Saturday, May 23, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Immigration Law & the Military, 2nd Edition by Margaret D. Stock

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Immigration Law & the Military, 2nd Edition by Margaret D. Stock

Immigration Law & the Military addresses immigration issues encountered by:

Noncitizens serving on active duty

Noncitizens affected by disciplinary and court martial procedures

U.S. military personnel who marry citizens of other countries

Children of U.S. military personnel who are adopted overseas and are in need of immigrant/nonimmigrant visas

Immigration Law & the Military is the only resource available that gives you the tools to tackle issues such as:

Selective service and enlistment rules Special rules and procedures for naturalization through military service

Types of military discharges

Implications of military disciplinary proceedings & courts martial

Parole in Place

Military-related issues for family members of military personnel

Civilian employees/contractors who work alongside military member

In addition to the above topics,Immigration Law & the Military explores common military-related issues through real case examples and provides information on special resources available to military personnel and their family members. Confidently handle immigration cases for military personnel and their families with the help of a top expert in the field.

 

As a retired Lieutenant Colonel in the Military Police, U.S. Army Reserve, Margaret Stock has extensive experience with U.S. military issues. She has also worked as a professor at the United States Military Academy at West Point, and as an adjunct instructor at the University of Alaska. Margaret is a member of the board of the Federal Bar Association’s Immigration Law Section and a former member of the American Bar Association’s Commission on Immigration. In 2013, she was named a MacArthur Foundation Fellow by the John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

KJ

May 23, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, May 18, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Rights, Deportation, and Detention in the Age of Immigration Control by Tom Wong

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Rights, Deportation, and Detention in the Age of Immigration Control  by Tom Wong

Immigration is among the most prominent, enduring, and contentious features of our globalized world. Yet, there is little systematic, cross-national research on why countries "do what they do" when it comes to their immigration policies. Rights, Deportation, and Detention in the Age of Immigration Control addresses this gap by examining what are arguably the most contested and dynamic immigration policies—immigration control—across 25 immigrant-receiving countries, including the U.S. and most of the European Union. The book addresses head on three of the most salient aspects of immigration control: the denial of rights to non-citizens, their physical removal and exclusion from the polity through deportation, and their deprivation of liberty and freedom of movement in immigration detention. In addition to answering the question of why states do what they do, the book describes contemporary trends in what Tom K. Wong refers to as the machinery of immigration control, analyzes the determinants of these trends using a combination of quantitative analysis and fieldwork, and explores whether efforts to deter unwanted immigration are actually working.

Tom K. Wong is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of California, San Diego.

KJ

May 18, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, May 16, 2015

From the Bookshelves: The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965: Legislating a New America, Gabriel J. Chin and Rose Cuison Villazor, editors

 

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Watch out for this book by two of my my UC Davis colleagues!

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965:  Legislating a New America Editors: Gabriel J. Chin and Rose Cuison Villazor (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming September 2015).

Along with the civil rights and voting rights acts, the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 is one of the most important bills of the civil rights era. The Act's political, legal, and demographic impact continues to be felt, yet its legacy is controversial. The 1965 Act was groundbreaking in eliminating the white America immigration policy in place since 1790, ending Asian exclusion, and limiting discrimination against Eastern European Catholics and Jews. At the same time, the Act discriminated against gay men and lesbians, tied refugee status to Cold War political interests, and shattered traditional patterns of Mexican migration, setting the stage for current immigration politics. Drawing from studies in law, political science, anthropology, and economics, this book will be an essential tool for any scholar or student interested in immigration law.

The first book devoted to the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments.  It includes contributions by scholars in law, political science, cultural studies, and economics reflect the modern interdisciplinary approach to immigration studies.  The volume places the current-day immigration debates in context and provides historically informed policy suggestions.

Here is the table of contents:

Foreword Cruz Reynoso

Introduction Gabriel J. Chin and Rose Cuison Villazor

Part I. The Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965: Ushering in an Era of Racial Equality or Furthering Racial Discrimination?

