ContractsProf Blog

Editor: D. A. Jeremy Telman
Valparaiso Univ. Law School

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Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Linda Rusch to Be Honored at KCON 9

At the annual International Conference on Contracts coming up in February in Miami, the assembled contracts profs will be be honoring Linda Rusch.  

RuschLinda J. Rusch is a retired  professor of law as of August 2012.  She was the inaugural holder of the Frederick N. and Barbara T. Curley Professor in Commercial Law at the Gonzaga University School fo Law from 2005-2010.   She was also a co-director of the Law School’s Commercial Law Center. She graduated from the University of Iowa College of Law with highest distinction and was elected to the Order of the Coif.

Prior to joining Gonzaga, she was a professor of law teaching in the area of commercial law at Hamline University School of Law in St. Paul, Minnesota. Prior to joining the Hamline faculty in 1992, she practiced commercial law and bankruptcy as an associate with the Minneapolis firm of Faegre & Benson, and clerked for the Honorable Milton I. Shadur, United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois.

Over the course of several years, Professor Rusch has been involved in the revision of the Uniform Commercial Code. From 1996-99, she served as the Associate Reporter for the Uniform Law Commission and the American Law Institute Drafting Committee to Revise Article 2 of the UCC. From 2000 to 2003, she served as a co-reporter for and member of the ULC-ALI Drafting Committee to revise UCC Article 7.  She also was the Reporter for the ULC Study Committee on Payment Issues from 2008 to 2011.  She currently serves as a member of the Permanent Editorial Board of the UCC, and is on the Executive Committee for the PEB,

Professor Rusch is actively involved in many national and local bar groups. She has filled many leadership roles in the American Bar Association Business Law Section, including as a Chair of the Section from 2011-12, as a chair of the Committee on the UCC from 1999-2003.  In addition, Prof. Rusch is a past President of the American College of Commercial Finance Lawyers. She is also a member of the American Law Institute and the American College of Bankruptcy. As a member of the American Law Institute, she has participated in the Members Consultative Groups on the development of the Restatement of Restitution, the Principles of Software Contracting, and the Restatement of Torts (Third): Economic Losses. 

Prof. Rusch has published numerous articles and books on the Uniform Commercial Code and bankruptcy, and is a frequent lecturer on those topics. 

We are looking forward to joining our colleagues in honoring Linda Rusch.



September 18, 2013 in Conferences, Contract Profs | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, September 16, 2013

International Conference on Contracts, 2014 Edition in MIAMI!!

Martin, Jennifer (2)All the details can be found here.  Here's the main information:

Join us Winter 2014 in the Sunshine State for 


The 9th Annual Conference on Contracts

February 21-22, 2014

 The 2014 conclave will be hosted by 

St. Thomas University School of Law 

and will be chaired by Professor Jennifer S. Martin (pictured).  



The Ninth International Conference on Contracts will bring together scholars who teach and work in the areas of contract law and practice for two days of panels and scholarly presentations. The Conference is unique in the breadth of its coverage of contract-related issues and its mix of senior and junior scholars. 

One of its chief goals is to foster and encourage dialogue and relationships among scholars at all levels, and to bring together those whose work comes from different perspectives. 

For more information about the Conference contact lead conference organizer:

Professor Jennifer S. Martin at (305) 474-2420, or via email at


September 16, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | TrackBack (0)

Monday, September 9, 2013

International Commercial Contracts Conference at Brooklyn Law School

Brooklyn Law School is sponsoring a conference entitled What Law Governs International Commercian Contracts?  Divergent Doctrines and the New Hague Principles.  More information can be found here.

Here are the basics:

Brooklyn LawFriday, October 18
9:15 am-3:15 pm

Brooklyn Law School
Subotnick Center
250 Joralemon Street
Brooklyn, New York

Dennis J. Block Center for the Study of International Business Law
Brooklyn Journal of International Law

About the Symposium
With the continued dramatic growth of international commerce, a critical question has become even more important: What law governs the contracts behind the commerce? Key issues include:

  • In much of the world, courts accept the choice of the parties to a contract as to what law will govern it – but this principle is not accepted everywhere. Even in nations where it is accepted, differences abound.
  • Should the ability of parties to select the law governing their contract be approached differently in the increasingly prevalent world of international commercial arbitration?
  • In many arbitral systems, parties may select not only the law of a sovereign state, but also “rules of law” emanating from non-state sources, such as “principles” promulgated by international organizations. Should courts show the same deference to the parties’ choice of non-state law?

The Hague Principles on Choice of Law in International Contracts, prepared by the Hague Conference on Private International Law and now nearing completion, are expected to be quite influential, both in establishing the principle of party autonomy to select the law governing commercial contracts and in developing the principle and its limits.

This symposium addresses the important issues described above – from the perspectives of both current law and the “best practices” represented by the draft Hague Principles.


September 9, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | TrackBack (0)

Monday, August 26, 2013

Reminder: CSLSA Conference Upcoming in October

The annual Central States Law Schools Association conference is coming up.  The conference is not subject specific, but usually includes panels on contracts and commerial law.  In my experience, it provides a very pleasant, intimate, and collegial setting in which to present one's scholarship.

Although CSLSA is a regional association of law schools, membership is not a prerequisite to attend and present.  Faculty from all schools are welcome.  



View this email in your browser
Elizabeth Young
Associate Professor of Law
University of Arkansas School of Law

Vice President
Missy Lonegrass
Associate Professor of Law
Louisiana State University Law Center

Eric Chaffee
Professor of Law
University of Toledo School of Law

Carolyn Dessin
Professor of Law
Akron School of Law

The Central States Law Schools Association 2013 Scholarship Conference will be held October 4 and 5 at the University of Arkansas School of Law in Fayetteville, Arkansas.  We invite law faculty from across the country to submit proposals to present papers or works in progress.

