Saturday, August 12, 2006

Reality TV: Minuteman Lives with Undocumented Family on "30 Days" on FX

This post is for true immigration junkies only.  As previously announced, a recent show of "30 Days" (FX) placed a member of the Minutemen, a  Cuban American, in the home of an undocumented Mexican immigrant family in East LA.  I do not watch much reality television but thought it was pretty good.  Over the hour, the Minuteman, Frank, became much more emphatatic to the immigrant family.  It was touching in places as well.   For more information, click here and follow the links to see a video excerpt of the show.  And if you are interested, watch for re-runs.

KJ

August 12, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

South Texas Pro Bono Asylum Representation Project (ProBAR) Attorney Position

The South Texas Pro Bono Asylum Representation Project (ProBAR) seeks an attorney to join the ProBAR Legal Orientation Project (LOP) in Harlingen, Texas. ProBAR is a national volunteer effort based in Harlingen, Texas that provides high quality representation to detained and indigent asylum seekers and other immigrants in South Texas. Legal immigrants and persons fleeing persecution from all over the world are detained in isolated South Texas pending administrative immigration court hearings. Others face summary deportation by Immigration Officers, without the benefit of appearing before the immigration court. These individuals frequently do not speak English, are unfamiliar with the legal system, and do not know how to sustain their burden of proof for relief from removal. Legal orientation and representation is crucial for these individuals; without it, deportation is a virtual certainty regardless of the merits of their claims. ProBAR is a project of the American Bar Association, the State Bar of Texas, and the American Immigration Lawyers Association, and also receives funding from the Executive Office for Immigration Review, Office of Refugee Resettlement, Texas Bar Foundation, and other sources. Responsibilities: The LOP attorney will conduct live, daily group rights presentations at the Port Isabel Detention Center, a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) detention center in South Texas. The attorney, together with a paralegal, will provide individual orientations to unrepresented detainees after the rights presentations. The attorney will also refer people with relief to the ProBAR Director for possible placement with a pro bono volunteer. The attorney and paralegal will provide regular workshops to unrepresented individuals to teach them how to represent themselves and monitor the cases of such individuals. The LOP attorney will help train and supervise pro bono lawyers and law students. The attorney will be responsible for regular reporting to LOP funders. The attorney will also provide limited direct representation to detained individuals, separate from the LOP program. Qualifications: The LOP attorney should have a fundamental knowledge of immigration law and immigration court procedures; public speaking skills; strong writing skills; ability to work well with others and to work under pressure; flexibility and strong communication skills; client interviewing abilities; and an appreciation of multicultural experiences. Must have been admitted to a bar (Texas bar is strongly preferred) or have taken a bar examination and be waiting for the results by start date. Spanish fluency is required; immigration court experience is strongly preferred. Compensation: The LOP attorney will be hired as a contractor of the American Bar Association, and will receive compensation commensurate with qualifications. The contract is for one year, and is subject to renewal based on performance and availability of funding. Applications: The position is available beginning immediately. Please send resumes to Meredith Linsky, ProBAR Director, 301 E. Madison Ave., Harlingen, Texas 78550; tel. (956) 425-9231; fax (956) 425-9233; e-mail: probar@sbcglobal.net.   Meredith is an alum of UC Davis School of Law and doing great work!

KJ

August 12, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Coerced Confessions from the Suspects in the Latest Terror Plot?

We have heard  years of false allegations by governments in the worldwide "war on terror," from U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft's claim that "dirty bomber" Jose Padilla could be jailed without being charged and without access to an attorney, to bogus charges against a Muslim ice cream truck driver and his son in terrorist hotbed Lodi, California.  I have become somewhat skeptical of government's claims of terrorist plots.  So, when the latest plot was uncovered, I was troubled a bit.  However, everyone seemed absolutely certain that we had luckily stumbled upon a true plot at mass descturction.  Maybe so.  But CNN, in an exclusive, reports that the lawyer for two of the suspects rounded up in a possible plot to bring down as many as 10 trans-Atlantic flights on Saturday criticized their treatment at the hands of British police. In an exclusive CNN interview, attorney Mudassar Irani listed a series of complaints, including the allegation that one of her clients had not received food and water for 26 hours. Police arrested 24 people in connection with the alleged terror plot, although one man was released after it was realized he was simply an innocent bystander, Rivers said. Although the names of many of the detainees have been confirmed by the Bank of England, which has frozen their accounts, Irani was unwilling to confirm the identities of her clients, referring to them by alphabetical letters assigned by police. She complained she was only able to meet with her clients for five minutes on Friday.   Click here for the full story.

