Saturday, January 7, 2006

Migration News: January 2006

The January 2006 issue of Migration News is out.  You can check it out on the link below, and suvbscribe electorinically -- for free.  See below.

MIGRATION NEWS Vol. 13, No. 1, January 2006 Migration News summarizes the most important immigration and integration developments of the preceding quarter. Topics are grouped by region: North America, Europe, Asia and Other. There are two versions of Migration News. The paper edition is about 12,000 words in length, and the email version about 25,000. The purpose of Migration News is to provide a quarterly summary of recent immigration developments that can be read in 60 minutes or less. Many issues also contain summaries and reviews of recent research publications. Distribution is by email. If you wish to subscribe, send your email address to: Migration News migrant@primal.ucdavis.edu> Current and back issues may be accessed via Internet on the Migration News Home Page--http://migration.ucdavis.edu There is no charge for an email subscription to Migration News. Migration News is produced with the support of the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the University of California-Berkeley Center for German and European Studies.
Editor: Philip Martin
Managing Editor: Cecily Sprouse
Department of Ag and Resource Economics,
One Shields Ave
University of California, Davis
Davis CA 95616
Tel (530) 752-1530
Fax: (530) 758-4928
Email: migrant@primal.ucdavis.edu
Home Page: http://migration.ucdavis.edu ISSN 1081-9916
RESOURCES
______________________________
GEP 2006: Migrants Reduce Poverty

The World Bank's Global Economic Prospects 2006 report, released in November 2005, highlights the potential benefits of migration for migrants and their countries of origin: "The challenge facing policymakers is to fully achieve the potential economic benefits of migration, while managing the associated social and political implications."

GEP 2006 urges new guest worker programs to benefit migrants and developing countries: "Managed migration programs, including temporary work visas for low-skilled migrants in industrial countries, could help alleviate problems associated with a large stock of irregular migrants, and allow increased movement of temporary workers."

GEP 2006 estimated global remittances at $232 billion in 2005, including $167 billion to developing countries (a third of the remittances to developing countries may have come from migrants in other developing countries, as from Indonesians in Malaysia). India received the most remittances, $21.7 billion; followed by China, $21.3 billion; Mexico, $18.1 billion; France, $12.7 billion; and the Philippines, $ 11.6 billion, including the $8.5 billion from OFWs and $3.1 billion from Filipinos settled abroad.

Remittances to developing countries have doubled since 2000, with half the increase accounted for by China, India and Mexico. Countries in which remittances are the highest share of GDP include Tonga, 31 percent, Moldova, 27 percent, and Lesotho, 26 percent.

GEP 2006 calls for more efforts to reduce the cost of remitting migrant savings, and opposes government efforts to subsidize or tax remittances. Remittances are private monies, according to the GEP, and should not be considered a substitute for ODA.

Chapter 2 estimates the potential gain from more migration. The labor force of the high-income countries, 481 million in 2001, is projected to decline to 474 million by 2025, while the labor force of developing countries is projected rise from 2.6 billion to 3.6 billion over this period (p30). In 2001, there were 28 million migrant workers from developing counties in high-income countries, including 25 million unskilled and three million unskilled workers.

Using a CGE model, the World Bank estimated the impacts of increasing the number of developing country migrants by 14 million by 2025, bringing the total to 42 million, including 35 million unskilled and 7.4 million skilled migrants. The composition of migrants is assumed to be the same in 2025 as in 2001, for instance, 30 percent of those in the US are Mexican.

The global net gain in economic output from this additional migration from developing to high-income countries is $356 billion, or 0.6 percent of global GDP, or more than the estimated gains from reducing trade restrictions. An early estimate based on 1997 data found that a similar increase in developing to developed country migration would generate a global income gain of $150 billion.

The World Bank model recognizes that adding migrants to the labor force will have impacts on particular groups of workers. However, its model finds that most of the impacts are on migrants similar to the newcomers, so that increasing the number of unskilled migrants lowers primarily the wages of unskilled migrants already in the country, as does increasing the number of skilled migrants. The major beneficiaries of the increased migration are owners of capital- profits and rents rise with more workers.

Three categories of migrant workers are growing fastest: highly skilled workers, students and seasonal unskilled workers. Industrial countries have made it easiest for highly skilled workers to move, and many IT specialists and health care workers have moved to industrial countries. Their exit may slow growth in their countries of origin, but the World Bank notes that the typically small and island countries with the highest rates of emigration have only a small share of the global population, and often cannot employ their skilled professionals.

