May 24, 2010

Alfalfa Sprouts linked to Salmonella -- FDA: Urgent Nationwide Recall

From the FDA:

Click here for the full press release

May 24, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

May 19, 2010

An Investigation into Bisphenol A in Canned Foods

Follow up to previous postings on Bisphenol A , this News release:

 "Senator Dianne Feinstein stood with environmental health advocates today on Capitol Hill to release a new report that demonstrates alarming levels of bisphenol A (BPA) in common canned foods. BPA is a synthetic sex hormone and exposure to low doses has been linked to abnormal behavior, diabetes and heart disease, infertility, developmental and reproductive harm, and obesity, which raises the risk of early puberty, a known risk factor for breast cancer. Senator Feinstein has introduced legislation that would ban BPA in cans, in addition to other food and beverage containers. The Senator is hopeful that the Food Safety Act will include language that protects consumers from BPA exposure.

“We found in our analysis that if someone is eating just one meal with at least one canned food product, their levels of BPA are as much as those that have been shown to cause health effects in laboratory animal studies,” says Bobbi Chase Wilding of Clean New York, co-author, of No Silver Lining, An Investigation Into Bisphenol A in Canned Foods, by The National Workgroup for Safe Markets, a coalition of U.S. public health- and environmental health-focused organizations. “Six states have taken crucial first steps this year to get this hormone mimicking chemical out of our children’s food, but this report shows that there is much more to be done. Senator Feinstein’s bill will protect much more of our food from this toxic contamination,” said U.S. Public Interest Research Group Public Health Advocate Elizabeth Hitchcock..."Eating common canned foods is exposing consumers to levels of bisphenol A (BPA) equal to levels shown to cause health problems in laboratory animals, according to a new study released today by The National Work Group for Safe Markets, a coalition of public health and environmental health groups.

The study, No Silver Lining, tested food from 50 cans from 19 US states and one Canadian province for BPA contamination. Over 90% of the cans tested had detectable levels of BPA, some at higher levels than have been detected in previous studies. The canned foods tested were brand name fish, fruits, vegetables, beans, soups, tomato products, sodas, and milks, which together represent “real-life” meal options for a wide range of North American consumers. The cans were purchased from retail stores and were chosen from report participants’ pantry shelves, and sent to an independent laboratory for testing. One can of DelMonte green beans had the highest levels of BPA ever found in canned food, at 1,140 parts per billion."

Hat tip: Mary Ann Archer, William Mitchell College of Law

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

May 19, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

April 30, 2010

FDA: Industry Guidance on Egg Safety

From the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN):

On April 13, 2010, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published guidance for small egg producers to help them comply with a new federal egg safety regulation. The guidance, entitled “Guidance for Industry: Prevention of Salmonella Enteritidis in Shell Eggs During Production, Transportation, and Storage: Small Entity Compliance Guide (SECG),” can be accessed at Guidance for Industry: Prevention of Salmonella Enteritidis in Shell Eggs During Production, Transportation, and Storage; Small Entity Compliance Guide1 and is intended to set forth in plain language the requirements of the new egg safety rule to help small businesses comply with the regulation.

The FDA published the egg safety regulation in July 2009. The new law requires egg producers to have preventive measures in place during the production of shell eggs in poultry houses and requires subsequent refrigeration during storage and transportation. . . .


Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

April 30, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

April 15, 2010

Government Report Finds Tainted Meat

USDA OIG The USDA Office of Inspector General has released a study of meat contamination with veterinary drugs, pesticides, and heavy metals.  The news is not good.  The study is an Audit Report of the FSIS National Residue Program for Cattle.  From the Executive Summary:

Based on our review, we found that the national residue program is not accomplishing its mission of monitoring the food supply for harmful residues. Together, FSIS, FDA, and EPA have not established thresholds for many dangerous substances (e.g., copper or dioxin3), which has resulted in meat with these substances being distributed in commerce. Additionally, FSIS does not attempt to recall meat, even when its tests have confirmed the excessive presence of veterinary drugs.

Read the full report here.

Read about the report at Food Safety News: Audit Finds Tainted Meat Making Reaching Consumers

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

April 15, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

April 12, 2010

New York Times E coli poisoning story wins Pulitzer

The 2010 Pulitzer Prizes were just announced, and the prize for explanatory reporting goes to a food poisoning story. The Explanatory Reporting award is presented "for a distinguished example of explanatory reporting that illuminates a significant and complex subject, demonstrating mastery of the subject, lucid writing and clear presentation, in print or online or both."

