Saturday, September 26, 2009
California Senator Gilbert Cedillo introduced the following resolution, which was approved by by a vote of the California State Senate. It comes as the Obama administration has made immigration enforcement a priority while immigration reform is on the back-burner in the U.S. Congress, what I have called a policy of "enforcement now, enforcement forever":
Senate Joint Resolution No. 19-Relative to immigration. legislative counsel's digest SJR 19, as introduced, Cedillo. Enforcement of immigration laws.
This measure would condemn specified policies and practices of federal agencies regarding the enforcement of immigration laws, and would urge Congress and the President of the United States to declare an immediate moratorium on those policies and practices until a comprehensive reform of immigration laws is enacted and implemented. Fiscal committee: no.
WHEREAS, The State of California values all of its residents, whether they be citizens, legal residents, or undocumented immigrants, and strives to enable all residents to work and live free from discrimination, exploitation, and repressive federal immigration enforcement; and
WHEREAS, In California, the population of which is expected to increase to 54 million by 2040-including a Latino population of 27 million, a Caucasian population of 16 million, and an Asian population of 7 million-immigrants are and will continue to be a critical resource; and
WHEREAS, According to the United States Census Bureau, 1 of every 8 people living in the United States is an immigrant and approximately one-third of those immigrants are undocumented; and WHEREAS, There are approximately 8.1 million undocumented workers in the United States economy comprising 15 percent of the national labor force with an annual federal tax contribution of more than $30 billion; and
WHEREAS, There is clear evidence that undocumented workers are currently making great contributions to the national economy; and
WHEREAS, In California alone, there are 8.9 million immigrants, making up 26 percent of the total population and one-third of California's labor force, who figure prominently in agriculture, manufacturing, construction, and service industries. Those immigrants pay approximately $4.5 billion in state taxes each year, significantly contributing to California's economy; and
WHEREAS, In California, the average immigrant- headed household contributes a net of $2,679 annually to social security, which is $539 more than the average household headed by a person born in the United States; and
WHEREAS, Immigrants are among California's most productive entrepreneurs, and have created jobs for tens of thousands of Californians. By 2000, immigrant owners of Silicon Valley companies created 72,839 jobs and generated more than $19.5 billion in sales. Google, Sun Microsystems, eBay, and Yahoo! are all companies that were founded or cofounded by immigrants; and
WHEREAS, In the absence of comprehensive federal immigration reform, the program initiated under the Bush administration known as "Operation Return to Sender," the federal Department of Homeland Security, through the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), conducted aggressive raids in homes and workplaces in efforts to locate, detain, and deport undocumented immigrants; and
WHEREAS, The Obama administration, in order to take action and implement some type of enforcement while federal comprehensive immigration reform is considered, has shifted its focus to an "enforcement only" policy in the form of aggressive unprecedented enforcement against employers who hire immigrants; and
WHEREAS, In order to achieve better enforcement, the federal Department of Homeland Security and the federal Social Security Administration seek to require use of the E-Verify system, federal employment verification, audits of profiled companies that hire immigrants, and expansion of police-ICE collaboration. As a result, employers may well engage in prohibited behavior, such as using verification programs for purposes other than verifying employment eligibility or to prescreen employment candidates, resulting in discrimination against workers; and
WHEREAS, Latino workers are among the most vulnerable and have a higher likelihood of being disproportionately affected by these programs; and
WHEREAS, The employer audits and the mandatory use of the E-Verify system would affect millions of workers, and there is a concern for the broader and negative implications that an expansion of the use of E-Verify by all other sectors will have on the United States workforce during this difficult economic crisis; and
WHEREAS, The Congressional Budget Office estimates that a mandatory E-Verify employment verification program would decrease federal revenue by $17.3 billion over 10 years because more workers would be paid "off the books"; and
WHEREAS, In light of the economic crisis our country is currently facing, excessive employer auditing and mandatory use of the E-Verify system add an additional burden to businesses and employers as they are being forced to lay off thousands of workers; and
WHEREAS, Companies such as Overhill Farms, American Apparel, Farmer Johns, and Micro Solutions, among others, have been drastically affected by the aggressive enforcement of immigration laws; and
WHEREAS, Raids, employer audits, and mandatory use of the E-Verify system harm immigrants, their employers, their communities, and our economy and are disruptive to communities where immigrants have settled and contribute to the growth of local communities; and
WHEREAS, Trying to deport 10 million undocumented immigrants would cost at least $206 billion over 5 years, according to a study by the Center for American Progress; and