1. Were the Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 anti-racist? Gabriel J. Chin

2. African migration to the United States: assigned to the back of the bus Bill Ong Hing

3. The beginning of the end: the Immigration Act of 1965 and the emergence of the modern US-Mexico border state Kevin R. Johnson

4. The last preference: refugees and the 1965 Immigration Act Brian Soucek

Part II. The 1965 Immigration Act and Policy of Family Unification

5. The 1965 Immigration Act: family unification and non-discrimination fifty years later Rose Cuison Villazor

6. Workers without families: the unintended consequences Rhacel Salazar Parreñas and Cerissa Salazar Parreñas

7. Sexual deviants need not apply: LGBTQ oppression in the 1965 Immigration Amendments Atticus Lee

Part III. The 1965 Immigration Act and Employment-Based Immigration

8. Coming to America: the business of trafficked workers Valerie Francisco and Robyn Rodriguez

9. The impact of 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act on the evolution of temporary guest worker programs, or how the 1965 Act punted on creating a rightful place for Mexican worker migration Leticia M. Saucedo

Part IV. Political and Economic Issues

10. The 1965 Immigration Act: the demographic and political transformation of Mexicans and Mexican Americans in US border communities Jeannette Money and Kristina Victor

11. Economic performance of immigrants, following the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 Giovanni Peri

KJ

May 16, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, May 7, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Justice and Authority in Immigration Law by Colin Grey

 

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Justice and Authority in Immigration Law by Colin Grey

This book provides a new and powerful account of the demands of justice on immigration law and policy. Drawing principally on the work of Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, and John Rawls, it argues that justice requires states to give priority of admission to the most disadvantaged migrants, and to grant some form of citizenship or non-oppressive status to those migrants who become integrated. It also argues that states must avoid policies of admission and exclusion that can only be implemented through unjust means. It therefore refutes the common misconception that justice places no limits on the discretion of states to control immigration.

Colin Grey is a legal adviser at the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada.

KJ

May 7, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, April 30, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Uprooting Community: Japanese Mexicans, World War II, and the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands by Selfa A. Chew and Shameful Victory: The Los Angeles Dodgers, the Red Scare, and the Hidden History of Chavez Ravine by John H. M. Laslett

There are two history books that soon will be released that may interest readers of the ImmigrationProf blog.

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Uprooting Community:  Japanese Mexicans, World War II, and the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands by Selfa A. Chew

Joining the U.S.’ war effort in 1942, Mexican President Manuel Ávila Camacho ordered the dislocation of Japanese Mexican communities and approved the creation of internment camps and zones of confinement. Under this relocation program, a new pro-American nationalism developed in Mexico that scripted Japanese Mexicans as an internal racial enemy. In spite of the broad resistance presented by the communities wherein they were valued members, Japanese Mexicans lost their freedom, property, and lives.

In Uprooting Community, Selfa A. Chew examines the lived experience of Japanese Mexicans in the U.S.-Mexico borderlands during World War II. Studying the collaboration of Latin American nation-states with the U.S. government, Chew illuminates the efforts to detain, deport, and confine Japanese residents and Japanese-descent citizens of Latin American countries during World War II. These narratives challenge the notion that Japanese Mexicans enjoyed the protection of the Mexican government during the war and refute the mistaken idea that Japanese immigrants and their descendants were not subjected to internment in Mexico during this period. Through her research, Chew provides evidence that, despite the principles of racial democracy espoused by the Mexican elite, Japanese Mexicans were in fact victims of racial prejudice bolstered by the political alliances between the United States and Mexico.

The treatment of the ethnic Japanese in Mexico was even harsher than what Japanese immigrants and their children in the United States endured during the war, according to Chew. She argues that the number of persons affected during World War II extended beyond the first-generation Japanese immigrants “handled” by the Mexican government during this period, noting instead that the entire multiethnic social fabric of the borderlands was reconfigured by the absence of Japanese Mexicans.

 

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Shameful Victory:  The Los Angeles Dodgers, the Red Scare, and the Hidden History of Chavez Ravine by John H. M. Laslett

On May 8, 1959, the evening news shocked Los Angeles residents, who saw LA County sheriffs carrying a Mexican American woman from her home in Chavez Ravine not far from downtown. Immediately afterward, the house was bulldozed to the ground. This violent act was the last step in the forced eviction of 3,500 families from the unique hilltop barrio that in 1962 became the home of the Los Angeles Dodgers that is now known as Dodger Stadium.

