November 23, 2011
The Latino Population of New York City, 1990-2010
The Center for Latin American, Caribbean and Latino Studies has released its annual report on the Latino population of New York City, The Latino Population of New York City, 1990-2010.
This report examines the newly released data from the 2010 Census and the 2010 American Community survey and compares them with data from 1990 and 2000 to determine changes over time among the City's Latino population.
The report includes a series of maps depicting the location, by census tract, of all Latinos and the five largest Latino national subgroups. Here are some of the findings:
The City's Latino population continued its steady increase from 1.7 million people and 24% of the total population in 1990 to nearly 2.4 million and 29% of all New Yorkers in 2010.
Within the Latino population Puerto Ricans declined in absolute and relative terms from 49% of all Latinos in 1990 to 31% in 2010. Over the same period Dominicans increased from 20% to 25% of all Latinos and are poised to surpass Puerto Ricans in absolute terms within the next decade.
Mexicans were the fastest growing Latino national subgroup and increased from 3% to 14% of the City's Hispanic population between 1990 and 2010.
Mexican population increase was linked to large-scale migration after 1990 and extraordinarily high fertility and birth rates compared with other groups. If these rates hold Mexicans will become New York City's largest Latino nationality within two decades.
Ecuadorians also continued to arrive in the City in large numbers between 1990 and 2010.
By 2010 over 80% of the City's Latinos lived in the Bronx, Queens, and Brooklyn.
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