August 12, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

German Immigrants in the U.S.

Here's an interesting website on the contributions of German immigrants to the United States:
http://www.hazelwood.k12.mo.us/~cdavis01/webquests/jfw/
At one point in the late 1800s, 800 German language journals were published in the U.S.

bh

August 12, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, August 11, 2006

More on Bush Policy Toward Cubans

The Bush administration said Friday it will relax immigration rules for a limited number of Cubans, focusing largely on reuniting families who have relatives in the United States.

The policy shift comes nearly two weeks after Cuban leader Fidel Castro's surprise handoff of power, to his brother, Raul, for health reasons. It aims, in part, to pressure his regime into giving Cubans official permission to head to the U.S. through safe and legal travels. Click here.

bh

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New Migration Policy Institute Book

Europe and Its Immigrants in the 21st Century: A New Deal or a Continuing Dialogue of the Deaf? Edited by Demetrios G. Papademetriou Published by MPI and the Luso-American Foundation, March 2006 Order online from MPI's bookstore European policymakers are attempting to develop immigration policies that meet economic needs and promote greater competitiveness and growth —without undermining the social models so valued by their electorates. To succeed, they must take into account aging populations, high and persistent levels of overall unemployment, even higher levels of unemployment among immigrants and ethnic minorities, and sector- and location-specific labor mismatches and shortfalls. In this volume, the Migration Policy Institute has gathered some of the leading European thinkers to offer insightful counsel and, wherever possible, solutions to Europe’s immigration challenges. The book’s contributors piece together the puzzle of a well-managed, comprehensive immigration regime, tackling issues ranging from immigration’s economic costs and benefits, to effective selection systems, citizenship, the welfare state, and integration policies that work. CONTENTS (view in PDF) FOREWORD By Rui Machete President of the Executive Council, Luso-American Foundation PREFACE AND PLAN OF THE BOOK INTRODUCTION Managing International Migration Better: Principles and Perspectives for Gaining More from Migration By Demetrios G. Papademetriou President, Migration Policy Institute INTEGRATION The Challenge of Integration in Europe By Sarah Spencer Associate Director, Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS), Oxford University Integration Processes of Migrants: Research Findings and Policy Lessons By Rinus Penninx, Professor, Ethnic Studies, University of Amsterdam Citizenship By T. Alexander Aleinikoff Dean, Georgetown University Law Center and Vice President, Law Center Affairs and Patrick Weil Senior Research Fellow, Centre d'histoire sociale du 20e siecle (CEPIC) Building Successful Urban Policy in the New Era of Migration By Jorge Gaspar Professor, Department of Geography, University of Lisbon and Maria Lucinda Fonseca Associate Professor, Department of Geography, University of Lisbon Practices and Policies for Immigrant Integration in the United States By Maia Jachimowicz, Research Assistant, Migration Policy Institute and Kevin O'Neil, Research Assistant, Migration Policy Institute ECONOMICS AND LABOR MIGRATION Migrants and the European Labor Market Rainer Münz, Head of Research, Erste Bank, Vienna, and Senior Research Fellow, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) and Thomas Straubhaar President, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) Is Immigration an Enemy of the Welfare State? Grete Brochmann Research Director, Institute for Social Research, Oslo and Jon Erik Dolvik Research Director, Fafo Institute for Labour and Social Research, Oslo The New Role of Migrants in the Rural Economies of Southern Europe By Charalambos Kasimis Professor, Rural Sociology, Deparment of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Agricultural University of Athens Future Demographic Change in Europe: The Contribution of Migration By Wolfgang Lutz Director, Vienna Institute of Demography, Austrian Academy of Sciences and Sergei Scherbov Leader, Research Group on Population Dynamics and Forecasting, Austrian Academy of Sciences Selecting Economic Migrants By Demetrios G. Papademetriou, President, Migration Policy Institute and Kevin O'Neil, Research Assistant, Migration Policy Institute.

