Sunday, August 2, 2015

Center for Immigration Studies Not Impressed with Donald Trump's Immigration Policy Initiatives

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David A. Fahrenthold of the Washington Post reports on various reactions to Donald Trump's policy initiatives.  As readers of this blog know, immigration -- and immigration enforcement, in particular -- is one area in which Trump has made waves in recent weeks.  Some might be surprised that the head of one of the leading organizations calling for reducing immigration is not too sure about whether Trump knows much about immigration policy.

As quoted in the Post story, “Trump is like your Uncle George at Thanksgiving dinner, saying he knows how to solve all the problems. It’s not that he’s always wrong. It’s just that he’s an auto mechanic, not a policy guy,” said Mark Krikorian of the Center for Immigration Studies. "Krikorian actually agrees with Trump that illegal immigration is a major problem. But he’s frustrated by Trump’s ideas to fix it — such as a suggestion to charge Mexico $100,000 for “every person they send over” across the U.S. border. `Charging them, how? For what?` Krikorian said. “It’s just Uncle George at Thanksgiving, kind of holding forth.”

Hat tip to Elizabeth Keyes for this story

KJ

August 2, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, August 1, 2015

Criminal Removal Case Before the Supreme Court: Torres v. Lynch

In June, the Supreme Court granted certiorari in Torres v. Lynch, which presents the question whether a state offense constitutes an "aggravated felony" under 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43), on the ground that the state offense is “described in” a specified federal statute, where the federal statute includes an interstate commerce element that the state offense lacks.  The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (Judge Sack, Raggi, and Chin) deferred to the judgment of the Board of Immigration Appeals

The Second Circuit considered whether a conviction under New York Penal Law §§ 110 and 150.10 for attempted arson in the third degree constitutes an “aggravated felony” under the Immigration and Nationality Act.  Answering this question required the court to decide whether this state crime, which lacks a federal jurisdictional element, is an “offense described in” 18 U.S.C. § 844(i), the federal statute governing explosive materials offenses, which does contain such an element. The court deferred to the BIA's "reasonable determination" that a state “offense described in” 18 U.S.C. § 844(i) need not contain a federal jurisdictional element.

So far, this case appears to be the only immigration case on the docket for the 2015 Term.  The Court has taken a number of criminal removal cases in recent years, including Mellouli v. Lynch (the drug paraphernalia/sock case from last Term).

KJ

August 1, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Who's Next? Trump Goes After Spanish Immigrant, Celebrity Chef Jose Andrés

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The Washington Post reports that Donald Trump has sued celebrity chef José Andrés, who backed out of a deal to open the flagship restaurant in Trump’s D.C. luxury hotel.  Trump has filed a $10 million breach-of-contract lawsuit against Andrés.

Earlier this month, Andrés, an immigrant from Spain, scrapped plans to open a restaurant in Trump’s $200 million redevelopment project after the Trump made incendiary comments about undocumented immigrants from Mexico. At the time, Trump’s son, Eric Trump, suggested that the chef could expect to hear from their lawyers.

KJ

August 1, 2015 in Current Affairs, Food and Drinks | Permalink | Comments (0)

Bernie Sanders and the Immigration Third Rail: Why I am Not Sure About His Presidential Candidacy

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Many of my progressive friends were quick to jump on the Bernie Sanders for President bandwagon.  His populist, class conscious, perhaps even socialist approach to many policy issues of the day intrigued liberals looking for something more than that currently being offered by the Democratic establishment, namely Hillary Clinton.  His upstart political campaign was an underdog that some people evidently want to root for.

I reserved judgment.  Throughout American history, labor unions and others looking out for workers had taken tough immigration positions.  Recall that Denis Kearney and the Workingmen's Party of California supported various laws punishing Chinese immigrants and ultimately the Chinese exclusion laws of the nineteenth century.  The AFL-CIO supported employer sanctions in the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act.  Put simply, many restrictions in the American immigration laws are designed to protect American workers from foreign competition.  I, for one, wondered:  Would Bernie Sanders play into those tried-and-true restrictionist themes?

This week took an ugly turn in the Sanders campaign -- although nothing compared to Donald Trump, of course. Sanders' stated fear that free migration might hurt American workers, including Latinos, suggest that he might have a deeply held protectionist foundation to his approach to immigration. 

Dylan Matthews on Vox criticized "the visceral horror with which Bernie Sanders reacted to the idea [of open borders] when interviewed . . . . "Open borders?" he interjected. "No, that's a Koch brothers proposal." The idea, he argued, is a right-wing scheme meant to flood the US with cheap labor and depress wages for native-born workers. "I think from a moral responsibility, we've got to work with the rest of the industrialized world to address the problems of international poverty," he conceded, "but you don't do that by making people in this country even poorer."