WHEREAS, If workers targeted by these enforcement efforts were removed from the workforce, the effects would ripple through many industries as they would face substantial shortages of workers; and
WHEREAS, We cannot speak of resolving the current economic crisis, or important health or security concerns, without addressing the interwoven issue of immigration; and
WHEREAS, The recent actions of ICE run counter to the principles of this country, which was founded on immigration and where early Irish, Italian, Asian, and African American families founded some of the country's most important institutions; and
WHEREAS, The increase and severity of ICE's actions in our country only underscores the absolute ineffectiveness of current federal immigration policy and the urgent need for comprehensive immigration reform; and
WHEREAS, Our current immigration system is broken and greatly in need of reform. In order to create real, long- lasting reform, we must create a pathway to legal status for the millions of undocumented immigrants who have made lives for themselves and their families in the United States; and
WHEREAS, After a meeting between President Barack Obama, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, and Mexican President Felipe Calderon in Guadalajara, Mexico, President Obama announced that immigration reform legislation will have to wait until 2010; and
WHEREAS, If reform is not possible this year, relief in the form of a moratorium on employer sanctions, raids, deportations, the use of E-Verify, and prolonged detention for immigration-related offenses is absolutely necessary to maintain stability in our communities and to minimize economic disruption. A moratorium on the Obama enforcement strategy will provide temporary relief from the policies and practices that are tearing up the integrity and unity of our families and at the same time provide the federal government the necessary time to propose, debate, and enact comprehensive immigration reform; and
WHEREAS, Without a balanced approach on immigration and economic recovery, security planning, public health, and the lives of 12 to 18 million people will remain in limbo; and
WHEREAS, Former federal Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice recently announced that one of her biggest regrets during her term of service for the Bush administration was not achieving immigration reform. She also stated immigrants were critical to the country's financial health, and that reform was needed to fuel the next round of economic growth, referring to immigrants as "one of the strongest elements not only of our national wealth, but also of our national soul"; and
WHEREAS, We are a nation of immigrants that continues to be a beacon of hope and liberty, attracting the best and brightest from across the globe who fight to start a better life in our country and take part in the American dream;
now, therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate and the Assembly of the State of California, jointly, That the Legislature hereby condemns the excessive employer audits, mandatory use of the E- Verify system, immigration raids, arrests, detentions, and deportations of undocumented immigrants conducted by the federal Department of Homeland Security, through the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement; and be it further Resolved, That the Legislature urges Congress and the President of the United States to declare an immediate moratorium on the aggressive, unprecedented enforcement of employer sanctions, including excessive audits of profiled companies that hire immigrants, the expanded use of the E-Verify system, the federal system of employment verification, the expansion of police-ICE collaboration, and immigration raids in the State of California, until our nation can enact and implement a comprehensive and just reform of our immigration laws with a comprehensive immigration program that recognizes the broad contributions immigrants have made to the fabric of the country; and be it further Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate transmit copies of this resolution to the President and the Vice President of the United States, to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and to each Senator and representative from California in the Congress of the United States.
Clicke here for Senator Cedillo's explanation of the resolution.
Friday, September 25, 2009
Hre are two new immigration articles from the Social Science Research Network (www.ssrn.com):
International Migration and Trading Regimes: Nafta and the EU in Interdisciplinary Perspective Jagdeep S. Bhandari (Florida Coastal School of Law) Bocconi School of Law Student-Edited Papers, No. 2009-05/EN LAW & GLOBALIZATION, Bocconi School of Law Student-Edited Papers, ed., VDM Publishing, 2009. Abstract: This paper investigates the policy arguments underpinning the relationship between free trade and migration, as embodied in the regulatory choices made in two of the most significant experiments of international economic cooperation, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the European Union. Prof Bhandari recognizes that legal regimes relating to trade and migration do not so much rely on independent normative underpinnings, capable of imposing particular choices ‘by necessity,' but ought rather to be traced back to a wealth of other policy and practical considerations, such as voter preferences, as well as more general concerns about financial well-being or social cohesion. In order to shed light on the possible rationales for the different regulatory choices observed within the framework of NAFTA and the European Union, the author therefore brings to bear on the problem a wealth of different perspectives, such as those advanced in economics, political science, public choice theory and sociology, to name but a few.