The greatest gains from migration involve low-skilled workers, where wage gaps are largest. In countries of emigration, the wages of remaining unskilled workers should rise as migrants leave, but this did not happen in Albania, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Furthermore, since most migrants are not from the ranks of the poorest of the sending countries, migration can narrow the gap between those in the middle-income ranks and the rich, while widening the gaps between the poor who do and do not benefit from remittances.

GEP 2006 adds another voice calling for more guest worker programs to accelerate poverty reduction in developing countries. It notes that over two-thirds of the increase in migrants in industrial countries over the past two decades occurred in just two countries, the US and Germany. They have 40 percent of the population in high-income countries, and their migration policy decisions could affect how fast the number of migrants occurs.

Moving migrants from rural to urban areas should have similar economic impacts, as migrants move from lower to higher wage areas.

World Bank. 2005. Global Economic Prospects. The Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. www.worldbank.org/prospects/gep2006.

______________________________
World Bank: Brain Drain, Migrants

Brain Drain. Small to medium-size developing countries have the highest percentage of their college-educated citizens abroad, often a third or more. Skilled worker emigration may limit their development, even if the migrants send remittances to families who stay behind and some of these remittances are spent on education and health care.

The United States, Britain, Canada and Australia attract the most doctors from Africa and the Caribbean, with countries such as Ghana reporting that 30 percent of their doctors have emigrated. The US has 22,000 first-year residency slots to fill each year, but only about 17,000 medical school graduates, with international medical graduates (US citizens and foreigners trained abroad) filling the gap.

More young people in Africa want to go to university, but classes are often overfilled. At Makerere University in Uganda, once known as the Harvard of Africa, professors often strike to get their wages and students to get their scholarships; enrollment rose from 5,000 in 1984 to 40,000 in 2004. Many African leaders educate their children abroad and worry that educating local youth could lead to protests and calls for reform.

Best and Brightest. Kapur and McHale outline four channels through which the emigration of skilled workers can affect their countries of origin. The prospect channel refers to the fact that the opportunity to go abroad may encourage Filipino youth to become nurses to earn higher wages abroad. The absence channel examines the effects of emigration on those remaining behind. The Diaspora channel refers to links between those abroad and at home, such as remittances, and the fourth channel, returns, examines the effects of having residents who spent significant time abroad.

Kapur and McHale argue that skilled migrants will move in larger numbers to developed countries because business wants the world's best and brightest, because aging increases the demand for care givers, and as globalization allows trade and highly skilled migration to rise together. They outline "C-channels" for responding to more global migration of professionals: control in sending and receiving countries, compensation from receiving to sending countries, creation of more professionals in receiving countries, and connections to increase the circulation of professionals.

Author Perkins worked for Boston-based Chas. T. Main, whose 2,000 employees allegedly helped ensure that loans made to promote development benefited primarily US firms. Perkins argues that poor countries are often "tricked" into taking on excessive debt by overly optimistic projections of the payoffs from infrastructure projects, which gives US lenders clout to unlock their natural resources in order to repay the debt.

Perkins alleged that Omar Torrijos, the Panamanian president who died in a plane crash, was killed because he wanted the Japanese to build a sea-level canal that would not involve Bechtel Corp, whose president George Schultz became President Reagan's Secretary of State and whose general counsel was Casper Weinberger, Reagan's Secretary of Defense.

Emily Wax, "Underfunded and Overrun, 'Harvard of Africa' Struggles to Teach," Washington Post, October 29, 2005. Schiff, Maurice and Caglar Ozden. Eds. 2005. International Migration, Remittances and the Brain Drain. World Bank. Kapur, Devesh and John McHale. 2005. Give Us Your Best and Brightest. Center for Global Development. www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/4473/ Perkins, John. 2004. Confessions of an Economic Hit Man. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Kapur, Devesh and John McHale. 2005. Give Us Your Best and Brightest. Center for Global Development. www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/4415

KJ

January 7, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Rural Migration News

The latest Rural Migration News is out.  To check it out, see the weblonk beolow.  Also, you can subscribe by e-mail -- for free.

RURAL MIGRATION NEWS Vol. 12, No. 1 January 2006

Rural Migration News summarizes the most important migration-related affecting immigrant farm workers in California and the United States during the preceding quarter. Topics are grouped by category: Rural Areas, Farm Workers, Immigration, Other, and Resources. There are two editions of Rural Migration News. The paper edition has about 10,000 words, and the email version about 20,000 words. Distribution is by email. If you wish to subscribe, send your email address to: rural@primal.ucdavis.edu Current and back issues can be accessed at: http://migration.ucdavis.edu There is no charge for the email Migration News. Philip Martin, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of California, Davis, California 95616 USA. Rural Migration News is produced with the support of the Farm, Giannini, Northwest Area and Smith Richardson Foundations.