KJ

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

More Vigilantes on the Loose

Fed up with what it says is a failure on the part of authorities to act on the area's illegal immigrant problem, a group purporting to be residents of the affluent, sprawling and isolated La Cresta, Tenaja and Santa Rosa communities is vowing to take matters into its own hands. A group calling itself Private Police Force announced last week on a new Web site that it will begin doing the job U.S. Border Patrol and the Riverside County Sheriff's Department aren't doing by conducting citizens' arrests on illegal immigrants and detaining them. If it follows through on its promise, the group would be taking things further than other anti-illegal immigration groups, such as The Minutemen Project, which have previously deployed their members to monitor the U.S.-Mexico border and only report illegal immigrant sightings.The Private Police Force is threatening to actually detain illegal immigrants. "They will be handcuffed to the Oak Trees," according to the group's Web site, so they can be picked up by authorities.

What are they smoking out there?  You can check this blog out in a few weeks to see pleadings in an upcoming civil rights suit. Click here for the whole story.

KJ

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Brennan Center (NYU) on Immigration Issues

The Brennan Center's Legal Services E-lert reports on civil legal services. THIS WEEK’S STORIES FEATURE STORY

1. In Historic Resolution, the American Bar Association Calls for a Right to Counsel in Civil Cases On August 3, 2006, the House of Delegates of the American Bar Association unanimously approved a resolution urging the government at the federal, state, and territorial levels to assure that poor people have a right to legal counsel in civil cases where basic human needs are at stake. Such cases, the resolution says, may include those that deal with shelter, sustenance, safety, health, or child custody. Michael S. Greco, the president of the ABA, says, “This is historic in the realm of an extraordinarily meaningful action by the ABA.” Greco and other proponents of the recommendation compared the recommendation’s potential impact to the 1963 ruling in Gideon v. Wainwright in which the Supreme Court declared that individuals are entitled to counsel in criminal cases. Laura Abel, Deputy Director of the Poverty Program at the Brennan Center for Justice, applauded the resolution, saying, "The ABA has taken a huge step towards ensuring that low-income people have meaningful access to our justice system." In partnership with clients and communities across the country, advocates intend to urge legislatures and courts to recognize the right to counsel in certain categories of cases and to make funding available to finance the right. James Podgers, A Civil Law Gideon: ABA House of Delegates Calls on Government to Recognize Right to Legal Counsel in Key Civil Cases, ABA Journal Annual Meeting Daily Report, Aug. 8, 2006; also base on original reporting by Brennan Center staff.

2. Unaccompanied Immigrant and Asylum-Seeking Children in the United States Can See New Video Explaining the Legal Process Unaccompanied immigrant and asylum-seeking children in the United States will receive assistance from a video recently produced by the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children. The video, entitled “What Happens When I Go to Immigration Court,” will help explain the legal system to the approximately 8,000 children who each year arrive in the United States alone. Many such children are trying to escape exploitation and violence. Praising the video, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) says, “This educational video is a much needed tool that will help these children better understand what they can expect in Immigration Court proceedings.” The video will be distributed nationally to legal services organizations, immigration courts, and pro bono attorneys and will be accompanied by a user’s guide. For more information see: www.womenscommission.org. Press Release, Women’s Commission for Refugee Women & Children, July 18, 2006; also based on original reporting by Brennan Center staff.