Open Borders, Intellectual Property Policy, and Federal Criminal Trade Secret Law Shubha Ghosh (Wisconsin). Abstract: The mobility of skilled labor across firms has been identified as an important source of regional advantage. Scholars have shown how cultural, economic, and legal conditions (such as the nonenforceability of covenants not to compete) affect the development of high tech sectors that are geographically concentrated. This paper explores to what extent these theories are applicable to the movement of skilled labor across national borders. This inquiry is relevant because the United States enacted the Economic Espionage Act in 1996, and this Act has been used to prosecute non-US skilled workers for theft of trade secret. The Act has application to mobility within the United States as well. To what extent are justifications for the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 mitigated by its effects on labor mobility and the accompanying transfer of knowledge and technology? This paper addresses this question through a theoretical discussion of international trade and mobility of labor and knowledge across borders and an assessment of the case law under the Economic Espionage Act. The author criticizes the Act because of its effect on the transfer of knowledge and makes the case for open borders to promote the mobility of knowledge. Several policy implications are drawn for limits on the Economic Espionage Act, including extraterritorial application of state trade secret law and federal patent law.
Serna-Garcia v. Attorney General, (3d Cir. Sept. 24, 2009)
"Serna-Garcia argues that the IJ erred in failing to address whether she qualifies for asylum or withholding as a member of a particular social group. We agree. Serna- Garcia squarely presented a claim based on her membership in a potential social group to both the IJ and the BIA. She claims to belong to a social group composed of young, single women with financial means who are vulnerable to kidnapping and have been threatened by FARC."
Caryn Tamber reports in "Asylum denied in female circumcision case" that the en banc U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit will not review the asylum case of a woman whose father has said he will bring her back to Senegal, circumcise her and marry her off to a much older man. The court, which is authorized to have 15 judges but currently has only 10, split 5-5 Monday on whether to rehear the case en banc. The tie means Francoise A. Gomis, whose asylum petition was denied by three-judge panel in July, will not get a rehearing. For the ACLU's cert petition in the case, click here.
Immigration Impact reports that, when President Obama hit the talk show circuit last weekend, he also included a visit to Al Punto, Univision's weekend news program with anchor Jorge Ramos. Mr. Ramos politely but firmly pressed the President to answer to his promises--"la promesa de Obama"--to the U.S. immigrant and Latino population. The answers show a president who remains committed to immigration reform but who is also facing a series of practical challenges that have consequences for his full political agenda.
announced the appointment of Georgetown Law Professor Philip Schrag to the newly established Delaney Family Professorship in Public Interest Law. He will be formally installed in a ceremony at the Law Center on September 23. Schrag is the director of the Center for Applied Legal Studies. Schrag has been a longtime advocate for law students who wish to pursue public interest careers. His work was instrumental to the passage of the student loan forgiveness program for public service employees that Congress included in the College Cost Reduction and Access Act, passed and signed into law in 2007.
Schrag also has also been a tireless advocate on behalf of refugees seeking political asylum in the United States. Last year, Schrag and his former client, David Ngaruri Kenney (a previous ImmigrationProf Immigrant of the Day), published, Asylum Denied: A Refugee’s Struggle for Safety in America (University of California Press, 2008), the chilling story of Kenney’s attempt to escape persecution in his native Kenya and gain asylum in this country. On September 1, New York University Press published Schrag’s latest book, Refugee Roulette: Disparities in Asylum Adjudication and Proposals for Reform, co-authored with Georgetown Law Visiting Professor Andrew I. Schoenholtz and Temple University Beasley School of Law Professor Jaya Ramji-Nogales. The book is an expanded version of their 2007 Stanford Law Review article, "Refugee Roulette," which uncovered immense disparities in refugee adjudications in U.S. immigration agencies and courts. The authors demonstrated that the outcome of an asylum case depends to a great extent on the personality, background and prior experience of the adjudicator, rather than the merits of the claim. A story about the study appeared on the front page of the New York Times on May 31, 2007.
