Family Law Prof Blog

Editor: Margaret Ryznar
Indiana University
Robert H. McKinney School of Law

Tuesday, October 2, 2018

U.S. Has Highest Maternal Mortality Rate in Industrialized World

From Refinery 29:

The U.S. has the highest maternal mortality rate in the industrialized world, and most of the deaths are completely preventable. On top of that, Black women die at up to four times the rate of white women due to racism in the healthcare industry.

This week, Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand and Kamala Harris introduced a pair of bills aimed at preventing negligence in hospitals that results in deaths and medical complications, and fixing the tragic racial disparity in how many women die before, during, and after childbirth. The bills, called Modernizing Obstetric Medicine Standards (MOMS) and Maternal Care Access and Reducing Emergencies (CARE), are meant to complement each other.

"Hospitals have struggled under a lack of funding for a long time and the MOMS Act helps them because it would provide funding and get the data so we can understand the depth of the problem," Sen. Gillibrand told Refinery29 in an interview.

Read more here.

October 2, 2018 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, October 1, 2018

Alabama Leads Nation in Infant Mortality

From WRBL.com:

Alabama leads the nation when it comes to infant mortality, and the governor's office is committing one million dollars in the month of October, aiming to reduce the infant mortality rate in the state.

The most recent data on infant mortality available from the CDC looks at the year of 2016. The data  shows that 537 babies died in Alabama in 2016 before their first birthday. 

This sight is often too familiar to families, especially mothers who've dealt with the loss of a baby after a live birth.

"Keep God first, because if you don't have God you don't have nothing," said Lequita Williams. 

It's their strong faith, the Williams family is leaning on after the death of their precious baby boy.  

"I didn't know that he had a birth defect until they told me. His heart tube didn't develop all the way," said Lequita Williams. 

Read more here.

October 1, 2018 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, September 29, 2018

Indian Supreme Court takes a stand against Honour crimes

From the Indian Jurist:

The Supreme Court has rendered a landmark judgment in the case of Shakti Vahini v Union of India and others on March 27, 2018 whereby it held that the right of adult individuals to choose their life partners was above class honour and that it was illegal for khap panchayats to summon and punish couples for this. The Apex Court categorically ruled that any attempt by khap panchayats or any other assembly to scuttle or prevent two consenting adults from marrying is absolutely “illegal”. It also ordered that such activities of khap panchayats “are to be stopped in entirety” and called upon Parliament to come up with a suitable legislation. It also laid down “preventive, remedial and punitive” measures.

Read more here

September 29, 2018 in Current Affairs, International, Marriage (impediments) | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, September 28, 2018

Posthumous marriage

From BBC News:

A Utah state judge has declared a 74-year-old woman and her long-term lesbian partner legally married, three months after her wife died.

Judge Patrick Corum declared Bonnie Foerster legally married to Beverly Grossaint, who died in May in Salt Lake City at age 82.

Same-sex marriage became legal in Utah in 2013 and nationwide in 2015.

Read more here

September 28, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, September 27, 2018

India nullifies Adultery Law

From CNN:

India's top court has abolished a colonial-era law criminalizing extramarital sex, in a landmark ruling campaigners have hailed as a victory for women's rights.

Under the 158-year-old adultery law, known as Section 497, a man could be imprisoned for up to five years for engaging in sexual relations with a married woman without the consent of her husband.
The Supreme Court struck down the law Thursday, ruling it retrograde and discriminatory toward women.
 
Read more here

 

September 27, 2018 in Current Affairs, International, Marriage (impediments) | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Bill Cosby sentenced to 3 to 10 years in prison for 2004 Sexual assault

From CNN:

Bill Cosby, once known as "America's Dad," was sentenced Tuesday to three to 10 years in a state prison for drugging and sexually assaulting Andrea Constand at his home 14 years ago.

Cosby's bail was revoked and he was escorted from the courthouse in handcuffs.
"This was a serious crime," Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, Judge Steven O'Neill said. "Mr. Cosby, this has all circled back to you. The day has come, the time has come."
 
Read more here

September 26, 2018 in Child Abuse, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, September 25, 2018

Court rules chemical castration for convicted paedophile

From The Mirror:

A paedophile in Kazakhtan is set to be the first in the country to be chemically castrated.

It comes months after a new law was passed permitting the method as punishment for paedophilia.

The unnamed man from the Turkestan region is to undergo an injection supervised by the country’s health ministry, officials announced.

President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, has allocated £20,500 for some 2,000 injections on men who commit child sex attacks this year.

Read more here

September 25, 2018 in Child Abuse, International | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, September 24, 2018

Incest Clan

From The Mirror:

A woman with four inbred children was found living with her brother after police tracked her down and arrested her, a court has heard.

Martha Colt is a member of an infamous Australian family accused of revolting crimes including four generations of incest on a squalid farm.

She was still living with her brother Charlie Colt, 45 - whom she reportedly once slept with in a 'marital bed' - when she was arrested in April.

