September 22, 2007
France Proposes DNA Testing for Immigrants
Lisa Bryant of Voice of America writes:
France is hardly a fortress, but it is getting harder to enter the country as a legal immigrant - and easier for illegal aliens to be deported. The bill adopted by the National Assembly would require French language tests for visa candidates and parents seeking to join family members to sign immigration contracts. It would also authorize voluntary genetic tests to prove family ties. If passed by both houses, it would be the third French law in five years tightening immigration policy.
The legislation - particularly the controversial DNA provision - has sparked widespread opposition. Leftist politicians, human rights groups, the Vatican and even French police and government ministers have voiced concerns. Click here for the full story.
RIP: David Carliner, Lawyer and Immigration Advocate
David Carliner, an influential lawyer, died of a heart attack at age 89 on Wednesday in Washington. Carliner handled some important immigration cases. One was the famous case of Carlos Marcello, the New Orleans racketeer whom the federal government after years of hearings and appeals finally deported in 1961. Another client, Staughton Lynd, was a Yale professor whose passport was canceled after he made a trip to North Vietnam. Carliner's representation of a Chinese immigrant, Hay Say Naim, in a case involving Virginia’s anti-miscegenation law drew national attention in the early 1950s. In 1979 and 1980, Mr. Carliner fought legal battles for Iranian students studying in the United States who were trapped between the new fundamentalist government in their own country and the American authorities. In the 1980s, he separately represented a member of a death squad in El Salvador and a Nicaraguan immigrant who feared being drafted by the Sandinista government if forced to return to his own country. When Garry Davis returned from 30 years of wanderings using a world passport he had issued himself, Mr. Carliner won him the right to live in the United States.
According to the N.Y. Times, "Mr. Carliner’s battles were part of an overall effort to change and liberalize immigration policy. He fought the Reagan administration’s efforts to restrict the power of federal courts in immigration and asylum cases and in the 1990s campaigned against Congressional efforts to tighten immigration severely. In 1977, he published “Rights of Aliens,” which became a popular handbook on changes in immigration policy. In 1990, he and several colleagues came out with “The Rights of Aliens and Refugees,” (Southern Illinois University Press)."
Tell Me that It Ain't So Simi Valley! Charging A Church $40K for Police Action to Ensure Public Safety?
We reported earlier this week about a clash of protesters at a Simi Valley, California church. Well, there is some troubling news from Simi Valley. According to the L.A. Times, city officials are standing by a City Council decision to charge a church nearly $40,000 to cover the costs for law enforcement officers who monitored the immigration protest. The United Church of Christ has sheltered a undocumented immigrant. City Manager Mike Sedell said Sunday's rally at the church on Royal Avenue by dozens of anti-illegal immigration activists was met by immigrant rights activists during a loud but peaceful demonstration. Although only about 15 police officers were at the church, Sedell said twice as many were nearby in case violence broke out. Ventura County sheriff's deputies were also on standby, he said.
ADC Condemns Remarks by Peter King
ADC Press Release:
Washington, DC | September 20, 2007 | www.adc.org | The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC) strongly condemns recent racist and Islamphobic remarks from Rep. Peter King (R-NY) who is the ranking Republican on the House Homeland Security Committee.
In an interview with The Politico, Rep. King said, "Unfortunately, we have too many mosques in this country. There are too many people who are sympathetic to radical Islam. We should be looking at them more carefully. We should be finding out how we can infiltrate. […] King added, "I think there's been a lack of full cooperation from too many people in the Muslim community. And it's a real threat here in this country." To watch the King interview see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMydUdKtA_Q&;
Rep. King has a history of racism and bigotry toward Arab and Muslim Americans. In the past, he has said, Muslims are "an enemy living amongst us." He has also called for ethnic and racial profiling of Arabs and Muslims. It should be noted that Rep. King also serves as a top advisor to presidential hopeful Rudy Guiliani alongside leading Islamophobe Daniel Pipes. Pipes also serves on the board of coalition which tried to derail the opening of the Khalil Gibran International Academy in Brooklyn, New York. For more information see: http://www.adc.org/index.php?id=3157
ADC President Hon. Mary Rose Oakar said, "ADC is deeply troubled by Rep. King's intolerance and bigotry and we call on him to repudiate and apologize for his latest comments. To say that there are too many mosques in the US is unacceptable, just as unacceptable as it would be to say there are too many churches or synagogues; ADC condemns these types of comments."