3. Controversial Day Laborer Ordinance is Implemented in Vista, California, as Judge Denies Temporary Restraining Order Sought by Legal Services Program and ACLU Officials in Vista, California have begun issuing citations to day laborer employers who violate a recently implemented city ordinance, now that a federal judge has denied a temporary restraining order to plaintiffs trying to block the ordinance. The ordinance, passed by the city in June 2006, requires employers of day laborers to register with the city, display a certificate on their car windshield, and present workers with written terms of employment. Last month, the LSC-funded California Rural Legal Assistance, Inc. (CRLA) and the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a lawsuit against the city on behalf of two day laborers and an employer of day laborers alleging that the ordinance restrains free speech and discriminates against day laborers. The plaintiffs also sought a temporary restraining order to prevent the city from enforcing the ordinance while the case is pending. On August 1, 2006, the judge denied the temporary restraining order, claiming that the plaintiffs had not demonstrated that they are “likely to prevail on the merits of the First Amendment claims articulated in the application.” However, David Blair-Loy, legal director for the ACLU of San Diego & Imperial Counties, says, “We’ve begun the process of showing the court what the true motivation for this ordinance is. As the case proceeds, we expect to prove that the city was motivated by unlawful discrimination, or at least by the desire to appease discrimination in the community.” Matthew Rodriguez, Judge Rejects Delaying Day-Labor Law; Vista Will Begin Issuing Citations Monday Morning, The San Diego Union-Tribune, Aug. 5, 2006. Also see Legal Services E-lert from July 28, 2006. ATTACKS 4. Legal Aid Organization & Farm Bureau Exchange Views Following Supreme Court Decision Approving Use of IOLTA Funds for Advocacy for Farm Workers in Washington Last month, the Washington State Supreme Court decided 7-2 to allow legal services programs to continue using state IOLTA funds to finance the representation of clients in legislative and rulemaking matters. Although the court reached a decision, debate about the issue continues. The Washington Farm Bureau had urged the court to alter its rules that have allowed legal services programs to use IOLTA funds to represent low-income clients, including farm workers, in legislative and rulemaking matters. Columbia Legal Services (CLS), a recipient of IOLTA funding distributed by the Legal Foundation of Washington, explains that this use of IOLTA funds helps ensure that all parties are represented in both the courts and the legislature. Dan Fazio, the Farm Bureau's employer services director, says, "[The Washington Supreme Court justices] are sending public funds to a private firm for lobbying and political activity . . . I don't know one voter in this state who believes that public funds should be provided to a private firm for lobbying and political activity." John Midgley, the director of CLS, explains that if the Farm Bureau and other groups can address legal disputes at the state house, lawyers for poor people should be able to do the same. He says, "What this is really about for us is having everybody represented in these things . . . Why shouldn't everybody have a voice?" Curt Woodward, Legal Services Firm, Farm Bureau Face Off Over Lobbying, The Associated Press, Aug. 5, 2006; also based on original reporting by Brennan Center staff. Also see Legal Services E-lert from July 14, 2006. ANNOUNCEMENTS 5. LSC Soliciting Suggestions for FY 2008 Budget Request to Congress The LSC is beginning the process of developing its FY 2008 budget request to Congress and is soliciting suggestions as to what the request should be. As part of its annual budget and appropriations process, LSC each year notifies the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) of the budget request it anticipates submitting to Congress for the next fiscal year. LSC is currently in the process of formulating its FY 2008 budget request and OMB’s due date for submission of this information is October 15, 2006. Comments should be submitted by mail, fax, or e-mail by September 1, 2006 to Charles Jeffress, Chief Administrative Officer, Legal Services Corporation, 3333 K St., NW, Washington, DC 20007; 202-337-6386 (fax); cjeffress@lsc.gov. 71 Fed. Reg. 45859-01 (Aug. 10, 2006).

The Legal Services E-lert is authored by David Pedulla and edited by Laura Abel and David Udell. Because the E-lert summarizes stories reported by others, the views presented are not necessarily those of the Brennan Center. In the event that a legal services program is the subject of a particularly adverse story, we strive to afford that program an opportunity to comment before the E-lert goes to press. The Legal Services E-lert is proprietary information. The Brennan Center encourages readers to distribute the E-lert to other audiences, but asks that readers who do so credit the Brennan Center as the author. You can sign up to receive the E-lert, examine archived copies of previous E-lerts, or provide the E-lert with information about your work or clippings from your local paper at http://www.brennancenter.org/programs/prog_ht_legal_elert.html You can obtain information about civil legal services for low income clients or about the Brennan Center at http://www.brennancenter.org

KJ

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Another Perspective on Lebanon

From a story from Al-Ahram Weekly:

How do we sleep while Beirut is burning? The battlefront of Lebanon against Israel has an inroad that will generate a national liberation movement, akin to that in Palestine. Both, argues Hamid Dabashi, are more likely to export democracy back to Iran than to import an Islamic Republic into Lebanon and Palestine.

For the full story, click here.

