Friday, February 23, 2018

From the Bookshelves: Illegally Staying in the EU An Analysis of Illegality in EU Migration Law by Benedita Menezes Queiroz

9781509912872

Illegally Staying in the EU An Analysis of Illegality in EU Migration Law by Benedita Menezes Queiroz

Principally, this book comprises a conceptual analysis of the illegality of a third-country national's stay by examining the boundaries of the overarching concept of illegality at the EU level. Having found that the holistic conceptualisation of illegality, constructed through a combination of sources (both EU and national law) falls short of adequacy, the book moves on to consider situations that fall outside the traditional binary of legal and illegal under EU law. The cases of unlawfully staying EU citizens and of non-removable illegally staying third-country nationals are examples of groups of migrants who are categorised as atypical. By looking at these two examples the book reveals not only the fragmentation of legal statuses in EU migration law but also the more general ill-fitting and unsatisfactory categorisation of migrants.

The potential conflation of illegality with criminality as a result of the way EU databases regulate the legal regime of illegality of a migrant's stay is the first trend identified by the book. Subsequently, the book considers the functions of accessing legality (both instrumental and corrective). In doing so it draws out another trend evident in the EU illegality regime: a two-tier regime which discriminates on the basis of wealth and the instrumentalisation of access to legality by Member States for mostly their own purposes.

Finally, the book proposes a corrective rationale for the regulation of illegality through access to legality and provides a number of normative suggestions as a way of remedying current deficiencies that arise out of the present supranational framing of illegality.

Table Of Contents

  1. 'What Part of Illegality Don't You Understand?': Illegality in EU Migration Law
    I. Introduction
    II. Conceptual Analysis
    III. Legal Sources
    IV. EU Institutional Framework
    V. Conclusion
    2. The Case of Unlawfully-staying EU Citizens
    I. Introduction
    II. Illegally-staying Third-country Nationals and Unlawfully-staying EU Citizens
    III. Conclusion
    3. Non-removable Migrants in the EU
    I. Introduction
    II. The Definition and the Causes of the Non-removability of Irregular Migrants in EU Law
    III. The Atypical Status of Non-removable Irregular Migrants
    IV. The Remedies for Non-removability: National and European Perspectives
    V. Conclusion
    4. The Potential Effects of Information Technology Vis-à-Vis Illegality
    I. Introduction
    II. EU Immigration Databases Under Construction
    III. The Erosion of the Purpose Limitation Principle
    IV. Enhanced Accessibility versus Proportionality and Necessity Concerns
    V. From Immigration to General Intelligence Databases?
    VI. What's Next for Immigration Information Systems? A Brand New World of Transnational Surveillance of Illegality or the Same Old Story?
    VII. The Era of Potential Digital Criminalisation of Illegally-staying Third-country Nationals
    VIII. Conclusion
    5. Access to Legality in the EU: An Instrumental or Corrective Mechanism?
    I. Introduction
    II. Access to Legality in EU Migration Law: The Definition, Instrumental Use and Corrective Potential
    III. Part I: The Instrumentalisation of the Access to Legality
    IV. Part II: The Potential Corrective Role of Access to Legality at the Supranational Level
    V. The Corrective Function of Regulating Legality from an EU Law Perspective
    VI. Conclusion
 

 

February 23, 2018 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, February 5, 2018

From the Bookshelves: The Making of a Dream: How a group of young undocumented immigrants helped change what it means to be American by Laura Wides-Muñoz

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The Making of a Dream: How a group of young undocumented immigrants helped change what it means to be American by Laura Wides-Muñoz (2018).

A journalist chronicles the next chapter in civil rights—the story of a movement and a nation, witnessed through the poignant and inspiring experiences of five young undocumented activists who are transforming society’s attitudes toward one of the most contentious political matters roiling America today: immigration.

They are called the DREAMers: young people who were brought, or sent, to the United States as children and who have lived for years in America without legal status. Growing up, they often worked hard in school, planned for college, only to learn they were, in the eyes of the United States government and many citizens, "illegal aliens."