The purpose of CSLSA is to foster scholarly exchanges among law faculty across legal disciplines.  The annual CSLSA conference is a forum for legal scholars, especially more junior scholars, to present working papers or finished articles on any law-related topic in a relaxed and supportive setting where junior and senior scholars from various disciplines are available to comment.  More mature scholars have an opportunity to test new ideas in a less formal setting than is generally available for their work. 

Please visit our website to register and view the tentative schedule and planned activities.  

The deadline for registration is September 2, 2013.  After registration has concluded an updated schedule complete with presentation times will be made available online.   

In keeping with tradition, CSLSA is able to pay for one night’s lodging for presenters from member schools.  Dues invoices are mailed to member schools on an annual basis in late August.  Representatives of schools interested in joining CSLSA should contact Carolyn Dessin at in September to request an invoice.

We look forward to seeing you in Fayetteville!


The 2013 CSLSA Board

For more information about CSLSA, visit our website at or contact a board member.


August 26, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | TrackBack (0)

Monday, June 3, 2013

Radin Meets Readers (and a Packed Audience) at Law & Society Annual Meeting

[Editor's note: We interrupt our Boilerplate Symposium to bring you this report from Shubhs Ghosh on another discussion of  Margaret Jane Radin's Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights and the Rule of Law.

A panel of five contracts law scholars met to discuss Margaret Radin’s Boilerplate in front of an  audience of over thirty attendees at the annual Law & Society meeting in Boston on Saturday, June 1, 2013.  Tal Kastner of Princeton University did a great job moderating and raising a provocative discussion. Although scheduled to end at 6:15 pm, the attendees stayed until almost 7 pm.  What follows is a brief write-up of the discussion with my own comments interspersed.

MacaulayThe readers included Stewart Macaulay, David Campbell, Aditi Bagchi, Peter Benson, and Guy Rub, speaking in that order.  Stewart was positive about the book and began his comments with a reminder of the anti-lawsuit attitude given voice in tort reform. The restrictions on rights that occur through boilerplate, he suggested, is a further reflection of this attitude as boilerplate drafters limit remedies and rights of consumers and their access to courts.  As Stewart put it, advocates of court reform complain about money-chasing tort and class action attorneys but there is no mention of how much corporate lawyers make in drafting rights-limiting boilerplate clauses. Stewart ended his comments with skepticism about Radin’s proposals for top down reform from the legislature, whether federal or state.

Campbell-davidDavid Campbell was more critical of the book, especially what he described as Radin’s idealized portrait of the contract bargain.  Not all terms are always deliberated by the parties, but nonetheless contract terms can be read into the contract by courts.  He was particularly skeptical that the solution lay outside contract.  Properly applied, doctrines like formation, unconscionability and other contract terms can limit the negative applications of boilerplate.  Unfortunately, some courts in the United States have not been enforcing the existing  law in a reasonable manner.

BagchiAditi Bagchi emphasized Radin’s theme of democratic degradation, boilerplate’s role in limiting  key rights of citizenship through terms that remove rights of access to courts and compensation for injury. Although Aditi was less concerned with loss of procedural rights (such as class actions), she agreed that boilerplate terms should receive greater scrutiny when they involve limitations on compensation for personal injuries. Introducing the concept of a social wage, Aditi made the point that liberal society extols contractual freedom as part of a broader array of rights delineated in tort, property and other regimes.  What society deems to be waivable through contract rests on choices regarding what should be allocated through markets and what should be allocated through political processes. Boilerplate allows a shift of these choices without democratic deliberation.  The market de facto and de jure determines individual rights.

BensonPeter Benson elaborated on some of the critical points raised by David Campbell.  Introducing a comparative perspective from Canada and the EU, where boilerplate terms are regulated, Peter emphasized doctrines within the United States that could also serve to limit the imposition of noxious terms through boilerplate. The challenge Peter posed is identifying a legal standard for what terms would be deemed noxious, or troublesome.  Commenting on Radin’s development of such standards subsequent to the publication of her book, Peter questioned whether such standards would be workable.  He described them as highly manipulable and indeterminate.

RubGuy Rub ended the formal comments with criticisms of Radin’s proposed market-based and state-based solutions. Disclosure-type solutions would not work even if disclosures were simplified and coded so that they could be readily digested. Consumers either would tune such information out or would be willing to trade off unfavorable terms for a lower price.  Similarly, any legislative solution would be subject to the same capture that gave rise to boilerplate.  Guy provided the example of federal legislation on arbitration as an example. Guy did suggest grass roots-like solutions involving activism through exposure of noxious terms through social media and blogs. Such activism could be more effective, he suggested, than top-down regulation.

RadinThe interactions continued with Peggy’s responses.  She took issue with some broad characterizations of her book, particularly her view of an idealized contract. Her concern is with overreaching by business entities in drafting terms that severely limit the rights of consumers.  As she pointed out, she never said that no rights can be waived or limited.  But some companies go too far in limiting their liability in the daycare and elder care contexts. Such noxious terms, she suggested, may have more to do with insurance companies than with the actual service providers.  Nonetheless, the market dynamics lead to a market failure that occurs through boilerplate terms that severely shift risks to consumers in market transactions. The world does not have to be that way.  Drawing a connection with her work on market inalienability, Peggy argued that boilerplate forces consumers to alienate fundamental attributes of citizenship through take it or leave it offers. Sympathetic to the comments on her proposed solutions, she tantalizingly suggested that a possible solution would be a return to an earlier common law of contract that existed before the law took a pro-business turn.  She appealed to an older generation of common law judges to offer a correction to this turn.  I wondered whether such judges actually exist anymore.

