Tuesday, July 18, 2017
Born in Sierra Leone, ballet dancer Michaela DePrince was orphaned at the age of three. Born Mabinty Bangura to a Muslim family, she was sent to an orphanage where the "aunties" who cared for the children believed that her skin condition, vitiligo, was a curse and called her the "devil’s child." In 1999, DePrince was adopted by a U.S. couple. Inspired by a picture of a ballerina she saw on a magazine in Sierra Leone, DePrince trained as a ballet dancer, winning a scholarship for the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School at the American Ballet Theatre. In 2013, she joined the Dutch National Ballet.
DePrince tells her story in the book Taking Flight: From War Orphan to Star Ballerina.
Sunday, July 16, 2017
From the Bookshelves: Diary of a Reluctant Dreamer: Undocumented Vignettes from a Pre-American Life by Alberto Ledesma
Friday, July 14, 2017
From the Bookshelves: Latinos in Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia, edited by Professor José Luis Morín
This September 2016 conference held at John Jay College of Criminal Justice marked the publication of Latinos in Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia, edited by Professor José Luis Morín, the first comprehensive text on Latina/os and the U.S. criminal justice system with data, research, analysis, and evidence that sets straight common misperceptions about Latina/os and crime.
This unique compilation of essays and entries provides critical insights into the Latino/a experience with the U.S. criminal justice system.
Concerns about immigration's relationship to crime make accurate information and critical analysis of the utmost importance. Latinos and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia promotes understanding of Latinas and Latinos and the U.S. criminal justice system, at the same time dispelling popular misconceptions about this population and criminal activity in the United States.
Unlike a traditional encyclopedia comprised solely of A–Z entries, this work consists of two parts. Part I offers detailed essays on particularly important topics. Part II provides brief, A–Z entries. Topics are crossreferenced to enable easy research. Among the wide range of topics covered are policing and police misconduct, incarceration, the war on drugs, gangs, border crime, and racial profiling. Historically important issues and events relative to the Latino experience of criminal justice in the United States are also included, as are key legal cases.
- Topical essays that provide context to major contemporary issues, such as immigrants and crime, drugs, youth, U.S.-Mexico border crime, policing, and prisons
- Shorter, A–Z entries on a wide range of additional topics
- Extensive bibliographies identifying further readings in the subject area
- Provides vital information at a time when questions and controversies swirl about Latinos in the United States
- Addresses key areas of concern with respect to Latinos and crime, immigration, drugs, gangs, and police policies and practices in Latino and African American communities
- Documents the often-forgotten history of Latinos in the United States, from the Greaser Act and zoot-suit riots to the contemporary experience of Latinos facing racial profiling and controversial immigration legislation
- Contains both long essays that provide context and depth of discussion and shorter essays for quick reference on specific topics
Friday, July 7, 2017
From the Bookshelves: Burning Bridges: America's 20-Year Crusade To Deport Labor Leader Harry Bridges by Peter Afrasiabi
Wednesday, July 5, 2017
Console Wars is a non-fiction account of "Sega, Nintendo, and the Battle That Defined a Generation."
Guess what? The H1-B visa plays a role!
In 1986, Nintendo of America (NOA) launched the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). Despite focus groups that suggested the NES might be a "colossal flop," it wasn't. The company offered its iconic gaming system in just 500 stores and managed to sell half of its 100,000 units in Christmas sales.
But questions lingered over how to take the company forward. Nintendo wanted "someone to prove that the NES was more than just this year's Christmas fad. Someone who could exploit the potential for expansion and transform Nintendo from a niche sensation into a global juggernaut."
They found Peter Main, former president of the Canadian fast-food chain White Spot. But, of course, Main needed a visa to work stateside.
It seemed like a good opportunity, but there was still a lot that could go wrong, so Main decided to leave the decision to luck. For the holidays, he and his wife were headed to Asia for a much-needed vacation. Just before the trip, Main told Arakawa [founder of NOA] that if the U.S. embassy approved his application for an H1-B visa to work in the United States, then he would hed to Nintendo; if not, then he would open a restaurant of his own in Canada. With the odds of securing such a visa being only about 10 percent, Main didn't expect to be hocking cartridges anytime soon. But on the second night his trip, Arakawa and Lincoln called his hotel room in Hong Kong and happily announced that the visa had been approved. And so in April 1987, Peter Main became Nintendo of America's VP of marketing and sales.
There's a story you don't hear often - leaving your entire future up to the random chance of getting an H1-B. Not to mention the toss up between becoming third in command at an electronics company (where he would ultimately oversee the nationwide launch of the NES and the Game Boy) or opening a restaurant!