KJ

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Criticsim of President Bush's Statement about "Islamic Fascists"

On August 10th, President George W. Bush, responding to the arrest of several Muslim citizens of the United Kingdom on charges of allegedly plotting terrorist activities against civilians utilizing air traffic between the United Kingdom and the U.S., blamed "Islamic fascists" for the foiled terrorist plot and commented that the subsequent arrests "are stark reminder that this nation (the United States) is at war with "Islamic fascists" who will use any means to - to destroy those of us who love freedom, to hurt our nation."

The Muslim American Society's Freedom Foundation (MAS Freedom) in response to these remarks, issued the following statement:

MAS Freedom Foundation, representing the Muslim American Society, condemns the remarks made by President Bush and his unfortunate and misleading characterization of "Islamic Fascism" (also Bush-coined as "Islamo-Fascism") as a motive for the alleged plot by a handful of Muslim citizens of the United Kingdom to carry out criminal acts of violence against civilian aircraft. We, as peaceful and justice-loving Muslims, deeply resent the implication that "fascism" is an integral part of our faith tradition, or that it is condoned by those of us who practice the religion of Islam. In fact, there is absolutely no evidence that supports the legitimacy of any form of state-sponsored violence and injustice, either in our revealed text, the Holy Qur'an, or in the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad, Peace be Upon Him. The Muslim American Society, while completely and unalterably condemning any and all acts of religious extremism in the name of Islam, or any other faith, strongly believe that any attribution of wrongdoing or violence cannot, and must not, stigmatize any particular faith, including the religion of Islam. There are extremist elements in virtually all religious communities, and we must all work resolutely to uproot and end all forms of violence and hatred by any individuals who carry out reprehensible deeds in the name of God. While cautioning the public not to condemn the alleged conspirators from the United Kindgom "until there has been a complete investigation and all of the facts are determined", MAS Freedom Foundation Executive Director, Imam Mahdi Bray, noted that "Islam is constantly referred to by the international news media as the theological basis for terrorism and now, fascism." "But the same media never associated the Catholic faith as a root cause of Italian fascism under Benito Mussolini in the 1930's, or the Jewish faith as a religious motivation for the violent, anti-Palestinian conduct of many Israeli settlers in the West bank and Gaza. Islam, alone among the three major Abrahamic faiths, has been tarred with the brush of legitimized extremism and violence in the name of God. "This is an association that has no basis in our faith, and an association that we vigorously reject," Imam Bray added. "The Qur'an is explicit in it's call for justice for oppressed people, but never at the expense of the deliberate taking of innocent lives. The misdeeds or alleged misdeeds of some Muslims cannot be used to stereotype a community of more that a billion believers and President Bush should retract his unfortunate and selectively damaging use of the term 'Islamic Fascism'." The Muslim American Society and MAS Freedom Foundation encourages all Muslims, and people of faith and good will, to protest the mischaracterization of Islam and the association of our faith with fascism or any other form of oppression. MAS Freedom Foundation is currently coordinating a joint-statement by American Muslim leaders condemning this unfortunate misrepresentation by President Bush and calling for its retraction.

KJ

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Immigration in the News

Undocumented Fair Grounds Cleaning Crew Arrested:  Do You Feel Safer?  Will this begin to Reduce the 12 Million Undocumented Immigrants in the US?

Special Agents from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement have arrested 41 illegal aliens that were found working at America's Fair in Hamburg, NY. The investigation started after agents received a credible tip from a member of the public late Wednesday evening. This morning the agents determined that the aliens were working for a cleaning company that is a sub contractor at the fair grounds and made the arrests.  Click here for the ICE press release.

Citizens required to Show passports at Border?

Today's Federal Register notice from the Department of State and Customs and Border Protection, proposing that U.S. citizens be required to show passports when entering the U.S., beginning January 8, 2007.  Click here for the regs.

Sign of the Times:  "Disappeared in America" a Regular News Feature

Disappeared in America is a new, regular feature profiling immigrants who've been detained or deported and whose cases illustrate unjust or inhumane features of the Department of Homeland Security's immigration and detention systems. The first report chronicles the story of a Sikh man who chose to be deported back to India, where he had been tortured, rather than languish in limbo in detention in California. Camille T. Taiara is editor of NAM's "Disappeared in America" series and reports on immigration and post-Sept. 11 civil liberties issues. Click here for one installment in the series.