Schrag is the author of fourteen books, including A Well-Founded Fear: the Congressional Battle to Save Political Asylum in America (1999) and Ethical Problems in the Practice of Law (Aspen, 2d. ed. 2002), co-authored with his wife, Professor Lisa Lerman. In 2008, Schrag was recognized for his contributions to public interest law with the Deborah L. Rhode Award from the Association of American Law Schools and the Equal Justice Works Outstanding Law School Faculty Award. In honor of his immigration law work, he received the Daniel Levy Memorial Award from Lexis/Nexis.
The Center for Applied Legal Studies (CALS) at Georgetown Law has announced the availability of its two-year 2010-12 Fellowship. As you know, the person who receives this Fellowship will co-teach in CALS, the asylum law clinic at Georgetown (along with Professor Phil Schrag, Prof. Andrew Schoenholtz, and after his return from federal service, Prof. David Koplow). The Fellow will also write a publishable law review article. Most of the Fellows who have gone through this program since it began in 1981 have gone on to become law professors (some teaching clinics, some not). The Fellowship has proved to be an excellent bridge from immigration practice to an academic career. This fellowship is not appropriate for students who are just graduating from law school, as the candidate must be a member of a bar at the time of application. Most successful candidates have had at least a few years experience practicing immigration law in an NGO, a law firm, or the government. The Fellowship announcement is posted at http://www.law.georgetown.edu/clinics/cals/calsfell.html
Thursday, September 24, 2009
WASHINGTON-As the number of undocumented students in public K-12 schools continues to rise, school districts are facing new challenges in their efforts to make sure every child receives a quality education. The National Education Association and National School Boards Association jointly released a publication designed to help schools and educators address the issue and meet the needs of these students.
Sixteen national education organizations have signed on to the guide,"Legal Issues for School Districts Related to the Education of Undocumented Children." The publication will go to every school district in the United States and is available on the NSBA and NEA Web sites. The guide provides answers to 13 questions that school districts face as they navigate the growing trend of undocumented student enrollment.
"America's classrooms are changing, and we need to change too," said NEA President Dennis Van Roekel. "We must strengthen our school districts and the services they can provide to undocumented students."
NEA General Counsel Robert Chanin added, "This guide will enable school districts to better understand the services that can and should be provided to undocumented students. If we can help educate school districts in advance, they will be able to act appropriately when an issue arises."
For more information:
Congratulations to Tyler Moran!
TYLER MORAN TAPPED TO LEAD THE NATIONAL IMMIGRATION LAW CENTER'S POLICY AGENDA
An Expert in Policies Affecting Immigrant Workers, Moran Will Direct NILC's Policy Efforts
LOS ANGELES, Calif. - The National Immigration Law Center is pleased to announce that Tyler Moran, currently NILC's employment policy director, has been selected to oversee all of the organization's policy operations. Moran brings more than 12 years of immigrant rights advocacy experience to her new role as NILC policy director, having worked tirelessly to build effective working relationships with grassroots organizations, immigrant rights coalitions, and lawmakers at all levels of government.
"Over the last 30 years, the National Immigration Law Center has grown to become a powerful voice advocating for low-income immigrants and their families on issues ranging from health care to workers' rights," said Marielena Hincapié, NILC executive director. "Tyler is greatly respected and relied upon by congressional staffers, government personnel, media, and advocates for her extensive knowledge of the myriad issues affecting immigrants. She is deeply committed to educating policymakers and allies about the most pressing issues affecting low-income immigrants. Tyler's strategic legislative and political expertise, coupled with her sound management skills, will serve her and NILC well as she helps steer us toward accomplishing our major legislative and administrative priorities."