Hon. Oakar added, "We appreciate the efforts of the Democratic National Committee who condemned King's comments saying 'This type of bigoted language has no place in public discourse, especially from the Republican's top lawmaker on the House Homeland Security Committee.'"
NOTE TO EDITORS: The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC), which is non sectarian and non partisan, is the largest Arab-American civil rights organization in the United States. It was founded in 1980, by former Senator James Abourezk to combat racial stereotyping and to protect the civil rights of people of Arab descent in the United States. ADC has 38 chapters nationwide, including chapters in every major city in the country, and members in all 50 states.
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee | www.adc.org
1732 Wisconsin Ave., NW | Washington, DC | 20007
Tel: 202-244-2990 | Fax: 202-244-7968 | E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
New SSRN Articles
"Are Muslim Immigrants Different in Terms of Cultural Integration?" IZA Discussion Paper No. 3006 ALBERTO BISIN New York University - Department of Economics Co-Author: ELEONORA PATACCHINI University of Southampton - Division of Economics, University of Rome I - Faculty of Statistics Co-Author: THIERRY VERDIER Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC) - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economique, Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS), Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) YVES ZENOU Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IUI), Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1012585
"Colloquium on Religion and Immigration: Strangers No Longer - Immigration Law and Policy in the Light of Religious Values" University of Detroit Mercy Law Review, Vol. 83, No. 829, 2006 Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1013381 AMELIA J. UELMEN Fordham University School of Law Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1013381
"Tolerance in an Age of Terror" Harvard Public Law Working Paper No. 07-11 Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2007 Contact: MARTHA MINOW Harvard Law School Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1013583
"The Evolution of Citizenship: Economic and Institutional Determinants" CEPR Discussion Paper No. 6066 Contact: GRAZIELLA BERTOCCHI Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia - Dipartimento di Economia Politica, Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) Co-Author: CHIARA STROZZI Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia - Dipartimento di Economia Politica Abstract: http://ssrn.com/abstract=997315
"Ambiguous Knowledge: Seeking Clarity in the Effort to Define and Assess Trafficking and the Sexual Exploitation of Children" DAVID E. GUINN Administrative Judicial Institute Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=997677
Stock on the DREAM Act and Political Hypocrisy
Professor Margaret Stock is a Lieutenant Colonel in the Military Police Corps, U.S. Army Reserve; and an Associate Professor in the Department of Social Sciences at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York. A graduate of Harvard Law School, Professor Stock, who is a member of the Federalist Sopciety (and recently spoke at UC Davis about immigrants in the military), is a thoughtful immigration expert. Stock recently wrote on the ImmProf listserve about some of the latest political shenanigans in Congress:
"It's been interesting today to watch the various Congressional Representatives and Senators railing against Senator Durbin's tactic of trying to attach the DREAM Act to a DOD authorization bill. Among the ones who have been saying that this tactic is inherently wrong are Tom Tancredo, John Cornyn, and others who said nothing when the same tactic was used by R. James Sensenbrenner and others to pass anti-immigration legislation. Recall that REAL ID was passed as part of the Emergency Supplemental DOD appropriations bill. What did REAL ID have to do with a DOD emergency appropriations bill? Not much. If anyone can remember which other anti-immigration legislation in the past has been stuck onto DOD appropriations or authorization bills, let me know--I'm making a list."
September 21, 2007
New York Does the Right Thing: All Drivers to be Eligible for Licenses
New York Governor Eliot Spitzer and Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Commissioner David Swarts today announced an administrative policy change that will give all New Yorkers the opportunity to apply for state driver licenses without regard to immigration status. Tied to the policy change, the Governor and Commissioner also announced plans to implement a new regime of anti-fraud measures to increase the security of the licensing system as a new population of New Yorkers comes into the system. The DMV estimates that tens of thousands of undocumented, unlicensed and uninsured drivers are currently on New York’s roads, contributing to increased accidents and hit-and-runs as well as higher auto insurance rates. In addition, bringing more New Yorkers into the system will ensure a greater number of people have a license record that, if necessary, can be used to enhance law enforcement efforts.
For the press release, click here.
UPDATE: For a discussion of the varied reactions to the change in policy, including support from some conservatives, click here.
David Bacon: Time For A More Radical Immigrant-Rights Movement
David Bacon writes "Everywhere in this country immigrant communities are growing, defying the raids intended to terrorize them - organizing and speaking out. This movement is a powerful response to Congress' inability to pass a pro-immigrant reform bill."