Determined to take fate into their own hands, a group of these young undocumented immigrants risked their safety to "come out" about their status—sparking a transformative movement, engineering a seismic shift in public opinion on immigration, and inspiring other social movements across the country. Their quest for permanent legal protection under the so-called "Dream Act," stalled. But in 2012, the Obama administration issued a landmark, new immigration policy: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, which has since protected more than half a million young immigrants from deportation even as efforts to install more expansive protections remain elusive.

The Making of a Dream begins at the turn of the millennium, with the first of a series of "Dream Act" proposals; follows the efforts of policy makers, activists, and undocumented immigrants themselves, and concludes with the 2016 presidential election and the first months of the Trump presidency. The immigrants’ coming of age stories intersect with the watershed political and economic events of the last two decades: 9/11, the recession, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Obama presidency, and the rebirth of the anti-immigrant right.

In telling their story, Laura Wides-Muñoz forces us to rethink our definition of what it means to be American.  She defends family-based immigration in this piece in the Washington Post.

KJ

 

February 5, 2018 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, February 2, 2018

One Refugee Story: Law Professor Lan Cao Flees Vietnam

 

Lan Cao is a law professor at Chapman Law School and an acclaimed book author.

On January 31, 1968, Lan Cao’s family was living just outside of Saigon, getting ready to celebrate the Lunar New Year of Tet. Instead, her father — a military commander — had to rush off to war.

The North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong had launched a surprise attack on her city and over one hundred other South Vietnamese locations. This became known as the Tet Offensive, and was one of the biggest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, which led to a decline in public support in the United States.

Lan was 7 years old. She and her family would eventually resettle in the US. Lan graduated magna cum laude from Mount Holyoke and earned a law degree from Yale. She’s now a professor of international economics law and lives in California.

At StoryCorps, Lan sat down with her teenage daughter, Harlan Van Cao. Harlan was 12 at the time of their interview — just a year shy of the age Lan was when she arrived in the United States. Lan shared what it was like to live under siege before rebuilding her life in America.

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Lan Cao’s passport from the Republic of Vietnam, also known as South Vietnam. Courtesy of Lan Cao.

KJ

 

February 2, 2018 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

Wednesday, January 17, 2018

From the Bookshelves: The Displaced: Refugee Writers on Refugee Lives by Viet Thanh Nguyen (Editor) (released (April 2018)

The Displaced: Refugee Writers on Refugee Lives by Viet Thanh Nguyen (Editor) (released (April 2018)

January 17, 2018 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, January 9, 2018

From the Bookshelves: Questioning EU Citizenship: Judges and the Limits of Free Movement and Solidarity in the EU

9781509914685

Questioning EU Citizenship:  Judges and the Limits of Free Movement and Solidarity in the EU.  Editor, Daniel Thym

The question of supranational citizenship is one of the more controversial in EU law. It is politically contested, the object of prominent court rulings and the subject of intense academic debates.

This important new collection examines this vexed question, paying particular attention to the Court of Justice. Offering analytical readings of the key cases, it also examines those political, social and normative factors which influence the evolution of citizens' rights. This examination is not only timely but essential given the prominence of citizen rights in recent political debates, including in the Brexit referendum. All of these questions will be explored with a special emphasis on the interplay between immigration from third countries and rules on Union citizenship.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: The Judicial Deconstruction of Union Citizenship
    Daniel Thym
    PART I: RATIONALISING JUDICIAL CHANGE
    2. Extending Citizenship Rights and Losing it All: Brexit and the Perils of 'Over-Constitutionalisation'
    Susanne K Schmidt
    3. The Citizenship of Personal Circumstances in Europe
    Dimitry Kochenov
    4. (De)constructing the Road to Brexit: Paving the Way to Further Limitations on Free Movement and Equal Treatment?
    Stephanie Reynolds
    5. Why Did the Citizenship Jurisprudence Change?
    Urška Šadl and Suvi Sankari
    6. The Evolution of Citizens' Rights in Light of the European Union's Constitutional Development
    Daniel Thym
    7. The Engine of 'Europeanness'? Free Movement, Social Transnationalism and European Identification
    Ettore Recchi
    8. European Citizenship and Transnational Rights: Chronicles of a Troubled Narrative
    Francesca Strumia