The Washington Post and New York Times subsequently reported that Sanders defended his 2007 vote against a comprehensive immigration bill and told an audience hosted by the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce that "open borders" were a threat to American jobs. "There is a reason that Wall Street likes immigration reform," Sanders said. "What I think they’re interested in is seeing a process by which we can bring low-wage labor into this county."

Sanders has his defenders on immigration. However, his willingness to use U.S. workers as a reason to resist immigration reform and defend restrictionist measures is worrisome.  When push comes to shove on immigration, such a predisposition could have disastrous consequences for immigrants.

KJ

 

August 1, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, July 31, 2015

The Brief Saga of UK Visa Woes for Chinese Artist/Activist


Ai Weiwei by Hafenbar

Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei only recently had his passport returned to him by Chinese authorities.

He applied for a 6 month visa to visit the UK, but his visa was initially denied. He was, however, granted a 20-day visa to attend the opening of a London showing of his work. 

The artist posted a copy of his denial letter to instagram. It states that Weiwei "failed to meet the business visitor rules" by not disclosing his criminal conviction in China. The artist, while held for 81 days in 2011, was not, in fact, charged or convicted of any crime.

After media attention, Weiwei's application was reviewed by the UK home secretary. It has now been granted, and the Home secretary Theresa May has apologized to Weiwei.

Weiwei will open a major exhibition at the Royal Academy of Arts in London this September. It will run through December 13.

-KitJ

July 31, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

How did Sanctuary Become a Bad Word? Republican anti-immigrant agenda will backfire

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I am not sure that I want to stir this pot again but here it goes.  Alvaro Huerta in this op/ed argues that Republican efforts to capitalize on the death of Kate Steinle in San Francisco will damage efforts to appeal to Latino voters.

KJ  

July 31, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: What Happened to Non-LPR Cancellation? Rationalizing Immigration Enforcement by Restoring Durable Relief from Removal by Margaret H. Taylor

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What Happened to Non-LPR Cancellation? Rationalizing Immigration Enforcement by Restoring Durable Relief from Removal by Margaret H. TaylorWake Forest University School of Law, July 16, 2015, Journal of Law and Politics 2015

Abstract:  This article, part of a symposium on the future of immigration enforcement honoring Professor David Martin, considers relief from removal awarded to some long-term residents based on compelling equities in their particular cases as an essential component of rational immigration enforcement. Under the current statute, adjudication of this form of relief — known as non-LPR cancellation of removal — has ground to a halt. The article explains the unintended and perverse consequences of a statutory cap on grants of non-LPR cancellation, which when combined with the crushing backlog of cases in immigration court operates to undermine non-LPR cancellation as a form of lasting relief. Ironically, a robust system of prosecutorial discretion, which focuses enforcement resources on high priority cases, can also cut off access to non-LPR cancellation for the most deserving applicants, since an individual must be in removal proceedings to apply.

A close examination of how non-LPR cancellation currently operates reveals the serious dysfunction of our nation’s immigration court system. I argue that the statutory cap on non-LPR cancellation should be repealed. Alternatively, the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) should change the way it administers the statutory cap. In addition, with the advent of the Deferred Action of Parents of Americans and Lawful Residents (DAPA) initiative (which was placed under preliminary injunction as this article went to press), an opportunity arises to create an affirmative application process, so that individuals can apply for non-LPR cancellation outside of removal proceedings.

In an era of congressional gridlock, where expanded prosecutorial discretion via deferred action has become the de facto alternative to a legalization program, close attention must be paid to preserving access to this more durable form of relief from removal. Any serious conversation about immigration reform must consider how at present non-LPR cancellation contributes significantly to EOIR’s dysfunction, but if reformed could play a role in rationalizing immigration enforcement.

KJ

July 31, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

From the Bookshelves: Law and Economics of Immigration Edited by Howard F. Chang

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Law and Economics of Immigration Edited by Howard F. Chang

This volume compiles influential and diverse readings on the timely subject of immigration. This collection includes work published by leading economists, as well as a number of important contributions made by influential legal scholars, with a focus on economic issues that are salient in debates over immigration policy. Professor Chang’s introduction not only explains the contribution that each reading makes to our understanding of immigration, but also surveys the literature more broadly, putting the selected readings in context.

