Friday, February 17, 2017
Liz Robbins and Annie Correal of the New York Times report on the "Day Without Immigrants" protests across the United States. It first spread on social media, rippling through immigrant communities: a call to boycott. In the New York region and around the country, many cooks, carpenters, plumbers and grocery store owners decided to answer it and not work on Thursday as part of a national “day without immigrants” in protest of the Trump administration’s policies toward them.
Immigration Article of the Day: The Power of a Presumption: California as a Laboratory for Unauthorized Immigrant Workers' Rights by Kati L. Griffith
The Power of a Presumption: California as a Laboratory for Unauthorized Immigrant Workers' Rights by Kati L. Griffith, Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations, UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 50, No. 3, 2017
Abstract: In recent years, California has served as the primary laboratory for policy experimentation related to unauthorized immigrant workers’ rights. No other state, to date, has advanced comparable policy initiatives that preserve state-provided workers’ rights regardless of immigration status. Through close examination of two open Supremacy Clause questions under California’s Agricultural Labor Relations Act, the article illustrates that states can, as a constitutional matter, and should, as a policy matter, serve as laboratories for unauthorized immigrant worker rights. Exploring the outer boundaries of state action in this area is particularly compelling given the significant labor force participation of unauthorized immigrants in low-wage jobs in the United States, given the disproportionate labor rights violations experienced by this population and given thirty years of federal legislative inaction on comprehensive immigration reform.
Thursday, February 16, 2017
Breaking News! President Trump said today that his administration will soon release a new, narrower executive order on travel to replace his January 27 immigration executive order that the courts temporarily barred from implementation. In a brief filed in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit today, the Department of Justice argued that the court was wrong in its move to not reinstate the travel ban but that the U.S. government did not seek a reconsideration of the decision because a new executive order, which would supersede the old, is in the works.
The relevant section of the brief reads as follows:
"the United States does not seek en banc review of the merits of the panel’s ruling. Rather than continuing this litigation, the President intends in the near future to rescind the Order and replace it with a new, substantially revised Executive Order to eliminate what the panel erroneously thought were constitutional concerns. Cf. Op. 24 (declining to narrow the district court’s overbroad injunction because “[t]he political branches are far better equipped to make appropriate distinctions”). In so doing, the President will clear the way for immediately protecting the country rather than pursuing further, potentially time-consuming litigation. Under the unusual circumstances presented here—including the extraordinarily expedited proceedings and limited briefing to the panel, the complexity and constitutional magnitude of the issues, the Court’s sua sponte consideration of rehearing en banc, and respect for the President’s constitutional responsibilities—the government respectfully submits that the most appropriate course would be for the Court to hold its consideration of the case until the President issues the new Order and then vacate the panel’s preliminary decision. To facilitate that disposition, the government will notify the Court of the new Order as soon as it is issued."
The Brennan Center for Justice has released this report evaluating the Trump administration's repeated claims that 3 to 5 million non-citizens illegally voted in the 2016 election. The truth is that ineligible noncitizens do not vote in American elections, except at negligible rates.
Immigration Law and Border Enforcement is a one-week, 3-credit class open to law students around the country. The program is c0-sponsored by Hofstra Law and UC San Diego's Center for Comparative Immigration Studies and will be held in San Diego, California. Classes begin on Sunday May 21 and will run through Saturday May 27, with students returning home on Sunday May 28.
The program features field trips to the border, a detention center, a consulate, and immigration court. Students will have the opportunity to meet with CBP officers, ICE lawyers, Department of State consular officials, and EOIR judges, as well as immigration attorneys and advocates.
Interested students should apply by April 7, 2017.
On February 20, we celebrate Presidents Day to honor the birth of our nation’s first president, George Washington, and all presidents who have led this country.
Each year, USCIS marks this holiday with naturalization ceremonies across the country. This year, we will welcome more than 25,000 new citizens in 162 naturalization ceremonies between February 14 and 22. A list of highlighted ceremonies is below.