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John H. M. Laslett offers a new interpretation of the Chavez Ravine tragedy, paying special attention to the early history of the barrio, the reform of Los Angeles's destructive urban renewal policies, and the influence of the evictions on the collective memory of the Mexican American community.

In addition to examining the political decisions made by power brokers at city hall, Shameful Victory argues that the tragedy exerted a much greater influence on the history of the Los Angeles civil rights movement than has hitherto been appreciated. The author also sheds fresh light on how the community grew, on the experience of individual home owners who were evicted from the barrio, and on the influence that the event had on the development of recent Chicano/a popular music, drama, and literature.

KJ

April 30, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs, Sports | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, April 27, 2015

Fresh Off the Boat and the Lighter Side of Immigrant Assimilation

 

ImmigrationProf previously posted about "Fresh Off the Boat", the ABC sitcom based on celebrity chef' Eddie Huang's memoir.  (Huang has been critical of the depiction of his life in the show.).  It is the first network primetime show to feature an Asian-American family in 20 years.

The show is set in 1995 and 11-year-old hip-hop loving Eddie Huang has just moved with his family from Chinatown in Washington D.C. to suburban Orlando. They quickly discover things are very different there. Orlando doesn’t even have a Chinatown—unless you count the Huang house.

In Fresh Off The Boat's season finale, Jessica, the family matriarch, worries over whether or not she and her kids have assimilated too much, a common concern of immigrant parents.. For a further look at the finale on NPR, click here.

KJ

April 27, 2015 in Books, Film & Television | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

From the Bookshelves: What Every Lawyer Needs to Know About Immigration Law

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What Every Lawyer Needs to Know About Immigration Law by Anna Williams Shavers, Jennifer Hermansky, Jill E. Family, Lillian Katherine Kalmykov, William S Jordan III, 2014, 562 pages

This practical guide provides legal practitioners with tips on issues that they may encounter when representing clients that may necessitate an examination of immigration-related issues.

Given the many ways in which immigration law can affect a single individual as well as large corporation, most lawyers will encounter a client needing immigration law advice. Yet for the non-specialist, immigration law can be daunting, particularly because it is governed by a complex mix of statutes, regulations, and federal and administrative court guidance - as well as by adjudicatory policies from multiple administrative agencies. Thus, it is important for lawyers to understand how best to spot immigration issues for clients, and when to involve an immigration attorney for assistance with a client. This book was written by immigration law specialists who insights, guidance, and practice tips can offer help in understanding these issues. The book is meant to provide attorneys working in various areas of law with enough information to identify problematic immigration issues, counsel their clients accordingly and if the matter is advanced to know when to advise the client to consult with immigration counsel. It will also introduce attorneys to the myriad of agencies involved in the immigration process.

KJ

April 14, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, April 2, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Border Contraband: A History of Smuggling across the Rio Grande By George T. Díaz

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Border Contraband: A History of Smuggling across the Rio Grande By George T. Díaz

In this first history of smuggling along the U.S.-Mexico border, Díaz shows how illicit trade evolved from a common practice of ordinary people into a professional, often violent, criminal activity. 

Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just.

In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States’ and Mexico’s trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders’ attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz’s pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.

KJ

April 2, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, March 28, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Beyond Deportation: The Role of Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Cases by Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia

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Beyond Deportation:  The Role of Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Cases by Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia (NYU Press, 2015)

When Beatles star John Lennon faced deportation from the U.S. in the 1970s, his lawyer Leon Wildes made a groundbreaking argument. He argued that Lennon should be granted “nonpriority” status pursuant to INS’s (now DHS’s) policy of prosecutorial discretion. In U.S. immigration law, the agency exercises prosecutorial discretion favorably when it refrains from enforcing the full scope of immigration law. A prosecutorial discretion grant is important to an agency seeking to focus its priorities on the “truly dangerous” in order to conserve resources and to bring compassion into immigration enforcement. The Lennon case marked the first moment that the immigration agency’s prosecutorial discretion policy became public knowledge. Today, the concept of prosecutorial discretion is more widely known in light of the Obama Administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or DACA program, a record number of deportations and a stalemate in Congress to move immigration reform.