Moran is one of the nation's leading experts on how immigration and employment policies impact low-wage workers. Prior to being appointed policy director, she directed NILC's employment policy work and has played a key role in focusing attention on problems inherent in the federal government's electronic employment eligibility verification systems. She also has worked on workforce development issues and on immigrants' access to public benefits. Moran's analysis of federal and state policies affecting low-income immigrants has been cited and quoted by news outlets such as The New York Times and National Public Radio. Prior to joining NILC in 2002, Moran worked as a public policy consultant and as the policy director for the Massachusetts Immigrant and Refugee Advocacy Coalition in Boston.
"I am very excited to help NILC develop an affirmative policy agenda that takes advantage of the historic opportunities to improve the lives of low-wage immigrant workers," Moran said. "While we have many challenges, I look forward to helping build a more progressive agenda that includes stronger labor protections and solutions to our broken immigration system that provide dignity to immigrant workers and their families."
Since 1979, the National Immigration Law Center has been dedicated to promoting and advancing the rights of low-income immigrants and their family members.
For more information about how you can become an advocate for immigrant rights, please visit www.nilc.org
Wednesday, September 23, 2009
The Pew Global Attitudes Project released a study finding that "Most believe life is better in the United States. Close to six-in-ten (57%) say that people who move from Mexico enjoy a better life in the U.S., up from 51% in 2007. And the vast majority of those who are in regular contact with friends and relatives living in the U.S. say those friends and relatives have largely achieved their goals. A substantial minority of Mexicans say that if they had the means and opportunity to go live in the U.S. they would do so, and more than half of those who would migrate if they had the chance say they would do so without authorization."
Abstract: In the 1950s, civic society in South Africa became mobilised against racist laws that penetrated nearly every aspect of civic life. The social justice struggle that eventually displaced white minority rule culminated in democratic elections in 1994. Following this historic transition from authoritarian rule to democracy, other issues came to the fore, including how the government was to receive persons claiming refugee status on the basis of persecution and war. Civic actors in South Africa again became mobilised around these 'new' human rights and social justice issues. At different moments, civic actors became engaged either in working with government to develop a refugee policy, or in confronting the government to fulfil its national and international obligations towards refugees. This book discusses the dynamics of civic-state interactions aimed at the state's obligations to promote, protect and fulfil human rights. Through the lens of refugee rights advocacy in South Africa in the first decade of its post-1994 period of democracy, this book examines and explains the circumstances under which civic-state interactions can lead to structural change, and what these interactions can teach us about the potential of civic society to realise rights in general.
Abstract: Getting Immigration Right focuses on what is arguably the most important aspect of the current immigration debate: how best to understand and resolve illegal immigration from Mexico. The scale and character of illegal immigration is only one facet of the "immigration problem" currently before Congress and the president, but it is its most contentious and visible face. It is also the one part of the contemporary immigration story that attracts the most intense opposition, the most widely disseminated mythologies, and the most powerfully advocated solutions. What to do about illegal immigration from Mexico is a major political question of our time. The book's wide-ranging and timely discussion includes legal and non-Mexican immigration. It sets the context of immigration before exploring the job experiences of illegal immigrants and their quest for the American dream. The contributors then focus on the causes and consequences--economic and social--of immigration, both legal and otherwise, and vividly describe the Latino experiences of illegality, including crossing the border and living in fear of deportation. In addition, the reform of immigration law is discussed from three distinct viewpoints: one conservative, one liberal, and one libertarian. The volume closes with its editors' own proposals for comprehensive immigration reform. David Coates holds the Worrell Chair in Anglo-American Studies at Wake Forest University. Peter Siavelis is the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation Fellow and an associate professor of political science at Wake Forest University.
From the National Immigration Law Center:
STOP THE LIES AND STOP SCAPEGOATING IMMIGRANTS!
CALL SENATE FINANCE AND HOUSE ENERGY & COMMERCE COMMITTEE MEMBERS. OPPOSE HARMFUL AMENDMENTS!!!
