Tuesday, February 12, 2008
Luis Urrea, author of The Devil's Highway, has an op/ed on the utility of the extended border fence that is well worth reading. His bottom line is encapsulated in the title: "$1.2 billion fence adds little or no security."
Texas Governor Rick Perry more or less agrees.
Elizabeth Furse (born October 13, 1936) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1993 -99), representing the 1st District of Oregon.
Furse was born in Nairobi, Kenya, to British parents, and grew up in South Africa. She was the first person born in Africa to win election to the U.S. Congress.
Inspired by her mother, Furse became an anti-apartheid activist in 1951 in South Africa. She moved to England in 1956, before eventually moving to Los Angeles, California. While in Los Angeles, she became involved in a women's self-help project in South Central L.A. and with Cesar Chavez's United Farm Workers Union. Moving to Seattle, Washington in 1968, she became involved in Native American causes.
Furse became a U.S. citizen in 1972. After graduating from Evergreen State College, she settled in the Portland, where she attended, but did not graduate from Northwestern School of Law. In 1986, Furse co-founded the Portland-based Oregon Peace Institute, establishing a mission to develop and disseminate conflict resolution curriculum in Oregon schools.
Furse was elected to Congress in 1992. In 1994, she won reelection by 301 votes. Two years later, she won 52% of the vote. Furse declined to seek reelection in 1998.
Since retiring from Congress in 1999, she has served as Director of the Institute for Tribal Government at Portland State University. In addition, she co-owns Oregon-based Helvetia Vineyards with her husband.
With the many state and local governments passing laws seeking to discourage undocumented immigrants from living and working in their jurisdictions, there have been a number of reports that immigrants are moving out of those jurisdictions in large numbers. Here is an article from the N.Y. Times about evidence of immigrants leaviing Arizona, which has a new immigration law that just survived a legal challenge in the courts and is facing an economic slowdown.
This blogger is skeptical that the state and local measures will have a long term effect on the size of the undocumented population in the United States. We shall see, of course. In the short term, the tight economy will diminish the demand for workers and will tend to discourage increased labor migration to the United States. However, when the economy returns to normal, my bet is that the demand for labor -- and undocumented workers -- climbs again. With or without state and local laws, the U.S. economy will lure immigrant workers -- just as it has for generations.
Monday, February 11, 2008
From Immigration Daily (www.ilw.com):
Asked about illegal immigration in Texas during the 1980 presidential campaign, Reagan said that "the way to solve the problem of undocumented aliens" was "to give them documents." And his immigration understudy, Rudy Giuliani, even told the Bar Association of the City of New York in 1981: "There is no choice but to legalize these people. To hunt them down, apprehend them, and expel them from the country is impractical, a waste of limited resources, and ultimately destructive to the continuing tradition of America." Perhaps the current GOP can learn from Ronald Reagan. To see the full story where this excerpt is taken from, see here.
Congressman Tom Lantos (D-San Mateo, San Francisco), 80, passed away this morning due to complications from cancer. Elected to office in 1980, Lantos was Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and one of the country's leading champions of human rights. His commitment to this issue was forged when, as a young man, he lost nearly his entire family in the Holocaust.
After being diagnosed with esophageal cancer in late December, Lantos announced that he would not seek reelection. He said at the time, "It is only in the United States that a penniless survivor of the Holocaust and a fighter in the anti-Nazi underground could have received an education, raised a family, and had the privilege of serving the last three decades of his life as a Member of Congress. I will never be able to express fully my profoundly felt gratitude to this great country."
Lantos was in his 14th term in Congress. In 2007, his Democratic colleagues elected him chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. He was also a senior member of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.
Lantos sought to be a voice for human rights and civil liberties. He was the founding co-chairman of the 24-year-old Congressional Human Rights Caucus, which Annette directed as a volunteer since its inception. He also founded the Congressional Friends of Animals Caucus.
Born as Lantos Tamás Péter to a Jewish family in Budapest, Hungary, Lantos was part of a resistance movement against the Nazis during the German occupation of Hungary. He sought refuge in a safe house established by Raoul Wallenberg; in 1981 Lantos sponsored a bill making Wallenberg an Honorary Citizen of the United States.
