CrimProf Blog

Editor: Kevin Cole
Univ. of San Diego School of Law

Tuesday, May 6, 2014

Corpus & Laqueur on Entertainment as Crime Prevention

Ryan Copus and Hannah Laqueur (University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law) have posted Entertainment as Crime Prevention: Evidence from Chicago Sports Games on SSRN. Here is the abstract:

The concern that mass media may be responsible for aggressive and criminal behavior is widespread. Comparatively little consideration has been given to its potential diversionary function. This paper contributes to the emerging body of literature on entertainment as a determinant of crime by analyzing Chicago by-the-minute crime reports during major sporting events. Sports provide an exogenous infusion of TV diversion that we leverage to test the effect of entertainment on crime. Because the scheduling of a sporting event should be random with respect to crime within a given month, day of the week, and time, we use month-time-day-of-week fixed effects to estimate the effect of the sporting events on crime. We compare crime reports by the half hour when Chicago’s NFL, NBA, or MLB teams are playing to crime reports at the same time, day, and month when the teams are not playing. We conduct the same analysis for the Super Bowl, NBA Finals, and MLB World Series. The Super Bowl generates the most dramatic declines: total crime reports decrease by approximately 25 percent (roughly 60 fewer crimes). The decline is partially offset by an increase in crime before the game, most notably in drug and prostitution reports, and an uptick in reports of violent crime immediately after the game. Crime during Chicago Bears Monday night football games is roughly 15 percent lower (30 fewer crimes) than during the same time on non-game nights.

Our results show similar but smaller effects for NBA and MLB games. Except for the Super Bowl, we find little evidence for temporal crime displacement before or after the games. In general, we find substantial declines during games across crime types – property, violent, drug, and other – with the largest reductions for drug crime. We believe fewer potential offenders on the streets largely explain the declines in crime.

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We believe fewer potential offenders on the streets largely explain the declines in crime.

This conclusion is obvious to anyone with a triple digit IQ. The suggestion that this obvious fact has implications for anything is ludicrous. Extreme weather events caused by global warming also cause people to stay home and not commit crimes. I guess there next paper will be "Global warming as crime prevention" and encourage people to burn more fossil fuel. In the unlikely event this nonsense gets published, the journal editor should be sued for malpractice.

Posted by: Mary H. | May 6, 2014 2:31:10 PM

OK...but sometimes it requires at least a triple-digit IQ to understand that coincidence doesn't necessarily equal causation.

Perhaps Mary H should consider, too, that many/most of the crimes she credits the system for preventing involve technical probation violations and non-violent drug offenses. Beating your chest about our country's prolific, voracious cop/incarceration system is only fun and falsely reassuring until it rolls up on and devours someone you care about.

Posted by: John K | May 8, 2014 8:26:17 AM

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