    PART II: EQUAL TREATMENT, SOCIAL BENEFITS AND HUMAN RIGHTS
    9. Consolidating Union Citizenship: Residence and Solidarity Rights for Jobseekers and the Economically Inactive in the Post-Dano Era
    Ferdinand Wollenschläger
    10. Back to the Roots? No Access to Social Assistance for Union Citizens who are Economically Inactive
    Paul Minderhoud and Sandra Mantu
    11. Integrating Union Citizenship and the Charter of Fundamental Rights
    Niamh Nic Shuibhne

    PART III: THE CITIZENSHIP–IMMIGRATION NEXUS
    12. The Constitutional Status of Foreigners and European Union Citizens: Loopholes and Interactions in the Scope of Application of Fundamental Rights
    Sara Iglesias Sánchez
    13. The Integration Exception: A New Limit to Social Rights of Third-Country Nationals in European Union Law?
    KM (Karin) de Vries
    14. Membership without Naturalisation? The Limits of European Court of Human Rights Case Law on Residence Security and Equal Treatment
    Clíodhna Murphy
    15. Conclusion: The Non-Simultaneous Evolution of Citizens' Rights
    Dora Kostakopoulou and Daniel Thym

 

 

KJ

January 9, 2018 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, December 23, 2017

The best economics books on Immigration

Wednesday, December 20, 2017

From the Bookshelves: Noncitizenism: Recognising Noncitizen Capabilities in a World of Citizens by Tendayi Bloom

Noncitizenism

Noncitizenism:  Recognising Noncitizen Capabilities in a World of Citizens by Tendayi Bloom

 

Noncitizens have always been present in liberal political philosophy. Often hard to situate within traditional frameworks that prioritise citizenship, noncitizens can appear voiceless and rightsless, which has implications for efforts towards global justice and justice in migration. This book proposes an alternative.

Noncitizenism identifies an analytical category of noncitizenship. While maintaining the importance of citizenship, noncitizenship is another form of special individual-State relationship. It operates far from a State, at its borders, and within its territory, providing a tool for examining the continuity between sites of engagement and the literatures, questions, and conclusions relating to them. The book argues that an accurate liberal theoretical framework, and one which can address contemporary challenges, must acknowledge the political relationship of noncitizenship between individuals and States.

This book is for students and scholars of political philosophy and for those interested in noncitizenship and how it can inform the response of liberal theory, citizenship, global justice, migration studies, political theory and policy work.

Tendayi Bloom is Lecturer in Politics and International Studies at The Open University, UK.

KJ

December 20, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, December 19, 2017

From the Bookshelves: The Immigrant Cookbook: Recipes That Make America Great by Leyla Moushabeck

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The Immigrant Cookbook: Recipes That Make America Great by Leyla Moushabeck (released December 2015)

More than 42 million people living in the United States came here from other countries. Since its beginnings, America has been a haven for people seeking refuge from political or economic troubles, or simply those in search of adventure and prosperity in a land where opportunity is promised to all. These émigrés, from every corner of the world, helped make America great long before the 2016 election.

Along with their hopes and dreams, they brought valuable gifts: recipes from their homelands that transformed the way America eats. What would the Southwest be without its piquant green chili pepper sauces and stews, New York City without its iconic Jewish delis, Dearborn without its Arab eateries, or Louisiana without the Creole and Cajun flavors of its signature gumbos and jambalayas? Imagine an America without pizza or pad Thai, hummus or hot dogs, sushi or strudel for most people, it wouldn t taste much like America at all.