Awarded to Michael Moss and members of The New York Times Staff for relentless reporting on contaminated hamburger and other food safety issues that, in print and online, spotlighted defects in federal regulation and led to improved practices. (Moved by the Board from the Investigative Reporting category.)

The winning article, The Burger that Shattered Her Life, dug into the background of the hamburger that poisoned 22-year-old Minnesota dance instructor Stephanie Smith, and moved to an examination of food safety regulation in general. 

Hat tip: Bill Marler, who represents Stephanie Smith.  

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law


April 12, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

March 26, 2010

FDA: Dairy farmer sold cows with illegal drug residues

What do we do with used up dairy cows?  We eat them. But they aren't supposed to become meat if they're full of antibiotics.  FDA News Release:

FDA Takes Action Against New York Dairy Farmer
Proprietor sold animals with illegal drug residues in violation of federal law

A New York State dairy farmer cited by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for selling cows that had illegal residues of antibiotics was ordered by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York this week to stop offering the animals for slaughter until he complies with federal law.

Federal Judge Richard J. Arcara entered a consent decree of permanent injunction on March 25 against Jerald P. Schumacher, the sole proprietor of a farm in Wyoming, N.Y., which sells its dairy cattle to an auction yard in Pavilion, N.Y., to be slaughtered for human consumption.

The FDA complaint said Schumacher has sold cows for slaughter for at least 10 years with residues of the antibiotics penicillin and sulfadimethoxine in the animals’ edible tissue. The agency also said he illegally gave the cows higher-than-allowed dosages.

"The sale of animals for animal-derived human food products that contain illegal levels of animal drugs poses a significant public health risk," said Bernadette Dunham, D.V.M., Ph.D, director of FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine. "FDA will continue to take action against producers who violate federal laws intended to protect the health of the public and of livestock."

The farm was most recently inspected between Oct. 6 and Oct. 21, 2009, and Schumacher was given a written report detailing the violations. After FDA issued a warning letter in 2006 requiring him to abide by the law, violations continued.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, which has the responsibility for detecting drug residues in beef sold for human consumption, cited Schumacher six times in the past 10 years.

Schumacher also violated the law by failing to keep adequate records of which cows were medicated, according to the complaint.

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

March 26, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

FDA: Public Health Agencies Warn of Outbreaks Related to Drinking Raw Milk

Food Law Prof Blog has been on a break, and we have not been posting, but we are aware that raw milk has been the focus of active controversy recently.  Here's the latest FDA news release:

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, along with several state agencies, is alerting consumers to an outbreak of campylobacteriosis associated with drinking raw milk. At least 12 confirmed illnesses have been recently reported in Michigan. Symptoms of campylobacteriosis include diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever. The FDA is collaborating with the Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH), the Illinois Department of Public Health, the Indiana State Board of Animal Health and the Indiana State Health Department, to investigate the outbreak. MDCH reports that, as of March 24, 2010, it received reports of 12 confirmed cases of illness from Campylobacter infections in consumers who drank raw milk. The raw milk originated from Forest Grove Dairy in Middlebury, Ind. Raw milk is unpasteurized milk from hoofed mammals, such as cows, sheep, or goats. Raw milk may contain a wide variety of harmful bacteria – including Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, Listeria, Campylobacter and Brucella -- that may cause illness and possibly death. Public health authorities, including FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, have expressed concerns about the hazards of drinking raw milk for decades. Symptoms of illness caused by various bacteria commonly found in raw milk may include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, headache and body ache. Most healthy individuals recover quickly from illness caused by raw milk. However, some people may have more severe illness, and the harmful bacteria in raw milk can be especially dangerous for pregnant women, the elderly, infants, young children and people with weakened immune systems. If consumers of raw milk are experiencing one or more of these symptoms after consuming raw milk or food products made from raw milk, they should contact their health care provider immediately. Since 1987, the FDA has required all milk packaged for human consumption to be pasteurized before being delivered for introduction into interstate commerce. Pasteurization, a process that heats milk to a specific temperature for a set period of time, kills bacteria responsible for diseases, such as listeriosis, salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria and brucellosis. FDA’s pasteurization requirement also applies to other milk products, with the exception of a few aged cheeses. From 1998 to 2008, 85 outbreaks of human infections resulting from consumption of raw milk were reported to CDC. These outbreaks included a total of 1,614 reported illnesses, 187 hospitalizations and 2 deaths. Because not all cases of foodborne illness are recognized and reported, the actual number of illnesses associated with raw milk likely is greater. Proponents of drinking raw milk often claim that raw milk is more nutritious than pasteurized milk and that raw milk is inherently antimicrobial, thus making pasteurization unnecessary. There is no meaningful nutritional difference between pasteurized and raw milk, and raw milk does not contain compounds that will kill harmful bacteria.