Beyond Deportation is the first book to comprehensively describe the history, theory, and application of prosecutorial discretion in immigration law. It provides a rich history of the role of prosecutorial discretion in the immigration system and unveils the powerful role it plays in protecting individuals from deportation and saving the government resources. Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia draws on her years of experience as an immigration attorney, policy leader, and law professor to advocate for a bolder standard on prosecutorial discretion, greater mechanisms for accountability when such standards are ignored, improved transparency about the cases involving prosecutorial discretion, and recognition of “deferred action” in the law as a formal benefit.

KJ

March 28, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, March 23, 2015

From the Bookshelves: 2nd Edition of the Handbook on Protection Gaps in the Protection of Palestinian Refugees

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Handbook on the Protection of Palestinian Refugees, co-edited by Susan Akram and Nidal Al-Azza  

BADIL Resource Center for Palestinian Residency and Refugee Rights has published a new edition of the Handbook on the Protection of Palestinian Refugees in State Signatories to the 1951 Convention. Building on the 2005 edition and the 2011 update, this year’s Handbook provides a comprehensive, up-to-date analysis of international legal protection standards applicable to Palestinian refugees – most notably, Article 1D of the 1951 Refugee Convention. As the result of a monumental gathering of evidence, the Handbook examines new developments in international guidelines regarding the application of Article 1D as well as it presents an extensive survey on the protection afforded to Palestinian refugees in 30 countries in Europe, Oceania, the Americas and Africa, with a special focus on legislation and case law related to Article 1D. In the last chapter, BADIL presents its alternative approach to Article 1D, providing a wider ground to grant protection not only to Palestinian refugees, but also to all refugees in secondary movement who seek asylum in a new host country.

This publication constitutes a primary text for lawyers providing legal assistance to asylum seekers in any of the countries surveyed. The Handbook could also be of interest to national and international organizations concerned with refugees and asylum seekers, providing support to advocacy efforts to change national practices vis-à-vis refugees in secondary movement. Furthermore, the Handbook is also of scholarly interest inasmuch as it presents a historical analysis of the circumstances that gave rise to the Palestinian diaspora and the international mechanisms and bodies devised to cope with its challenges, as well as it explains the protection gaps that emerged in the protection regime of Palestinian refugees.

KJ

March 23, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Law and Migration: Many Constants, Few Changes by David Abraham

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Law and Migration: Many Constants, Few Changes by David Abraham, University of Miami - School of Law October 23, 2014 in Caroline Bretell and James Hollifield, Eds., Migration Theory: Talking Across Disciplines (New York and London: Routledge 2015), pp. 289-317 University of Miami Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-8

Abstract: Addressing an interdisciplinary readership, the essay takes on a host of current and nettlesome issues in regard to “Immigration and Sovereignty,” core “Westphalian and Post-Westphalian Problems and Reforms,” recent developments that might be characterized as a simultaneous “Post-Westphalian and Neo-Westphalian Backlash,” and ongoing debates over “Post-Multiculturalism and the Neo-Liberal Welfare State.”

Law is not a research discipline or tool of social analysis. Law is, in the first instance, a tool of regulation; as such it constructs legality and illegality, the permissible and the impermissible. Law is also an expression of norms of justice as construed by a particular sovereign legislating community, one whose own composition is dynamic and changed by the very things, including migration, it seeks to regulate. Law, like the state in general, may be construed as a society’s résumé, indicating where the society has been and where it stands at any particular time, what is there and then being contested and what is not, who is in charge and who is not. Since it may evolve, law is also a terrain of struggle over where and how to steer society, one of many fields in which class and interest politics, constructed in myriad ways, play out in simple and complicated venues. Finally, since law, notwithstanding the existence of bi- and multilateral agreements, is overwhelmingly produced on a national basis, methodological nationalism is reflected in most thinking about law and what it does. Westphalian conceptions of sovereignty still prevail, and perhaps more in the arena of migration and citizenship than in most others.