In these times of troubling anti-immigrant rhetoric, THE IMMIGRANT COOKBOOK: RECIPES THAT MAKE AMERICA GREAT offers a culinary celebration of the many ethnic groups that have contributed to America s vibrant food culture. This beautifully photographed cookbook features appetizers, entrees, and desserts some familiar favorites, some likely to be new encounters by renowned chefs from Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, and Europe.

In reviewing the book, Noor Brara in Vogue writes:

"Moushabeck reached out to culinary talent across different realms, from celebrity chefs and owners of Michelin-star restaurants to beloved local neighborhood institutions, writers and experts of food history, hoping they would be willing to join forces. Seventy recipes later, The Immigrant Cookbook: Recipes That Make America Great was born. Featuring appetizers, entrees, and desserts that feel both familiar and new, each contributor introduces their dish by discussing its significance in both America and their culture’s place of origin.

Among them, Ziggy Marley shares his Jamaican Dream Fish recipe, a gentle, coconutty favorite from his college days, while James Beard–winner and restaurateur April Bloomfield reveals her secret to the perfect banoffee pie. Nigerian chef Tunde Wey, who has become known for his series of pop-up dinners around the country, over which guests enjoy great food while discussing uncomfortable issues around immigration and race relations, presents his signature jollof rice, while Lauryn Chun, owner of Mother-in-Law’s Kimchi, demystifies the Korean staple that she calls “the backbone of the Korean community.” Cronut creator Dominique Ansel tells the story of his family’s five-minute madeleine, and food bloggers Nadia Hubbi and Deana Kabakibi share a Syrian cheese pastry, baked for an American millennial generation in, naturally, cupcake forms (using queso fresco, which is easier to find than traditional Syrian cheeses). Lina Fat looks to her Immigrant’s Beef to pay homage to the Chinese Californians of the Gold Rush era, while Ana Sofia Pelaez works with harina, a humble Cuban cornmeal—“what you had when you had nothing else”—rediscovering the ingredient with newfound meaning."

KJ

December 19, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

Monday, December 18, 2017

From the Bookshelves: Social Justice Holiday Reading Gift Guide: Understanding Immigration

Books

Elizabeth Gibson, Staff Attorney, New York Legal Assistance Group and Immigrant Justice Corps Fellow, offers some thoughts in the Huffington Post on a social justice education holiday gift -- "the gift of literary empathy."

When politics differ, and this year there has been a lot of differing, how do you push back and educate without the entire meal exploding? Surely, there is a healthier method than twisting your napkin in knots under the table?

This year, consider a sneak attack in the form of literature. Infiltrate the book shelves of your familial adversaries with holiday gifts that make the recipients think. Distract them with engaging plots while slipping in social justice morals.

Here are Gibson's suggested books:

1.       In the Country We Love: My Family Divided, by Diane Guerrero (Non-Fiction)

2.       Americanah  by Chimamanda, by Ngozi Adichie (Fiction)

3.        Outcasts United by Warren, St. John (Non-Fiction)

4.       Brooklyn: A Novel, by Colm Toibin (Fiction)

5.        Do They Hear You When You Cry, by Fauziya Kassindja and Layli Miller Bashir (Non-Fiction)

KJ

December 18, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

From the Bookshelves:   The INS on the Line: Making Immigration Law on the US-Mexico Border, 1917-1954 by S. Deborah Kang

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The INS on the Line: Making Immigration Law on the US-Mexico Border, 1917-1954 by S. Deborah Kang, Oxford University Press, 2017  

December 12, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, December 4, 2017

From the Bookshelves: THE SHADOW OF THE WALL: VIOLENCE AND MIGRATION ON THE U.S.-MEXICO BORDER EDITED BY JEREMY SLACK, DANIEL E. MARTÍNEZ, AND SCOTT WHITEFORD