Lantos moved to the United States in 1947. Lantos was the only Holocaust survivor ever to serve in Congress.
Upon immigrating to the United States, Lantos attended the University of Washington and the University of California, Berkeley, receiving his Ph.D in 1953.
Pablano at Daily Kos: State of the Nation offers a close look at the Obama/Clinton battle for the Democratic presidential nomination. Interestingly, one of the points made by the article concerns the voting of naturalized citizens:
"Surprisingly, I did not find that Obama performed worse in states with large Latino populations. Keep in mind that the difference in Obama's vote share with white voters and Latinos is no longer all that great; he's getting about 45% of the former, and 35% of the latter, and even these differences can be explained by the other variables in my model (for example, a relatively small percentage of Latino voters have college degrees). However, I did find that Obama performed slightly worse in states with a higher percentage of foreign-born, but now naturalized citizens. This distinction is important, because neither the Latino population nor the Asian population are monolithic. New Mexico, for example, has a huge number of Hispanics, but most of them have been here for generations. This helps to explain how Obama could virtually tie Hillary in New Mexico, in spite of its population being more than 40% Hispanic. New Jersey, on the other hand, has a rapidly-growing Latino population, and it consists mostly of recent immigrants. So it is one's immigration experience, and not one's race, that appears to account for Hillary's stronger support with Hispanic and Asian voters. A zero-gen Hispanic voter is somewhat more likely to vote for Hillary -- and perhaps that is intuitive, because many of them either came to this country or became citizens when Bill Clinton was in power. However, I would guess that native-born Hispanics vote for Obama at nearly the same rates as white voters do, accounting for their other demographic characteristics." (emphas added).
New Pew Research Center Report: Foreign-Born % of Population to Increase, Latina/o Population to Triple in Size by 2050
The Pew Research Center estimates that sometime between 2020 and 2025, the foreign-born will account for 15 percent of the American population, or more than 1 in 7 residents. They represented about 12 percent of the population in 2005, 14.7 percent in 1910 and about 15 percent in the late 19th century. The N.Y. Times analyzes the report at here.
According to the Pew report, if current trends continue, the population of the United States will rise to 438 million in 2050, from 296 million in 2005, and 82% of the increase will be due to immigrants arriving from 2005 to 2050 and their U.S.-born descendants. Of the 117 million people added to the population during this period due to the effect of new immigration, 67 million will be the immigrants themselves and 50 million will be their U.S.-born children or grandchildren. Among the other key population projections:
Nearly one in five Americans (19%) will be an immigrant in 2050, compared with one in eight (12%) in 2005. By 2025, the immigrant, or foreign-born, share of the population will surpass the peak during the last great wave of immigration a century ago.
The major role of immigration in national growth builds on the pattern of recent decades, during which immigrants and their U.S.-born children and grandchildren accounted for most population increase. Immigration's importance increased as the average number of births to U.S.-born women dropped sharply before leveling off.
The Latino population, already the nation's largest minority group, will triple in size and will account for most of the nation's population growth from 2005 through 2050. Hispanics will make up 29% of the U.S. population in 2050, compared with 14% in 2005.
Births in the United States will play a growing role in Hispanic and Asian population growth; as a result, a smaller proportion of both groups will be foreign-born in 2050 than is the case now.
The non-Hispanic white population will increase more slowly than other racial and ethnic groups; whites will become a minority (47%) by 2050.
The nation's elderly population will more than double in size from 2005 through 2050, as the baby boom generation enters the traditional retirement years.
The number of working-age Americans and children will grow more slowly than the elderly population, and will shrink as a share of the total population.
On Sunday, we lost a revered immigration lawyer with the death of Michael Maggio. Maggio of Maggio & Kattar was a nationally recognized authority on numerous complex areas of immigration law. Michael had been named “Washington’s best immigration lawyer" by The Washingtonian magazine, and is listed in The Best Lawyers in America and International Who’s Who of Business Immigration Lawyers. He had practiced immigration law since 1978.
Maggio had been involved in the landmark international human rights case of Filartiga v. Pena and many cases defending the rights of immigrants. He was the counsel to the father of Elián Gonzalez, the Cuban boy who came by raft to the United States and was the subject of a protracted legal battle in 2001 over whether he would be returend to his father in Cuba. Maggio received many awards and honors for his work. For an obituary, click here.