We encourage you to share your experiences and photos from naturalization ceremonies through Twitter and other social media, using the hashtag #newUScitizen. You can also follow @USCIS on Twitter, facebook.com/uscis and @uscis on Instagram.
|February 14, 2017||Oregon State Capital||Salem, Oregon|
|February 14, 2017||History Colorado Center||Denver , Colorado|
|February 15, 2017||Los Angeles Convention Center||Los Angeles, California|
|February 15, 2017||Brentwood Community Center||Brentwood, California|
|February 15, 2017||Los Angeles Convention Center||Los Angeles, California|
|February 16, 2017||USCIS West Palm Beach Field Office||West Palm Beach, Florida|
|February 16, 2017||USCIS Chicago Field Office||Chicago, Illinois|
|February 17, 2017||Lilburn Branch Library||Lilburn, Georgia|
|February 17, 2017||Iwo Jima Memorial Monument||Harlingen, Texas|
|February 17, 2017||Beaverton City Library||Beaverton, Oregon|
|February 20, 2017||Chicago City Hall Council Chambers||Chicago, Illinois|
|February 21, 2017||Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Site||Buffalo, New York|
|February 21, 2017||Maidu Community Center Library||Roseville, California|
|February 21, 2017||USCIS Fort Myers Field Office||Fort Myers, Florida|
|February 21, 2017||Washington Crossing Historic Park||Washington Crossing, Pennsylvania|
|February 21, 2017||Meeker Middle School||Tacoma, Washington|
|February 22, 2017||USCIS Newark Field Office||Newark, New Jersey|
|February 22, 2017||USCIS Chicago Field Office||Chicago, Illinois|
|February 22, 2017||Edmunds Middle School||Burlington, Vermont|
|February 22, 2017||George Washington's Mount Vernon||Mount Vernon, Virginia|
Korean Immigrant Population in the United States, 1980-2015
This Migration Information Source Spotlight on Korean Immigrants in the United States reports that approximately 1 million Korean immigrants (overwhelmingly from South Korea) lived in the United States in 2015, representing 2.4 percent of the U.S. immigrant population. While earlier waves consisted largely of unskilled laborers and their families, contemporary Korean immigration boasts high socioeconomic standing and Koreans are generally considered among the most successful immigrant groups.
While a "college humor" broadcast, this clip is heavily footnoted by way of an online list of all sources used in the video (including a shout out to Mae Ngai!). Impressive.
"Although a fierce military crackdown on El Salvador’s two main warring gangs has chipped away at violent crime in the last year, this tiny Central American nation remains one of the most dangerous places on Earth, with a per capita homicide rate more than 15 times that of the United States.
Children as young as 9 are recruited for gang membership. Extortion is rampant, with gangs squeezing street vendors, restaurant owners and even grandmothers for cash.
Last year, nearly 1 in 4 people were victims of a crime, according to a poll conducted by Central American University, which also found that more than 40% of Salvadorans hoped to leave the country within a year. In certain areas . . . , located on a strategic drug route on the Pacific Coast, many people rarely venture out after dark."
Immigration Article of the Day: Migrants Resist Systemic Discrimination and Dehumanization in Private, For-Profit Detention Centers by Elvia R. Arriola and Virginia M. Raymond
Migrants Resist Systemic Discrimination and Dehumanization in Private, For-Profit Detention Centers by Elvia R. Arriola and Virginia M. Raymond, Santa Clara Journal of International Law (2017)
Abstract: In June 2014, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security initiated a policy of detaining women and children asylum-seekers in detention centers across the country, rather than releasing them after arrest to pursue their claims while living in the community with extended family members, churches, shelters run by non-profit organizations, or other private individuals. Human rights advocates at the local, national, and international levels have condemned the fact of detention, the pretense that these refugees pose any “threat to national security,” the length of detention, and the conditions of detention facilities. Moreover, many of the detention facilities are run by private, for-profit prison corporations, meaning that their operations are even less transparent than federal or state operated institutions. Despite harsh conditions, women asylum-seekers and immigrants have consistently resisted their incarceration. In explaining the origins and consequences of this policy, as well as of the burgeoning phenomenon of “crimmigration” (the intersection of criminal law with immigration law) this article argues that there is a punitive character to the supposed “civil” immigration detention process. The article argues that the punitive and inhumane aspects of for-profit based immigration detention can and should be linked to broader historical and political aspects of U.S. racial history, including the rise of the prison industrial complex and the social construction of the undocumented border crosser into a presumptive criminal identity. The article explains that once in detention arrested migrants face a range of inhumane consequences stemming from the overall impact of recent changes in Department of Homeland Security policy. The article argues that the harshest impact of these changes in law and policy by immigration authorities is on members of vulnerable groups who turn themselves in at the border and request asylum. Once in the system they must overcome obstructive, procedural barriers while also being detained and treated like presumed criminals by staff in for-profit detention centers who are not accountable for their mistreatment of detainees. The article draws upon the words of women and LGBT detainees themselves to illustrate the discriminatory effects of the government’s continued reliance on for-profit prison corporations to operate immigration detention centers. The narratives herein were gathered by the authors’ first-hand knowledge, either from Dr. Raymond’s representation of formerly detained refugees or from an educational delegation produced by Professor Arriola which included first-hand meetings and interviews with migrants at the South Texas Detention Center.