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

March 26, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

February 04, 2010

FDA Updates Statement on the Investigation into the Salmonella Montevideo Outbreak

FDA News Release, Feb. 4, 2010:

The Food and Drug Administration, along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service, continues to work closely with the Rhode Island Department of Health and other states in the investigation of an outbreak of Salmonella Montevideo infections associated with certain Italian-style sausage products including salami/salame. . . .

Recent samples of black pepper collected by the Rhode Island Black pepper Department of Health at Daniele International Inc. tested positive for Salmonella. One sample from an open container matched the outbreak strain.  The remaining supply of pepper testing positive for Salmonella has been voluntarily placed on hold by both of Daniele’s suppliers.

The FDA is actively investigating . . .

read more

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

February 4, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

United States Seizes more than 1,500 Cases of Food from Wisconsin Distribution Warehouse

FDAFDA News Release, Feb. 3, 2010:

FDA acts after inspections reveal filthy, rodent-infested facility

At the request of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Marshals on Tuesday seized a wide range of human and animal food products stored under insanitary conditions at Mid-States Closeouts, a distribution warehouse in Ellsworth, Wis. The products were seized under a warrant issued by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin.

U.S. Marshals seized all FDA-regulated human and animal food Mousesusceptible to rodent and pest contamination or other filth. The products are adulterated under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act) because they have been held under insanitary conditions whereby they may have become contaminated with filth.

During an FDA inspection of Mid-States Closeouts conducted in November and December 2009, the agency found widespread and active rodent infestation, numerous gnawed packages of human and animal food, rodent excreta pellets on, in, and around food packages and rodent nesting material. The facility also had structural defects permitting easy pest access to the entire facility, and rodent harborage areas near the warehouse.

"The violations at Mid-States Closeouts are widespread and significant,” said Michael Chappell, the FDA’s acting associate commissioner, Office of Regulatory Affairs. “The FDA took this action because the company failed to provide adequate safeguards to ensure that products they hold for sale remain free of contamination.”

The FDA has not received any reports of human or pet illness or death associated with consumption of food distributed by Mid-States Closeouts. However, the seized products were in permeable packages and held under conditions that could compromise the food’s quality.

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

February 4, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

January 29, 2010

Black Pepper and Salmonella

From Food Safety News:

Black pepper supplied by New York's Wholesome Spice to Daniele Inc. to coat its salami products was found by Rhode Island public health officials to contain the Salmonella Montevideo outbreak strain responsible for making at least 189 people sick in 40 states. . . 

more here:

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

January 29, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

FDA Law Blog: Animal Feed Safety Agenda "Ambitious"

From FDA Law Blog:

FDA Lays Out Ambitious Agenda in the Latest Draft of its Framework of the Animal Feed Safety System

By Ricardo Carvajal & Diane B. McColl – In the fourth and most recent draft of the framework of its Animal Feed Safety System (“AFSS”), FDA provides a comprehensive overview of the system and of the significant gaps in that system that FDA intends to address (the AFSS is “FDA’s program for animal feed aimed at protecting human and animal health by ensuring production and distribution of safe feed,” and it covers both feed for food-producing animals and pet food). . . .

Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

January 29, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

January 02, 2010

Food Safety in 2010

From Andrew Schneider on

After Scary Year, Will Food in 2010 Be Any Safer?

(Dec. 31) -- Here's a holiday menu that we'd all like to forget:

For the appetizer: San Antonio Bay oysters polluted with Noroviruses. For the main course: grilled beef infected with E. coli from contaminated tenderizing needles; chicken with Campylobacter or imported ham with Listeria monocytogenes. Then there's a side dish of stuffing loaded with salmonella-contaminated hazelnuts. And for those watching their weight: a popular nutritional drink fouled with the food poison Bacillus cereus.

All were recalled this month by the federal government or were the subjects of warnings by food safety experts. And 2010 . . .


Post by Donna M. Byrne, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law

January 2, 2010 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

December 28, 2009

More on the Beef Recall from Marler Blog

USDA had been Warned of E. coli Risk of Mechanically Tenderized Steak

. . . However, over the weekend I learned that USDA Secretary Vilsack was warned in June 2009 (FSIS was well aware of the risk before as well) of the exact risk of “non-intact steaks (mechanically tenderized prior to further processing),” by a coalition of Food Safety Advocates. . . .

