Thursday, July 24, 2014
Chile has one of the most robust school voucher programs in the world. A new peer reviewed study, Understanding How Universal Vouchers Have Impacted Urban School Districts’ Enrollment in Chile, looks to the effects of Chile's massive voucher program on public education to draw lessons for the United States. In short, Chile provides a test case for the claims that vouchers will spur competition and improve public schools, while also providing choice. Julian Vasquez Heilig summarizes the 39 page study:
in a market where the voucher is distributed equally and to everyone, the final result is a complex scenario of education stratification where differences and segregation primarily functions as an advantage for high-SES students. Prior peer-reviewed research on vouchers in Chile, and the current study, demonstrate that specific family and student characteristics, as well as, the family/student´s area of residence jointly determine the spectrum of educational choices available in a universal voucher system.
The study found, however, that even with a robust voucher program opportunities were not spread equally. Rather, there was significant variation across localities.