Mapping the New Nativism
The Building Democracy Initiative has prepared an interactive map that charts 332 state and local anti-immigrant groups. About one-third of the groups, which are spead out across the United States but are most numerous in states with significant immigrant populations, are affiliated with the Minutemen.
The Second Circuit Roasts Another Immigration Court Decision
Yave Begnet blog has an extended, and thoughtful, post about the Second Circuit's recent decision reprimanding an immigration judge in a Chinese forced-sterilization asylum case and removing her from the case, an extraordinary decision. One is left to wonder what can be done to improve the quality of immigration adjudication in the United States. One thing seems clear: it seems unlikely that the ever-popular (at least since 1996) court stripping provisions will make help improve things.
A Vietnamese Refugee Story: "Journey From the Fall."
For those of you looking for movies about refugees (for teaching or entertainiment), keep on the lookout for "Journey From the Fall." Inspired by the true stories of Vietnamese refugees who fled their land after the fall of Saigon—and those who were forced to stay behind, the film follows one family’s struggle for freedom. April 30, 1975 marked the end of Vietnam's two-decade-old civil war and the start of the exodus of hundreds of thousands of refugees. Despite his allegiance to the toppled South Vietnamese government, Long Nguyen decides to remain in Vietnam. Imprisoned in a Communist re-education camp, he urges his family to make the escape by boat without him. His wife Mai (Diem Lien), son Lai (Nguyen Thai Nguyen) and mother Ba Noi (Kieu Chinh) then embark on the arduous ocean voyage in the hope of reaching the U.S. and freedom. Back in Vietnam, Long suffers years of solitary confinement and hard labor, and finally despairs that his family has perished. But news of their successful resettlement in America inspires him to make one last desperate attempt to join them.
For the official movie website, click here. Thanks to Ernesto Hernandez for the tip!
Immigrant of the Day: Charles Fried (Czechoslovakia)
Charles Fried is a prominent conservative American jurist and lawyer. He served as U.S. Solicitor General from 1985 to 1989. He is currently a the Beneficial Professor of Law at Harvard Law School.
Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1935, Fried became a U.S. citizen in 1948. After receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree from Princeton University, he attended Oxford University, where he earned a Bachelor's and a Master's degree in Law. In 1960, Fried received his J.D. from Columbia Law School. He joined the Harvard Law School faculty in 1961.
In October 1985, President Reagan appointed Fried as Solicitor General of the United States. As Solicitor General, he represented the Reagan Administration before the Supreme Court in 25 cases.
In 1989, when President Reagan left office, Fried returned to Harvard Law School. From September 1995 until June 1999, Fried served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. Before joining the court, Fried held the chair of Carter Professor of General Jurisprudence at Harvard Law School. On July 1, 1999, he returned to Harvard Law School as a fulltime member of the faculty and Beneficial Professor of Law.
Fried has taught courses on appellate advocacy, commercial law, constitutional law, contracts, criminal law, federal courts, labor law, torts, legal philosophy, and medical ethics. He is the author of seven books, over thirty journal articles, and his work has appeared in over a dozen collections.
In 2005, Fried testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee in support of the nomination of John Roberts to become Chief Justice of the United States. Fried also testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee in support of the nomination of Samuel Alito Alito to the Supreme Court.
The Song Remains the Same: "Immigration Raids Single Out Hispanics, Lawsuit Says"
Latinos have claimed for generations that the U.S. immigration laws are enforced in a discriminatory manner. racial profiling has been alleged in many lawsuits. But the allegations continue. The N.Y. Times reports that a federal lawsuit filed yesterday charges that agents of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement unlawfully force their way into the homes of Hispanic families in the New York area without court warrants, sometimes pushing down doors in the middle of the night, in search of people who do not live there. The class action lawsuit, filed in the Southern District ofNew York, accuses ICE of conducting the raids in violation of the Fourth Amendment’s protection from unreasonable searches, harming citizens and legal residents of the United States as well as foreigners here illegally. The 15 plaintiffs — all but one are residents of Suffolk County and seven of them are United States citizens — describe abusive predawn raids on their homes this year by armed immigration agents. They seek an order prohibiting I.C.E. from conducting home raids until the agency develops clear guidelines to end unlawful entries, and unspecified damages.
Immigration Reform European Style
It is obvious that the movement of people is a global phenomenon. Many other nations grapple with the same issues concerning immigration that the U.S. does. This week, the French National Assembly passed a controversial bill tightening entry conditions for the relatives of immigrants living in France. Under the legislation, the relatives will have to prove they are solvent financially and can speak French.