This volume compiles influential and diverse readings on the timely subject of immigration. This collection includes work published by leading economists, as well as a number of important contributions made by influential legal scholars, with a focus on economic issues that are salient in debates over immigration policy. Professor Chang’s introduction not only explains the contribution that each reading makes to our understanding of immigration, but also surveys the literature more broadly, putting the selected readings in context.              

           
Contributors include: G. Borjas, A. Bradford, D. Card, A. Cox, G. Hanson, G. Ottaviano, G. Peri, E. Posner, A. Sykes, and M. Trebilcock.
 
KJ 

July 31, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Has Germany Replaced the United States as the Land of Opportunity for Immigrants? by Vicky Yau

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For decades, the United States of America has stood on its own for immigrants seeking opportunities. Immigrants, driven by the lure of economic advancement for themselves and/ or their families, flock to the shores of the U.S., hungry for a share of the “milk and honey” that is purported to flow through its lands. Back in the day, immigrants didn’t take long to realize that they must pay for this “milk and honey,” often times with “blood, sweat, and tears”. Not that these clichés need the facts to back it up, but in case you asking for them, take a skim of Upton Sinclair’s,The Jungle.

 

In reality, the statistics from organizations such as the United Nations, the Pew Research Center, and the Migration Policy Institution reveal that the United States remains the number 1 top destination country for global immigrants. However, the statistics do spotlight, perhaps an emerging, new “Land of Opportunity”. In recent decades, Germany has catapulted from a country with negligible immigration, to its number 3 spot of top 25 immigration destination countries in 2013.

To give you an idea of the drastic change, the Migration Policy Institute ranked Germany at number 11 in 1960. By 1990, the Germany had jumped to #6. And since 2010, Germany has consistently been rated the number 3 Top 25 Destination Country.

 

The cause of this drastic change is Germany’s increasingly aging population and its sustained industrial boom. These two factors have left the country starved for labor sources. To combat its labor deficit, unlike the United States, Germany has adopted welcoming immigration legislation. The country not only welcomes immigrants from its fellow European Union nations, but from other countries as well. Germany tries to entice Asian students to its universities and highly qualified skilled workers to its industries. Legislation introducing the “Blue Card” system provides a facilitated immigration procedure for immigrants, essentially ushering through any immigrant armed with a college degree and job offer.

 

The effects of the U.S. and Germany’s polar opposite immigration attitudes might well have something to do with the U.S.’s 2% decrease in immigration between 2007 and 2012, and Germany’s 72% increase in immigration during the same period. While such an increase in immigration has provoked some anti-immigration activities in Germany, these kinds of attitudes pale in comparison with their EU neighbors. Scholars speculate this has something to do with the country’s post-WWII guilt. Moreover, German cities such as Berlin mimic New York and Shanghai, international cities stuffed with immigrant pockets. The question remains, Are these immigration-conducive facets sustainable such that Germany might one day, in the near future, overtake the U.S. as the “Land of Opportunity” and the “Land of Milk and Honey”?

Vicky Yau is a Second Year Law Student at UC Davis School of Law

KJ

 

 

 

July 31, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, July 30, 2015

Call for Participation: Survey on Asylum Process for Limited English Applicants

The Vera Institute of Justice is seeking to better understand the challenges that limited English proficient (LEP) asylum seekers experience during asylum interviews before USCIS. To that end, they have developed a brief survey to gather information from immigration legal service providers about the challenges presented by the requirement that asylum seekers provide their own interpretation during interviews before USCIS.

Any attorney or BIA Accredited Representative who represents clients in asylum proceedings before USCIS is invited to complete this survey. This includes representatives of applicants who are applying affirmatively for asylum, as well as unaccompanied children who are seeking relief from removal through asylum before USCIS.

The survey can be accessed here: http://goo.gl/forms/RQUAEf74Ua. The deadline for completing the survey is Friday, August 14.

The survey asks you to share some background information, information about finding, screening, and training interpreters, your views on how language barriers are addressed in the asylum process, and recommendations for improving access for LEP asylees. Each question includes an opportunity to elaborate on your response – which you are invited to do, as often as you like.

-KitJ

July 30, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Final Day To Return Erroneously-Issued Work Permits

Today is the final day to return DACA three-year work authorizations issued (erroneously) after February 16, 2015.

Helpfully, the USCIS has created an online tool for checking whether your work permit is subject to the recall.

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-KitJ

July 30, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Trump's Racial Divide: Donald Trump's Electability Among Latinos and "the Blacks"

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Donald Trump has made the headlines with his presidential campaign and recent denigration of Mexican immigrants and denial that Senator John McCain was a war hero.  It seems clear to all -- except maybe Mr. Trump --  that  he will have have a hard time getting Latino votes.   

