Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012

This report from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Office of Immigration Statistics provides estimates of the size of the unauthorized immigrant population residing in the United States as of January 2012 by period of entry, region and country of origin, state of residence, age, and sex.   Data to estimate the legally resident population were obtained primarily from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), whereas the American Community Survey (ACS) of the U.S. Census Bureau was the source for estimates of the total foreign-born population.

In summary, an estimated 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants were living in the United States in January 2012 compared to 11.5 million in January 2011. These results suggest little to no change in the unauthorized immigrant population from 2011 to 2012. Of all unauthorized immigrants living in the United States in 2012, 42 percent entered in 2000 or later. Entrants since 2005 accounted for 14 percent of the total. Fifty-nine percent of unauthorized immigrants in 2012 were from Mexico.

Mexico            6,720,000  59% 

El Salvador    690,000    6%

Guatemala    560,000     5% 

Honduras      360,000    3%

Philippines    310,000    3% 

India                260,000   2%

Korea                230,000   2%

China                210,000    2% 

Ecuador            170,000     2%

Vietnam            160,000      1%


California remained the leading state of residence of the unauthorized immigrant population in 2012, with 2.8 million. The next leading state was Texas with 1.8 million unauthorized residents, followed by Florida (730,000), New York (580,000), and Illinois (540,000). The ten leading states represented 73 percent of the unauthorized population in 2012.



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