Monday, March 20, 2017
Immigration Article of the Day: Creating Cohesive, Coherent Immigration Policy by Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny
Creating Cohesive, Coherent Immigration Policy by Pia M. Orrenius (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and Institute of Labor Economics) and Madeline Zavodny (Agnes Scott College and Institute of Labor Economics)
US immigration policy has serious limitations, particularly when viewed from an economic perspective. Some shortcomings arise from faulty initial design, others from the inability of the system to adapt to changing circumstances. In either case, a reluctance to confront politically difficult decisions is often a contributing factor to the failure to craft laws that can stand the test of time. This paper argues that, as a result, some key aspects of US immigration policy are incoherent and mutually contradictory — new policies are often inconsistent with past policies and undermine their goals. Inconsistency makes policies less effective because participants in the immigration system realize that lawmakers face powerful incentives to revise policies at a later date. It specifically analyzes US policies regarding unauthorized immigration, temporary visas, and humanitarian migrants as examples of incoherence and inconsistency. Lastly, this paper explores key features of an integrated, coherent immigration policy from an economic perspective and how policymakers could better attempt to achieve policy consistency across laws and over time.