Discussion afterward was lively.  Tal Kastner emphasized points about democratic degradation and the decline of communication and deliberation.  Richard Lempert pointed out the betrayal of trust that occurs with boilerplate as consumers are invited to trust companies through the signing of boilerplate terms that are designed to “screw consumers.”  Richard suggested that government may be trustworthy than private businesses, contrary to contemporary rhetoric.  Amy Kastely raised a point about the drafting of the Restatement on Consumer Contracts that might exacerbate the problems with boilerplate. Robert Gordon questioned whether boilerplate should even be referred to as private ordering since it represented the imposition of terms by dominant players backed up by the sanctioning power of the state. Other points (which I could not attribute) were made about the regulatory approach to standard terms in the Netherlands and the possibilities of consumer activism to expose consumer-unfriendly terms that prominent companies impose through boilerplate.

GhoshThe Author Meets Reader panel was a stimulating event.  My own thoughts are that in some instances boilerplate in contract is used to realign the rights of consumers without having to engage in the democratic process.  The consumer rights that companies may want to delimit could be imposed through legislation.  In many instances, such legislative efforts would fail.  Boilerplate provides a way to impose a change in underlying entitlements without having to engage the political process.  In such situations, there is a real threat to the democratic process as market processes dominate.

The discussion of private power, public power, and individual rights made me think of Shelly v. Kramer, the landmark case in which judicial enforcement of racially restrictive covenants were deemed to be state action for the purposes of the Equal Protection Clause. If boilerplate is substituting for legislation, then perhaps noxious terms should be the basis for a due process or other constitutional violation.  I raise this point to highlight the underlying issues as well as to pinpoint solutions.  No court would be likely to adopt such a broad reading of Shelly v Kramer, a case that has already been limited to its narrow facts. But where constitutional efforts invariably fail activism on the legislative and through market pressure serve as more effective alternatives.  Margaret Jane Radin’s Boilerplate is a great book about legal reform in a world where contracts and market processes have been used to displace democratic deliberation and legislation. 

[Posted, on Shubha Ghosh's behalf, by JT]

June 3, 2013 in Books, Commentary, Conferences, Recent Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, May 7, 2013

CALL FOR PAPERS: CLASSCRITS VI: Stuck in Forward? Debt, Austerity & the Possibility of the Political


Stuck in Forward?

Debt, Austerity and the Possibilities of the Political

Sponsored by

Southwestern Law School &

U.C. Davis School of Law

UCDavisLos Angeles, CA * November 15-16, 2013

Keynote Speaker: Professor Akhil Gupta, Department of Anthropology

Director, Center for India and South Asia, University of California, Los Angeles

What are the possibilities and alternatives for a genuinely progressive economic project in an age of resurgent neoliberal policies and politics, worldwide shifts in population and demographics, and hegemonic economics?

How can we address the challenges of our age including, but not limited to: globalization; shifting power relationships between the developed world and formerly “third world” countries; massive intergenerational and upward transfers of wealth; abject poverty; staggering debt; wage stagnation; a declining middle class; an increasingly dysfunctional food system; and environmental and climate risks that will require concerted national and international efforts.

Stuck in Forward? Debt, Austerity and the Possibilities of the Political will address these questions by bringing together scholars, economists, activists, policymakers, and others to critically examine and take stock of who wins, who loses, how the law facilitates the hierarchical and spatial distribution of winners and losers, and how we may use law and politics to develop both real and utopian interstitial spaces of classlessness within the new post-recession global order.

We invite panel proposals and paper presentations that speak to this year’s theme  as well as to general ClassCrits themes. In addition, we extend a special invitation to junior scholars (i.e., graduate students or any non-tenured faculty member) to submit proposals for works in progress . A senior scholar as well as other scholars will comment upon each work in progress in a small, supportive working session.

Please visit the ClassCrits website for more information about this year’s themes and topics.

For the full call for proposals, contact any member of the Conference Planning Committee:

Danielle Kie Hart, Southwestern Law School

Tonya Brito, The University of Wisconsin Law School

Athena Mutua, SUNY Buffalo Law School

Lucille Jewel, John Marshall Law School

Martha McCluskey, SUNY Buffalo Law School

Jessica Owley, SUNY Buffalo Law School

Matthew Titolo, West Virginia University College of Law

René Reich-Graefe, Western New England University School of Law


May 7, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | TrackBack (0)

Monday, March 25, 2013

Online Symposium on Oren Bar-Gill's Seduction By Contract, Part IID: Alan White, The New Law and Economics and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis

AlanThis is the fifth in a series of posts on Oren Bar-Gill's recent book, Seduction by Contract: Law Economics, and Psychology in Consumer Markets.  The contributions on the blog are written versions of presentations that were given last month at the Eighth International Conference on Contracts held in Fort Worth, Texas.  This post is the fourth (and last) of a series within the series contributed by Professor Alan White of the CUNY School of Law (pictured at right).

Part III: Prescriptions for Future Mortgage Regulation When Information Is Not Enough

In my prior posts, I discussed two aspects of Oren Bar-Gill’s book chapter on subprime mortgages: the behavioral economics insights that describe how these disastrous contracts came to be, and the norms and values that the law should promote in regulating the mortgage market in light of the subprime fiasco.  I now turn to the conclusion of the chapter, and its policy recommendations.  In brief, Oren proposes two steps, an all-in loan price disclosure by means of an improved annual percentage rate (APR) formula, and requiring disclosures earlier in the mortgage shopping process.  “Disclosure regulation is the right place to start . . . A disclosure mandate seems to provide . . . an effective response to the behavioral market failure in the subprime and Alt-A mortgage markets.”