New book

THE SHADOW OF THE WALL:   VIOLENCE AND MIGRATION ON THE U.S.-MEXICO BORDER EDITED BY JEREMY SLACK, DANIEL E. MARTÍNEZ, AND SCOTT WHITEFORD.  FOREWORD BY JOSIAH HEYMAN.  PHOTOGRAPHS BY MURPHY WOODHOUSE

Revealing the very real human impact of deportation policies Mass deportation is at the forefront of political discourse in the United States. The Shadow of the Wall shows in tangible ways the migration experiences of hundreds of people, including their encounters with U.S. Border Patrol, car-tels, detention facilities, and the deportation process. Deportees reveal in their heartwrenching stories the power of family separation and reunification and the cost of criminalization, and they call into question assumptions about hu-man rights and federal policies.

Thee authors analyze data from the Migrant Border Crossing Study (MBCS), a mixed-methods, binational research project that offers socially relevant, rig-orous social science about migration, immigration enforcement, and violence on the border. Using information gathered from more than 1,600 post-depor-tation surveys, this volume examines the different faces of violence and mi-gration along the Arizona-Sonora border and shows that deportees are highly connected to the United States and will stop at nothing to return to their fam-ilies. e Shadow of the Wall underscores the unintended social consequences of increased border enforcement, immigrant criminalization, and deportation along the U.S.-Mexico border.

JEREMY SLACK is an assistant professor of geography in the Sociology and Anthropology Department at the University of Texas at El Paso.

DANIEL E. MARTÍNEZ is an assistant professor in the School of Sociology at the University of Arizona.

SCOTT WHITEFORD is the director of the Social and Behavioral Sciences Mexico Initiative and a professor emeritus at the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Arizona.

KJ

December 4, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, December 2, 2017

From The Bookshelves: Somos como las nubes by Jorge Argueta

Somos como las nubes / We Are Like the Clouds is a book of poetry written by Jorge Argueta and illustrated by Alfonso Ruano. It's about the migration of children from Central America to the United States. It's geared towards younger readers but will be of interest to immprofs as well.

Nubes

I was most moved by the poem "El barrio La Campanera," which I'm thinking about assigning in class this Spring.

La Campanera
no tiene campanas.
Tiene pintados.

Los pintados.

Los pintados
aparecen por las noches,
los pintados
aparecen por la tarde
y por las mañanas.

Los pintados
aparence a todas horas.
Los pintados
tienen los ojos duros.

En sus brazos, caras,
pechos y espaldas
viven, como culebras,
los tatujes.
A mí me da miedo que
esas culebras me vayan a picar.

*    *    *

La Campanera
has no bells.
It has painted me and women.

The painted ones.

The painted people
come out at night,
in the afternoon,
in the morning.

The painted people
come out at all hours.
They have hard eyes.

Their arms, faces,
chests and backs
are homes
to tattoos
like snakes.
I'm afraid of those snakes.
They might bite me.

 -KitJ

December 2, 2017 in Books, Teaching Resources | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, December 1, 2017

From the Bookshelves:   The Cholo Tree by Daniel Chacón

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The Cholo Tree by Daniel Chacón

Do you know what a stereotype you are?” Jessica asks her son. “You’re the existential Chicano.” Fourteen-year-old Victor has just been released from the hospital; his chest is wrapped in bandages and his arm is in a sling. He has barely survived being shot, and his mother accuses him of being a cholo, something he denies.

She’s not the only adult that thinks he’s a gangbanger. His sociology teacher once sent him to a teach-in on gang violence. Victor’s philosophy is that everyone is racist. “They see a brown kid, they see a banger.” Even other kids think he’s in a gang, maybe because of the clothes he wears. The truth is, he loves death (metal, that is), reading books, drawing, the cartoonist Lalo Alcaraz and the Showtime series Weeds. He likes school and cooking. He knows what a double negative is!

But he can’t convince his mom that he’s not in a gang. And in spite of a genius girlfriend and an art teacher who mentors and encourages him to apply to art schools, Victor can’t seem to overcome society’s expectations for him.

