Tuesday, April 1, 2014
Remittances are among the most tangible links between migration and development. According to World Bank projections, international migrants are expected to remit more than $550 billion in earnings in 2013, of which $414 billion will flow to developing countries. In 24 countries, remittances were equal to more than 10 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011; in nine countries they were equal to more than 20 percent of GDP. Select one of the maps below to visualize global remittance flows in 2012, numerically or as a share of GDP. Learn about remittance trends since 1970 and the relationships between remittance-sending and -receiving countries. For detailed remittances profiles of the top 10 remittance-receiving countries, along with related migration and development indicators and a world overview, click here.
Monday, March 31, 2014
Penn Law has announced that third-year University of Pennsylvania Law School student Lucia Hall Seyfarth L’14 has been awarded the 2014-15 ACE Rule of Law Fellowship given annually to a Penn Law student or recent graduate pursuing an international public-interest law career. After graduating in May, Seyfarth will spend one year advancing the work of Human Rights First, a preeminent legal advocacy organization that addresses global human rights-related issues. Seyfarth, who served as an Executive Editor of the University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, focused her law school career on international rule of law and human rights issues. She spent her summers at the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva, and the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia under the auspice of Penn Law’s International Summer Human Rights Fellows Program.
The Grand Budapest Hotel chronicles the adventures of Gustave H, a legendary concierge at a famous European hotel between the wars, and Zero Moustafa, the lobby boy who becomes his most trusted friend. There is an immigration angle, with Lobby Boy Zero a refugee and vulnerable to the Nazis becaus eof his uncertain immigration status.
For reviews, click here.
University of North Carolina law professor professor Saule Omarova had a busy year. First she published an article, “The Merchants of Wall Street: Banking, Commerce and Commodities” (Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 98, 2013), pointing out questionable commodity trading practices of several large national financial institutions. Then, Omarova was asked to testify before the Senate Banking Committee’s Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection. Her research fueled a national debate, resulting in media coverage from the New York Times, Financial Times, Wall Street Journal, along with “The Daily Show with Jon Stewart.”
Omarova’s work has frequently put her at the center of debate on federal regulation of financial institutions and markets, a volatile subject on which she an expert. Omarova came to Carolina in 2007 from Washington, D.C., after working at the U.S. Department of Treasury. Prior to the Treasury she was as a bank regulatory lawyer in New York, where she became interested in the intricacies of U.S. banking law and how it was connected to other areas of financial regulation. The more she learned, the more she began asking broader theoretical questions, which led her to pursue academic research about the nature of the financial system, its social functions and its public role. “I think it’s my duty to use my knowledge of this very technical and specialized field to make finance more public-minded and efficient as a tool of the broader and sustainable societal progress,” says Omarova. “What happens in financial markets affects all of us, and so we should all have a say in how they are governed. That’s what drives my work and keeps me excited about it.”
Originally from Kazakhstan, Omarova was educated in Moscow before coming to the United States in 1991 on a student exchange program in the Political Science Department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, she stayed in Madison and became a Ph.D. student in the same department. She then pursued a law degree at Northwestern University.
In a study released in today’s Science, a team of geographers used data snapshots to create a broad analysis of global migrations over 20 years. The study was conducted by three geographic researchers from the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital in Vienna. The researchers presented their data in five-year increments, from 1990 to 2010. Their research is unique, because it turned static census counts from over 150 countries into a dynamic flow of human traffic. Click here for details and a link to the study.
Sunday, March 30, 2014
Amy Taxin of the Associated Press reports on an upbeat immigration story. After a 10-year-old California girl traveled to the Vatican to plead with Pope Francis for help as her father faced deportation, the man was released Friday on bond from immigration detention. Mario Vargas' release came after his daughter Jersey, of Panorama City, Calif., addressed the pope this week as part of a California delegation that traveled to urge the Vatican to prod President Barack Obama on immigration reform. The girl and a teenager went as part of the group to represent the American children of immigrant parents who are afraid their families will be divided by deportation. The president and the pontiff met for the first time earlier this week.
MARKOS KOUNALAKIS, research fellow at Central European University and a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution, in this op/ed proposes an immigration response to recent developments in Russia led by Vladimir Putin:
"While Congress seems unwilling to take on any immigration legislation, the president can invite threatened Russian regime opponents, religious and ethnic minorities, and the broader creative class to the United States before they start facing heightened persecution at home. It should be an integral part of a comprehensive and strategic immigration policy."
Saturday, March 29, 2014
From Sister Mary Ann Walsh of the US Conference of Catholic Bishops:
The saga of immigrants in 2014 may go down in history as a blight on America. Tragedies abound, from thousands who have died trying to cross the desert from impoverished Mexican towns, to little children born here and fighting for their parents to remain in the country with them. The government is setting records separating families, approaching 2 million deportations in the past five years.
Los Angeles Archbishop Jose Gomez wants “a moratorium on any further deportations or immigration raids and arrests, except in cases of violent criminals.” In his archdiocesan newspaper, he noted that “one in every four persons who is being arrested or deported is being ripped out of their homes — taken away from their children, their wives and husbands, all their relatives.”