Read more here

September 24, 2018 in Current Affairs, International | Permalink | Comments (0)

India Bans Talaq

From AP:

NEW DELHI (AP) — India’s government on Wednesday approved an ordinance to implement a top court ruling striking down the Muslim practice that allows men to instantly divorce.

The government decision came after it failed to get approval from Parliament a year after the court ruled that the practice of allowing men to divorce by simply uttering the Arabic word for divorce — “talaq” — three times violated the constitutional rights of Muslim women.

Most of the 170 million Muslims in India are Sunnis governed by the Muslim Personal Law for family matters and disputes. The laws include allowing the practice, known as “triple talaq,” whereby men can divorce by simply saying the word three times — and not necessarily consecutively, but at any time, and by any medium, including telephone, text message or social media post.

The government will have another six months to get Parliament’s approval for the ordinance to become law. But in the meantime, those who violate it can be prosecuted under the ordinance.

Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said that nearly 22 countries, including neighboring Pakistan and Bangladesh, have banned the practice and appealed to the opposition to approve the Muslim Women Protection of Rights on Marriage Bill.

Read more here.

September 24, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, September 23, 2018

Romania Moving Closer To Banning Same-Sex Marriage

From The Independent: 

Romanian senators have overwhelmingly voted for a measure that could be used to change the country’s constitution so that it defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman. 

Romania’s constitution currently defines marriage as a union between “spouses” and the latest vote could be the first step to limiting the definition of marriage in the country. 

If the definition is changed it would be very difficult for same-sex marriage to then be legalised.

Senators voted 107-13, with seven abstentions, to allow the referendum to go ahead. 

Read more here

September 23, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, September 22, 2018

Boston Man Pled Guilty To Marriage Fraud

From telegram.com:

WORCESTER – A city man admitted in federal court Tuesday to entering into six sham marriages with foreign women over 10 years.

“I just want people to know I’m very remorseful,” Peter J. Hicks, 58, said outside U.S. District Court, where he pleaded guilty to one felony count of marriage fraud.

According to authorities, Mr. Hicks married six women from sub-Saharan Africa from 2003 to 2013 in exchange for money. He filed paperwork trying to get four of the women green cards as a result of the marriages, prosecutors said; he failed three times, court records show and attempted to withdraw the fourth application.

Read more here

September 22, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, September 21, 2018

Moroccan Law Criminalizes Forced Marriage And Sexual Violence

From BBC News:

The law includes a ban on forced marriage, sexual harassment in public places, and tougher penalties for certain forms of violence.

It has been criticised by Human Rights Watch for not explicitly criminalising marital rape and lacking a precise definition of domestic violence.

A government survey found that 63% of women between the ages of 18-65 had been victims of violence.

Samira Raiss, one of the main Moroccan campaigners for a law criminalising violence against women, said: "We will not stop here. This law is an asset but it has shortcomings that we have to work on."

The law - known as the Hakkaoui law after Women's Minister Bassima Hakkaoui, who drafted it five years ago - has been criticised for requiring victims to file for criminal prosecution to obtain protection.

Read more here

September 21, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, September 20, 2018

Landmark Ontario Court Decision Awarded Child Support For Adult With Disabilities

From The Star: 

It is the final chapter in a constitutional challenge that changed provincial legislation and gives new hope to single parents caring for children with disabilities.

An Ontario court judge has awarded Brampton single mother Robyn Coates monthly payments of $518.14 in child support for her disabled adult son for the rest of his life.

The support ruling, released by Justice William Sullivan last week, stems from a precedent-setting decision in July 2017 that prompted the provincial government to change the law and opened the door for unmarried mothers and fathers caring for adult children with disabilities to claim support from estranged parents.

 

Read more here

September 20, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Over 1,000 Rejected Asylum Seekers May Get Second Chance In Family Separation Cases

From The Washington Post:

As many as 1,000 asylum seekers whose claims were heard and rejected by the government under traumatic circumstances of family separation will get a second chance under an agreement announced late Wednesday. While the government did not agree to return parents already removed from the country, it said it would consider “individual cases in which plaintiffs’ counsel believes the return of a particular removed” class member “may be warranted.”

The agreement, which still needs approval by the court, was a significant development in the ongoing controversy over the Trump administration’s “zero-tolerance” policy, which resulted in the separation of thousands of parents from their children at the border starting in the spring. Some of the asylum seekers in question, according to a lawsuit brought on their behalf in August, were rejected by immigration authorities after interviews during which they were said to be “traumatized” by having had their children torn away from them.

The settlement between the government and plaintiffs in three lawsuits represents a major victory for the asylum seekers, children and adults alike. It gives them another chance to apply for asylum before the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, which will adjudicate the applications. Asylum seekers must show “credible fear of persecution or torture” if returned to their home countries.

Read more here

September 19, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, September 18, 2018

Canadian Judiciary Steps Ahead In Family Law Reforms

From The Lawyer's Daily:

Manitoba’s judiciary is enacting its own “less adversarial” family court reforms to give options to couples who opt out of the mandatory mediation that is expected to be introduced as legislation, says a judge leading the charge.