In Spain, the government has sought to try to stem the flow of illegal migration from Africa by airing emotional television announcements. The media campaign is to run for six weeks and has begun in Senegal. The aim of the campaign is to discourage potential migrants from attempting the dangerous 12-day voyage by boat to the Canary Islands. Click here for the full BBC story and links to video clips of the ads.
New SSRN Articles
"The Earnings of Immigrants in Ireland: Results from the 2005 EU Survey of Income and Living Conditions" IZA Discussion Paper No. 2990 ALAN BARRETT Economic and Social Research Institute, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Co-Author: YVONNE MCCARTHY Economic & Social Research Institute (ESRI), Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1012371
"A Localist's Case for Decentralizing Immigration Policy" Denver University Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 4, 2007 MATTHEW J. PARLOW Chapman University - School of Law Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=996112
"Access to the Courts as a Privilege or Immunity of National Citizenship" Connecticut Law Review, 2008 NYU Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 07-14 RISA KAUFMAN New York University School of Law Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1012402
"Refugee Roulette: Disparities in Asylum Adjudication" Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2007-12 Stanford Law Review, Vol. 60, 2008 JAYA RAMJI-NOGALES Temple Universitym Co-Author: ANDREW SCHOENHOLTZ Georgetown University Law Center, PHILIP G. SCHRAG Georgetown University Law Center Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=983946
"Suspension and the Extrajudicial Constitution" Columbia Law Review, Forthcoming Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-014 TREVOR W. MORRISON Cornell University School of Law. Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1010772
"Tribunal Reform in the UK: Precedent and Reporting in the New Unified Structure" TREVOR GILES BUCK De Montfort Law School Full Text: http://ssrn.com/abstract=992258
In addition, Stephen Knight's article on Human Trafficking is available at http://www.yousendit.com/transfer.php?action=download&ufid=524B150F3D32834B
September 20, 2007
Anniversary of Genocide Convention
PLEASE JOIN US IN PERSON OR BY WEBCAST
To Prevent and to Punish
AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN COMMEMORATION OF THE 60th ANNIVERSARY OF THE NEGOTIATION OF THE GENOCIDE CONVENTION
Friday, September 28, 2007
8:30 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. * Moot Courtroom (A59)
Case Western Reserve University School of Law
11075 East Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio 44106
* The symposium will be webcast live and available after for viewing on demand at http://law.case.edu/lectures.
Sixty years ago, on June 11, 1947, Raphael Lemkin, working with the U.N. Secretariat legal staff, completed the first draft of the Genocide Convention, launching the intense negotiations that would conclude in the U.N.’s adoption of the Convention in December 1948. Today, the Genocide Convention has 137 parties, and after years of dormancy, the Convention has become an important legal tool in the international effort to end impunity for the worst crime known to humankind. The past year alone has witnessed important cases based on the Genocide Convention before the International Court of Justice, the ad hoc international criminal tribunals, and the domestic courts of several countries. To commemorate the sixtieth anniversary of the negotiation of the Genocide Convention, the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center at Case Western Reserve University is hosting a major international symposium featuring two-dozen of the world’s leading academic experts, high level government officials, and most distinguished jurists and practitioners in the field.
This symposium is made possible by a generous grant from the Wolf Family Foundation, and is co-sponsored by the Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence, the International Bar Association, the Robert H. Jackson Center, the Irish Centre for Human Rights, and the Cleveland Council on World Affairs and is serving as a regional meeting of the American Society of International Law, a regional conference of the American Branch of the International Law Association, and the annual meeting of the International Association of Penal Law (American National Section).
Articles generated by the speakers will be published in a special double issue of the Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, one of the world’s oldest and most prestigious international law publications.