Click here to read this article on Marler Blog

December 28, 2009 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Beef recall in six states

USDA Recall Release:

WASHINGTON, December 24, 2009 - National Steak and Poultry, an Owasso, Okla., establishment, is recalling approximately 248,000 pounds of beef products that may be contaminated with E. coli O157:H7, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced today.

FSIS became aware of the problem during the course of an investigation of a cluster of E. coli O157:H7 illnesses. Working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state health and agriculture departments, FSIS determined that there is an association between non-intact steaks (blade tenderized prior to further processing) and illnesses in Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, South Dakota and Washington. FSIS is continuing to work with the CDC and affected state public health partners on the investigation. Anyone with signs or symptoms of foodborne illness should consult a physician. . . .

Click here to go to the full news release including a list of recalled products.

December 28, 2009 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

December 19, 2009

Raw milk lawsuit in Wisconsin

I know people who go to great lengths to obtain raw milk.  And I know people who think all sales of raw milk should be strictly illegal.  Most states fall somewhere in between, allowing consumption of milk from one's own cows,  sometimes allowing on-farm sales to consumers who come with their own containers, and more rarely, allowing certified producers to sell in stores.  I find the legal tightrope intriguiging.  When I first became interested in food, I wondered whether there was anything that was illegal to eat. 

A lawsuit filed this week in Wisconsin seeks declaratory judgment and construction of Wisconsin's raw milk statute, particularly as it applies to "cow shares." According to the complaint, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture Trade and Consumer Protection has interpreted sec. 97.24 Wis. Stats. to permit :

"agreements sharing ownership in [a] milk producer license under applicable law that may include allowing actual owners to take a share of the ungraded raw milk produced under the license.”

The issue in the case is whether this sort of "cow share" agreement can extend to a members-only farm store.  Here's the Farm-to-Consumer-Legal-Defense-Fund news announcement:

The Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund (FTCLDF) has filed a complaint for declaratory judgment on behalf of Wisconsin farmers Kay and Wayne Craig and related entities against the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP).  The complaint seeks declarations that the Craigs,  the farm store they operate (GrassWay Organics Farm Store LLC) , and GrassWay Organics Association and its members who have invested in the LLC are not engaging in the illegal sale of raw milk in violation of Wisconsin laws, and that the farm store does not need to obtain a “retail food establishment” license in order to operate.  “Kay and Wayne Craig, their LLC and their Association members have been harassed long enough by DATCP.  We are asking the court to declare that the Craigs, the LLC, and the Association are operating within the law,” said Pete Kennedy, President of the Fund.  “We hope the Court issues an injunction that will prevent DATCP from taking enforcement action against what we believe to be lawful activity, “  Kennedy continued.

The complaint alleges that DATCP, over a period of several years, has been changing its interpretation of what constitutes an “incidental” sale of raw milk, which are legal under Wisconsin law.  The complaint also alleges that the LLC operated by the Craigs (the farm store) is not a “retail food establishment” because it does not sell to the general public.  The farm store is open only to members of the Association that has purchased an interest in the LLC.  “In Wisconsin, it is legal for an entity that holds a Grade A  permit to sell interests or shares in the entity.  This is a legal arrangement that is lawful in all respects, yet it is being threatened by DATCP,” said the Fund’s General Counsel, Gary Cox.  “We hope the court agrees that DATCP cannot be arbitrary and capricious in their interpretation and enforcement of the law against law-abiding citizens, and try to force them out of business,” said Cox.

The complaint was filed on December 16 in Dane County Circuit Court, Wisconsin and names the Secretary of DATCP as a Defendant, Rod Nilsestuen.

Post by Professor Donna M. Byrne, William Mitchell College of Law.


December 19, 2009 in Current Affairs, food safety | Permalink | Comments (4) | TrackBack

December 10, 2009

USDA and HHS Continue Food Safety Working Group Efforts

FDA News Release(12/9/09):

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack and Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius today commended the Department of Homeland Security for opening a center devoted to ensuring the safety of foods imported to the United States.  The Commercial Targeting and Analysis Center (CTAC) for Import Safety is operating under the direction of Customs and Border Protection (CBP).  It was created on the recommendation of President Obama’s Food Safety Working Group, which is charged with advising the President on how to upgrade the U.S. food safety system for the 21st century. 

“As co-chairs of the Food Safety Working Group, we are committed to improving the safety of food produced in the United States, and also improving the safety of all the food that makes it to the American consumers’ dinner tables,” said Secretary Sebelius.  “With so much food coming from abroad, we must do all we can to ensure that it conforms to the same safety standards as our own food safety systems.”