Feliks Garcia on the Daily Dot sees Trump as having race issues beyond Latinos.  He writes  that "Trump has a storied history of hiring undocumented workers—and placing them under disparate working conditions."  Trump faced charges from the early ‘80s that he employed undocumented Polish immigrants for the demolition of the Bonwit Teller building to build Trump Tower.

Gawker recently published a collection of quotes by Trump on his feelings about “the blacks,” the term he commonly uses when referring to black people. “I have a great relationship with the blacks. I’ve always had a great relationship with the blacks,” Trump said in a radio interview in 2011.

Recall also that Trump was -- and remains -- a well-publicized "birther," claiming that despite the evidence of his birth in Hawaii, President Obama was born outside the United States and thus ineligible for the Presidency.

 

KJ

 

 

July 30, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Toobin on Immigration Reform Etc.

A Transformation in Mexican Migration to the United States: A Dramatic Decrease in Overall Immigration, Higher Socioeconomic Status Immigrants

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Recent studies have shown that the patterns of undocumented migration to the United States are changing.  While many political leaders decry Mexican immigrants in the United States, the characteristics of that group of immigrants is changing too.  In "A Transformation in Mexican Migration to the United States," Rogelio Saenz reveals that the shift in migration has coincided with changes in the composition of the Mexican population coming to the United States. Sáenz reports that Mexicans migrating today tend to have higher socioeconomic status than earlier migrants and more women and older individuals are migrating.

The volume of migration from Mexico to the United States fell from 1.9 million in 2003–2007 to 819,000 in 2008–2012, a drop of 57 percent. The decline was widespread across states. The U.S. economic collapse during this period had a particularly dampening effect on construction and other industries that rely on a Mexican immigrant workforce. Indeed, during this period of economic decline Mexican migrants were among the first to be fired or displaced.

The policy brief uses data from the 2008 and 2013 American Community Surveys (ACS) to compare the demographic and socioeconomic profiles of Mexican migrants who migrated in the five years prior to each survey (2003–2007 in the 2008 ACS and 2008–2012 in the 2013 ACS). The analysis reveals that the shift in migration has coincided with changes in the composition of the Mexican population coming to the United States. Mexicans migrating today tend to have higher socioeconomic status than earlier migrants; more women and older individuals are migrating; and states that sustained the greatest declines in construction employment are experiencing low levels of migration.

KJ

July 30, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Structural Violence and Migrant Deaths in Southern Arizona: Data from the Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner, 1990-2013 by Daniel E. Martinez, Robin Reineke Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith, and Bruce O. Parks

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U.S./Mexico Border Fence at Tijuana/San Ysidro

Structural Violence and Migrant Deaths in Southern Arizona: Data from the Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner, 1990-2013 by Daniel E. Martinez (George Washington University - Department of Sociology), Robin Reineke (The School of Anthropology), Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith (Binational Migration Institute), Bruce O. Parks (University of Arizona), July 19, 2015, Journal on Migration and Human Security 2(4): 257-286 (2014)

Abstract: This article analyzes numeric trends and demographic characteristics of undocumented border crossers (UBCs) who have perished in southern Arizona between 1990 and 2013 in the area covered by the Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner (PCOME) in Tucson, Arizona. Of 2,413 UBC decedents investigated during this period, 95 percent died after 1999 and 65 percent after 2005. The rate of UBC deaths in the Tucson Border Patrol Sector has been consistently high, with an average of nearly 163 deaths investigated per year between 1999 and 2013. The increase in border enforcement during the mid-to-late 1990s, which led to a shifting of unauthorized migration flows into more desolate areas, coincided with an increase in migrant remains investigated by the PCOME. Despite a decrease in the number of unauthorized crossers traversing the area as measured by the number of Border Patrol apprehensions in the Tucson Sector, the number of remains examined for every 100,000 apprehensions nearly doubled between 2009 and 2011. These findings suggest that migrants are being forced to travel for longer periods of time through remote areas in an attempt to avoid detection by US authorities, thus increasing the probability of death.

The typical UBC decedent can be described as a male near the age of 30 from central or southern Mexico who perished in a remote area of southern Arizona after attempting to cross into the United States. Nevertheless, the share of non-Mexican UBCs in the region has increased notably over time. The findings show other important differences in UBC decedent characteristics across time periods, which speak to the dynamic nature of unauthorized migration as a social process. The authors contend that these deaths and demographic changes are the result of structural and political transformations over the past two decades. They argue that the tragic, yet mostly preventable, migrant deaths in southern Arizona constitute a form of structural violence.

