September 3, 2012
Happy Labor Day 2012
HAPPY LABOR DAY!
Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis delivers this Labor Day message 2012. The Department of Labor has a Labor Day 2012 webpage, including information about the holiday's history. For 2011 data about race and ethnicity in the U.S. labor force from the Department of Labor, click here.
Remember that immigrant workers are important to the U.S. economy. This 2012 Brookings paper provides imporant factual nackground about immigrants in the workforce -- factual background that is important as the nation considers reforming national immigration policy.
Immigration Article of the Day: The Effect of Income and Immigration Policies on International Migration by Francesc Ortega and Giovanni Peri
The Effect of Income and Immigration Policies on International Migration by Francesc Ortega and Giovanni Peri University of California, Davis - Department of Economics August 2012 NBER Working Paper No. w18322 Abstract: This paper makes two contributions to the literature on the determinants of international migration flows. First, we compile a new dataset on annual bilateral migration flows covering 15 OECD destination countries and 120 sending countries for the period 1980-2006. We also collect data on time-varying immigration policies that regulate the entry of immigrants in our destination countries over this period. Second, we extend the empirical model of migration choice across multiple destinations developed by Grogger and Hanson (2011) by allowing for unobserved individual heterogeneity between migrants and non-migrants. Our estimates show that international migration flows are highly responsive to income per capita at destination. This elasticity is twice as high for within-EU migration, reflecting the higher degree of labor mobility within the European Union. We also find that tightening of laws regulating immigrant entry reduce rapidly and significantly their flow.