Editors: Philip Martin, J. Edward Taylor, and Michael Fix Managing Editor: Cecily Sprouse
rural@primal.ucdavis.edu http://migration.ucdavis.edu ISSN 1086-5845 Paper Edition ISSN 1086-5837
The New Rural Poverty

We are pleased to announce the publication of The New Rural Poverty: Agriculture and Immigration in California. 2006. Urban Institute Press (www.uipress.org/). Part 1 of this three-part, eight-chapter book reviews patterns of migration to fill US farm jobs and the interactions between the availability of migrants and the number of farm jobs. Part 2 deals with immigrants in particular commodities and areas, presenting the perspectives of farm employers, local leaders, and migrant advocates on the changing face of rural America from California's coastal and inland valleys to Midwestern meatpacking towns. Part 3 deals with the proposed AgJOBS immigration reform and the challenge of integrating immigrants and their children who settle in agricultural areas.

KJ

January 7, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Jan. 9 Immigration Law Daily News

Section By Section Summary Of Sensenbrenner Bil: Gregory Siskind provides a section by section summary of Sensenbrenner's bill. http://www.ilw.com/articles/2006,0109-siskind.shtm
http://www.visalaw.com

Beyond The Border Buildup: Towards A New Approach To Mexico- US Migration

Douglas S. Massey for the Immigration Policy Center writes "A proper understanding of the causes of international migration suggests that punitive immigration and border policies tend to backfire, and this is precisely what has happened in the case of the US and Mexico." http://www.ilw.com/articles/2006,0109-massey.shtm
http://sociology.princeton.edu/people/faculty/faculty.php

DHS Announces New USCIS Director


The USCIS announced that Emilion Gonzalez will immediately beginhis tenure as USCIS Director, an Undersecretary rank position within the Department of Homeland Security. http://www.ilw.com/immigdaily/news/2006,0109-USCIS.pdf

KJ

January 7, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Like Locusts? Proposals to Eliminate Birthright Citizenship or "Let's Return to Dred Scott"

http://www.usdoj.gov/olc/deny.tes.31.htm

LEGISLATION DENYING CITIZENSHIP AT BIRTH TO CERTAIN CHILDREN BORN IN THE UNITED STATES

A bill that would deny citizenship to children born in the United
States to certain classes of alien parents is unconstitutional on its face. A constitutional amendment to restrict birthright citizenship, although not technically unlawful, would flatly contradict the Nation's
constitutional history and constitutional traditions. December 13, 1995

STATEMENT BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEES ON IMMIGRATION AND CLAIMS AND ON THE CONSTITUTION OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

Throughout this country's history, the fundamental legal principle governing citizenship has been that birth within the territorial limits of the United States confers United States citizenship. The Constitution itself rests on this principle of the common law. (1) As Justice Noah Swayne wrote in one of the first judicial decisions interpreting the Civil Rights Act of 1866, (2) the word "Citizens 'under our constitution and laws means free inhabitants born within the United States or naturalized under the laws of Congress.' We find no warrant for the opinion that this great principle of the common law has ever been changed in the United States." (3) When Justice Swayne wrote these words, the nation was only beginning to recover from a great Civil War sparked in no small part by the Supreme Court's tragically misguided decision in the Dred Scott case. (4) That decision sought to modify the founders' rule of citizenship by denying American citizenship to a class of persons born within the United States. In response to Dred Scott and to the Civil War, Congress enacted the 1866 Act, and Congress and the States adopted the Fourteenth Amendment in order to place the right to citizenship based on birth within the jurisdiction of the United States beyond question. Any restriction on that right contradicts both the Fourteenth Amendment and the underlying principle that the amendment safeguards.