Wednesday, February 15, 2017
Learn about migration governance from leading international organizations and experts
- Gain an interdisciplinary perspective
- Network with experts working in the field
- Visit the leading organizations in international Geneva
- Learn about regional migration initiatives
The summer school offers a unique opportunity to learn and discuss about structures, actors, processes and challenges of global and regional migration governance in dialogue with international academic experts and practitioners from pertinent international organizations and NGOs based in Geneva. This will be achieved through lectures from academics and experts in the field and visits of leading organizations and NGOs like ILO, IOM, UNHCR and ICRC in combination with targeted workshops.
A Global perspective…
Next to lectures on the causes, forms and implications of forced and voluntary migration, the focus will be on the multi-layered governance of international mobility, migrant rights, and refugee protection. Academic lectures will include inputs from different social science disciplines including law, political science, sociology and international relations. Students will learn about the main commonalities and differences in how states regulate the entry and stay of the different categories of international migrants before getting to know the principal structures and regulations addressing these questions at the level of regions and international institutions.
... in combination with regional insights
Benefiting from targeted lectures by regional experts and representatives of international organizations, particular emphasis will be put on the role of regional initiatives in Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe in interaction with multilateral institutions in promoting international cooperation on migration governance. Herewith, the Summer School directly addresses the agenda laid down by the United Nations' New York Declaration on Large Movements of Migrants and Refugees adopted on 19 September 2016.
At the end of this course, participants will have a profound understanding of the state of play of international (regional and global) migration policy, politics and law today and will have established a network of contacts with academics and practitioners working in the field. This will allow them to either orient their future studies or refresh and extend existing knowledge.
Sergio Hernández at his elementary school graduation (Courtesy of the family of Sergio Hernández)
The militarization of the U.S./Mexico border in the name of immigration enforcement has had casualties. Amy Howe on SCOTUSBlog previews the oral argument on February 21 in a case before the U.S. Supreme Court that deals with one of the casualties. In Hernández v. Mesa, the parents of Sergio Hernández, a Mexican teen shot by a U.S. Border Patrol agent while standing on Mexican soil, are seeking to sue the agent responsible for their son’s death in U.S. courts. Supporting Mesa, the federal government insists that allowing suits like this one could “significantly disrupt the ability of the political branches to respond to foreign situations involving” the U.S.’s national interest, while the Mexican government – supporting the parents – suggests that shutting the lawsuit down could harm U.S.-Mexico relations.
The questions presented to the Court are
(1) whether a formalist or functionalist analysis governs the extraterritorial application of the Fourth Amendment’s prohibition on unjustified deadly force, as applied to a cross-border shooting of an unarmed Mexican citizen in an enclosed area controlled by the United States;
(2) whether qualified immunity may be granted or denied based on facts – such as the victim’s legal status – unknown to the officer at the time of the incident; and
(3) whether the claim in this case may be asserted under Bivens v. Six Unknown Federal Narcotics Agents.
During the presidential campaign, Donald Trump commenced his campaign by labeling Mexican immigrants as criminals (later referring to them as "bad hombres") and later promised to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, which was created by President Obama through executive action. DACA recipients, who number in the millions, have been fearful of when and how DACA might be dismantled. Although he has issued three immigration executive orders, President Trump has not yet addressed DACA.
The Los Angeles Times now reports that immigration agents have detained and threatened to deport a 23-year-old immigrant in Washington state who came to the U.S. without legal authorization as a 7-year-old and later received protection under DACA. He has filed a habeas corpus petition in federal court, signed by a group of prominent attorneys, including constitutional law scholars Laurence Tribe and Erwin Chemerinsky.
Daniel Ramirez Medina was arrested at his father’s home south of Seattle last Friday by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents, according to the lawsuit. Ramirez is being held at a federal immigration detention facility in Tacoma, Washington.
ICE officials said Ramirez was a “self-admitted gang member” who was detained as a “risk to public safety.” Ramirez’s attorneys, who say Ramirez has never been convicted of a crime, denied the gang claim “unequivocally” and said he was “repeatedly pressured by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents to falsely admit affiliation.