Sunday, July 2, 2017
From the Bookshelves: The Health of Newcomers: Immigration, Health Policy, and the Case for Global Solidarity by Patricia Illingworth & Wendy E. Parmet
Saturday, July 1, 2017
From the Bookshelves: LET ME BE A REFUGEE: ADMINISTRATIVE JUSTICE AND THE POLITICS OF ASYLUM IN THE UNITED STATES, CANADA, AND AUSTRALIA by Rebecca Hamlin
LET ME BE A REFUGEE: ADMINISTRATIVE JUSTICE AND THE POLITICS OF ASYLUM IN THE UNITED STATES, CANADA, AND AUSTRALIA by Rebecca Hamlin. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 229 pp. Cloth: $105. ISBN: 9780199373307 Paper: $30.95. ISBN: 9780199373314.
International law provides states with a common definition of a "refugee" as well as guidelines outlining how asylum claims should be decided. Yet even across nations with many commonalities, the processes of determining refugee status look strikingly different. This book compares the refugee status determination (RSD) regimes of three popular asylum seeker destinations: the United States, Canada, and Australia. Though they exhibit similarly high levels of political resistance to accepting asylum seekers, refugees access three very different systems-none of which are totally restrictive or expansive-once across their borders. These differences are significant both in terms of asylum seekers' experience of the process and in terms of their likelihood of being designated as refugees. Based on a multi-method analysis of all three countries, including a year of fieldwork with in-depth interviews of policy-makers and asylum-seeker advocates, observations of refugee status determination hearings, and a large-scale case analysis, Rebecca Hamlin finds that cross-national differences have less to do with political debates over admission and border control policy than with how insulated administrative decision-making is from either political interference or judicial review. Administrative justice is conceptualized and organized differently in every state, and so states vary in how they draw the line between refugee and non-refugee
Friday, June 30, 2017
Islamophobia and Racism in America by Erik Love (2017)
Confronting and combating Islamophobia in America.
Islamophobia has long been a part of the problem of racism in the United States, and it has only gotten worse in the wake of shocking terror attacks, the ongoing refugee crisis, and calls from public figures like Donald Trump for drastic action. As a result, the number of hate crimes committed against Middle Eastern Americans of all origins and religions have increased, and civil rights advocates struggle to confront this striking reality.
In Islamophobia and Racism in America, Erik Love draws on in-depth interviews with Middle Eastern American advocates. He shows that, rather than using a well-worn civil rights strategy to advance reforms to protect a community affected by racism, many advocates are choosing to bolster universal civil liberties in the United States more generally, believing that these universal protections are reliable and strong enough to deal with social prejudice. In reality, Love reveals, civil rights protections are surprisingly weak, and do not offer enough avenues for justice, change, and community reassurance in the wake of hate crimes, discrimination, and social exclusion.
A unique and timely study, Islamophobia and Racism in America wrestles with the disturbing implications of these findings for the persistence of racism—including Islamophobia—in the twenty-first century. As America becomes a “majority-minority” nation, this strategic shift in American civil rights advocacy signifies challenges in the decades ahead, making Love’s findings essential for anyone interested in the future of universal civil rights in the United States.
Tuesday, June 27, 2017
The Foreigner is an upcoming action thriller film. It stars Jackie Chan, Pierce Brosnan, Liu Tao and Katie Leung. The film, which involves Chan's character chasing down Irish terrorists, is scheduled to be released in October 2017.
Here is a preview of the movie.
Thursday, June 22, 2017
We Never Asked for Wings by Vanessa DiffenbaughVanessa Diffenbaugh
From the beloved New York Times bestselling author of The Language of Flowers comes her much-anticipated new novel about young love, hard choices, and hope against all odds.
For fourteen years, Letty Espinosa has worked three jobs around San Francisco to make ends meet while her mother raised her children—Alex, fifteen, and Luna, just six—in their tiny apartment on a forgotten spit of wetlands near the bay. But now Letty’s parents are returning to Mexico, and Letty must step up and become a mother for the first time in her life.
Navigating this new terrain is challenging for Letty, especially as Luna desperately misses her grandparents and Alex, who is falling in love with a classmate, is unwilling to give his mother a chance. Letty comes up with a plan to help the family escape the dangerous neighborhood and heartbreaking injustice that have marked their lives, but one wrong move could jeopardize everything she’s worked for and her family’s fragile hopes for the future.
Vanessa Diffenbaugh blends gorgeous prose with compelling themes of motherhood, undocumented immigration, and the American Dream in a powerful and prescient story about family.
My friend and colleague Marisa S. Cianciarulo recommended this book on the Immprof listserve.