Your calls to Members of the Senate Finance Committee and House Energy & Commerce Committee are needed TODAY to ensure immigrant workers and their families have access to affordable health care! Tell them to:
OPPOSE waiting periods and other barriers for legal immigrants for affordable care;
OPPOSE harmful and excessive verification that will prevent citizens and legal immigrants from getting affordable health care and wastes taxpayers dollars;
SUPPORT efforts to remove barriers to affordable care to ensure legal immigrants and our nation's children have an equal opportunity to be healthy citizens.
Senate Finance Committee : SUPPORT amendment C2 by Senators Menendez (D-NJ) & Bingaman (D-NM)
State of Play
As Congress continues to debate national health care reform, the opposition continues to make false claims about immigrants in order to deny health care to immigrants and their family members and to ultimately derail health care reform. Despite continuing lack of support of their claims, the opposition will keep trying to stall Congress' efforts to fix health care.
Senate Finance Committee began deliberation this week of a key health care reform proposal that could be the foundation of Congress' final health care legislation. Today, the House Energy and Commerce Committee is concluding deliberation of America's Affordable Health Choices Act (H.R. 3200), the health care bill that generated so many lies and hatred this summer.
As expected, opponents of both health care reform and immigration reform are attempting to add barriers and restrictions on legal immigrants, citizen family members of immigrants, as well as back door avenues to conduct immigration enforcement as amendments during this week's health care hearings. Fortunately, there is also an effort this week by some Members of Congress to ensure immigrants and their family members are able to get quality, affordable health care just like everyone one else.
For a detailed list of the potential harmful as well as helpful amendments in Senate Finance Committee that may affect low-income immigrants and their families and vote recommendations, click here.
We need to make sure our Members of Congress hear that we want them to stand up for immigrants and make policy decisions that are sound, rational, and actually help America's families get quality, affordable health care!
Senate Finance Committee Members:
Baucus , Max (D-MT) , Chairman 202-224-2651
Rockefeller , John D. (D-WV) 202-224-6472
Conrad , Kent (D-ND) 202-224-2043
Bingaman , Jeff (D-NM) 202-224-5521
Kerry , John F. (D-MA) 202-224-2742
Lincoln , Blanche L. (D-AR) 202-224-4843
Wyden , Ron (D-OR) 202-224-5244
Schumer , Charles E. (D-NY) 202-224-6542
Stabenow , Debbie (D-MI) 202-224-4822
Cantwell , Maria (D-WA) 202-224-3441
Nelson , Bill (D-FL) 202-224-5274
Menendez , Robert (D-NJ) 202-224-4744
Carper , Thomas R. (D-DE) 202-224-2441
Grassley, Chuck (R-IA), Ranking Member 202-224-3744
Hatch, Orrin G. (R-UT) 202-224--5251
Snowe, Olympia J. (R-ME) 202-224-5344
Kyl, Jon (R-AZ) 202-224-4521
Bunning, Jim (R-KY) 202-224-4343
Crapo, Mike (R-ID) 202-224-6142
Roberts, Pat (R-KS) 202-224-4774
Ensign, John (R-NV) 202-224-6244
Enzi, Michael B. (R-WY) 202-224-3424
Cornyn, John (R-TX) 202-224-2934
House Energy & Commerce Committee Democrat Members:
Henry A. Waxman, CA, Chair 202-225-3976
Edward J. Markey, MA 202-225-2836
Rick Boucher, VA 202-225-3861
Frank Pallone, Jr., NJ 202-225-4671
Bart Gordon, TN 202-225-4231
Bobby L. Rush, IL 202-225-4372
Anna G. Eshoo, CA 202-225-8104
Bart Stupak, MI 202-225-4735
Eliot L. Engel, NY 202-225-2464
George Radanovich, CA 202-225-4540
Diana DeGette, CO, Vice Chair 202-225-4431
Lois Capps, CA 202-225-3601
Mike Doyle, PA 202-225-2135
Jane Harman, CA 202-225-8220
Jan Schakowsky, IL 202-255-2111
Charles A. Gonzalez, TX 202-225-3236
Jay Inslee, WA 202-225-6311
Tammy Baldwin, WI 202-225-2906
Mike Ross, AR 202-225-3772
Anthony D. Weiner, NY 202-225-6616
Jim Matheson, UT 202-225-3011
G.K. Butterfield, NC 202-225-3101
Charlie Melancon, LA 202-225-4031
John Barrow, GA 202-225-2823
Baron P. Hill, IN 202-225-5315
Doris O. Matsui, CA 202-225-7163
Donna M. Christensen, VI 202-225-1790
Kathy Castor, FL 202-225-3376
John P. Sarbanes, MD 202-225-4016
Christopher S. Murphy, CT 202-225-4476
Zachary T. Space, OH 202-225-6265
Jerry McNerney, CA 202-225-1947
Betty Sutton, OH 202-225-3401
Bruce L. Braley, IA 202-225-2911
Peter Welch, VT 202-225-4115
Your voice is needed at this critical point of health care reform!!