Estrada was born in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. After his parents divorced, he immigrated to the United States to join his mother when he was 17. He graduated magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa with a bachelor's degree from Columbia in 1983. He received a J.D. magna cum laude in 1986 from Harvard Law School, where he was an editor of the Harvard Law Review.
After law school, Estrada served as a law clerk to Judge Amalya Lyle Kearse of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and then clerked for Justice Anthony M. Kennedy of the U.S. Supreme Court. From 1990 until 1992, Estrada served as Assistant U.S. Attorney and Deputy Chief of the Appellate Section in the U.S. Attorney's Office, Southern District of New York. In 1992, he joined the U.S. Department of Justice as an Assistant to the Solicitor General for the Clinton Administration.
Mr. Estrada was also part of the team that successfully presented then-Governor Bush's position to the Supreme Court in Bush v. Gore (2000).
In 2001, President Bush nominated Estrada to a position on the U.S Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. Democrats opposed the nomination, claiming that Estrada had not provided enough information about his legal views. Estrada's conservative political views and the concern that he might be elevated to the U.S. Supreme Court also arguably affected the nomination. For discussion of the nomoination Estrada nomination, click here.
After a protracted nomination process of twenty-eight months, Estrada withdrew his name. Estrada is currently a partner at the Washington, D.C., law office of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP.
Sunday, February 10, 2008
Amy Winehouse, who was denied than belatedly granted a visa to enter the United States to attend the 50th Annual Grammy Awards, has won five awards, including song of the year for "Rehab." She was released from rehab to perform for the Grammys by video feed. Winehouse performed a medley of "You Know I'm No Good" and "Rehab" live via satellite from London, England. She gave a rousing thank-you speech.
Cox, Adam B. Deference, delegation, and immigration law. 74 U. Chi. L. Rev. 1671-1687 (2007).
Delaney, Erin F. Note. In the shadow of Article I: applying a Dormant Commerce Clause analysis to state laws regulating aliens. 82 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1821-1856 (2007).
Guernsey, Alison K. Note. Double denial: how both the DOL and organized labor fail domestic agricultural workers in the face of H-2A. 93 Iowa L. Rev. 277-323 (2007).
Tapley, Katherine A. Automatic tolling of the voluntary departure period--a circuit split. 39 St. Mary's L.J. 185-229 (2007).
Volik, Heather Harrison. Driving down the wrong road: the Fifth Circuit's definition of unauthorized use of a motor vehicle as a crime of violence in the immigration context. 39 St. Mary's L.J. 149-184 (2007).
Symposium: LatCrit XI: Working and Living in the Global Playground: Frontstage and Backstage. Foreword by Sylvia R. Lazos Vargas; articles by Raquel E. Aldana, Francine J. Lipman, Annette R. Appell, Sylvia R. Lazos Vargas, Marisa Silenzi Cianciarulo, Lindsay Perez Huber, Maria C. Malagon, Jessica Solyom, Jeremiah Chin, Kristi Ryuijin, Nicol Razon, Thanhtung Thantrong, X. Yvette Gonzalez, Steven W. Bender, Lupe S. Salinas, Thomas Kleven and L. Darnell Weeden; lecture by Francisco Valdes; afterword by Robert S. Chang and Neil Gotanda. 7 Nev. L.J. 685-1029 (2007).
Elmore, Andrew J. Egalitarianism and exclusion: U.S. guest worker programs and a non-subordination approach to the labor-based admission of nonprofessional foreign nationals. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 521-569 (2007).
Pabon Lopez, Maria. Immigration law Spanish-style: a study of Spain's normalizacion of undocumented workers. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 571-593 (2007).
Blum, Cynthia. Rethinking tax compliance of unauthorized workers after immigration reform. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 595-620 (2007).
Fragomen, Austin T., Jr. and Nadia H. Yakoob. No easy way out: the ethical dilemmas of dual representation. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 621-640 (2007).
Couch, Kathryne J. This land is our land, a local solution to a local problem: state regulation of immigration through business licensing. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 641-662 (2007).