Thursday, June 15, 2017
Amanda Frost on SCOTUSBlog looks at Maslenjak v. United States, in which the Supreme Court will decide whether the government can revoke naturalization based on immaterial false statements made during the naturalization process. She states that "[a]lthough the issue is primarily one of statutory interpretation, major constitutional questions lurk beneath the surface. As Patrick Weil explains in his fascinating book, “The Sovereign Citizen: Denaturalization and the Origins of the American Republic,” 50 years ago the Supreme Court put a stop to the government’s once-common practice of denaturalization, and in the process `redefin[ed] the country’s understanding of sovereignty and citizenship.' The court’s decision in Maslenjak is likely to be informed by this legal and historical precedent."
Friday, June 2, 2017
David Bacon writes that the Trump administration may returning to workplace raids in immigration enforcement:
"At the end of February immigration agents descended on a handful of Japanese and Chinese restaurants in the suburbs of Jackson, Mississippi, and in nearby Meridian. Fifty-five immigrant cooks, dishwashers, servers and bussers were loaded into vans and taken to a detention center about 160 miles away in Jena, Louisiana.
Their arrests and subsequent treatment did more than provoke outrage among Jackson's immigrant rights activists. Labor advocates in California also took note of the incident, fearing that it marked the beginning of a new wave of immigrant raids and enforcement actions in workplaces. In response, California legislators have written a bill providing legal protections for workers, to keep the Mississippi experience from being duplicated in the Golden State.
Once the Mississippi restaurant workers had been arrested, they essentially fell off the radar screen for several days. Jackson lawyer Jeremy Litton, who represented three Guatemalan workers picked up in the raid, could not get the government to schedule hearing dates for them. He was unable to verify that the other detained immigrants were being held in the same center, or even who they were."
From the Bookshelves: Sivaprasad Wadhia, Beyond Deportation: The Role of Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Cases, 2017 Honorable Mention by the Eric Hoffer Awards in the Legacy Nonfiction
Good news from Penn State. Samuel Weiss Faculty Scholar and Clinical Professor of Law Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia’s book, Beyond Deportation: The Role of Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Cases, was named a 2017 Honorable Mention by the Eric Hoffer Awards in the Legacy Nonfiction category.
The Eric Hoffer Book Awards honor exceptional independent books in memory of Eric Hoffer, an American philosopher and author.
Originally published in 2015, Wadhia’s book describes the history, theory, and application of prosecutorial discretion in U.S. immigration law.
In addition to her role as professor, she is the founder and director of Penn State Law’s Center for Immigrants’ Rights Clinic, where she advises students as they provide community outreach and legal support in immigration cases.
Tuesday, May 23, 2017
A book chapter in Law Professor and Accidental Historian: The Scholarship of Michael A. Olivas (Ediberto Román ed.), Carolina Academic Press (2017)
In early 2017, Carolina Academic Press published an anthology of excerpts of the scholarship of Michael Olivas, along with accompanying essays from about 20 notable U.S. legal scholars, titled Law Professor and Accidental Historian: The Scholarship of Michael A. Olivas (ed. Ediberto Román). Given Michael's influence in the field of immigration law and policy, I reflected on his article The Chronicles, My Grandfather’s Stories, and Immigration Law: The Slave Traders Chronicle as Racial History,” St. Louis University L.J. 34 (1990). As one of the first legal writers on the Latina/o experience, Olivas in that article responded to Derrick Bell’s much-discussed chronicle of the space traders. As Olivas posited, Derrick Bell’s seemingly “fantastic” vision of a trade for the once-enslaved U.S. black population was neither fantastic nor unlikely to occur. Rather, it had already occurred throughout our sorry racial history with targets across the color line. In my essay, I examine and suggest a number of current groups the U.S. might readily bargain away, some even without the demand for valuable consideration in return. Sadly, should Bell’s alien spaceships arrive on U.S shores today, no doubt they might have several vulnerable groups to barter for their undisclosed needs for mass deportation. And perhaps a U.S. leader anxious to make that despicable bargain.
Thursday, May 18, 2017
Tuesday, May 16, 2017
From the Bookshelves: Porous Borders Multiracial Migrations and the Law in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands by Julian Lim
Porous Borders Multiracial Migrations and the Law in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands by Julian Lim (University of North Carolina Press, November 2017)
With the railroad’s arrival in the late nineteenth century, immigrants of all colors rushed to the U.S.-Mexico borderlands, transforming the region into a booming international hub of economic and human activity. Following the stream of Mexican, Chinese, and African American migration, Julian Lim presents a fresh study of the multiracial intersections of the borderlands, where diverse peoples crossed multiple boundaries in search of new economic opportunities and social relations. However, as these migrants came together in ways that blurred and confounded elite expectations of racial order, both the United States and Mexico resorted to increasingly exclusionary immigration policies in order to make the multiracial populations of the borderlands less visible within the body politic, and to remove them from the boundaries of national identity altogether.