In this compelling novel, renowned Chicano writer Daniel Chacón once again explores art, death, ethnicity and racism. Are Chicanos meant for meth houses instead of art schools? Are talented Chicanos never destined to study in Paris?

DANIEL CHACÓN is the author of Hotel Juárez: Stories, Rooms and Loops (Arte Público Press, 2013); Unending Rooms (Black Lawrence Press, 2008), winner of the Hudson Prize; and the shadows took him (Washington Square Press, 2005) and Chicano Chicanery (Arte Público Press, 2000). A professor at the University of Texas at El Paso, he is co-editor of The Last Supper of Chicano Heroes: The Selected Works of José Antonio Burciaga (University of Arizona Press, 2008).

KJ

December 1, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, November 30, 2017

The Economic Effects of Refugee Return and Policy Implications

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This OCPA Policy Paper by Uri Dadush entitled "The Economic Effects of Refugee Return and Policy Implications," is abstracted as follows:
According to the European Union over a million asylum rejected asylum seekers have been ordered to return to their country of origin from Europe alone, or will be soon. To these could be added refugees that have been given temporary shelter but who could be asked to return once conditions in their home country improve. The debate on returning asylum seekers and refugees is nearly always cast in political, legal and humanitarian terms. This paper looks at the question of return strictly from the economic perspective in the advanced countries that receive refugees: is return intheir economic interest? Considering all the main economic dimensions – fiscal, economic growth and labor market impact – the answer, for most advanced countries is no.  The costs of hosting refugees are front-loaded, while the benefits of hosting them, which are considerable, only accrue over time.
    The paper also argues that – on economic grounds alone –mass voluntary return of refugees to their country of origin is highly unlikely even when conditions improve. Development agencies can help countries that are the largest source of refugees recover once conflicts abate and help prevent new refugee crises occurring in the future. However, the expectation that they will promote the return of refugees is unrealistic. Development agencies should not place refugee return as a central objective of their efforts.  
KJ

November 30, 2017 in Books | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, November 20, 2017

From the Bookshelves: In the Midst of Winter: A Novel by Isabel Allende

Allende

 

Interview with Isabel Allende


In the Midst of Winter: A Novel by Isabel Allende

Worldwide bestselling “dazzling storyteller” (Associated Press) Isabel Allende returns with a sweeping novel about three very different people who are brought together in a mesmerizing story that journeys from present-day Brooklyn to Guatemala in the recent past to 1970s Chile and Brazil.

In the Midst of Winter begins with a minor traffic accident—which becomes the catalyst for an unexpected and moving love story between two people who thought they were deep into the winter of their lives. Richard Bowmaster—a 60-year-old human rights scholar—hits the car of Evelyn Ortega—a young, undocumented immigrant from Guatemala—in the middle of a snowstorm in Brooklyn. What at first seems just a small inconvenience takes an unforeseen and far more serious turn when Evelyn turns up at the professor’s house seeking help. At a loss, the professor asks his tenant Lucia Maraz—a 62-year-old lecturer from Chile—for her advice. These three very different people are brought together in a mesmerizing story that moves from present-day Brooklyn to Guatemala in the recent past to 1970s Chile and Brazil, sparking the beginning of a long overdue love story between Richard and Lucia.

Exploring the timely issues of human rights and the plight of immigrants and refugees, the book recalls Allende’s landmark novel The House of the Spirits in the way it embraces the cause of “humanity, and it does so with passion, humor, and wisdom that transcend politics” (Jonathan Yardley, The Washington Post). In the Midst of Winter will stay with you long after you turn the final page.