The several bills and resolutions now before Congress that would deny citizenship to children born in the United States to certain classes of alien parents raise various issues of law and policy. My testimony today will address two points of constitutional law. First, because the rule of citizenship acquired by birth within the United States is the law of the Constitution, it cannot be changed through legislation, but only by amending the Constitution. A bill such as H.R. 1363, 104th Cong. (1995), the "Citizenship Reform Act of 1995," that purports to deny citizenship by birth to persons born within the jurisdiction of this country is unconstitutional on its face. Second, the proposed constitutional amendments on this topic conflict with basic constitutional principles. To adopt such an amendment would not be technically unlawful, but it would flatly contradict our constitutional history and our constitutional traditions. Affirming the citizenship of African-Americans that Dred Scott had denied, in 1862 President Lincoln's Attorney General wrote an opinion for the Secretary of the Treasury asserting "[a]s far as I know . . . you and I have no better title to the citizenship which we enjoy than the 'accident of birth' -- the fact that we happened to be born in the United States." (5) Today, in 1995, we cannot and should not try to solve the difficult problems illegal
immigration poses by denying citizenship to persons whose claim to be recognized as Americans rests on the same constitutional footing as that of any natural-born citizen. Members of both of your subcommittees have worked vigorously, with the Department of Justice on an evenhanded bipartisan
basis, on legislation and oversight to address these problems.

For more check out the link above.

KJ

January 7, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

"They Keep Coming" -- More Asylum Reverse and Remands

Care of Dan Kowalski

Giday v. Gonzales (asylum; 7th Cir.)

http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data2/circs/2nd/034166p.pdf

KJ

http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data2/circs/7th/041962p.pdf

Ivanishvili v. Gonzales (asylum; 2d Cir.)

January 7, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, January 6, 2006

$54M Verdict Upheld Against Salvadoran Generals

Atlanta, GA: Jan. 6, 2006. The US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has upheld a $54.6 million jury verdict against Generals Jose Guillermo Garcia and Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova, two former Ministers of Defense who oversaw the worst period of human rights violations in El Salvador's history.

The plaintiffs in the case--Juan Romagoza, Neris Gonzalez and Carlos Mauricio--were tortured during the early 1980s at the hands of El Salvador's repressive military. Garcia and Vides Casanova came to the US in 1989 and continue to lilve in South Florida today.

The San Francisco-based Center for Justeice & Accountability (CJA) filed the case in May 1999 under two federal statutes, the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) and the Torture Victim Protection ACt (TVPA). In 2002, after a four week trial, a West Palm Beach jury found the generals responsible for the torture of the three plaintiffs and ordered them to pay $54.6 million in damages.

The generals appealed the verdict, arguing that the case was not filed within the 10 year statute of limitations period permitted by the ATCA and TVPA. 

In early 2005, the Eleventh Circuit issued an opinion initially overturning the verdict based on the statute of limitations issue.  However, in a rare move, the Eleventh Circuit vacated the order in August 2005.  With the most recent ruling the appeals court has now affirmed the jury verdict and stated decisively that the doctrine of “equitable tolling” applies to this case, meaning the plaintiffs’ delay in filing their claims was justified. 

Judge Gerald Bard Tjoflat, who authored the opinion, wrote, “This case . . . exemplifies the kind of ‘extraordinary circumstances’ that, in the interests of justice, require equitable tolling.”  The court found that the 10-year statute of limitations can be suspended not only until the time that the defendants came to the United States but also until the time that widespread violence in El Salvador subsided with the signing of peace accords in 1992.   Before that time, the plaintiffs could not have taken steps to bring the generals to justice without fear of reprisal.

Matt Eisenbrandt, CJA’s Litigation Director, stated, “This decision is a landmark victory for human rights.  The case sets an important precedent on the statute of limitations issue, and reinforces the principle that military commanders are responsible for abuses committed by their subordinates.  In today’s world, where torture is in the headlines everyday, this ruling sends a powerful message to commanders everywhere that these abuses will not be tolerated.”

CJA, a non-profit human rights organization that works to bring perpetrators of human rights violations to justice, is joined as co-counsel by James K. Green, Peter Stern of the law firm Morrison & Foerster, Prof. Carolyn Patty Blum, Prof Beth van Schaack, and Susan Shawn Roberts.

bh

January 6, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

The Federal Government's Efficiency in the War on Terror?

4-Year-Old Boy on Government 'No-Fly' List
By Krisitie Rieken
The Associated Press, January 5, 2006

Houston (AP) -- Edward Allen's reaction to being on the government's 'no-fly' list should have been the tip-off that he is no terrorist. 'I don't want to be on the list. I want to fly and see my grandma,' the 4-year-old boy said, according to his mother. Sijollie Allen and her son had trouble boarding planes last month because
someone with the same name as Edward is on a government terrorist watch list. 'Is this a joke?' Allen recalled telling Continental Airlines agents Dec. 21
at Houston's Bush Intercontinental Airport. 'You can tell he's not a terrorist.' She said it took several minutes of pleading and a phone call by the ticket agent to get on the plane to New York. Allen, a Jamaican immigrant, said workers at La Guardia Airport were even more hard-nosed before their Dec. 26 flight home. She said a ticket agent told her: 'You're lucky that we're letting you through instead of putting you through the other process.' The Transportation Security Administration's 'no-fly' list was established immediately after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks to prevent people who may have terrorist ties from boarding commercial flights.
. . . http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/01/05/AR2006010501111.html