Children have brought him letters they had written to Pope Francis, and Gomez has sent the writings to the Vatican. He quoted from a letter from a young girl named Jersey, whose dad had been in an immigration detention center for two years and now is being deported.
“Dear Pope Francisco, Today is my birthday. My birthday wish is I would like to have my dad to be with me. … It has been so long that he hasn’t been with me on two of my birthdays, last year and today. … Since my father isn’t here my mom and sister have been trying to find a job. … Since you are the closest to God, I beg you to help my family. … Sincerely, Jersey.”
That’s heart-rending, as are accounts of the more than 6,000 people who have died in the past 15 years crossing the desert to our Land of the Free. On April 1, Cardinal Sean O’Malley of Boston and several other U.S. bishops will pray at the border wall in Nogales, Ariz., for those immigrants who have died trying to earn bread for their children. They will also pray for the family members who are without loved ones because of the deportations.
The United States loves data, but I hope it won’t be judged by its damning statistics:
*The Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency has deported close to 2 million people in the past five years, an average of more than 400,000 persons a year. How many families were wrenched apart?
*The U.S. Office of Management and Budget reports that the budget for the U.S. Border Patrol has increased tenfold since 1993, from $363 million to $3.5 billion. Given that the undocumented population has tripled since 1986 to 11 to 12 million people today, by economic standards that’s a pretty weak return on investment.
*The Department of Homeland Security reports that as of February 2014, almost 700 miles of pedestrian and vehicle fencing has been completed along the U.S.-Mexico border. Perhaps that’s a boon for the confinement industry.
*The Congressional Research Service reports that 208,939 unauthorized immigrants were prosecuted as criminals under Operation Streamline from 2005 to the end of fiscal year 2012. They are sentenced in “group” trials that provide apprehended immigrants few legal rights. Aren’t guaranteed legal rights one of the hallmarks of our democracy?
*In fiscal year 2012, the Department of Homeland Security incarcerated more than 477,000 people, a record. Yet since 2003, about 2.5 million immigrants have been detained in the U.S. detention system. Surely they did not comprise 2.5 million threats to the U.S.
The data shows that our nation’s effort to cope with undocumented persons does not work. It is costly, most especially, I fear, for the soul of a nation.
The National Basketball Association's Brooklyn Nets announced yesterday that the team had signed former Immigrant of the Day Jorge Gutierrez for a two-year deal. The Nets had previously signed Gutierrez to two ten day contracts. The move gives the Nets three international players: Gutierrez (Mexico), Andrei Kirilenko (Russia) and Mirza Teletovic (Bosnia).
On the same day as Gutierrez signed with the Nets, the NBA announced that he had been fined for a flagrant 2 foul Wednesday night on Cody Zeller of the Bobcats.
Despite having been found by a federal court to have systematically violated the civil rights in the name of immigration enforcement, Sheriff Joe Arpaio and the Maricopa County (Arizona) Sheriff's Office refuse to go quietly into the night. Indeed, the leaders of the MSCO appear to be reacting as the Birmingham Police Department probably reacted to criticism of its use of fire hoses againts African American civil rights marchers in the 1960s.
Fernanda Santos of the New York Times reports that Judge Murray Snow, appointed to the court by President George W. Bush, earlier this week strongly rebuked Sheriff Arpaio and one of his chief deputies, "saying that they had defied and even mocked the judge’s order last year to stop singling out Latinos during routine patrols, traffic stops and workplace raids." The article explains why Judge Snow understandably was angry:
"Judge Snow said that Mr. Arpaio and the chief deputy, Jerry Sheridan, had blatantly flouted his order, pointing as evidence to a video of a briefing that the two men held in October for a group of rank-and-file deputies who participated in a crime-suppression operation in southwest Phoenix. In the video, Mr. Sheridan called Judge Snow’s order “ludicrous” and “absurd,” and compared the restrictions the courts had placed on them to those imposed on the beleaguered New Orleans Police Department, whose officers, he said, “were murdering people.” “That tells you how ludicrous this crap is,” Mr. Sheridan of the judge’s order, as a videocamera recorded his every word.
Mr. Arpaio spoke next, telling the deputies, “What the chief deputy said is what I’ve been saying,” adding, “We don’t racially profile, I don’t care what everybody says.”"
Will Sheriff Joe and the MSCO ever learn? When will the leadership of the office appear on its "Mugshots of the Day" feature?
Donald Kerwin, Executive Director of the Center for Migration Studies, has this piece in Huffington Post supporting the passage of a "border accountability" bill. On March 26, 2014, Congressmen Beto O'Rourke (D-TX 16) and Steve Pearce (R-NM 2) introduced the Border Enforcement Accountability, Oversight, and Community Engagement Act of 2014 (H.R. 4303). The Act would create a bi-partisan Border Oversight Commission, with subcommittees for the Southern and Northern Borders. The Commission would provide input on the impact of federal enforcement programs on local communities and would recommend ways to decrease civil rights violations, reduce border crossing deaths, and increase the safety of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers. In addition, it would create an Ombudsman for Border and Immigration Related Concerns that would receive, evaluate and resolve complaints against CBP officers, solicit and address the enforcement-related concerns of border residents, inspect border facilities and produce an annual report to Congress with recommendations for systemic reforms. The Act also provides for training to increase the safety of CBP officers and to enhance their ability to detect vulnerable populations like trafficking victims. It would require a much needed assessment of staffing and infrastructure needs at ports of entry, with a focus on increasing security and reducing crossing delays. Finally, it would task CBP with producing a report on migrant crossing deaths (including its plans to reduce deaths) and require a study of federal immigration enforcement "use of force" policies, practices and training.