John S.W. Park (Department of Asian American Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara) reviews MIGRATIONS AND MOBILITIES: CITIZENSHIP, BORDERS, AND GENDER, by Seyla Benhabib and Judith Resnik (eds), for the Law & Politics Review.
Tuesday, September 22, 2009
MPI Issues New Book Examining How Developing Countries Are Creating Institutions to Strengthen Ties with Their Citizens Abroad
The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) today released a new book which examines the institutions that developing countries have created to engage more systematically with their citizens living abroad. Closing the Distance: How Governments Can Strengthen Ties with Their Diasporas offers an unprecedented taxonomy of the diaspora-engaging institutions found in 30 developing countries. The volume, edited and with an introductory chapter by MPI Policy Analyst Dovelyn Rannveig Agunias, also includes chapters written by senior practitioners from Mexico, the Philippines and Mali. At a time when emigrants and their descendents increasingly are seen as agents of development, the book explores the activities and objectives of 45 diaspora-engaging institutions in 30 countries. It also provides important perspectives from the country case studies offered by Carlos González Gutiérrez, Consul General of Mexico in Sacramento and former Executive Director of the Institute of Mexicans Abroad; Patricia A. Sto. Tomas, Chairman of the Development Bank of the Philippines and former Secretary of the Department of Labor and Employment; and Badara Aliou Macalou, Minister of Malians Abroad and African Integration.
For more information on the book or to order a copy, please visit: www.migrationpolicy.org/research/migration_development.php
NEW AMERICANS IN THE NATURAL STATE: Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians are an Economic Powerhouse in Arkansas
Continuing a series of policy papers showing the positive economic impact of immigarnts on various states, the Immigration Policy Center has compiled research which shows that immigrants, Latinos, and Asians are an integral part of Arkansas's economy and tax base. As workers, taxpayers, consumers, and entrepreneurs, immigrants and their children are an economic powerhouse. As the state works towards economic recovery, immigrants and their children will continue to play a key role in shaping the economic and political landscape of the Natural State.
Highlights from Arkansas include:
• Immigrants make up 4.2% of Arkansas's total population.
• Arkansas had the fastest growing Latino population of any state between 2000 and 2005 and the fourth fastest growing immigrant population in the nation.
• Nearly 30% of immigrants in Arkansas have become naturalized U.S. Citizens who are eligible to vote.
• The purchasing power of Arkansas's Latinos totaled $2.7 billion and Asians totaled $972 million in 2008.
• If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from Arkansas, the state would lose $798 million in expenditures, $354 million in economic output and approximately 6,660 jobs.
There is no denying the contributions immigrants, Latinos, and Asians make and the important role they play in Arkansas political and economic future. For more data on their contributions to Arkansas' economic future, view the IPC fact sheet in its entirety. Download Arkansas
Ted Robbins of NPR reminds us, however, that, even though the number of people apprehended illegally crossing the U.S.-Mexico border is down more than 25 percent, "the rate of people dying while trying to cross is up." What does this mean? It means that, as border enforcement increases, more migrants die. That is why the Obama administration's current immigration enforcement strategy -- enforcement now, enforcement forever, is deeply disturbing. It results in human misery of the of the saddest -- and wholly unnecessary type -- deaths; indeed, the deaths themselves are of the most ghastly, painful, and miserable variety, which should make us ashamed as a nation.
Sorry to be preachy but that what is truly at stake in the debate over immigration reform.