Friday, May 30, 2014
Last month, the District Court for the Southern District of New York granted a motion to dismiss brought by defendant Gilt Groupe, Inc. (Gilt) in Starke v. Gilt Groupe, Inc. Adam Starke (Starke) sought to bring a class action claim against Gilt for allegedly misrepresenting on its website that its textiles were made from bamboo fibers when they are in fact made from bamboo derivatives (rayon).
Starke claimed both that he never effectively agreed to the arbitration agreement and class action waiver and that they are unconscionable. Relying on a 2012 case invovling similar challenges to Facebooks click-through terms and conditions, the District Court quickly concluded:
Regardless of whether he actually read the contract's terms, Starke was directed exactly where to click in order to review those terms, and his decision to click the "Shop Now" button represents his assent to them.
Yes, this is indeed how mass-market boilerplate rights-deletion scheme works. Clicking twice, and carefully reading both documents would have increased the time involved in Starke's transaction substantially. Neither Starke nor Gilt, which specializes in "flash sales," wants that. The terms are not intended to be read. Nor do we know that Starke could have understood the significance of the arbitration clause and class action waiver had he read them. In addition, what is Starke's alternative? The District Court blithely directs Starke to Amazon.com. What do you know? Amazon also has an arbitration clause and a class-action waiver! [In fairness, I've always found Amazon's customer service to be excellent -- they take returns and cover shipping on returns, so Starke probably would have been better off with them -- Amazon also accurately described the product at issue in Starke's case.] SDNY, you're part of the problem.
Starke did not seem to raise any serious grounds for finding the arbitration agreement unconscionable.
[This post has been edited to fix errors that a reader called to the author's attention.]