Saturday, August 13, 2005

Highlights from Recent Economic Papers

***Stern, A Three Layer Atmosphere Ocean Model of Global Climate Change

Using sophisticated multicointegration econometric modelling, Stern suggests that climate changes from anthropogenic forces occur slowly but continue warming over a long time.  For example, the level of warming from anthropogenic forces to date is 3.25K, only 1/2 of which will occur in the first 100 years.

***Amundsen, Baldursson, Mortensen, Price Volatility and Banking in Green Certificate Markets

Banking of green certificates for renewable power improves the market by reducing average price, decreasing market volatility, and creating speculation that smoothes the market.  Banking of Green Certificates

For a full list with abstracts, see New Economics Papers: nepenv_20050725_13_papers

For a full list with abstracts, Download nepenv_20050725_13_papers.html

August 13, 2005 in Climate Change, Economics, Energy, EU | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, August 12, 2005

The Science of Global Warming: Carbon sinks lose their ability to absorb

Research published on line by the National Academy of Science indicates that carbon sinks lose their ability to absorb CO2 over time.

Abstract Link: Evolution of carbon sinks in a changing climate -- Fung et al. 102 (32): 11201 -- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Open Access Text: Evolution of Carbon Sinks in a Changing Climate

August 12, 2005 in Climate Change, Forests/Timber, Physical Science | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

The Science of Global Warming - Tropospheric temperatures rising with surface temperatures

Three Science reports (online, not yet published)  address weather probe/satellite data previously interpreted to show cooling of the troposphere in the Tropics (rather than the expected warming)  during the last two decades.  This data had led to some to question  the validity of current climate models because  tropospheric warming should accompany surface warming.
 
The reports all address different aspects of the problem,
but all three indicate the troposphere is warming,
not cooling, and current climate change models are sound.

Santer et al conclude that the models have excellent agreement with observed surface and tropospheric temperatures on the monthly and annual time scales.  Partial agreement with observed tropospheric temperatures over the decadal timescale together with empirical evidence of increases in tropospheric water vapor and tropopause height
suggest warming, not cooling, of the free troposphere.
Link: Santer, et al abstract -
Amplification of Surface Temperature Trends
and Variability in the Tropical Atmosphere 
10.1126/science.1114867 (8/11/05).

Mears and Wentz  correct the satellite data for biases caused by satellite angle and diurnal cycle (time of day).  Based on their correction method, global tropospheric temperatures  are increasing at roughly .193 K per decade instead of .087 K per decade previously estimated;
tropical tropospheric temperatures are increasing at 9 K per decade instead of the slight cooling estimated using a different correction method.  Mears and Wentz Abstract

Sherwood, Lanzante, and Meyer report that the bias caused by solar heating (time of day or diurnal cycle) has lessened over time, even though
corrections made to account for that bias have not.  Taking this into account, they calculated a .14 C warming per decade in the tropical troposphere, rather than cooling.
Sherwood, Lanzante, and Meyer abstract

August 12, 2005 in Climate Change, Physical Science | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

The Owls Win One

The Oregon Supreme Court yesterday decided that a state decision preventing Boise Cascade's from logging 9 acres of a 40 acre parcel in order to protect the spotted owl did not violate either the Oregon or the US Constitution. 

The Court adopted "no economically viable use" of the "whole parcel" as the test of regulatory takings under the Oregon Constitution. 

The Court also decided that there was no taking under the US constitution.  The Court determined that there was no Lucas taking because of the whole parcel rule, no taking under Agins because Lingle eliminated the substantive due process test, and no taking under Loretto because a rule that does not allow a property owner all uses of its property is different than providing an easement to a third party who installs equipment.  The Court also upheld the trial court's resolution of the Penn Central question as a matter of law; no jury is required to decide whether regulatory action constitutes a taking under Penn Central, if there are no undisputed historical facts.

Link: Oregon Judicial Department Appellate Court Opinions.

August 12, 2005 in Biodiversity, Cases, Constitutional Law, Forests/Timber, Land Use, US | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, August 11, 2005

Energy Use and Climate Change

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) provides some interesting graphics regarding the G8 countries performance on energy and climate.  WWF Climate Scorecards

August 11, 2005 in Climate Change, Energy, EU, International, US | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

The US Vision on Climate Change Technology Program

DOE has released a comprehensive strategy to use technology to address climate change. US Vision strategic plan

August 11, 2005 in Climate Change, Energy, US | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Regulatory Takings Conference

The Georgetown Regulatory Takings Conference is on October 27-28, 2005:
Georgetown Environmental Law and Policy Institute brochure

August 11, 2005 in Constitutional Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

More Energy -- ABA Teleconference

The ABA will have a teleconference on Tuesday, August 16 on the Energy Bill. energy_bill_teleconference.pdf 

August 11, 2005 in Energy | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Energy

With crude reaching $ 65, energy may be on everyone's minds. 
Here are a couple of additional good resources:

DOE's statistics Short Term Energy Outlook
The Economist Perils at the Pumps

August 11, 2005 in Energy | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, August 9, 2005

Professional Opportunities -- Chinese / American Studies

Two law professor positions are available in 2006-07 
at the Johns Hopkins University-Nanjing University Center 
for Chinese and American Studies in Nanjing, China. 
The one-year post-BA certificate program will be 20 years old this year.
In 2006, the program will be introducing a new M.A. 
in International Studies that will require MA candidates to select 
from one of three major fields in international law and politics.  
The position announcement follows: 
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, HOPKINS-NANJING CENTER 
FOR CHINESE AND AMERICAN STUDIES
TWO LAW POSITIONS FOR 2006-07
Johns Hopkins University invites applications 
for two Visiting Professors of Law at its graduate school 
located in Nanjing, 
the oldest, most ambitious, and largest-scaled 
joint academic venture in China.  
We seek applicants possessing a JD, 
strong theoretical and methodological training, 
significant teaching experience, and scholarly productivity. 
Courses offered each year in English include: 
·        American Constitution
*   American Legal System
·        Comparative Legal Cultures: U.S. & China


·        History & Philosophy of Law in the West


·        International Law


·        One or more of the following: Human Rights Law, Environmental Law,  
Intellectual Property Law, and Law and International Relations.

Johns Hopkins will match the home institution’s salary and offer its standard benefits package. 

Faculty receive travel, shipping, and scholar’s allowances

and are housed in comfortable, furnished two-bedroom located in a new facility

opening in September 2006. Funding may require U.S. citizenship.

The application deadline is November 1, 2005.

Applications may be downloaded at www.nanjing.jhu.edu 

or contact Sharon Newman at 202-663-5802 or snewman@jhu.edu.

Johns Hopkins is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.

Attachments:

August 9, 2005 in Asia | Permalink | TrackBack (0)