KJ

January 6, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Prez Signs International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005

Historic Law Signed by President Bush to Prevent the Abuse of Foreign Women Through International Marriage Brokers WASHINGTON, D.C-January 5, 2006. Today, President Bush signed into a law a historic bill that provides foreign women critical information to protect themselves from violent abuse by men they meet through international marriage brokers (IMBs) (commonly referred to as "mail-order bride" agencies). The International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 (IMBRA), introduced by Senators Sam Brownback (R-KS) and Maria Cantwell (D-WA) and Representatives Frank Wolf (R-VA) and Rick Larsen (D-WA) last Fall, was attached to the bill to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act (HR 3402) that passed the Senate and House in December. IMBRA is a bipartisan, common sense bill that provides foreign women with information about the violent criminal history of their prospective American husbands, as well as about the rights and resources available to domestic violence victims in the United States. Through this law, foreign women will be given critical tools to protect themselves and their children from domestic violence. The IMB industry has grown rapidly in response to increasing demand by some American men for foreign "subservient" wives. It is estimated that between 9,500 and 14,500 foreign fiancées enter the US every year as a result of IMB matches. The marketing practices of many IMBs attract predatory abusers with a history of violence against women and children. IMBs charge their American male clients significant fees to meet foreign women from developing countries who often are depicted as submissive and obedient. IMBs often market women as merchandise, with "satisfaction guaranteed" promises to their paying male clients and so-called "romance tours" that may herd several hundred women at a time to meet a dozen men. Also, agencies do not screen their male clients for violent histories, may repeatedly pair new women recruits with violent men, and frequently fail to advise - and may even mislead - women about what they can do to escape abuse. As a consequence, foreign women and their children are being abused, sometimes murdered, by the men they meet through IMBs. The murders of Alla Barney in New Jersey (stabbed to death by her American husband in the parking lot of a Kindercare) and Susana Blackwell in Washington State (several months pregnant, she and two of her friends were shot to death in a courthouse by her American husband) underscore the urgent need for greater protection for foreign women who meet American men through this industry.

January 6, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Immigration Stances Hurt Republicans with Latina/os

Results of 2005 National Latino Survey: Republicans Rapidly Losing Ground Among Hispanic Voters
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
To: National Desk, Political Reporter
Contact: Martha Lozada of The Latino Coalition, 202-546-0008; Web: http://www.TheLatinoCoalition.com

WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 /U.S. Newswire/ -- The Latino Coalition today released the results of the 2005 National Latino Survey during a press conference in Washington, D.C. Survey top- line results and power-point presentation are available at http://www.TheLatinoCoalition.com .

"This survey has become the most reliable and accurate study on Hispanic political and consumer behavior in the U.S. The 2004 National Latino Survey was dead-on accurate in predicting the Latino vote in the! 2004 elections," said TLC President Robert Deposada. "We predicted the nine-point spread between Senator Kerry and President Bush, while all other surveys predicted a Kerry win of over 30 points. The results of this year's survey offer similar surprising results and highlight the future trends of Latino adults and Latino voters in the U.S. However, contrary to past years these trends spell trouble for the Republican Party."

"This survey shows there are two very different segments within the Hispanic community: recent immigrants and those who have been here for years," Deposada added. "Those who have been here longer tend to mostly speak English, are registered voters, are in better financial status, and tend to be more focused on issues that affect their pocket books like taxes, education and health care. The more recent immigrants tend to have lower incomes, speak mostly Spanish only and are more concerned over immigration policies and language barriers. Their views on political issues are many times at odds. Politicia ns from both political parties need to understand these differences and the diversity within the Latino community if they want to successfully reach out to these voters and future voters."

The debate over immigration reform appears to be one of the hottest issues in the upcoming elections and is a perfect example of this diversity. "Hispanic registered voters are strongly supporting initiatives to reform immigration while penalizing illegal behavior. A majority of Hispanic voters (52.4 percent) support initiatives that would not allow people who entered this county illegally to become citizens unless they reapply from their country of origin," Deposada said. "By a margin of 50 percent to 41 percent, Hispanic voters support increasing the number of border patrol agents in our southern border, and also support new laws to make sure that employers can only hire workers who are in the U.S. legally (50 percent to 41 percent). An overwhelming majority of 82 pe! rcent support the creation of a new Temporary Worker Program. Also a plurality (41.2 percent to 39.9 percent) support imposing a fine of at least $2,000 for illegal immigrants in order to gain legal employment as a temporary worker in the U.S."