KJ

March 23, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, March 9, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Forgotten Citizens Deportation, Children, and the Making of American Exiles and Orphans by Luis Zayas

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Forgotten Citizens: Deportation, Children, and the Making of American Exiles and Orphans by Luis Zayas (Oxford University Press, 2015)

A topic of immigration that has never been dealt with directly

Walks the reader through the immigration, arrest, detention, and deportation process using real-life cases

Well-researched and describes the impact of deportation in human terms

Suggests new policies and practices that can be implemented to protect the children's and our nation's future

KJ

March 9, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, March 2, 2015

The Dr. Seuss Anti-Japanese War Bond Cartoons

Today is the birthday of Dr. Seuss. Kids around the country will be reading The Cat in the Hat and other fabulous rhyming books. They will dress up for Wacky Wednesday and count all the places they might go.

But you may not know that in the 1940s, Dr. Seuss drew overtly racist cartoons in support of US war bonds. UC San Diego has an online collection of the cartoons.

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At least one biographer has said that Dr. Seuss regretted his anti-Japanese stance during the war. His famous tale Horton Hears a Who was dedicated to “My Great Friend, Mitsugi Nakamura of Kyoto, Japan." The book is, apparently, about the post-war occupation of Japan by the US.

-KitJ

March 2, 2015 in Books | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, February 21, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Daniel Kunstler, Passaic: The True Story of One Man’s Journey through American Immigration, Detention and Deportation

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Daniel Kunstler, Passaic:  The True Story of One Man’s Journey through American Immigration, Detention and Deportation 

The plight of Hemnauth Mohabir, a Guyanese immigrant caught in the clutches of the U.S. deportation system, is an exemplary instance of the hardship inflicted upon many thousands by our laws and misuse of our prison apparatus. The chronicle of Hemnauth’s immigrant experience dominates Passaic: The True Story of One Man’s Journey through American Immigration, Detention and Deportation. We follow him from his roots as the descendant of Indians indentured to the international sugar trade through emigration to the U.S., a felony trial and a rare acquittal tainted only by a petty misdemeanor conviction. Years later, he is arrested upon re-entering the U.S. and fed into the grinding machinery of immigration enforcement. Hemnauth’s old misdemeanor has tagged him an illegal immigrant. He endures gulag conditions at the Passaic County (N.J.) Jail, which is contracted to house immigrants under deportation order. The prison fosters a climate of violence toward and among the men in its custody. It breeds utter hopelessness.

Throughout, Hemnauth wages a quixotic struggle against exile and separation from his American child, and another to preserve his humanity in the face of a deliberate campaign to strip him of it. He fails at the first struggle, but succeeds at the second through his valor and spiritual vitality. Entwined with the narrative is the account of how the darker side of our national ambivalence toward immigrants has created a pattern of social control cloaked in the rule of law.

The author, Daniel Kunstler, first heard of Hemnauth’s ordeal from a news item on National Public Radio. He extended the story to encompass its full biographical, judicial and historical context. His resonance with issues of immigration dates from personal experience resettling refugees expelled from South America in the late 1970s. In addition, his years as a research professional equipped him to undertake a project of independent scholarship.

Passaic is thoroughly documented, using published and primary sources, including many exchanges with national experts in immigration law and policy. Writing Passaic led Kunstler up a steep path of discovery, which he can now share with a public immersed in the immigration debate with renewed interest since the most recent general election and its impact on political calculus. Passaic’s originality resides in its focused view of U.S. immigration practices captured through the lens of a single case, a complement to the survey work of others. It arrives at a time when the general impetus for comprehensive immigration reform has begun to yield to a discussion of its particulars.

Passaic does more than expose a human rights failure. It awakens the reader to the reality of a system that has exempted the government from its duty to uphold the rights of all who reside on our soil. It thrusts us before a mirror, and shows us that we might not be quite who we think we are.

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KJ

February 21, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, February 16, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Routledge International Handbook of Children’s Rights Studies Edited by Wouter Vandenhole, Ellen Desmet, Didier Reynaert, Sara Lembrechts

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Routledge International Handbook of Children’s Rights Studies Edited by Wouter Vandenhole, Ellen Desmet, Didier Reynaert, Sara Lembrechts Routledge – 2015 – 576 pages

Since the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) children’s rights have assumed a central position in a wide variety of disciplines and policies.