8:00 a.m. – 8:30 a.m. Registration & Coffee
8:30 a.m. – 8:45 a.m. President’s Welcome
Barbara R. Snyder, President, Case Western Reserve University
Prof. Michael Scharf, Cox Center Director, Case Western Reserve University
Presentation of AIDP Book and Article of the Year Award
Prof. Michael Kelly, Creighton University
8:45 a.m. – 9:30 a.m. “A History of Genocide”
Introduction: Prof. Kenneth Ledford, Case Western Reserve University School of Law
Juan E. Méndez, former U.N. Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide; President, International Center for Transitional Justice
9:30 a.m. – 9:45 a.m. Coffee Break
9:45 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. “The Origins of the Genocide Convention: From Nuremberg to Lake Success”
Chair: Don Ferencz, Director of the Planethood Foundation
Ben Ferencz, former Nuremberg Prosecutor
Prof. Henry King, former Nuremberg Prosecutor
Prof. William Schabas, National University of Ireland, Irish Centre for Human Rights, author of Genocide: The Crime of Crimes
11:00 a.m. – 11:15 a.m. Coffee Break
11:15 a.m. – 12:15 p.m. “Prevention: A Cross-Fire Exchange on Use of Force to stop Genocide”
Chair: Prof. Melissa Waters, Vanderbilt University School of Law (Visiting)
Roy Gutman, Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and Foreign Editor, McClatchy Newspapers
Prof. Michael Newton, Vanderbilt University School of Law
Prof. David Scheffer, Northwestern University School of Law, former U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues
Prof. Paul Williams, American University Washington College of Law
12:15 p.m. – 12:30 p.m. Pick up Complimentary Lunch
12:30 p.m. – 1:30 p.m. Luncheon Speaker
Introduction: Dean Gary Simson, Case Western Reserve University School of Law
Speaker: Robert Petit, Co-Prosecutor of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
1:30 p.m. -1:45 p.m. Coffee Break
1:45 p.m. – 3:00 p.m. “Prosecuting Genocide”
Chair: Prof. William Burke-White, University of Pennsylvania School of Law
Eric Blinderman, former Deputy Director of the U.S. Embassy Regime Crimes Liaison Office in Baghdad
Prof. David Crane, former Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone
Christine Chung, appointed by the International Criminal Court to prosecute its first case
Hon. Ra’ad Juhi, former Chief Investigative Judge, Iraqi High Tribunal
Robert Petit, Co-Prosecutor of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
3:00 p.m. – 3:15 p.m. Coffee Break
3:15 p.m. – 4:30 p.m. “Defending Individuals Accused of Genocide”
Chair: Mark Ellis, Executive Director of the International Bar Association
Stuart Alford, Queen's Counsel
Nicholas Stewart, Defense Counsel for Momcilo Krajišnik
Prof. Elies van Sliedregt, Vrije University, Amsterdam
Mischa Wladimiroff, Defense Counsel for Slobodan Milosevic
4:30 p.m. – 4:45 p.m. Coffee Break
4:45 p.m. – 5:55 p.m. “Judging Genocide: A Roundtable Discussion of the International Court of Justice and Genocide”
Chair: Prof. Christopher Joyner, Georgetown University
Prof. Mark Drumbl, Washington and Lee University College of Law
Asst. Dean Michael Peil, Washington University School of Law
Prof. John Quigley, Ohio State University School of Law, Counsel in the Bosnia Genocide Case before the ICJ
Prof. Leila Sadat, Washington University School of Law
5:55 p.m. Closing Remarks
Prof. Michael Scharf
6:00 p.m. – 6:30 p.m. Reception in the Rotunda
Symposium Registration – The symposium is free and open to the public, with complimentary lunch for all registered participants. To register, FAX name & full contact information to (216) 368-1430. Include symposium name/date of event on the fax or call (216) 368-6619. Registration deadline: September 14, 2007. Space is limited.
CLE Registration – 7.25 hours CLE credit available to lawyers who attend
(Supreme Court of Ohio does not grant credit for a lunch speaker; that session isn’t counted in the total)
To obtain CLE credit hours, send a check for $200.00, payable to Case Western Reserve University, to "War Crimes Symposium," Case Western Reserve University School of Law, 11075 East Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44106. Registration deadline: September 14, 2007. Space is limited.
Publication – The symposium will be published in Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law Vol. 40. Visit the journal website for information about single issue purchase and subscriptions.
Cancellation – Case School of Law may cancel any program for which enrollment is insufficient. Advance registrants will be notified and will receive a full refund.
Refund Policy – Refunds for cancellations received on or before September 14, 2007 are subject to a $15 processing fee. No refunds granted after that date. Substitute registrations welcome.
Recording – Recording in any form is prohibited.
Accommodations – For your reference, the nearest hotels are: Glidden House Inn (216) 231-8900 and Intercontinental Suites Hotel & Conference Center (216) 707-4300. There is no official hotel for the symposium, however, visitor information and other area hotel listings can be found at www.cleveland.com/visit/
Cost of Policing Immigrants Questioned
Christy Goodman writes in the Washington Post:
Some Prince William County supervisors expressed concern yesterday about the estimated cost of a new policing plan to target criminals who may be in the country illegally, warning it could raise pressure to increase taxes.