Reviews of Immigration Policing and Federalism Through the Lens of Technology, Surveillance, and Privacy
Professor Anil Kalhan's previous Immigration Article of the Day (Immigration Policing and Federalism Through the Lens of Technology, Surveillance, and Privacy) has been attracting considerable commentary. Professors Jennifer Chacón on JOTWELL and César Cuauhtémoc García Hernández on CrImmigration both reviewed the article.
Friday, March 28, 2014
As Dean Kevin Johnson blogged earlier, today is Cesar Chavez day in California. It is wonderful that students in California (and other states) learn about the advocacy work that Cesar Chavez did to help create better working conditions for farm workers and other immigrant workers.
To me, this day is also a call to remember the other unsung heroes of the farm labor movement. There were other advocates who worked alongside Cesar Chavez. Some of them were Filipino farmer workers known as "Delano Manongs." One of these manongs was Larry Itliong, who was a labor organizer who led a group of 1,500 Filipinos to strike, like Cesar Chavez and other Mexican American workers, against the grape growers of Delano, California.
Although I have yet to see the new Cesar Chavez movie , my 5th grader saw it today with her classmates and she explained that the movie showed the collaboration between the Delano Manongs and Cesar Chavez and other farm workers. A new documentary, "Delano Manongs," provides a more in-depth account of the advocacy work of these Filipino farm workers in improving the working and life conditions of immigrant workers.
Moreover, through a bill (AB 123) that was sponsored by Assembly Member Rob Bonta and signed by Governor Jerry Brown in October 2013, students in California will learn about the contributions of Filipino farm workers to the California labor movement.
So on this Cesar Chavez Day, let us honor not only Cesar Chavez but also Larry Itliong and the Mexican American and Filipino American workers (and others) who worked alongside to help improve the lives of farm workers in California and the United States.
Enforcing Masculinities at the Borders by Jamie R. Abrams, University of Louisville Brandeis School of Law April 17, 2013 Nevada Law Journal, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013 University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2014-05
Abstract: “American men have no history,” declared pioneering masculinities scholar, Michael Kimmel. Masculinities, the study of how men relate to each other and construct their identities, can be used as a powerful sociological and legal tool to understand institutions, power structures, and human relations. While the history of American immigration law has revealed rich multi-dimensional narratives of class, race, and domestic and international politics, sparse historical work has considered the masculinities dimensions of immigration law. This Article considers how unpacking the masculinities dimensions of our paradigmatic shifts in immigration policy might offer an additional - even unifying - dimension to previously disparate and divergent immigration laws worthy of further research. This Article concludes that it is critical to make masculinities visible in immigration law and policy to understand how dominant masculine imperatives shape citizenship itself.
The Endless Battle for State Immigration Crimes Monday, March 31, 2014 at 12:15-1:30 p.m. MDT Watch this event live online at ULaw.tv
For a century and a half, states have fought Congress for the power to control authorized and unauthorized migration. The immigrant stream continues to change the demographics of the nation, and immigration’s economic effects are debated in the middle of a tough job market. In this context, a number of states and localities have become intensely interested in using their own police, laws and courts to address what some consider an invasion, taking place in open disregard of the nation’s laws. "What could be wrong," they ask, "with helping the federal government carry out its own laws?"
This lecture will address the constitutionality of the recent wave of state and local laws dealing with immigration, the Supreme Court’s decisions on the matter, President Obama’s administrative amnesties, and the SAFE Act, pending in Congress, which would explicitly allow the states to enact their own immigration laws, so long as they were consistent with federal law.
Lecturer: Jack Chin, Professor of Law
Gabriel "Jack" Chin teaches at the University of California, Davis, School of Law where he specializes in criminal law, immigration and race and law. He is an award-winning scholar whose work has been published in the Cornell, UCLA and Penn law reviews, and the Yale, Duke and Georgetown law journals. His scholarship has been cited four times in the U.S. Supreme Court in cases dealing with prosecution of immigrants. A graduate of Wesleyan, he earned a J.D. from Michigan and an LL.M. from Yale. His hobby is getting legislatures to repeal Jim Crow laws; in 2003 he persuaded Ohio to ratify the 14th Amendment; he is now seeking posthumous admission for a Chinese American denied bar membership by the California Supreme Court in 1890 because of his race.
ProBAR has two open attorney positions in its Children’s Project. With an ever-increasing number of children detained along the Southwest border, it is more important than ever that the positions be filled quickly and with the best possible candidates. ProBAR needs applicants who are fluent in Spanish and preferably who are licensed in Texas or willing to take the next available Texas bar exam. The positions are advertised at the ABA website.