This handbook offers an engaging overview of the contemporary research landscape for those people in the theory and practice of children’s rights. The volume offers a multidisciplinary approach to children’s rights, as well as key thematic issues in children’s rights at the intersection of global and local concerns. The main approaches and topics within the volume are:

• Law, social work, and the sociology of childhood and anthropology

• Geography, childhood studies, gender studies and citizenship studies

• Participation, education and health

• Juvenile justice and alternative care

Violence against children and female genital mutilation

Child labour, working children and child poverty

• Migration, indigenous children and resource exploitation

The specially commissioned chapters have been written by renowned scholars and researchers and come together to provide a critical and invaluable guide to the challenges and dilemmas currently facing children’s rights.

The authors:

Wouter Vandenhole holds the UNICEF Chair in Children’s Rights – a joint venture of the University of Antwerp and UNICEF Belgium – at the Faculty of Law of the University of Antwerp (Belgium). He is the spokesperson of the Law and Development Research Group and chairs the European Research Networking Programme GLOTHRO. He has published widely on economic, social and cultural rights, children’s rights and transnational human rights obligations and is a founding member of the Flemish Children’s Rights Knowledge Centre and co-convener of the international interdisciplinary course on children’s rights.

Ellen Desmet is a post-doctoral fellow at the Law and Development Research Group of the University of Antwerp and the Human Rights Centre of Ghent University (Belgium). Before, she was a research and policy staff member at the Children’s Rights Knowledge Centre, and taught anthropology of law at the University of Leuven.

Didier Reynaert is a lecturer in social work at the Faculty of Education Health and Social work of the University College Ghent, he is involved in several research projects in the field of child and youth policy and children’s rights. He is member of the board of the Flemish Children’s Rights Knowledge Centre. Previously, he worked for the Flemish Children’s Rights Coalition, the Child Legal Centre and as a civil servant at the Ministry of the Flemish Community on youth protection.

Sara Lembrechts is fulltime staff member at the Children’s Rights Knowledge Centre (KeKi), where she is responsible for the collection and dissemination of children’s rights research, as well as for policy advice to the Flemish government.

KJ

February 16, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

SNL at 40: Immigrant Tale (Justin Timberlake)

Sunday, February 15, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Because of Our Success The Changing Racial and Ethnic Ancestry of Blacks on Affirmative Action by Kevin Brown

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Because of Our Success The Changing Racial and Ethnic Ancestry of Blacks on Affirmative Action by Kevin Brown

When selective colleges, universities, and graduate programs instituted affirmative action policies in the 1960s, 99.4 percent of Americans were either black or white. Not only were interracial marriages between blacks and whites illegal in over twenty states, but very few blacks were involved in interracial sexual relationships. A person’s race was determined by the application of the one-drop rule. Thus, mixed-race blacks were not allowed to self-identify their race. Rather, they were socially ascribed as black and, therefore, the concept of Black Multiracials did not exist. Also, less than one percent of blacks were foreign-born.

As a result, one of the core assumptions upon which affirmative action was based was that the predominant ancestries of the beneficiaries would be children of two American-born black parents (“Ascendant Blacks”). However, Black Multiracials and foreign-born blacks and their children (“Black Immigrants”) now constitute a growing majority of the black students at many selective higher education programs. Further, the percentages of Black Multiracials and Black Immigrants among those blacks approaching college age are rapidly increasing. Thus, in an ironic twist of fate, America is ethnically cleansing from the campuses of its selective higher education institutions Ascendant Blacks. Not only were they the primary group that affirmative action policies were intended to benefit, but their ascendency out of slavery and segregation made possible the increases in mixed-race sexual relationships, Black Multiracials, foreign-born blacks, and Black Immigrants. This book discusses this ethnic cleansing of Ascendant Blacks and its implications for American society, and suggests possible ways to address the problem.

Needless to say, Because of Our Success has sparked controversy.