Using a variety of English- and Spanish-language primary sources from both sides of the border, Lim reveals how a borderlands region that has traditionally been defined by Mexican-Anglo relations was in fact shaped by a diverse population that came together dynamically through work and play, in the streets and in homes, through war and marriage, and in the very act of crossing the border.
Tuesday, May 2, 2017
Milena, or The Most Beautiful Femur in the World by Jorge Zepeda Patterson (Translated from the Spanish by Adrian Nathan West) (Published May 2, 2017)
After Milena’s lover and protector Rosendo Franco dies in her arms, she must go on the run from the human-trafficking ring that once kidnapped her from her Croatian village and forced her into prostitution. Soon, three old friends from Mexico City are after her as well—but for different reasons. Newspaper columnist Tomás Arizmendi seeks to retrieve Milena’s little black book that could bring down the media empire he inherited from Franco, while dubious intelligence expert Jaime Lemus wants to use the sensitive information it contains about the crimes of the world’s power elite to further his political puppeteering. The noblest of the trio, politician Amelia Navarro simply wants to carry out her mission to protect women and children from the abuses of men in power.
Told with a sly humor and journalistic detail, Milena, or The Most Beautiful Femur in the World traces in its romp across Europe and the Americas the vast networks of capital, information, and crime that bind together today’s globalized world. In the beautiful and mysterious Milena we encounter an unforgettable woman who reminds us that the survivors of modernity’s ills are not mere statistics but living, breathing, tenacious individuals.
Author: Economist and sociologist Jorge Zepeda Patterson was born in Mazatlán, México, in 1952. He received a masters degree from the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales and a doctorate in political science from The Sorbonne. After his journalistic training at El País, he was the founding editor of the newspapers Siglo 21 and Público in Guadalajara, and was later editor-in-chief of El Universal. He has authored numerous books on political analysis, and his weekly column appears in over twenty newspapers in Mexico. He currently edits the news website SinEmbargo.mx.
Monday, April 24, 2017
From the Bookshelves: Somalis in the Twin Cities and Columbus: Immigrant Incorporation in New Destinations by Stefanie Chambers
n the early 1990s, Somali refugees arrived in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota. Later in the decade, an additional influx of immigrants arrived in a second destination of Columbus, Ohio. These refugees found low-skill jobs in warehouses and food processing plants and struggled as social "outsiders," often facing discrimination based on their religious traditions, dress, and misconceptions that they are terrorists. The immigrant youth also lacked access to quality educational opportunities.
In Somalis in the Twin Cities and Columbus, Stefanie Chambers provides a cogent analysis of these refugees in Midwestern cities where new immigrant communities are growing. Her comparative study uses qualitative and quantitative data to assess the political, economic, and social variations between these urban areas. Chambers examines how culture and history influenced the incorporation of Somali immigrants in the U.S., and recommends policy changes that can advance rather than impede incorporation.
Her robust investigation provides a better understanding of the reasons these refugees establish roots in these areas, as well as how these resettled immigrants struggle to thrive.
Wednesday, April 19, 2017
From the Bookshelves: In the Fields of the North / En los Campos del Norte Photographs and text by David Bacon
In the Fields of the North / En los Campos del Norte Photographs and text by David Bacon University of California Press / Colegio de la Frontera Norte Publication date: May 1, 2017 302 photographs, 450pp, 9”x9” paperback
In the Fields of the North is an intensive look at farm workers, documenting work life, living conditions, culture and migration through over 300 photographs and many narratives of workers themselves, in both English and Spanish. The conditions of farm workers have deteriorated greatly since the 1970s and 80s. At the same time, over half of the farm workers of today come from towns in Mexico where people speak indigenous languages like Mixteco and Triqui.
In the Fields of the North shows that these conditions are provoking a new wave of organizing efforts. It does so visually, and in the words of farm workers themselves.
Tuesday, April 18, 2017
Slavery has not been eradicated. Human Trafficking explores the legal, moral, and political attempts to contain sex and labor trafficking. The authors bring unique perspectives to these topics. Professor Page, an African-American woman all too familiar with the vestiges of slavery, has written and lectured internationally on trafficking. Professor Piatt, a Hispanic law professor and former law school dean, brings his international experience as an educator, author, and advocate regarding immigration and human rights matters to bear. The book considers efforts at containment, including controversial topics such as whether prostitution should be legalized. It concludes with specific approaches to eliminate trafficking.