HealthLawProf Blog

Editor: Katharine Van Tassel
Akron Univ. School of Law

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Wednesday, April 4, 2012

Political Spin and the Constitution

TaxesOral arguments last week suggest an activist decision by the Supreme Court in the challenges to the Affordable Care Act. Indeed, in their response to the taxing power argument, the justices seemed poised to adopt a rather intrusive doctrine of policing political speech by elected officials. While some critics claimed that the mandate could not have qualified as a valid tax however it was characterized, the mandate has failed as a tax primarily because Congress called it a penalty and expressly disclaimed any intent to invoke its taxing power.

Consider, then, the following hypothetical version of the mandate's enactment. Suppose Democratic members of Congress discussed the taxing power as a source of authority and came to the incorrect conclusion that they could not use that power but instead had to use the Commerce Clause power to pass a valid mandate. They therefore called the levy for failing to carry insurance a penalty and disavowed any reliance on the taxing power, even though the levy was pegged at 2.5 percent of income (with minimum and maximum levies).

Should the Court really hold Congress to an inaccurate understanding of constitutional law? What would be the harm if the Court upheld the mandate as a valid exercise of the taxing power?

With the actual mandate, lower court judges were concerned about political accountability if Congress could pretend the mandate was not a tax when passing it and then call the mandate a tax when defending it. But how is political accountability compromised by the mislabeling? The public readily understood what was going on and very much held Democrats accountable in November 2010.

I understand the political reasons why Congress chose to invoke its Commerce Clause power rather than its taxing power, but the Court should not be in the business of rejecting statutes because Congress engaged in a good deal of spin when describing its actions.

[DO; cross-posted at Faculty Lounge]

 

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