EdSource reports on the emergence of former Secretary of Department of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano emerging as a champion of immigrants as President of the University of California. When she was named president of the University of California three years ago, Napolitano's appointment provoked protests by students and others upset about her role as head of the Department of Homeland Security overseeing the removal of millions of immigrants from the United States. As President of UC, Napolitano supported the Undocumented Legal Services Center, which provides legal services to undocumented students and their parents on all of the University of California campuses. Napolitano has emerged as one of the leading defenders of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, which has provided temporary relief from deportation to three-quarters of a million undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as children, including many attending UC.
Immigration Article of the Day: Neglected, Protected, Ejected: Latin American Women Caught by Crimmigration by K Dingeman et al.,
Neglected, Protected, Ejected: Latin American Women Caught by Crimmigration by K Dingeman et al., Feminist Criminology, 2017
The United States deported 24,870 women in 2013, mostly to Latin America. We examine life history interviews with Mexican and Central American women who were apprehended, detained, and experienced different outcomes. We find that norms of the “crimmigration era” override humanitarian concerns, such that the state treats migrants as criminals first and as persons with claims for relief second. Removal and relief decisions appear less dependent on eligibility than geography, access to legal aid, and public support. Women’s experiences parallel men’s but are often worsened by their gendered statuses. Far from passively accepting the violence of crimmigration, women resist through discourse and activism.
Tuesday, February 14, 2017
President Trump’s travel ban targeting nationals of seven Muslim-majority countries may not have held up in court, but it appears quite successful at keeping plenty of other people out of the United States. Trump’s order brought with it a swift decline in the number of worldwide tourists and travelers looking to visit the United States, say people in the tourism industry. Some say it could be as damaging to the US tourism sector as the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks. To read the full report, visit: www.BostonGlobe.com.
We are writing to confirm your attendance for the Migrant Labor and Global Health conference, scheduled for March 2-3 at the UC Davis Conference Center. To view the agenda and more conference information, please visit the conference website.
The MLGH Conference brings together a multidisciplinary group of scholars and scientists for two exciting days of exploration and debate on the interrelated issues of labor migration, occupational health, and economics.
International migration is a phenomenon that involves 244 million people worldwide, most of whom move in search of work and wellbeing. Migration is projected to increase in the future, related to geographic and economic disparities, climate change and political events, such that all nations must contend with the societal shifts that are brought about by human movement. Solutions to the challenge of migration must be multi-sector and coordinated.
The Conference serves as a platform to explore the multidisciplinary aspects of migration and their impact on health. Conference highlights include plenary and keynote sessions, panel discussions, student poster sessions and a conference reception at a location on the UC Davis campus.
If you weren't able to make it to the AALS conference in San Francisco this year, no worries. You can listen to the podcasts for all the great immigration programs including:
- Does Anyone's Law Matter at the Border?
- For Those in Peril on the Sea
- The Central American Refugee Crisis
- Federal Power over Immigration
- Asylum from Persecution by Non-State Actors
|ICE Immigration Raids: A Primer|
|There are widespread reports that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) fugitive operations teams conducted immigration roundups in a number of communities across the country last week. This report breaks down the numbers on ICE apprehensions in recent years to provide a better picture of the role of ICE fugitive operations as compared with other components of ICE.
During FY 2016 ICE apprehended and removed an average of 1,250 individuals each week from the interior of the U.S. However, only a small portion were direct arrests by ICE itself. Most occurred when ICE simply assumed custody of individuals arrested or detained by local, state, and other federal law enforcement agencies. The identity of ICE personnel taking individuals into custody therefore results in important differences in how apprehensions take place, where they occur, and who is being targeted.
ICE fugitive operations teams are the ICE units primarily charged with the location and apprehension of individuals out in the community. Community arrests cover arrests made at an individual's residence, their work site, or elsewhere in the community where ICE personnel are able to find them.
The latest case-by-case records obtained by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University indicate that in recent years, ICE fugitive operations teams arrested and deported an average of 250 individuals per week, or roughly one out of every five of ICE's 1,250 weekly apprehensions and removals.
The data presented in the report provide a useful baseline against which arrests under the new Trump Administration by fugitive operations teams and other components of ICE can be compared.
In addition to information on arrests by ICE fugitive teams, the full report details the work of other ICE units who make community arrests, and how often these occur. It further provides a picture day-by-day for the period October 1, 2014 through November 30, 2016 of how often ICE arrested individuals who have outstanding removal orders so that the character and occurrence of past surges in ICE arrest patterns can be viewed.
For the full report, click here.