April 1994, the killings following the Murambi Technical School meeting on 18 April 1994, the killings following President Theodore Sindikubwabo’s speech in Butare Prefecture on 19 April 1994, the killings resulting from the creation and implementation of the civil defence system, the killings in Bisesero, acts of direct and public incitement to commit genocide, and rape and sexual violence in various parts of Rwanda. The Appeals Chamber reversed certain findings of the Trial Chamber, which, however, did not result in the overturning of any of Karemera’s or Ngirumpatse’s convictions. The Appeals Chamber affirmed Karemera’s and Ngirumpatse’s sentences of life imprisonment.

Karemera served as National Secretary, First Vice President, and Executive Bureau member of the MRND party. On 25 May 1994, Karemera became Minister of the Interior and Communal Development for the Interim Government. Ngirumpatse was National Party Chairman and chairman of the MRND Executive Bureau in 1993 and 1994.

Ildéphonse Nizeyimana

A panel composed of Judge Theodor Meron, presiding, Judge William H. Sekule, Judge Mehmet Güney, Judge Liu Daqun, and Judge Arlette Ramaroson delivered judgement in the appeals lodged by Ildéphonse Nizeyimana and the Prosecution.

On 19 June 2012, Trial Chamber III found Nizeyimana guilty of committing, through his participation in a joint criminal enterprise, the killing of the Ruhutinyanya family, the attack on the Cyahinda Parish, the killing of the former Queen of Rwanda, Rosalie Gicanda, and others taken from her home, the killing of Pierre Claver Karenzi, and the killing of those taken from the Matabaro and Nyirinkwaya households. It also found him responsible for ordering the killings of Remy Rwekaza and Beata Uwambaye, and the serious bodily and mental harm caused to Witness ZAV. The Trial Chamber entered convictions for genocide, extermination and murder as crimes against humanity, and murder as a serious violation of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocol II. Nizeyimana was sentenced to life imprisonment.

The Appeals Chamber affirmed Nizeyimana’s convictions for genocide, murder as a crime against humanity, and murder as a serious violation of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocol II in relation to the killings of the Ruhutinyanya family, Gicanda and the others taken from her home, and Rwekaza and Uwambaye, as well as for genocide in relation to the serious bodily and mental harm caused to Witness ZAV. The Appeals Chamber also affirmed Nizeyimana’s convictions for murder as a crime against humanity and murder as a serious violation of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocol II in relation to the killings of those taken from the Matabaro and Nyirinkwaya households. The Appeals Chamber dismissed the Prosecution’s appeal seeking additional convictions for crimes committed at Butare University Hospital and Butare University.

The Appeals Chamber, Judge Güney and Judge Ramaroson dissenting, found that the Trial Chamber erred in concluding, as the only reasonable inference, that Nizeyimana planned the attack on Cyahinda Parish and authorized the participation of ESO soldiers therein. As a result, Nizeyimana’s convictions for genocide, extermination and murder as crimes against humanity, and murder as a serious violation of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocol II in relation to the attack on Cyahinda Parish were reversed. The Appeals Chamber also found that the Trial Chamber erred in concluding, as the only reasonable inference, that Nizeyimana contributed to the killing of Karenzi, and reversed his convictions based on this event. In view of the reversal of these convictions, one of which involved the killing of thousands of displaced persons, the Appeals Chamber reduced Nizeyimana’s sentence to a term of 35 years of imprisonment.

Nizeyimana held the rank of captain at the military training school, the École des Sous-Officiers in Butare, and served as S2 officer, charged with military intelligence, and S3 officer, responsible for training and operations at the training school.

Callixte Nzabonimana

A panel composed of Judge Mehmet Güney, presiding, Judge William H. Sekule, Judge Arlette Ramaroson, Judge Khalida Rachid Khan, and Judge Koffi Kumelio A. Afanđe delivered judgement in the appeals lodged by Callixte Nzabonimana and the Prosecution.

On 31 May 2012, Trial Chamber III of the Tribunal found that Nzabonimana instigated genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity at the Cyayi centre on 14 April 1994 resulting in the killings of Tutsis at Nyabikenke commune office on 15 April 1994. Nzabonimana was also convicted of conspiracy to commit genocide based on two agreements to commit genocide in Gitarama préfecture. Further, the Trial Chamber found him guilty of direct and public incitement to commit genocide based on his speeches at the Butare trading centre on 12 April 1994, the Cyayi centre on 14 April 1994, and at the Murambi training centre on 18 April 1994. Nzabonimana was sentenced to a single term of life imprisonment.

The Appeals Chamber affirmed Nzabonimana’s convictions for instigating genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity in relation to the events at the Cyayi centre on 14 April 1994 and at the Nyabikenke commune office on 15 April 1994. The Appeals Chamber also affirmed his convictions for direct and public incitement to commit genocide in relation to events at the Butare trading centre and the Cyayi centre, as well as his conviction for conspiracy to commit genocide in relation to the meeting in Murambi on 18 April 1994. However, the Appeals Chamber reversed Nzabonimana’s convictions for direct and public incitement to commit genocide in relation to the Murambi meeting on 18 April 1994, and for conspiracy to commit genocide in relation to the establishment of a Crisis Committee and weapons distribution at Tambwe commune. The Appeals Chamber affirmed Nzabonimana’s sentence of life imprisonment. Nzabonimana was born in Kavumu secteur, Nyabikenke commune, Gitarama préfecture, Rwanda. He served as the Rwandan Minister of Youth and Associative Movements from 8 April 1994 to mid-July 1994 and as the Chairman of the Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement in Gitarama préfecture during the events.