Given the range of regulatory tools already adopted by Congress, the Federal Reserve and the CFPB, and the extensive damage done by the subprime mortgage market, this prescription is surprisingly timid.  Oren acknowledges that Dodd-Frank includes substantive regulation of contract terms, but nevertheless adheres to a very traditional economist’s solution – fix information problems and the market will maximize welfare.

SeductionBut the whole point of behavioral economics, in the context of mortgage loans, is that information isn’t enough. Even borrowers who understand risky and expensive loan terms will still choose them, and suffer welfare harms as a result.  Subprime brokers were also very adept at using mandatory disclosures to mislead consumers and reframe choices. Moreover, Oren nicely summarizes the evidence that literacy and math skills of most adults are not up to the task of assessing mortgage risk and making complex price trade-offs, for example with adjustable rates and prepayment penalties, even with perfect disclosures.

Although the recommendations are not presented as exclusive, Oren implicitly comes out favoring consumer autonomy as the primary norm for mortgage regulation.  To my mind this evades some more difficult choices for the law of mortgage contracts, where serious attention to welfare maximization and economic equity would call for stronger legal intervention, but where we can recognize that autonomy is a value as well. 

On the question of foreclosure risk, for example, the Dodd-Frank act is paternalistic. It requires lenders to make a reasonable determination of the borrower’s repayment ability, i.e. it prohibits excessive foreclosure risk.  The new law’s regulatory approach is an interesting balance between consumer autonomy and welfare maximization.  The CFPB is charged with prescribing contract terms that are deemed safe, and loans with those terms are immune from legal attack.  Loans outside the safe harbor contract design are legal, but may be attacked under the broad affordability standard in the statute.  This is a form of nudging or choice architecture advocated by other behavioral economists.

There are also important value trade-offs in current debates around fair lending laws, such as how to apply the disparate impact test to mortgage lending, that directly confront the normative conflicts between autonomy, welfare maximization and racial justice.   A prescription to begin with disclosure seems ill-suited to addressing the huge impact subprime mortgage lending had on racial wealth distribution in our country, and ill-suited to preventing future systemic mortgage contract failures and their disastrous consequences for homeowners and the economy generally. 

 [Posted, on Alan White's behalf, by JT]

March 25, 2013 in Books, Commentary, Conferences, Recent Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, March 18, 2013

Online Symposium on Oren Bar-Gill's Seduction By Contract

For those of you who missed the discsussion Oren Bar-Gill's book at the Eighth International Conference on Contracts held in Fort Worth, TX last month, we will be providing a written version of the panel over the next week or so.  As we did at the conference, each commentator on the book will address a different substantive chapter (the introductory chapter sets out the model that informs the three substantive chapters).  Professor Bar-Gill will then weigh in with his responses at the end.  

The participants are as follows:

Littwin_angela_lg (1)Professor Angela Littwin will address Seduction by Contract's chapter on credit cards.   Professor Littwin studies bankruptcy, consumer, and commercial law from an empirical perspective. Most recently, she has written about pro se filers in bankruptcy and the relationship between consumer credit and domestic violence. She was one of the principal investigators on the 2007 Consumer Bankruptcy Project, which has been the leading study of consumer bankruptcy for the past 25 years.

Professor Littwin received her undergraduate degree from Brown University and graduated from Harvard Law School in 2002. After law school, she clerked for the Honorable Rosemary Barkett of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit and founded ROAD (Reaching Out About Depression), a community-organizing project for low-income women. Prior to her appointment at the University of Texas School of Law, she was a Climenko Fellow and Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School. 

Professor Littwin teaches bankruptcy, secured credit, and a seminar on the regulation of credit cards at the University of Texas School of Law, where she has been on the faculty since 2008.

Here recent publications include:

  • Escaping Battered Credit: A Proposal for Repairing Credit Reports Damaged by Domestic Violence, 161 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 363 (2013);
  • Coerced Debt: The Role of Consumer Credit in Domestic Violence, 100 California Law Review951 (2012); and
  • The Do-It-Yourself Mirage: Complexity in the Bankruptcy System, in Broke: How Debt Bankrupts the Middle Class at 157 (Katherine Porter, ed., Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2012).

Professor Littwin's post can be found here.

White (1)

Professor Alan White, who will comment on the book's chapter on mortgages, joined the faculty at the CUNY School of Law in 2012. He teaches consumer law, commercial law, bankruptcy, comparative private law and contracts. He is a nationally recognized expert on credit regulation and the residential mortgage market. Professor White is a past member of the Federal Reserve Board’s Consumer Advisory Council, a member of the American Law Institute, and is currently serving as reporter for the Uniform Law Commission’s project on a Residential Real Estate Foreclosure statute. He is quoted frequently in the national media, including the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and the Washington Post, in connection with his research on the foreclosure crisis. He has published a number of research papers and articles on housing, credit and consumer law issues, and testified before Congress and at federal agency hearings on the foreclosure crisis, bankruptcy reform and predatory mortgage lending.

Before becoming a full-time teacher, Professor White was a supervising attorney at the North Philadelphia office of Community Legal Services, Inc., and was also a fellow and consultant with the National Consumer Law Center in Boston and adjunct professor with Temple University Law School and Drake University School of Law. His legal services practice included representation of low-income consumers in mortgage foreclosures, class actions, bankruptcies, student loan disputes, and real estate matters. Mr. White received his B.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his J.D. from the New York University School of Law.