Thanks to Dan Kowalski for the tips.  Mke sure and check out his posts on http://www.ijjblog.org and http://bibdaily.com/

KJ

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Immigration Judges Sign Collective Bargaining Agreement

After seven years of negotiations, the Justice Department and a union representing 218 immigration judges signed their first collective-bargaining agreement yesterday.

Leaders of the union, the National Association of Immigration Judges, said the contract would improve communication between Justice headquarters and the judges, who serve in 53 cities and detention centers across the country, by guaranteeing quarterly meetings to discuss security, workload and other issues.

As we have reported on numerous occasions in recent months, the immigration judges have been hit with a series of complaints about their temperament and the quality of their decisions, prompting criticism by federal judges and a review by senior Justice officials. Click here.

bh

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Judgment at Nuremberg Conference 29 September – 1 October 2006 Washington University School of Law

World War II didn’t end on the battlefield, it ended in a Courtroom with twenty-one members of the Nazi high command standing inside Nuremberg’s Palace of Justice and pleading not guilty. At Washington University School of Lawm academics will we rethink the meaning and contemporary relevance of the Nuremberg Judgment. Symposium on international criminal law; commemoration of the trial of major German war criminals at the end of World War II and its impact on international law, the judicial system, world peace and order; special commentary and film documentary. v Crimes Against Humanity, Including Genocide v Offenses Against the Laws and Customs of War v The Crime of Aggressive War v The Prosecution of War Criminals at Nuremberg v Prosecuting International Crimes after Nuremberg v The International Criminal Court – 21st Century v A World of Peace Under the Rule of Law CLE (19.5 credits). Agenda, speakers, registration information available at http://law.wustl.edu/HIGLS/Conferences/nuremberg/

Whitney Harris, U.S. Nuremberg Prosecutor John O. Haley and Leila N. Sadat, Washington University, Law Larry May, Washington University, Philosophy Contact for additional information: Linda McClain, Assistant Director Harris Institute for Global Legal Studies lmcclain@wulaw.wustl.edu or 935.7988

.

August 11, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, August 10, 2006

Report on Immigrant Women

Immigrant Women In The United States: A Demographic Portrait

by Susan C. Pearce

Executive Summary

The migration of women to the United States is characterized by two contradictory trends. On the one hand, over the past 20 years women have comprised a growing share of new legal immigrants admitted to the country, a trend which mirrors the feminization of migration in Europe, Africa, and Latin America since 1960. On the other hand, since 1970 women have constituted a declining share of the U.S. foreign-born population as a whole. This most likely is due to the fact that the hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants entering the country each year are predominantly male, although the numbers of undocumented women are on the rise. Reflecting the overall increase in both legal and undocumented immigration by men and women alike in recent decades, nearly half of all foreign-born women in the United States entered the country since 1990.

As with their male counterparts, today's immigrant women are most likely to come from Mexico, China, India, or the Philippines, and to settle in California, New York, Texas, or Florida. Women signifi cantly outnumber men among immigrants from Germany, the Philippines, and South Korea. Conversely, men significantly outnumber women among Mexican, Salvadoran, and Indian immigrants. Immigrant women today are more likely than in the past to be single, to have few children, and to join the labor force. The highest rates of employment are found among women from Jamaica and the Philippines. Foreign-born women are much less likely to have graduated from high school than native-born women, but nearly as likely to have completed college and slightly more likely to have a doctorate or professional degree. The top two occupations among both foreign-born and native-born women are "office and administrative support," followed by "sales and related," while foreign-born men are concentrated in "construction and extraction," followed by "production". About a third of newly admitted legal immigrants who are women work in professional fields.

Although changing gender roles have opened up new educational, professional, and personal opportunities for women in many parts of the world, immigrant women often find the United States to be especially liberating in this regard when compared to their home countries. However, gender disparities persist. Foreign-born women in the United States earn lower wages than either native-born women or foreign-born and native-born men. Among the recipients of employment-based visas, women are far more likely than men to be "dependent" visa holders (the spouses or children of workers receiving visas) as opposed to "principal" visa holders (the workers themselves). And immigrant women are more likely than immigrant men to enter the country as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens through the family-based immigration system. Nevertheless, modern immigrant women in the United States-like modern native-born women-have entered a greater range of occupations and achieved higher levels of independence than at any time in the past.