EDITOR'S NOTE:  The scorching heat of the summers in the U.S./Mexico border region contributes to the annual spike in the death count of undocumented persons seeking to cross the desert to make it to the United States.  Increasing deaths on the border is one of the consequences of the increase in border enforcement by the U.S. government over the last 25 years.

KJ

July 30, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Migrants' Treasured Posessions, Photographed

PBS has a moving photo essay capturing images of migrants' treasured possessions. This May 2015 photo by Yannis Behrakis/Reuters is representative.

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It shows Pakistani migrant Mohamed Ayub's most valued object: his empty wallet.

-KitJ

July 29, 2015 in Photos | Permalink | Comments (0)

Announcing The Restless Books Prize for New Immigrant Writing

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Did you know that five of America's past six Nobel laureates in literature have been foreign-born? Immigrants have always been a driving force behind our culture and, through literature especially, our sense of what it means to be American. Restless Books is proud to help foster the careers of first-time immigrant authors and bring their stories into the national conversation with The Restless Books Prize for New Immigrant Writing.

KJ

July 29, 2015 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Migrants Storm the Chunnel

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Photo courtesy of Wikipedia

Migration flows in Europe continue to make the news.  CNN reports on the latest.  About 2,000 migrants tried to enter the Channel Tunnel --- the Chunnel -- through the French terminal near Calais Monday night in an attempt to reach the United Kingdom. Some of the migrants were injured.   The Chunnel runs 31 miles from northern France to southeastern England.

British Home Secretary Theresa May said France and Great Britain agreed to work together "to return migrants, particularly to West Africa, to ensure that people see that making this journey does not lead to them coming to Europe and being able to settle in Europe."

KJ

July 29, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Refugee Crisis Along Dominican Republic-Haiti Border

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Haitians at the border of between Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Courtesy of Wikipedia)

NPR is tracking what could be the early stages of a major refugee crisis. It is happening in one of the world's poorest countries, Haiti. Some 40,000 Haitians have returned to their homeland from the neighboring Dominican Republic. The exodus results from strict laws recently passed in the Dominican Republic stripping citizenship from children born to undocumented Haitian parents. The result is a growing number of refugee-style camps, springing up on the Haitian side of the border as people flee. As Peter Granitz reports, there is some real concern about the Haitian government's ability to manage this.

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Click here to list to this story.  For critical analysis of the Dominican Republic's new citizenship rules by Professor Ediberto Román, click here.  Earlier this month, Professor Román, along with more than 100 law professors from across the United States, wrote a letter to President Barack Obama urging him to take action to end the human rights crisis currently going on in the Dominican Republic.

KJ

 

July 29, 2015 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

At the Movies: Somewhere Between

 

Somewhere Between

WINNER PEOPLE'S CHOICE AWARD, Hot Docs Los Angeles Film Festival JURY PRIZE BEST DOCUMENTARY, Milwaukee Film Festival Vancouver International Film Festival

When China passed its One Child Policy to limit population growth, an unexpected surge of abandoned baby girls started flowing into its orphanages. Since 1991, over 80,000 of those girls have been adopted by American families. While many adoption-focused documentaries give voice to adoptive parents, Somewhere Between explores the emotional and cultural impact of adoption from the point of view of four teenage girls, all adopted from China. This award winning film shares their personal journeys as these adoptees convey the experiences of a generation of young people attempting to reconcile their multiple identities while navigating the already perilous waters of American adolescence.

A recent adoptive parent of her own Chinese baby, filmmaker Linda Goldstein Knowlton opens the film expressing her concerns for her daughter. How will she build a strong sense of identity as she grows older? Will she feel like an “outsider” living in a family with two Caucasian parents? How will she supplement the missing pieces of her early life? Goldstein Knowlton seeks these answers by chronicling the experiences over two years of Haley, Jenna, Ann, and Fang, all struggling to find their place in the world. Each girl approaches her Chinese heritage differently, connecting with her birth culture in varying degrees. And each grapple in different ways with the the discrimination and racism they face, as their identity challenges typical ideas about race and culture for themselves and their communities.

Shedding stereotypes and a one-size-fits-all identity, Somewhere Between poignantly conveys the vulnerability, confusion, and courage of these girls as they wonder, “Who am I?” As Somewhere Between plunges the viewer into their ordinary and sometimes extraordinary experiences, we too, are encouraged to pause and consider who we are —both as individuals and as a nation of immigrants and people from diverse backgrounds.

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KJ

July 29, 2015 in Current Affairs, Film & Television | Permalink | Comments (0)