His recent publications include:

  • Losing the Paper – Mortgage Assignments, Note Transfers and Consumer Protection, 24 Loyola Consumer Law Journal 468 (2012)
  • Credit and Human Welfare: Lessons from Microcredit in Developing Nations, 69 Washington & Lee Law Review 1093 (2012)
  • The Impact of Federal Pre-emption of State Anti-Predatory Lending Laws on the Foreclosure Crisis, 31 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 367 (2012) (with Lei Ding, Carolina Reid and Roberto Quercia)
  • The Impact of State Anti-Predatory Lending Laws on the Foreclosure Crisis, 21 Cornell Journal of Law & Public Policy 247 (2011) (with Lei Ding, Carolina Reid and Roberto Quercia)
  • State Anti-Predatory Lending Laws and Neighborhood Foreclosure Rates, 33 Journal of Urban Affairs 451 (2011) (with Lei Ding, Carolina Reid and Roberto Quercia)

Alan's first post is here.

Alan's second post is here.

Alan's third post is here.

Alan's fourth post is here.

KimProfessor Nancy Kim will address Seduction by Contract's chapter on cell phone contracts.  

Our readers are likely familier with Professor Kim, who joined the faculty of the California Western School of Law in fall 2004.  She has also taught as a visiting faculty member at The Ohio State University, Moritz College of Law, Rady School of Management at the University of California, San Diego and Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand. 

Prior to joining the faculty at California Western, Professor Kim was Vice President of Business and Legal Affairs of a multinational software and services company. She has worked in business and legal capacities for several Bay Area technology companies and was an associate in the corporate law departments at Heller, Ehrman, White & McAuliffe in San Francisco and Gunderson, Dettmer in Menlo Park. 

While in law school, Professor Kim was Associate Editor of the California Law Review and Associate Editor of the Berkeley Women’s Law Journal. After graduating from law school, she was a Women’s Law and Public Policy Fellow at Georgetown University Law Center and a Ford Foundation Fellow at UCLA School of Law. Professor Kim is a member of the State Bar of California and a past recipient of the Wiley W. Manuel Award for pro bono services for her work with the Asian Pacific American Legal Center. 

Professor Kim currently serves as Chair-elect of the section on Contracts and as a member of the executive committee of the section on Commercial and Related Consumer Law of the American Association of Law Schools.  She is a contributing editor to the Contracts Law Prof Blog, the official blog for the AALS Section on Contracts. Her scholarly interests focus on culture and the law, contracts, women and the law, and technology. 

Her book, Wrap Contracts: Mass Consumer Contracts in an Information Society is due out later this year.  Some of her publications can be found here

Nancy's first post is here.

Nancy's second post is here.

Bar-GillFinally, Oren Bar-Gill will respond to the comments on his book.  Oren Bar-Gill is a Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Center for Law, Economics and Organization, New York University School of Law, where he has taught since 2005.  

Professor Bar-Gill’s scholarship focuses on the law and economics of contracts and contracting.   Before joining the faculty at NYU, he was at Harvard University, where he was a Fellow at the Society of Fellows, as well as an Olin Fellow at Harvard Law School.  Professor Bar-Gill holds a B.A. (economics), LL.B., M.A. (law & economics) and Ph.D. (economics) from Tel-Aviv University, as well as an LL.M. and S.J.D. from Harvard Law School. Bar-Gill served in the Israeli JAG, from 1997-1999, where he participated in criminal, administrative and constitutional proceedings before various courts including the Israeli Supreme Court and the IDF Court of Appeals.

A list of his publications can be found here.

Professor Bar-Gill's contribution to our forum can be found here.

We look forward to a lively exchange, and we hope readers will feel free to weigh in.


March 18, 2013 in About this Blog, Books, Conferences, Recent Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, March 8, 2013

Washington Law Review Conference Announcement and Survey

Survey in Connection with Upcoming Symposium on Contracts Casebooks 

The Washington Law Review is preparing to host a print symposium in December 2013 on the exciting new contracts book, Contracts in the Real World: Stories of Popular Contracts and Why They Matter, by Prof. Lawrence A. Cunningham of George Washington University (published by Cambridge University Press in 2012). This innovative text embraces a modern, narrative approach to contract law, exploring how cases ripped from the headlines of recent years often hinge on fundamental principles extracted from the classic cases that appear in contracts casebooks. Such an approach suggests new ways to imagine modern casebooks.

In addition to an article by Professor Cunningham, the WLR will also publish pieces in the December 2013 issue of the Washington Law Review by, among others:


Before the symposium, participants are interested in learning from contracts professors around the country.  The purpose of this survey is to gather information about the material being taught in contracts classes, and the advantages and/or deficiencies of the approaches taken by current contracts textbooks.

The WLR would be grateful if you would complete our online survey by April 15.

The information (in both aggregate form and by individual response) will be distributed to the symposium’s participants, and may be reprinted in the Washington Law Review. Although the survey can be completed anonymously, the WLR invites you to leave your name for attribution if your responses are included in our symposium issue.

Thank you very much for your thoughts,

James Wendell, Editor-in-Chief 


March 8, 2013 in Books, Conferences, Recent Scholarship, Teaching | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, March 7, 2013

Eighth International Conference on Contracts: Now Available for Viewing

Frank-snyder1Frank Snyder has outdone himself this time!

The full proceedings of last month's conference in Fort Worth are now available for your viewing pleasure here. Both picture and sound quality are very high.  It's a beautiful thing to see and hear!


