Friday, January 24, 2014
Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions include the apprehension or arrest, detention, return, and removal from the United States of foreign nationals who are removable under U.S. immigration law. Foreign nationals may be removable from the United States for violations including illegally entering the United States, failing to abide by the terms and conditions of admission, or engaging in violent crimes, document and benefit fraud, terrorist activity, or drug smuggling.
Primary responsibility for the enforcement of immigration law within DHS rests with U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). CBP is generally responsible for immigration enforcement at and between the ports of entry and ICE is generally responsible for interior enforcement. USCIS is generally responsible for the adjudication of immigration benefit applications.
This Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS) Annual Report presents information on foreign nationals determined inadmissible, apprehended, arrested, detained, returned, or removed during 2012. Key findings in the report include:
• CBP determined 194,000 foreign nationals were inadmissible.
• DHS apprehended 643,000 foreign nationals; 70 percent were citizens of Mexico.
• ICE detained approximately 478,000 foreign nationals, an all-time high.
• 230,000 foreign nationals were returned to their home countries without a removal order.
• DHS removed 419,000 foreign nationals from the United States. The leading countries of origin for those removed were Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.
• Expedited removal orders accounted for 163,000, or 39 percent, of all removals.
• Reinstatements of final orders accounted for 149,000, or 36 percent, of all removals.
• ICE removed 199,000 known criminal aliens from the United States, an all-time high.