"Meanwhile, non-registered Latinos have completely different views on these issues," Deposada added. "They overwhelmingly oppose laws to make sure that employers can only hire legal immigrants (65 percent to 28 percent); oppose increasing the number of border patrol agents along our southern border (61 percent to 29 percent); and they support allowing illegal immigrants to have access to citizenship (50 percent to 40 percent)."

"While there has been enormous progress for the Republican Party under President George W. Bush, there is real danger for a repeat of the Pete Wilson era that alienated Hispanics from the GOP for years," Deposada added. "If the Republican leadership in Congress allows an extremist group to! control the debate over immigration reform and put partisan rhetoric over real commonsense legislation, the GOP will eliminate all the progress achieved by President Bush in attracting Hispanics into the GOP."

"The Republican leadership in Congress has failed miserably in keeping the coattails of President Bush among Hispanic voters," Deposada said. "When compared to last year's number on the question of who does a better job at handling key issues, Democrats in Congress kept the same level of support John Kerry had and improved on it, while Republicans cut the numbers in half compared to President Bush:
--
\"Creating more jobs and improving the economy"

Republicans in Congress (2005): 19 percent

Democrats in Congress (2005): 50 percent

President Bush (2004): 34 percent

John Kerry (2004): 54 percent

--

"Improving Education"

Republicans in Congress (2005): 20 percent

Democrats in Congress (2005): 50 percent

President Bush (2004): 35 percent

John Kerry (! 2004): 52 percent

--

"Providing more affordable health care"

Republicans in Congress (2005): 15 percent

Democrats in Congress (2005): 55 percent

President Bush (2004): 30 percent

John Kerry (2004): 52 percent

--

"Representing your views on immigration"

Republicans in Congress (2005): 17 percent

Democrats in Congress (2005): 46 percent

President Bush (2004): 35 percent

John Kerry (2004): 43 percent

--

"Keeping America safe and fighting terrorism"

Republicans in Congress (2005): 30 percent

Democrats in Congress (2005): 30 percent

President Bush (2004): 50 percent

John Kerry (2004): 36 percent

--

"Being in touch with the Hispanic community"

Republicans in Congress (2005): 16 percent

Democrats in Congress (2005): 57 percent

President Bush (2004): 37 percent

John Kerry (2004): 37 percent

! When asked what party they identify with, Democrats outpaced Republ icans by a margin of 58 percent to 23 percent, compared to a margin of 52 percent to 29 percent last year. If the midterm congressional elections were held today, Democrats would win overwhelmingly with a margin of 61 percent to 21 percent, compared to last year's 56 percent to 30 percent. "The Republican Party is rapidly losing all the gains they achieved under President Bush in the Hispanic community," Deposada added. "If the GOP wants to remain competitive among Hispanic voters, they need to wage an all out effort to regain the momentum."

Senator Hillary Clinton enjoys a very favorable rating among Hispanics (56 percent to 10 percent), and is heavily favored in the Democratic primary for President over Senator John Kerry in 2008 (48 percent to 15 percent).

However, not all is bad news for Republicans. The survey shows that Hispanic voters remain very conservative on social and economic issues:

-- By a margin of 44 percent to 9 percent, Hi! spanics support reducing taxes on families and businesses as the best way to grow the economy and create jobs for average Americans;

-- By a margin of 51 percent to 30 percent Hispanic voters oppose raising taxes on remittances and money transfers in order to pay for indigent health care;

-- By a margin of 55 percent to 35 percent, Hispanic voters would prefer to be covered by a private health care plan over a government-run program like Medicaid; [????]

-- By a margin of 57 percent to 27 percent Hispanics identify themselves as pro-life

-- By a margin of 57 percent to 36 percent Hispanics support laws to require parental notification before underage teenagers can get an abortion; and,

-- 62 percent oppose Gay Marriages.

This national Hispanic survey was conducted among 1,000 Hispanic adults by Latino Opinions between December 10-13, 2005. All interviews were conducted by professional English and Spanish speaking interv! iewers via telephone. Respondents were given the option of conduct ing the survey in English or Spanish. Interview selection was at random within predetermined population units. These units were structured to statistically correlate with the nation's adult Hispanic population according to the 2004 U.S. Census estimates. The accuracy of this national survey of 1,000 Hispanic adults is within +/- 3.1 percent at a 95 percent confidence interval. For more detailed information on the survey and to review past surveys, please visit http://www.TheLatinoCoalition.com .