Among the findings of this report:

Patterns of Female Migration

  • The proportion of new legal immigrants admitted into the United States who   were female rose from 49.8 percent in Fiscal Year (FY) 1985 to 54.5 percent in   FY 2004.  
  • The proportion of the adult foreign-born population in the United States   that is comprised of women declined from 54.6 percent in 1970 to 50.4 percent   in 2004.

Visas and Classes of Admission

  • In FY 2004, 47.3 percent of all female immigrants legally admitted into   the United States entered the country through the immediate-relative category   of the family-based immigration system, compared to 37.6 percent of male   immigrants.  
  • In FY 2004, 26.8 percent of women who received employment-based visas were   principal visa holders (compared to 73.2 percent who were dependents of a   principal visa holder), while 65.3 percent of men receiving employment-based   visas were principals (vs. 34.7 percent who were dependents).

Countries of Origin

  • As of 2004, the largest number of adult foreign-born women came from   Mexico-four-and-a-half times more than came from China, which was the number   two sending country. The remaining top-ten sending countries were the   Philippines, India, Vietnam, South Korea, Cuba, El Salvador, Germany, and   Canada.  
  • As of 2004, the proportion of the adult foreign-born population comprised   of women was largest among Germans (65 percent), Filipinos (59 percent), and   South Koreans (56 percent)-and lowest among Mexicans (44 percent), Salvadorans   (46 percent), and Indians (47 percent).

Places of Residence

  • As of 2004, 28 percent of all adult foreign-born women lived in   California. The remaining top-ten states of residence for foreign-born women   were New York, Florida, Texas, New Jersey, Illinois, Massachusetts, Arizona,   Washington, and Virginia.

Presence in the Labor Market

  • In 2004, 54 percent of adult foreign-born women were in the labor force,   with the highest employment rates found among women from Jamaica (84 percent)   and the Philippines (80 percent).

Occupations

  • As of 2004, 15.7 percent of all employed, adult foreignborn women worked   in "office and administrative support," followed by "sales and related" at 11   percent.  
  • In FY 2004, 31.6 percent of all employed, adult women who legally   immigrated to the United States worked in "professional and technical fields,"   followed by "service" (19.9 percent) and "operators, fabricators, and   laborers" (13 percent).

Wages

  • In 2003, 61.7 percent of foreign-born women earned less than $25,000,   compared to 54.4 percent of native-born women and 47.8 percent of foreign-born   men.  
  • In 2003, 5.2 percent of foreign-born women earned $75,000 or more,   compared to 4.7 percent of native-born women and 10.8 percent of foreign-born   men.

Education

  • In 2000, 37.9 percent of foreign-born women lacked a high-school diploma   (compared to 17 percent of native-born women), while 20.3 percent of   foreign-born women had a bachelor's degree or more (compared to 21.4 percent   of native-born women).  
  • In 2000, foreign-born women were about as likely as native-born women to   have a doctorate (0.8 percent vs. 0.5 percent) or a professional degree (1.9   percent vs. 1.2 percent).

Marital Status and Family Size

  • In 2004, 62.3 percent of foreign-born women were married, compared to 52.8   percent of native-born women. And 43.7 percent of married immigrant women had   no children, while another 42.5 percent had just one or two.

See ILW.com

bh

August 10, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

California GOP Planning Their Own Hearings

Republican legislative leaders Wednesday announced that a new task force will hold a series of anti-undocumented immigration town-hall meetings throughout the state -- a move that drew attacks and questions of legality from Democrats.

A Republican spokesman said the task force hopes to ``give voice'' to those who haven't been heard on the issue, avoid a ``shouting match'' with immigrant advocates and pressure the Legislature to act on undocumented-immigration problems.

About a half-dozen meetings are expected beginning this month, before the Legislature's scheduled end of its 2005-06 session Aug. 31. The Democrat-dominated Legislature is debating a handful of measures related to undocumented immigration as it wraps up for the year. A general election looms Nov. 7, as well. Click here.

bh

August 10, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New Immigration Articles

Blum, Susan S. Note. The Illegal Immigration Reform & Immigrant Responsibility Act's one-year filing deadline on applications for asylum: the narrowing interpretation and application of exceptions to the filing deadline. 22 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 463-489 (2005).