Court of Queen’s Bench Chief Justice Glenn Joyal said while it remains a mystery as to what kinds of changes will be part of coming legislative reforms to family law in the province, the judiciary will implement its New Model for Scheduling and Case Flow Management in a bid to fix a slow, expensive and emotionally draining system.

This comes in the wake of a June report that called for sweeping changes to Manitoba’s troubled family law system, including a recommendation that mandatory couple’s mediation be used as a possible alternative to courtroom litigation.

Read more here

September 18, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, September 17, 2018

UK Courts May Do Away With Fault-Based Divorces

From Metro News:

Fault-based divorces could be scrapped in a major shake-up of family laws as ministers look to simplify the process.

A consultation is set to be launched on plans for divorce law reform after Justice Secretary David Gauke said he wanted a ‘less antagonistic’ system.

Currently, unless people can prove there was adultery, unreasonable behaviour or desertion, the only way to get a divorce without their spouse’s agreement is to live apart for five years.

In May Mr Gauke told The Times: ‘The more I look at it the more I am concerned that the current system does create a degree of unnecessary antagonism in an already difficult and sensitive set of circumstances.’

Government spokeswoman Baroness Vere of Norbiton told peers: ‘We are looking at ways to reduce conflict in a divorce, whether that can be no-fault, whether that can be under financial provisions, whether that can be for enforceable nuptial agreements.'

Read more here

 

 

September 17, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, September 16, 2018

New Law Will Require Insurers To Cover Egg, Embryo Freezing For Cancer Patients

From The Chicago Tribune:

Gov. Bruce Rauner signed a bill into law Monday that, beginning Jan. 1, will require health insurance companies in Illinois to cover the preservation of eggs, sperm and embryos for patients with cancer and certain other diseases.

Those patients often have to undergo treatments that can leave them sterile. Yet, until now, not all insurers have covered the costs of preserving their fertility.

Sperm freezing can cost as little as a couple of hundred dollars, while the process of preserving eggs and embryos can cost more than $10,000.

About 5,800 Illinois residents of reproductive age — between 14 and 45 — are diagnosed with cancer each year, according to the Illinois Department of Public Health.

Read more here.

September 16, 2018 in Alternative Reproduction | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, September 15, 2018

Kavanaugh Calls Birth Control Abortion-Inducing Drugs

From USA Today:

Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, already vehemently opposed by abortion-rights advocates, further alienated that contingent during his Senate testimony Thursday when he referred to some forms of birth control as "abortion-inducing drugs." 

Kavanaugh made the remark after Texas Republican Sen. Ted Cruz asked him about his dissent in a 2015 case involving Priests for Life, a Catholic group that Kavanaugh said was being forced to provide health coverage for contraceptives "over their religious objection." 

He said they would have been required to fill out a form that would "make them complicit in the provision of the abortion-inducing drugs" that they objected to. 

Read more here.

September 15, 2018 in Abortion | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, September 14, 2018

Georgia Adoption Process Made Easier

From Politically Georgia:

A major overhaul of Georgia’s adoption laws went into effect this month, lifting some of the hurdles facing couples who want to adopt a child.

The adoption law, which took force Sept. 1, will ensure that Georgia residents can stay in-state rather than traveling elsewhere to adopt, said state Rep. Bert Reeves, the sponsor of the House Bill 159.

"It will make it easier for prospective parents to navigate the adoption process and adopt a child right here in Georgia,” said Reeves, R-Marietta.

“This law makes it easier for Georgia’s most vulnerable children to find permanent, stable and loving homes,” said House Speaker David Ralston, R-Blue Ridge. 

Read more here.

September 14, 2018 in Adoption | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, September 13, 2018

Cahn: "Revisiting Revocation upon Divorce?"

Naomi Cahn (GW Law) recently posted to SSRN her article Revisiting Revocation upon Divorce?, Iowa Law Review (2018).  Here is the abstract:

In an increasing number of states, divorce presumptively renders an ex-spouse ineligible to benefit from the testator’s will. Divorce may also impact other revocable dispositions in favor of the ex-spouse and exclude the ex-spouse’s family members from benefitting in any way from the decedent’s death. Revocation upon divorce statutes have become more common as divorce itself has become more common, and courts have been quite rigorous in interpreting the statutes, creating an almost irrevocable presumption of revocation. By contrast, other countries vary in their approaches to the effect of a divorce on testamentary and nonprobate transfers to an ex-spouse and family members.

This Article challenges the utility of the presumption of revocation upon divorce. In raising questions about the appropriateness of the presumption, this Article traces developments in divorce law—from the purely fault system to the no-fault system to contemporary, and more collaborative, approaches to divorce—to show the historical shifts towards contemporary attempts to dissolve the acrimony often associated with divorce. This Article also explores the relatively limited sociological and empirical material on actual individuals’ preferences for disposition of their estates to ex-spouses and their families. And it examines the class, gender, and race aspects of wealth ownership as part of an effort to determine who is most likely to have probate and nonprobate assets affected by the revocation statutes. Finally, this Article discusses alternative approaches for states to consider.

 

 

September 13, 2018 | Permalink | Comments (0)