Thursday, November 10, 2005
This week, the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP), a market oriented think tank based in Europe and the US initiated a regular series of climate change policy briefings to benefit key European stakeholders. Leading climate change policymakers—including those from U.S. States, European States, China, Mexico, and Canada—will convene in Brussels in 2005 and throughout 2006 to discuss their efforts to address climate change and implications for European climate policy. The inaugural meeting, hosted at the offices of DG Environment of the European Commission, attracted over 50 invited participants to hear representatives from California discuss one of the most important climate change policy initiatives in the United States—California’s regulations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from new motor vehicles—and its implications for Europe’s voluntary agreement with automakers to reduce GHG emissions from cars (see below for more details on both programs). The seminar was attended by the key players from different backgrounds, including from various services of the European Commission and the European Council, research centers, environmental think tanks, representatives of the European, Japanese and Korean automotive industry, consultancies, and law firms. Tom Cackette, Chief Deputy Executive Officer and Chuck Shulock, Program Manager for GHG Reduction in the California Air Resources Board, introduced participants to the California GHG Vehicle standards and its implementation. European respondents included: Günter Hörmandinger, representing Clean Air Transport Unit of DG Environment in the European Commission, Aat Peterse, Program Manager Low Carbon Cars in the European Federation for Transport; Environment and Herman Meyer, Director for Environmental Policy in the European Automobile Manufacturers Association.
The State of California has undertaken one of the most important climate change policy initiatives in the to address transportation emissions. In September 2004 the California Air Resources Board approved regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from new motor vehicles. The regulations, which will take effect in 2006 following an opportunity for legislative review, apply to new passenger vehicles and light duty trucks beginning with the 2009 model year. The standards will result in greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions of 22% in 2012 and a 30% reduction in 2016. This regulation will be one component of California’s effort to meet Governor Schwarzenegger’s June, 2005, announcement of statewide GHG emissions targets of 2000 levels by 2010, 1990 levels by 2020, and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. In Europe, European, Japanese and Korean car manufacturers (associated in ACEA, JAMA and KAMA respectively) entered into a voluntary agreement with the European Commission with a target to reach emissions levels of 140 g CO2 per km by 2008 (ACEA) and 2009 (JAMA, KAMA). While there is uncertainty as to whether 140 g can be reached in the given timeframe, the European Commission is reviewing the EU strategy, whose objective is to achieve a fleet average of new passenger cars of 120 g CO2 per km by 2012. The issue of CO2 emissions is also a part of the CARS 21 process a new initiative of DG Enterprise and Industry developing a roadmap of recommendations to improve the global competitiveness of the European automotive industry.
Upcoming topics for the CCAP BRUSSELS SEMINAR SERIES include: >Chinese Efforts to Reduce GHG Emissions: Current Policies and Future Opportunities >GHG Emissions Trading in U.S. States: the Northeastern Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and Efforts in the Western U.S. >Canadian Large Final Emitters Program: Possibilities for Linkage with the EU Emissions Trading System? >Brazilian Emissions from Deforestation: What Options for Reduction? >Options for the International Response to Climate Change Post-2012: Results of the Future Actions Dialogue >Joint Implementation: Opportunities and Barriers in new EU member states, Accession and candidate countries More information can be found at http://www.ccap.org/international/brussels-seminars.htm