March 7, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, March 4, 2013

Symposium on Competition and Procurement at George Washington University Law School

March 12 & 14, 2013 GWULaw

GW's Government Procurement Law Program is hosting a symposium focusing on the intersection of competition policy and procurement law.  The event features two keynote addresses as well as panels, chaired by Professors William E. KovacicSteven L. Schooner, and Christopher R. Yukins, that explore the way competition and anti-trust concerns play out in the procurement arena.

Attendance is free, but space is limited.  Reserve a seat by emailing Jessie Pierce at

Full details can be found here.

In other GW law news, the latest edition of their Government Contracting newsletter is available here.


March 4, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Sunday, February 24, 2013

Thanks, Frank Snyder and Texas Wesleyan... Save the Date for Miami 2014

The 8th Annual International Conference on Contracts was a success!  Thanks to Frank Snyder and Texas Wesleyan for organizing and hosting.  All of the panels were videotaped, so we will provide a link once it is made available to us.

The blog was privileged to present a replica of the 5-foot contract from the Hobbit movie to the conference honoree, Chancellor John E. Murray.  (Here's an "amazingly detailed" legal analysis of that contract, which includes a non-disclosure provision and a mandatory arbitration clause).

Next year we will trade the Lonestar State for the Sunshine State... so mark your calendars for February 22-23, 2014 at St. Thomas University School of Law in Miami... where we contracts profs will "party in the city where the heat is on, all night on the beach till the break of dawn."

[Meredith R. Miller]


February 24, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

New in Print

Pile of BooksKenneth A. Adams, A Manual of Style for Contract Drafting (3d ed., 2013)

 Browning Jeffries, Preliminary Negotiations or Binding Obligations? A Framework for Determining the Intent of the Parties, 48 Gonz. L. Rev. 1 (2012/13)

Michael J. Davidson, , Lt. Col. (Ret.), U.S. Army, The Twenty-Third Major Frank B. Creekmore Lecture: Where We Came From and Where We May Be Going. 211 Mil. L. Rev. 263 (2012)

Zhiyong Liu, and Ronen Avraham, Ex Ante Versus Ex Post Expectation Damages, 32 Int'l Rev. L. & Econ. 339 (2012)

About a year ago this time, we posted about Melissa Lonegrass's presentation at the Seventh Annual International Conference on Contracts, which was held in San Diego.  We now happily note that the published version is now available:

Melissa T. Lonegrass, Finding Room for Fairness in Formalism— The Sliding Scale Approach to Unconscionability, 44 Loyola U. Chic. L. J. 1 (2012)


And speaking of the Annual International Conference on Contracts, the schedule for the Eighth International Conference on Contracts, coming up this weekend, is available here.


February 20, 2013 in Conferences, Recent Scholarship | Permalink | TrackBack (0)

Friday, February 8, 2013

Eighth International Conference on Contracts Is Only a Fortnight Away!


This annual event brings together scholars who teach and work in the areas of contract law and practice for two days of panels and scholarly presentations. The Conference is unique in the breadth of its coverage of contract-related issues and its mix of senior and junior scholars. One of its chief goals is to foster and encourage dialogue and relationships among scholars at all levels, and to bring together those whose work comes from different perspectives. The Conference will be held Friday-Saturday, February 22-23, at:

Texas Wesleyan Law School
1515 Commerce Street
Fort Worth, Texas 76102

The Conference is sponsored and hosted by Texas Wesleyan University School of Law and Wolters Kluwer Law & Business. For more information about the Conference contact lead conference organizer Frank Snyder at (817) 212-3921, or via e-mail.

More information is available here.


February 8, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, January 28, 2013

Quick Thoughts on George Mason LEC Workshop on the Economics of Contracting

PhotoI'm about to leave Fort Myers, Florida after a great weekend on Captiva Island, where I participated in the George Mason LEC Workshop for Law Professors on the Economics of Contracting. Economists sure know how to organize a workshop.  (By the way, the picture depicts a bird that was hanging out on the balcony of my hotel room).

Over at George Mason they understand incentives.  Participants pay a $500 deposit that is only refunded after all sessions (including dinners) are attended.  After attending all sessions, participants not only see a return of the deposit but additionally receive a $500 honorarium.  Lodging and all meals were covered and they couldn't have paid for better weather (on the day I got there the weather was about 70 degrees warmer than New York).  I am still waiting for someone to try to sell me a timeshare.

Broadly, the goal of the program is to expose legal academics to economics.  The homework (though voluminous) was thoughtfully compiled and the instruction was engaging.  Some participants were already fairly exposed to law and economics others (including myself) had tinkered on the margins in researching but had no background whatsoever.  I found the material and the teaching very accessible.

The discussion included contractual (and non-contractual) solutions to hold up problems and price readjustment.  We also discussed retail price maintenance and slotting fee contracts. I found the discussion of vertical integration most interesting, though I had to suspend my disbelief when told not to consider the liability implications of choosing to employ someone v. hire them as an indpendent contractor.  There were other times when I had to suspend disbelief about psychology and decisionmaking capacity.  So, I suppose this is the timeshare.  While I didn't buy it, I do feel enriched for having spent some time considering these problems through a classical economics lens.  

I highly recommend this and other George Mason programs to anyone with even a passing interest in economics.  I learned that reputation matters (though to varying degrees depending on which economists you read).  Whatever the case may be, George Mason deserves its excellent reputation for organizing these outstanding workshops.  Thanks!