Campbell, Karla M. Guest worker programs and the convergence of U.S. immigration and development policies: a two-factor economic model. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 663-682 (2007).
Kim, Keun Dong. Current development. Legislative branch: comprehensive immigration reform nixed. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 685-687 (2007).
Miller, Tiphanie. Current development. Executive branch: bait-and-switch visa debacle. 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 689-691 (2007).
Nanjappa, Amrutha. Current development. Judicial branch: The recent decision: … (Lozano v. City of Hazleton, No. 3:06cv1586, 2007 WL 2163093, 2007.) 21 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 693-696 (2007).
Citizenship: Acquisition, Derivation and Naturalization
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. (CLINIC)
Catholic Charities of San Jose, Immigration and Legal Services and
Center for Employment Training, Immigration and Citizenship Program
March 27-28, 2008
March 27: 8:30 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
March 28: 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Catholic Charities of San Jose
2625 Zanker Road, Suite 201
San Jose, CA 95134
$190 per person from CLINIC Affiliates; $570 cap
($30 fee per person for more than 3)
$215 per person from other nonprofit programs; $645 cap
($30 fee per person for more than 3)
$345 per person for private attorneys and their staff
The registration fee DOES NOT include the training manual. You are not required to purchase the manual. If you wish to purchase Naturalization and U.S. Citizenship: The Essential Legal Guide, Immigrant Legal Resource Center, 9th Edition, you must pay an ADDITIONAL $95 fee.
This intensive two-day training course will cover acquisition and derivation of citizenship, requirements for naturalization, including residence, physical presence, good moral character, civics and English language requirements and exemptions, disability waivers, deportability issues, oath requirements and the application process. The training is interactive with individual and group exercises.
The training is for the staff of Catholic Charities and other community-based organizations with IRS 501(c)(3) status, and attorneys and legal worker staff of private law offices. The training is intended for legal workers and lawyers new to immigration law practice, and for more experienced advocates in need of review or updates.
The training will be presented by Charles Wheeler, Director of Training and Technical Assistance, CLINIC and Debbie Smith, Project Director, Immigration Advocates Network. The training is designed for practitioners at all levels.
Space is limited. The deadline for registration is March 12th or sooner if registration is filled.
For registration information call: Chris Ozaki 415-394-9371
For hotel and training site information call: Robert Yabes 408-325-5279
Agenda available online at http://www.cliniclegal.org/Trainings/fliers/SanJoseCITIZENSHIPagenda.pdf
THE THIRD CONFERENCE ON EFFECTIVE REPRESENTATION OF REFUGEES AND ASYLEES
CATHOLIC LEGAL IMMIGRATION NETWORK, INC.
CHURCH WORLD SERVICE
CREIGHTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW
EPISCOPAL MIGRATION MINISTRIES
HEBREW IMMIGRANT AID SOCIETY
INTERNATIONAL RESCUE COMMITTEE
JUSTICE FOR OUR NEIGHBORS
LUTHERAN IMMIGRATION AND REFUGEE SERVICE
U.S. CONERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS WORLD RELIEF
March 4 - 5, 2008
March 4: 7:45 – 4:45
March 5: 8:30 – 5:00
Creighton University School of Law
2500 California Plaza
(21st St. and Cass Ave.)
Omaha, Nebraska 68178
$215 per person from sponsoring organization; $645 cap ($50 materials fee per person for more than 3 attendees)
$240 per person from other nonprofit programs (non sponsoring organization); $720 cap ($50 materials fee per person for more than 3 attendees)
$370 per person for private attorneys and their staff
Registration fee includes training materials and breakfast and lunch during the conference
This two-day training conference is designed for those who work with refugees, asylees and their families on immigration law matters. In addition to presentations by immigration law practitioners, participants will hear from immigration officials working at USCIS headquarters and at the Nebraska and Texas Service Centers. Workshop topics will include: adjustment of status for refugees and asylees; applications by asylee and refugee derivatives; overview of refugee processing; inadmissibility grounds and waivers; and termination of asylee and refugee status.
The deadline for registration is February 18th. Space is limited. More information about the conference, including the full agenda, and information about hotels and transportation is available through the registration website.