---

The Latino Coalition is a non-profit, non-partisan organization based in Washington, D.C. TLC was established to address policy issues that directly affect the well-being of Hispanics in the United States. TLC's agenda is to develop and promote policies that will foster economic equivalency and enhance overall business, economic, and social development of Hispanics.

http://www.usnewswire.com/

January 6, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Supreme Court Ruling in the Padilla Case

The justices, without comment, decided Wednesday to grant the government’s application to move Padilla, whom the government once alleged was planning to detonate a radiological "dirty bomb" in the United States.

http://www.abanet.org/journal/ereport/j6padilla.html

KJ

January 6, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

More Judge Posner on the BIA

For Judge Posner's latest criticism of the BIA, see Download pasha20v.Gonzales.pdf

"At the risk of sounding like a broken record, we reiterate our oft-expressed concern with the adjudication of asylum claims by the Immigration Court and the Board of Immigration Appeals and with the defense of the BIA's asylum decisions in this court by the Justice Department's Office of Immigration Litigation. See Benslimane v. Gonzales, No. 04-1339, 2005 WL 3193641, at *1 (7th Cir. Nov. 30, 2005), and cases cited there. The performance of these federal agencies is too often inadequate. This case presents another depressing example." . . . "So confident is the government of the correctness of its argument that it has not deigned to respond to the merits of the appeal. This was a tactical error. The government's confidence is unwarranted."

KJ

January 6, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, January 5, 2006

$45 Billion Remittance Industry

During the holiday season, US banks were reminded of the potentials for their industry when they realized that remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean alone are estimated to be $45 billion. In recent years, banks have leaped into the industry seeking a share ofthe dollars immigrants sesnd to their native countries, especially around the holiday season. But immigrants are reluctant to shift their business from the smaller mom-and-pop stores they are accustomed to using.

In the last year alone, a number of major banks have unveiled an array of services to court immigrants away from the more than 100 money transfer services operating in the US. For example, Wachovia Bank unveiled a card that allows families in Latin America to withdraw money from an ATM linked to US bank accounts. Wells Fargo expanded its money transfer service to El Salvador and Guatemala and Bank of America announced it was offering free money transfers to Mexico.

source: AP, Dec. 15, 2005

bh

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

The New Republic on the "New Nativism"

For an article in the New Republic on the latest debate over illegal immigration, see http://www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?i=20060116&s=judis011606

THE FIGHT OVER IMMIGRATION IS A FIGHT OVER IDENTITY: Border War by John B. Judis

KJ

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Sixth Circuit Decision on INA 121i

The Sixth Circuit held that 1996 Amendments To 212i Waiver Does Not Have Retroactive Effect.  In Patel v. Gonzales, No. 04-3829 (6th Cir. Dec. 30, 2005), the court, joining the 4th and 9th Circuits, said that the 1996 elimination of the the 212(i) waiver for parents of US citizens, did not have a retroactive effect. http://www.ilw.com/immigdaily/cases/2006,0106-Patel.pdf

KJ

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

A Middle Class Primer on Immigration Reform

http://drummajorinstitute.org/library/report.php?ID=21 

Principles for an Immigration Policy to Strengthen and Expand the American Middle Class A Primer for Policymakers and Advocates by Amy M. Traub The Drum Major Institute for Public Policy offers "Principles for an Immigration Policy to Strengthen and Expand the American Middle Class: A Primer for Policymakers and Advocates" in response to inadequacies in the current conversation about immigration. Executive Summary The debate over the future of immigration policy in this country is expected to become one of the most pressing policy conversations in the year ahead. That debate can be a positive one that helps us to define our future as a nation or a negative one that draws upon fears and inaccuracies for the purpose of dividing people who should be united in the common cause of preserving access to the American Dream. We argue that immigration policy must be connected to the larger conversation about America's squeezed middle class and those striving to attain a middle-class standard of living. Accordingly, the Drum Major Institute offers a lens through which to evaluate immigration policy that operates from the basic principle that immigration policy is sound only if it also helps to strengthen and expand America's middle class. Our litmus test for evaluating immigration policy or advocacy agendas by its impact on the middle class is two-fold:

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Our Immigration Laws at Work Part II

For the special -- and speedy -- naturalization of ice dancers from Canada, see the SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER article at 

http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/othersports/2080AP_FIG_American_Dancers.html

KJ

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New Law Review Articles

Douglas, J. Allen. The "priceless possession" of citizenship: race, nation and naturalization in American law, 1880-1930. 43 Duq. L. Rev.
369-428 (2005).