KJ

February 15, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, February 14, 2015

From the Bookshelves: The Jaguar's Children by John Vaillant

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The Jaguar's Children by John Vaillant

From the best-selling author of The Tiger and The Golden Spruce, this debut novel is a gripping survival story of a young man trapped, perhaps fatally, during a border crossing.

Héctor is trapped. The water truck, sealed to hide its human cargo, has broken down. The coyotes have taken all the passengers’ money for a mechanic and have not returned. Those left behind have no choice but to wait. Héctor finds a name in his friend César’s phone. AnniMac. A name with an American number. He must reach her, both for rescue and to pass along the message César has come so far to deliver. But are his messages going through?

Over four days, as water and food run low, Héctor tells how he came to this desperate place. His story takes us from Oaxaca — its rich culture, its rapid change — to the dangers of the border. It exposes the tangled ties between Mexico and El Norte — land of promise and opportunity, homewrecker and unreliable friend. And it reminds us of the power of storytelling and the power of hope, as Héctor fights to ensure his message makes it out of the truck and into the world.

Both an outstanding suspense novel and an arresting window into the relationship between two great cultures, The Jaguar’s Children shows how deeply interconnected all of us, always, are.

For reviews, click here, here, and here.

KJ

February 14, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, January 31, 2015

From the Bookshelves: Migration, Incorporation, and Change in an Interconnected World By Syed Ali, Doug Hartmann

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Migration, Incorporation, and Change in an Interconnected World By Syed Ali, Doug Hartmann

Written in engaging and approachable prose, Migration, Incorporation, and Change in an Interconnected World covers the bulk of material a student needs to get a good sense of the empirical and theoretical trends in the field of migration studies, while being short enough that professors can easily build their courses around it without hesitating to assign additional readings. Taking a unique approach, Ali and Hartmann focus on what they consider the important topics and the potential route the field is going to take, and incorporate a conceptual lens that makes this much more than a simple relaying of facts.

Syed Ali is an associate professor of sociology at Long Island University in Brooklyn, NY. He is currently the co-editor of Contexts Magazine, and is the author of Dubai: Gilded Cage. He is also an Ultimate Frisbee player and a potter.

Douglas Hartmann (Ph.D. University of California, San Diego, 1997) is Professor of Sociology at the University of Minnesota. He is the author of Race, Culture, and the Revolt of the Black Athlete: The 1968 Olympic Protests and Their Aftermath (University of Chicago Press, 2003), and co-author of Ethnicity and Race: Making Identities in a Changing World (Pine Forge Press, 2007 with Stephen Cornell). Hartmann’s work has also appeared in the American Sociological Review, Ethnic and Racial Studies, the Journal of Sport and Social Issues, and Social Problems, and his comments on sport, race, popular culture, religion, and multiculturalism have been featured in magazines and newspapers around the country as well as on television and radio. In addition, Professor Hartmann is President of the Midwest Sociological Society (MSS), and co-editor and publisher (with Chris Uggen) of the award-winning TheSocietyPages.org. Hartmann is currently working on a book entitled "Midnight Basketball, Race, and Neoliberal Social Policy."

KJ

January 31, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, January 30, 2015

From the Bookshelves: The Legitimacy of The European Union through Legal Rationality: Free Movement of Third Country Nationals by Richard Ball

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The Legitimacy of The European Union through Legal Rationality: Free Movement of Third Country Nationals by Richard Ball

Third country nationals (TCNs) play an important part in the economy of the European Union, reflected in the rights granted to them under European Union Law. Political expediency is however shaped by world, regional and domestic influences that in turn determine policy towards third country nationals and their legal rights to freedom of movement. This book examines the concept of political legitimacy within the European Union through the principles of legal rationality, focusing in particular on the European Union’s policy towards third country nationals. Richard Ball argues that for legal doctrine to be rational it must display the requirements of formal, instrumental and substantive rationality, each mutually exclusive and essential. In taking this position of legal rationality, the book focuses on free movement rights of TCNs within EU treaties and implementing legislation, the Area of Freedom Security and Justice, and Association Agreements. Ball concludes that the stance of European Union Law towards third country nationals lacks legitimacy, and suggests possible new directions that EU policy should take in the future.

KJ

January 30, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)