“As part of the Food Safety Working Group’s efforts to strengthen the food safety system in this country, we identified close cooperation between federal agencies as a key to achieving real progress,” said Secretary Vilsack. “The new CTAC announced today is an important step toward the type of collaboration necessary to ensure that Americans have access to a safe and healthy food supply.”

“In addition to guarding against terrorism and crime, securing our borders and facilitating legitimate trade involve ensuring the safety of imported products,” said Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano. “This new targeting center will enhance the inspection of goods entering our country by centralizing and strengthening federal efforts to protect U.S. consumers.”

The import safety CTAC, located in Washington, D.C., is one of CBP’s six commercial targeting centers in the U.S.   It will specifically target shipments of imported cargo, including food, for possible safety violations.  The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) and other partnering government agencies, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission, will provide on-site expertise at the Center.   

“The expertise FSIS, FDA, and our other partners bring to the table is invaluable to ensuring that America’s imported food supply is safe,” said CBP Acting Commissioner Jayson P. Ahern.  “We look forward to continued cooperation with the Food Safety Working Group and its future recommendations.”

As part of its collaboration with CBP, FSIS will extend its enforcement efforts to target ineligible imports investigate suspicious shipments based on manifest information filed prior to the arrival of goods at U.S. ports.

For more information of the Food Safety Working Group, please visit

December 10, 2009 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

December 05, 2009

$100 million lawsuit filed in E coli case

Yesterday (Friday, 12/4/09) Bill Marler filed a lawsuit seeking $100 million in damages for Stephanie Smith, the 22 year old dancer left paralyzed after eating a burger tainted with E. coli 0157:H7.

Read about the lawsuit in the St. Paul Pioneer Press (my home town newspaper).

Read about it on Marler Blog, Bill Marler's own food poisoning law blog:

This morning’s papers across the United States are covered with paralyzed, former dancer, Stephanie Smith’s battle against food giant, Cargill. Cargill’s hamburger, sold at Wal-Mart, nearly killed Stephanie with Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, and has left her, with brain damage, with failing kidneys, with no bowel or bladder control, and facing a life confined to a bed or a wheel chair. Despite her hard work, Stephanie will not dance again. As I type this in my kitchen, my three daughters are helping my wife decorate the Christmas tree. Like you, I cannot imagine seeing one of them in Stephanie’s condition – from eating a hamburger.

December 5, 2009 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

December 03, 2009

Poultry Purity

First Consumer Reports reported that most store-bought broilers are contaminated with Campylobacter or Salmonella, the two most common sources of food poisoning:

Campylobacter was in 62 percent of the chickens, salmonella was in 14 percent, and both bacteria were in 9 percent. Only 34 percent of the birds were clear of both pathogens. That's double the percentage of clean birds we found in our 2007 report but far less than the 51 percent in our 2003 report.

The National Chicken Council says the findings are overblown:

Chicken is safe. Like all fresh foods, raw chicken may have some microorganisms present, but these are destroyed by the heat of normal cooking. Consumers are encouraged to follow the safe handling and cooking instructions printed on every package of fresh meat and poultry sold in this country.

According to Reuters, USDA reports lower levels of contamination, but Consumers Union tested products further along in the retail chain.

December 3, 2009 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

November 27, 2009

Now that you've eaten your turkey: Poison-free Poultry Act of 2009

A bill introduced Wednesday would ban the use of arsenic-containing poultry feed. Read about it on Food Safety News:

U.S. Representative Steve Israel (D-NY) introduced legislation Wednesday to ban the use of the an arsenical compound used in animal production.

The Poison-Free Poultry Act of 2009, or H.R. 3624, would amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to ban roxarsone, an arsenical antimicrobial drug used to ward off infection in industrial swine and poultry production.
The bill itself is available here: HR 3624

November 27, 2009 in food safety, Legislation | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

FDA Seeks Permanent Injunction Against Sharkco Seafood International Inc.

FDA News Release:

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is seeking a permanent injunction against Sharkco Seafood International Inc., located in Venice, La. The injunction is intended to stop the seafood processing company from distributing scombrotoxin-forming fish in interstate commerce. Consumption of scombrotoxin-forming fish that are not properly preserved or refrigeratedcan result in scombroid food poisoning, a foodborne illness that results from eating spoiled or decayed fish. Scombrotoxin-forming fish most commonly include mackerel, sardines, tuna, bluefish, and mahi mahi.


November 27, 2009 in food safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack