Thursday, June 5, 2014
Immigration Article of the Day: The New Immigration Contestation: Social Movements and Local Immigration Policy Making in the United States, 2000–2011 by Justin Peter Steil and Ion Bog
The New Immigration Contestation: Social Movements and Local Immigration Policy Making in the United States, 2000–2011 by Justin Peter Steil (New York University, Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy) and Ion Bogdan Vasi (University of Iowa, Department of Sociology), May 5, 2014 American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 119, No. 4 (January 2014), pp. 1104-1155
Abstract: Analyzing oppositional social movements in the context of municipal immigration ordinances, the authors examine whether the explanatory power of resource mobilization, political process, and strain theories of social movements’ impact on policy outcomes differs when considering proactive as opposed to reactive movements. The adoption of pro-immigrant (proactive) ordinances was facilitated by the presence of immigrant community organizations and of sympathetic local political allies. The adoption of anti-immigrant (reactive) ordinances was influenced by structural social changes, such as rapid increases in the local Latino population, that were framed as threats. The study also finds that pro-immigrant protest events can influence policy in two ways, contributing both to the passage of pro-immigrant ordinances in the locality where protests occur and also inhibiting the passage of anti-immigrant ordinances in neighboring cities.