Gordon, Christine M. Student article. Are unaccompanied alien children really getting a fair trial? An overview of asylum law and
children. 33 Denv. J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 641-673 (2005).

Lee, Stephen. Comment. Citizen standing and immigration reform: commentary and criticisms. 93 Cal. L. Rev. 1479-1508 (2005).

Meyerstein, Ariel. Comment. Retuning the harmonization of EU asylum law exploring the need for an EU asylum appellate court. 93 Cal. L.
Rev. 1509-1555 (2005).

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Our Immigration Laws at Work

Plain Dealer (Cleveland) January 4, 2006 Wednesday Pg. B1 Let him out, let him stay REGINA BRETT The teen did nothing wrong. He's not a terrorist, a Nazi or a drug smuggler. He's a high school senior whose only mistake was trusting immigration officials. Manuel Bartsch, 18, needed to take the ACT so he could go to college after he graduates this spring. He needed his Social Security number to take the
test. He asked his guardian, his stepgrandfather, for it. That's when Manuel found out he might not be a U.S. citizen. Manuel wanted proof he was a citizen, so he filed form N-600, an application for a certificate of citizenship. Immigration officials wrote him to come in and discuss the matter. When he showed up five days before Christmas, they threw him in jail. He has been in the Bedford Heights jail ever since. Manuel has a hearing at 1:30 p.m. today in the Federal Building. His attorney, David Leopold, an expert in immigration law, saw Manuel on
Monday night. Manuel told him, "I can't understand why I'm here. I can't understand what I've done." Neither can I. Manuel was 10 years old when his stepgrandfather brought him here on a 90-day tourist visa. The rule on that is clear: If you overstay a tourist visa by even one day, the government can ship you back. But his guardian made the mistake. He has gone back to Germany. Manuel could be deported at any moment. Manuel doesn't speak German, so it would be tough to go back without so much as a high school diploma. Leopold told me that legal remedies are "sparse." He hopes officials will listen to his technical legal argument: The stepgrandpa took the boy to Canada with him once to buy duty-free liquor. You can't readmit someone on a tourist pass, so immigration officials should examine that trip, not the overstay of the tourist visa. Since Manuel's last entry was a legal admission into the United States, his case should go to an immigration judge for deportation hearings. Then Manuel might get out on bond to finish school. Manuel isn't asking for special treatment. And if he were, so what? The United States just granted it to people who ice skate well. The same week immigration officials jailed Manuel, Congress approved a bill allowing people of extraordinary ability to have speedy immigration. What a coincidence - just in time for Canadian ice dancer Tanith Belbin and
Russian-born Maxim Zavozin to represent the United States in the February Olmpics. Figure skaters get to skate through immigration. nd how is it immigration officials have yet to resolve the deportation of John Demjanjuk? A guy accused of guarding Nazi concentration camps gets to say and fight deportation from his home in Seven Hills. Last week, a judge ordered Demjanjuk deported. Demjanjuk, who is 85, will probably die before he gets the boot for lying about his wartime past. Demjanjuk has had almost 30 years to fight. Manuel might not even get 30 days. Manuel never lied about his past. All he wants is to graduate with his friends in Gilboa, Ohio. The immigration system defies common sense. Officials would never have known about Manuel if he hadn't sought their help. "He thought he was doing the right thing," Leopold said. The officials need to do the right thing: Let Manuel finish school here. He only needs two credits. English and citizenship class.
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January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

More on the Republican Efforts to Play the Anti-Immigrant Card in the 2006 Elections

http://www.prospect.org/web/page.ww?section=root&name=ViewWeb&articleId=10789 The War on Immigrants Get ready for a Republican assault -- their opportunity for election-year
demagogy. By Harold Meyerson Web Exclusive: 12.31.05

KJ

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Local Police etc. Againgst :ocal Enforcement of the Immigration Laws

There has been a movement for state and local enforcement of the immigrations laws.  For the opposition to one such proposal by local government, including the police, see

Joint Statement Opposing Governor Pawlenty's Immigration Proposal The full article will be available on the Web for a limited time: http://www.twincities.com/mld/twincities/13557130.htm (c) 2006 TwinCities.com and wire service sources.

KJ

January 5, 2006 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)