Adapted from an ICTR Summary

October 16, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

WTO: Canada Asks for Consultations With China on Antidumping Duties

Canada notified the World Trade Organization Secretariat this week that it has requested consultations with China with respect to Chinese anti-dumping duties levied on imports of cellulose pulp from Canada.  Click here to read more.

(mew) 

October 16, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

CFP: Asia-Pacific Research Forum in Taiwan

Call for Papers: 2015 ILA-ASIL Asia-Pacific Research Forum, Taipei, Taiwan

The Chinese (Taiwan) Society of International Law will hold the ILA-ASIL Asia-Pacific Research Forum on May 25-26, 2015 in Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. The theme of the Research Forum is “Integrating the Asia-Pacific: Why International Law Matters?”

Paper proposals should be submitted by January 20, 2015 to ila@nccu.edu.tw. The call for papers is available at http://www.csil.org.tw/2015-research-forum/  Other inquiries can be directed to Pasha Hsieh, co-chair of the Research Forum (pashahsieh@smu.edu.sg).

(mew)

 

October 15, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Saturday, October 11, 2014

International Law at CSLSA

2014-10-11 11.22.21Once again this year, there were some great presentations relating to various international law topics at the Central States Law Schools Association (CSLSA) annual scholarship conference. Pictured here from left to right are Professors Scott Sullivan (Louisiana State), Milena Sterio (Cleveland-Marshall), Cindy Buys (Southern Illinois) and DeLeith Gossett (Texas Tech). Professor Sullivan spoke about "Statutory Decay and Authorizations of Force"; Professor Sterio addressed the issue of "Juvenile Pirates: 'Lost Boys' or Violent Criminals?"; Professor Buys presented, "New Thinking regarding the Use of Conditions in U.S. Treaty Practice"; and Professor Gossett advocated, "Taking of the [Color] Blinders: How Ignoring the Hague Convention's Subsidiarity Principle Furthers Structural Racism Against Black American Children."

The CSLSA Conference is being held at lovely Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, LA and is hosted by CSLSA President Missy Lonegrass.

(cgb)

October 11, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Estonia becomes first former Soviet state to allow same-sex civil unions

As the U.S. Supreme Court is paving the way for same-sex marriages to take place in more and more states in the United States, Estonia has become the first former Soviet state to approve legislation recognizing all civil unions regardless of the gender of the parties.  The new law will take effect in January 2016.

(cgb)

October 11, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, October 10, 2014

Malaysia Urged to Withdraw Its Sedition Act

A group of independent United Nations rights experts has  urged the Government of Malaysia to withdraw its Sedition Act of 1948 amid allegations that critics of the country’s authorities have faced increasing criminalization and persecution.

The Act, which carries sentences of up to five years in jail, outlaws a number of vague offenses, such as expressing “any seditious words” or acting with “seditious tendency” to incite hatred or disaffection of the government or the judiciary, promoting hostility between different races or classes, or questioning any right, privilege, sovereignty prerogative stated in the country’s Constitution, the experts said in a press release.

“The Sedition Act is reportedly used in a way that prevents Malaysians from expressing and debating, freely and openly, a diverse range of political opinions and ideas,” they continued.

“It is time for Malaysia to adjust its legislation, including the 1948 Sedition Act, to be in line with international human rights standards, and take firm steps towards the effective enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression.”

The group of experts included David Kaye, the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Maina Kiai, the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers; Gabriela Knaul, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders; and Michel Forst, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders.

According to the UN Human Rights Council, there have been at least 23 recent reported cases of persons charged with sedition – including elected members of Parliament, politicians, human rights defenders, academics, lawyers, students and journalists – for publishing or disseminating information and ideas through the Internet or traditional media.

On that note, the Act itself has been addressed by UN human rights experts on several previous occasions, with the first Special Rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression, Abid Hussain, noting that it could suppress expression and curb peaceful assembly.

Independent experts are appointed by the Geneva-based Council to examine and report back on a country situation or a specific human rights theme. The positions are honorary and the experts are not UN staff, nor are they paid for their work.

(Adapted from a UN press release)

October 10, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Iran Sanctions

On October 9, 2014, the U.S. Department of the Treasury announced a request for comments on the reporting requirements under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010. Comments are due by Novmeber 10, 2014.  FR61130

Hat tip to the ABA Governmental Affairs Office

(mew)

 

October 10, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

We like this. International Law Visualized!

We've just received a link to "International Law Visualized."  And we're impressed.

There are charts for these subjects:

  • Three Types of International Law (Public, Private, and Supranational)
  • Sources of [International] Law (Customary Law, Silence as Consent, Codifications, and Enforcement by the United Nations)
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The International Criminal Court
  • Who is Affected by International Law (and for that matter, who isn't!!!)

Click here to have a look at the charts.

Hat tip to Frida Jackson

(mew)

October 10, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Nobel Peace Prize Winners Announced

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has selected Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi of India as the winners of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.  They were identified for promoting a right to universal education and for protecting children from abuse and exploitation.

Last year and the year before, the Nobel Peace Prize had been given to organizations. In 2013 the prize wen to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. In 2012, the prize went to the European Union.

October 10, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)