Monday, November 18, 2013

Asylum Data from 44 Industrialized Countries

From the UNHCR:

This is to inform you that the latest statistics on asylum applications lodged in industrialized countries have been published today and are available from the UNHCR statistics website at www.unhcr.org/statistics. The data covers the first half of 2013 in comparison to the first half of 2012.

Key findings

A.  An estimated 265,900 asylum applications were recorded during the first six months of 2013 in the 44 industrialized countries included in this dataset. This is about one quarter higher (+27%) than the number of applications recorded during the same period 2012 (209,400) but only marginally higher (+2%) to the second half of 2012 (259,900).

B. If the observed historical pattern of asylum applications continues, it is estimated that the number of asylum claims that will be submitted in the 44 industrialized countries for the whole of 2013 may reach 550,000. This would be the highest number in more than a decade.

C. The 38 countries in Europe received 202,900 claims during the first six months of 2013. This is an increase of 33 per cent compared to the corresponding period in 2012 (152,500 claims), and nearly identical to the second semester of 2012 (205,800 claims). Europe accounted for 76 per cent of all claims lodged among the industrialized countries.

D. The 28 Member States of the European Union registered 175,500 asylum claims in the first half of 2013, 38 per cent higher than in the first six months of 2012 (126,800). The EU-28 together accounted for 86 per cent of all asylum claims in Europe.

E.  With 42,100 asylum applications registered during the first half of 2013, Germany was for the first time since 1999 the largest single recipient of new asylum claims among the group of industrialized countries. This figure is almost double the number of asylum applications compared to the first half of 2012 (23,300 claims). The United States of America was second with an estimated 38,000 asylum applications (+4%), followed by France (29,900; +15%), Sweden (18,900; +15%), and Australia (18,300; +132%). The top five receiving countries together accounted for more than half (55%) of all asylum claims received in the countries included in this dataset.

F. With 24,600 asylum claims lodged in the first half of 2013, the Russian Federation was the most important source country of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries, followed by the Syrian Arab Republic (19,000 claims), Afghanistan (16,500), Serbia (and Kosovo: Security Council resolution 1244 [1999]) (15,900), and Pakistan (12,900). Persons from these five countries together accounted for 88,900 applications, or about one third (34%) of all asylum claims submitted in industrialized countries.

G. Among the main nationalities seeking asylum, those originating from the Syrian Arab Republic showed the highest relative increase. During the first half of 2013, some 19,000 Syrians requested international protection among the industrialized countries, up from 6,700 applications during the first half 2012 and 3,000 during the first half of 2011. Syrian asylum-seekers were reported across all 44 industrialized countries included in this dataset.

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