KJ

November 20, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, November 19, 2017

The Problem With Apu: Racial Stereotyping and The Simpsons

 

Apu_Nahasapeemapetilon_(The_Simpsons)

Comedian Hari Kondabolu, the creator and star of the feature-length documentary The Problem with Apu, confronts his long standing “nemesis” Apu Nahasapeemapetilon – better known as the Indian convenience store owner on The Simpsons. Through this comedic cultural exposé, Kondabolu questions how this controversial caricature was created, burrowed its way into the hearts and minds of Americans and continues to exist – intact – twenty-eight years later.

The Problem with Apu premieres on tonight at 10 p.m. ET/PT on TruTV.

The Hollywood Review has a review of The Problem with Apu.  Here is a part of the review:

"If nothing else, truTV's new documentary The Problem with Apu, written by and starring comic Hari Kondabolu, has probably quashed any desire to bring up caveats in my hypothetical response. A brisk discourse on hegemony and representational inequality, The Problem with Apu lays out its thesis against the character's acceptability in 2017 (to say nothing of 1989) with such clarity it's hard to imagine it generating an adversarial response more cogent than that hoary classic "It's a joke, stop taking it so seriously," which is no response at all.

The problem with The Problem with Apu is that, at 49 minutes, it's half a film. Directed by Michael Melamedoff, The Problem with Apu makes its primary case, has a couple of talking heads including Kondabolu admit they aren't sure what can or should be done, and ends abruptly and frustratingly.

That case can be summed up simply: Although representation of South Asian actors and characters has increased and improved on television and in movies in recent years, it's still relatively minuscule and when The Simpsons premiered, South Asian characters were basically nonexistent. So for the one prominent South Asian character on TV to be a frequently deceitful convenience store proprietor with a cartoonish Indian accent voiced by a white guy? That's bad. It's bad for a generation of South Asian children growing up and seeing only that one representation of their culture and having fellow kids judge them based upon it. It's bad for the older generation that had their immigrant experience represented in only this one way on TV for millions or maybe even billions of viewers. It's just bad."

KJ

November 19, 2017 in Books, Film & Television | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, November 16, 2017

From the Bookshelves: IMMIGRATION AND THE LAW: Race, Citizenship, and Social Control by Sofia Espinoza Alvarez & Martin Guevara

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Immigration and the Law: Race, Citizenship, and Social Control by Sofía Espinoza Álvarez & Martin Guevara Urbina Editors  (University of Arizona Press, 2018)

 the era of globalization, shifting political landscapes, and transnational criminal organizations, discourse around immigration is reaching unprecedented levels. Immigration and the Law is a timely and significant volume of essays that addresses the social, political, and economic contexts of migration in the United States. The contributors analyze the historical and contemporary landscapes of immigration laws, their enforcement, and the discourse surrounding these events, as well as the mechanisms, beliefs, and ideologies that govern them.
 
In today’s highly charged atmosphere, Immigration and the Law gives readers a grounded and broad overview of American immigration law in a single book. With shifting demographics, a changing criminal justice system, and volatile political climate, the book is critically significant for academic, political, legal, and social arenas.
 
The contributors offer sound evidence to expose the historical legacy of violence, brutality, manipulation, oppression, marginalization, prejudice, discrimination, power, and control. Demystifying the ways that current ideas of ethnicity, race, gender, and class govern immigration and uphold the functioning and legitimacy of the criminal justice system, Immigration and the Law presents a variety of studies and perspectives that offer a pathway toward addressing long-neglected but vital topics in the discourse on immigration and the law.
 
Contributors
 
Steven W. Bender
Leo R. Chávez
Arnoldo De León
Daniel Justino Delgado
Roxanne Lynn Doty
Brenda I. Gill
Ruth Gomberg-Muñoz
Peter Laufer
Lupe S. Salinas
Claudio G. Vera Sánchez
Mary Cay Sengstock

KJ

November 16, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, November 13, 2017

From the Bookshelves: Porous Borders: Multiracial Migrations and the Law in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands by Julian Lim

Porous

Porous Borders

Multiracial Migrations and the Law in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands

By Julian Lim

With the railroad’s arrival in the late nineteenth century, immigrants of all colors rushed to the U.S.-Mexico borderlands, transforming the region into a booming international hub of economic and human activity. Following the stream of Mexican, Chinese, and African American migration, Julian Lim presents a fresh study of the multiracial intersections of the borderlands, where diverse peoples crossed multiple boundaries in search of new economic opportunities and social relations. However, as these migrants came together in ways that blurred and confounded elite expectations of racial order, both the United States and Mexico resorted to increasingly exclusionary immigration policies in order to make the multiracial populations of the borderlands less visible within the body politic, and to remove them from the boundaries of national identity altogether. 