[Meredith R. Miller]

January 28, 2013 in Conferences, Meetings | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, January 4, 2013

Live from New Orleans, It's Friday Night!

But tomorrow morning is Saturday, and that means . . .

It's time for the AALS Section on Contracts Session:


8:30-10:15 AM: Oak Alley, Third Floor, Hilton new Orleans Riverside


 "Good Faith Notice and the Bilateral Employment Contract," Rachel Arnow-Richman, University of Denver Sturm College of Law

 "Instructing Juries on Noneconomic Contract Damages," David A. Hoffman, Temple University, James F. Beasley School of Law

 "The Dog that Didn’t Bark: Private Investment Funds and Relational Contracts in the Wake of the Great Recession,” Robert C.Illig, University of Oregon School of Law

 "Formality in Patent Licensing," Karen E. Sandrik, Willamette University College of Law

To be followed by the ever-exciting business meeting.

We hope to see you there.



January 4, 2013 in Conferences | Permalink | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, December 6, 2012

Get Ready - AALS Annual Meeting

(From the friendly folks at the AALS Contracts Law Section)


Dear Colleagues,

The program for the Section on Contracts at the 2013 AALS Annual Meeting will be on Saturday, January 5, 2013 at 8:30-10:15 AM. We had an enthusiastic response to our Call for Papers and have put together an exciting panel.  The selected speakers and their topics are as follows:

 "Good Faith Notice and the Bilateral Employment Contract," Rachel Arnow-Richman, University of Denver Sturm College of Law

 "Instructing Juries on Noneconomic Contract Damages," David A. Hoffman, Temple University, James F. Beasley School of Law

 "The Dog that Didn’t Bark: Private Investment Funds and Relational Contracts in the Wake of the Great Recession,” Robert C.Illig, University of Oregon School of Law

 "Formality in Patent Licensing," Karen E. Sandrik, Willamette University College of Law

 We look forward to seeing you in New Orleans.


Tom Joo

Chair, AALS Section on Contracts


December 6, 2012 in Conferences | Permalink | TrackBack (0)

Monday, November 26, 2012

Reminder: 8th International Conference on Contracts Upcoming in Forth Worth

Details can be found here.


8th Annual International Conference on Contracts - Calls for Papers

Submissions are cordially invited for the 8th Annual International Conference on Contracts, the largest annual scholarly and educational conference devoted to contracts and related areas of commercial law. Papers and works-in-progress are welcome from those who study contracts from any perspective, whether doctrinal, pedagogical, theoretical, empirical, historical, economic, critical, comparative, or interdisciplinary. Works that take an international or civil law approach are also welcome. Junior scholars are particularly encouraged to participate. Those interested in proposing and organizing panels (3-5 presenters) on specific themes are especially encouraged to do so.
Individual submissions should be made by a brief abstract (one page is sufficient) of the paper or WIP that includes contact information for the author(s). Individual submissions will be placed on panels with like submissions. Panel proposals should include the name and contact information of the moderator or organizer, and a summary of the proposed papers or works in progress. There is no publication commitment for the conference, but organizers of individual panels are free to arrange for publication on their own.
Submissions: Deadline is Monday, Dec. 17, 2012. Proposals submitted earlier will be accepted on a rolling basis. Proposals submitted after the deadline will be accepted on a space-available basis. Submissions should be directed to: Franklin G. Snyder at

Conference: The 8th Annual International Conference on Contracts will be Friday, Feb. 22, 2013 at Texas Wesleyan School of Law, 1515 Commerce Street in Fort Worth.

Registration: Fee for the conference is $249 ($299 after Jan. 1, 2013), which includes a continental breakfast and lunch on both Friday and Saturday, and the conference dinner on Friday night. A website for conference registration and other information will soon be available.

Accommodations: The conference hotel is the Sheraton Fort Worth Hotel and Spa, which has a special rate of $129/night for those who book before Jan. 21, 2013. The Sheraton is across the street from Texas Wesleyan School of Law. The law school and the hotel are less than a half-hour from Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, and three blocks from the Intermodal Transportation Center. A free shuttle bus links the school and the hotel with popular Fort Worth destinations including Sundance Square and the Historic Stockyards. Commuter rail service makes popular Dallas destinations such as Dealey Plaza, the Sixth Floor Museum, the Deep Ellum musical scene, and the American Airlines Center easily accessible from the hotel and the law school.  


November 26, 2012 in Conferences | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, November 15, 2012

Contract as Public Law Conference at Emory

 Contract as “Public Law” at the Intersection of Globalization and Privatization 

March 1 - 2, 2013 

Emory University School of Law, Atlanta, Georgia 

Conference Oragnizer, Martha Fineman (pictured)

FinemanThe process of privatization relies heavily upon contracting in a variety of forms, from outsourcing or the complete transfer of functioning to a private entity to the creation of public-private partnerships. The bargains that are struck are generally justified in terms of efficiency and effectiveness, and work to funnel social assets and obligations into private hands in exchange for a promise that certain goods and services will eventually be returned to the public. These mechanisms complement the more general flow of wealth into private hands as our systems and structures of governance increasingly cede to private ordering. Indeed, states are increasingly acting in service to the private sphere, justifying interventions to protect corporations from the vagaries of the market even as they profess a concern for the public good. At the same time, the negative effects of corporate excesses and mismanagement on the well-being of individuals are deemed to fall within the category of individual or “personal responsibility.”

The expansion of contractual relationships has been the direct result of these processes of privatization. Yet in a ‘post-privatization’ world more individuals are exposed, in more areas of their lives, to contractual ordering and therefore to contract law. What awaits our societies under this alternative legal regime? Is such a regime prepared to handle the masses of people who are not necessarily seasoned market players? And crucially, if and how are such questions taken into account by those considering and crafting concrete privatizations?