Lombardo, Michele L., Annigje J. Buwalda and Patricia Bast Lyman. Terrorism, material support, the inherent right to self-defense, and the U.S. obligation to protect legitimate asylum seekers in a post-9/11, post-Patriot Act, post-Real ID Act world. 4 Regent J. Int'l L. 237-261 (2006).

Worker Protection and the Informal Sector. Articles by Guy Davidov, Benard Ryan, David Weil and Amanda Pyles. 27 Comp. Lab. L. & Pol'y J. 1- 92 (2005).

KJ

August 10, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Migration unbound: Challenging the limits of modern democracy

The new online journal Re-public invites contributions for its upcoming special issue entitled "Migration unbound". In the contemporary political discourse of the international, migration has been represented as a force of uncertainty for regional and global order and a threat to the security of nation states. These negative representations have overshadowed the potential challenge that international migrations represent for the development of new forms of democratic theory and practice. Diverse phenomena such as the emergence of new forms of hybrid identities, the development of transnational networks, the (re)birth of diasporic belongings have highlighted creative avenues of escape from the impasse that democratic societies face. This issue aims at exploring migrations as movements that open up the limits of modern democracies to the forces of transnationalism and globalization calling for alternative forms of representation that challenge national borders and putting in question the citizen/alien divide. Possible topics include: * Processes of securitization and desecuritization of migration * Positive and negative conceptualizations of migration * Human rights and migration * Migrant identities * Hybridity as a creative form of democratic belonging * Transnationalism * Diasporas * New forms of citizenship * Migrant social movements Essays should be approximately 1.000 words long. Please submit contributions in any electronic format to: phatzopoulos AT re-public.gr Deadline for articles: 20 September 2006 For more information, see www.re-public.gr/en/

KJ

August 10, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

U.S. Government Anti-Classical Piano :)

Onders200

Ferhan and Ferzan Önder, a pair of glamorous twin sisters from Turkey whose performances as a piano duo have been attracting favorable attention on the European concert circuit, have cancelled their recital scheduled for tonight in Park City, Utah. The Önders and their presenters were unable to secure a U.S. entry visa in time for the concert.  Click here for the full story.

Will you sleep better (and feel safer) tonight?

KJ

August 10, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Study on Economic Impacts of Immigration at the Local Level

Rapid increases in the foreign-born population at the state level are not associated with negative effects on the employment of native-born workers, according to a study by the Pew Hispanic Center that examines data during the boom years of the 1990s and the downturn and recovery since 2000.   Click here for the study.

KJ

August 10, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New Study on Immigrants and Jobs

The Pew Hispanic Center released a study today assessing the impact of immigration on jobs for native-born workers in the U.S.  The study, also summarized in today's Washington Post, finds that:

Rapid increases in the foreign-born population at the state level are not associated with negative effects on the employment of native-born workers. An analysis of the relationship between growth in the foreign-born population and the employment outcomes of native-born workers revealed wide variations but no consistent pattern across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The size of the foreign-born workforce, its relative youth and low education level are also unrelated to the employment prospects for native workers. These findings emerge from the analysis of Census Bureau data for the boom years of the 1990s and the subsequent recession and slowdown.

Among the study's findings, as reported by the Post:

-Twenty-two states had immigration levels above the national average from 1990 to 2000. Among them, 14 had employment rates for native-born workers above the national average in 2000, and eight had employment rates below the national average.

-Twenty-eight states and the District of Columbia had immigration levels below the national average from 1990 to 2000. Among them, 16 had above average employment rates for native-born workers in 2000, and 13 had below average employment rates.

-Twenty-four states had immigration levels above the national average from 2000 to 2004. Among them, 13 states had employment rates for native-born Americans above the national average in 2004, and 11 had employment rates below the national average.

-Twenty-six states and the District of Columbia had immigration levels below the national average from 2000 to 2004. Among them, 12 had employment rates for native-born Americans above the national average, and 15 had employment rates below the national average.

A link to the full study is here.

-jmc

August 10, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)