Using a variety of English- and Spanish-language primary sources from both sides of the border, Lim reveals how a borderlands region that has traditionally been defined by Mexican-Anglo relations was in fact shaped by a diverse population that came together dynamically through work and play, in the streets and in homes, through war and marriage, and in the very act of crossing the border.

KJ

November 13, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, October 31, 2017

From The Bookshelves: Shy Mama's Halloween

Shy

Shy Mama's Halloween is a children's book, available on Amazon.

The Hilltown Families blog has a great summary:

In the story, an immigrant family prepares for Halloween – a holiday that they’ve never celebrated before because they’re new to the United States and, in their home country of Russia, Halloween wasn’t part of the culture. While Mama is willing to help her four children prepare their costumes, she’s equally wary of both going door to door in her new neighborhood and a holiday whose theme is centered around sinister characters. It is decided that the children’s father will bring them trick-or-treating, but when he comes home from work sick on the evening of Halloween, it is up to shy Mama to supervise the family’s Halloween outing.

The book's setting is historical, but its themes are universal. It's a story about new immigrants and unfamiliar cultural traditions. A great Halloween read!

-KitJ

October 31, 2017 in Books | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, October 26, 2017

John Grisham Prosecutes For-Profit Law Schools in ‘The Rooster Bar’

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Janet Maslin of the New York Times favorably reviews John Grisham's new book:  "Grisham’s newly reanimated storytelling skills are what make `The Rooster Bar' such a treat."

Here is the abstract of the book from www.amazon.com:

"Mark, Todd, and Zola came to law school to change the world, to make it a better place. But now, as third-year students, these close friends realize they have been duped. They all borrowed heavily to attend a third-tier, for-profit law school so mediocre that its graduates rarely pass the bar exam, let alone get good jobs. And when they learn that their school is one of a chain owned by a shady New York hedge-fund operator who also happens to own a bank specializing in student loans, the three know they have been caught up in The Great Law School Scam.

     But maybe there's a way out. Maybe there’s a way to escape their crushing debt, expose the bank and the scam, and make a few bucks in the process. But to do so, they would first have to quit school. And leaving law school a few short months before graduation would be completely crazy, right?  Well, yes and no . . .

     Pull up a stool, grab a cold one, and get ready to spend some time at The Rooster Bar."

There is an immigration angle to The Rooster Bar, which is highligeted in the review by Jocelyn McClurg in USA Today:

"Grisham, who’s at his best when he brings his sardonic sense of humor to the sometimes questionable ethics of law and banking, also takes aim at the politics of immigration. Zola was born in the U.S. shortly after her undocumented parents and older brother arrived from Senegal 26 years earlier. After her family members are suddenly rounded up, placed in a detention center and then sent back to Africa, Zola worries for her own safety as well.

It’s clear where Grisham stands. `(Her parents) had worked like dogs in a country they were proud of, with the dream of one day belonging. How, exactly, would their removal benefit this great nation of immigrants? It made no sense and seemed unjustly cruel.'”

The protagonists in the book visit a detention facility -- comparing it to Auschwitz -- and Grisham provides much information about the modern immigrant detention machinery.  The immigration subplot is pretty extensive.

I am still early in the book.  So far, as is characteristic of a Grisham novel, it is engaging.  But do not think that Grisham will pull any punches as far as law schools go.

 

KJ

October 26, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)