While the privatization of public functions may seem unstoppable at this point, we believe it is important to pause and rethink certain private law principles and traditional contract doctrines. Is it possible to incorporate and reflect a vital public interest in the substance and processes of performance of these potentially society-transforming arrangements?

  Emory_quadWorkshop Details: 

The Workshop begins Friday at 4PM in room 575 of Emory Law School (1301 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA), followed by dinner in the Hunter Atrium. Panels continue on Saturday from 9:30 AM to 5PM. Breakfast and lunch will be provided. 

 Workshop Contacts: 

Martha Albertson Fineman, Emory University School of Law, 

Hila Keren, Southwestern Law School, 

Teemu Ruskola, Emory University School of Law, 

Submissions Procedure: 

Email a proposal as a Word or PDF document by 11/30/2012 to Emily Hlavaty at: 

**Decisions will be made by December 14th 2012 and working paper drafts will be due February 8th 2013 so they can be distributed prior to the Workshop 


 Topics May Include: 

 What relationships have been moved from status to contract and what is the justification for doing so? Is this progress? 

 What are the limitations and strengths of existing contract law, and what existing doctrines might prove fruitful for the imposition of public values into private contract? 

 What is the role for judges in navigating the space between the public and private spheres in the context of post-privatization? 

 Might the public be formally included as a third-party beneficiary to a privatization transaction and what would that accomplish, if anything? 

 Can we develop a body of “public contract” law that would cover privatization situations? What would such a body of law look like and how might it differ from existing private contract law? 

 Are there tools set out in other bodies of doctrine that might be expanded to supplement certain contracting situations? 

 What should the duty of good faith mean when it applies to market actors (such as corporations) that replace public institutions? 

 What are the duties of providers of privatized services? Do and should they have duties to provide services on an equal basis? 

 Can competition and cost/benefit concerns justify a closure of a branch of a privatized service in a distressed neighborhood or should the private provider maintain access to services at all cost? 

 Can the discourse regarding contract law as a public law be informed by theories such as feminism, CRT and queer theory, which emphasize the importance of context in legal analysis? 

 Are there nuances in interpreting or implementing arrangements such as the “labor contract” or the “marriage contract” that are deemed contractual, but have obvious and clear public and social content, that might be imported into general contract principles? 

 Can the policies and principles underlying suggested reforms of consumer contracts to afford more protection for “weaker” parties in some European countries be transplanted to the USA? 

 To what extent can the above questions be answered by existing contractual doctrines and what are the obstacles to their use? 

  Various resources on vulnerability and resilience can be found on the VCH Initiative website.


November 15, 2012 in Conferences | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, November 13, 2012

Villanova University School of Law to Host Symposium on the CISG

On January 18, 2013, the Villanova Law Review will be holding a symposium on "Assessing the CISG and Other International Endeavors to Unify International Contract Law: Has the Time Come for a New Global Initiative to Harmonize and Unify International Trade?"  This topic is both timely and important as the United Nations is considering a proposal to study whether it should undertake the drafting a new convention on international sales law.  The symposium will feature the leading authorities on the subject of international sales law from across the globe, including the Secretary of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), The Honorable Renaud Sorieul.  Here is a list of the confirmed participants:

  • Vls_logoYesim Atamer, Professor of Law at Bilgi University and Vice Director of Istanbul Bilgi University European Union Institute
  • Eric Bergsten, Professor Emeritus at Pace University School of Law, Deputy Director of the Institute of International Commercial Law, and Administrator of the Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot
  • Michael Bridge, Cassel Professor of Commercial Law at the London School of Economics
  • Sieg Eiselen, Professor of Private Law at University of South Africa
  • Harry Flechtner, Professor of International and Domestic Commercial Law at University of Pittsburgh School of Law
  • Alejandro Garro, Adjunct Professor of Law and Senior Research Scholar of the Parker School of Foreign and Comparative Law at Columbia University School of Law
  • John Y. Gotanda, Villanova University School of Law
  • Keith Loken, Assistant Legal Adviser for Private International Law, U.S. State Department
  • Alejandro Osuna-González, Founding Partner of Osuna González y Asociados, S.C.
  • Jan Ramberg, Professor Emiritus at University of Stockholm, and former Chairman of the CISG Advisory Council
  • Dr. Djakhongir Saidov, Professor of International Sales Law at University of Birmingham and Birmingham Law School
  • Dr. Ulrich Schroeter, Chair for Private Law, International Corporate Law and European Business Law at the University of Mannheim
  • Dr. Ingeborg Schwenzer, Professor of Private and Comparative Law, University of Basel
  • Han Shiyuan, Professor of Civil Law at Tsinghua University School of Law and Tsinghua University Director of European and Comparative Law Center
  • Hiroo Sono, Professor of Law at Hokkaido University
  • Lisa Spagnolo, Assistant Lecturer in Property Law at Monash University
  • Renaud Sorieul, Secretary, UNCITRAL and Director of the International Trade Law Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs
  • Pilar Perales Viscasillas, Chair of Commercial Law at University Carlos III of Madrid
  • Peter Winship, Professor of International and Domestic Commercial Law at SMU Dedman School of Law

Villanova Law
The symposium is being sponsored by Villanova University School of Law, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, the Committee on International Contract and Commercial Law of the International Section of the New York Bar, the Pennsylvania Bar Association, the Philadelphia Bar Association and Global Philadelphia.

More details are available here.


November 13, 2012 in Conferences | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)