Having police officers check the immigration status of people detained for shoplifting, traffic violations or other misdemeanors is projected to cost about $14.2 million over five years. Until now, such checks typically have been limited to people suspected of more serious crimes.
Police Chief Charlie T. Deane, front, developed the enforcement plan. He has said that lawsuits challenging the policy could be a source of added expense. (By Jahi Chikwendiu -- The Washington Post)
Yesterday the Board of County Supervisors heard details on the plan, which Police Chief Charlie T. Deane developed in response to a resolution approved in July to crack down on illegal immigrants.
"You are going to need extra funding in the budget and more resources," said Supervisor Maureen S. Caddigan (R-Dumfries). She said the additional policing expense could compete with other priorities, such as schools, as officials face lean budgets. "We need to be upfront with the people. . . . We know there will be a tax increase." Click here for the full story.
Immigrant of the Day: Liz Claiborne (Belgium)
Anne Elisabeth Jane "Liz" Claiborne (1929–2007) was a fashion designer and entrepreneur. Claiborne is best known for founding Liz Claiborne Inc. which in 1986 became the first company founded by a woman to make the Fortune 500.
Claiborne was born in Brussels. In 1939, at the start of World War II, the family moved to New Orleans. In 1949, Claiborne won the Jacques Heim National Design Contest and then moved to New York City where she worked for years in the Garment District as a sketch artist at a sportswear house. She worked as a designer for a number of companies. Claiborne, frustrated at the failure of the companies that she worked for to provide clothes for working women, started her own design company, Liz Claiborne Inc., in 1976. It was an immediate success with sales of $2 million in 1976 and $23 million in 1978. By 1988 it had acquired one-third of the American women's upscale sportswear market.
Liz Claiborne Inc. went public in 1981 and made the Fortune 500 in 1986 with retail sales of $1.2 billion. Claiborne brought some innovations to the business world. She listed all employees in the directory in alphabetical order to circumvent what she perceived as male hierarchies. She would sometimes pose as a saleswoman to see what average women thought of her clothes.
Liz Claiborne retired from active management in 1989.
September 19, 2007
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA EXPRESSES SUPPORT FOR PASSAGE OF THE DREAM ACT
On September 19, the University of California sent letters to California Sens. Dianne Feinstein and Barbara Boxer urging their continued support and leadership for passage of the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act. The DREAM Act may be attached to H.R. 1585, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 which is currently pending before the US Senate.
September 19, 2007
The Honorable Dianne Feinstein
The Honorable Barbara Boxer
United States Senate Washington, D.C. 20510
Dear Senators Feinstein and Boxer:
Thank you for your continued support for the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act, which will help thousands of children, who—through no fault of their own—find that their education and employment options are severely limited once they graduate from high school. At the University of California alone, if the DREAM Act were enacted, we estimate that up to 630 high-achieving students would benefit by becoming eligible for federal loans and work-study to help pay for their education.
The University of California strongly supports efforts to provide more affordable educational access to these students, who excel in elementary and secondary school and who live and work in our communities. We urge your continued leadership in helping to bring the DREAM Act to the Senate floor for a vote as an amendment to the Department of Defense authorization bill.
We applaud your work in trying to secure a path to legal status for these students who have been in our country for a long time. We remain hopeful that your Senate colleagues will support the DREAM Act to expand educational opportunity to hardworking students from across the nation, encourage the academic and creative contributions these students offer, and contribute to our state and nation through increased economic benefits.
A. Scott Sudduth Assistant Vice President University of California Federal Governmental Relations
P.S. The N.Y. Times also is on board with the DREAM Act.
Latinos, the GOP, and Immigration: Back to the Future?
Michael Gerson of the Washington Post has a good op/ed on how the Republicans "get-tough-on-immigraton" stance is contrary to the long run interests of the Republican Party. Latinos are increasingly seeing the Reps as the party of restrictionists, not inclusiveness. As the Latino population -- including the number or U.S. citizens -- swells, the negative perception of the GOP can hardly help it win future elections. Remember Pete Wilson? Many, perhaps most, people don't. Wilson rode California's anti-immigrant -- in a campaign with anti-Latino themes -- Proposition 187 into a second term as Governor in 1994. That was Wilson's last political hurrah. Does he even attend Republican conventions anymore?