Monday, November 8, 2010
1620 – Emigrants aboard the 180-ton cargo vessel Mayflower, trying to find Manhattan Island, instead get their first sign of Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
1857 – The Atlantic magazine is founded at Boston. It will later publish an article by Charles W. Eliot that will result in Eliot becoming President of Harvard. Eliot will later select Christopher C. Langdell as Dean of the university’s law school. Great oaks from little acorns come.
1862 – Major General Ambrose Burnside assumes command of the Army of the Potomac in the American Civil War. Burnside will prove to be a much better inventor (the Burnside carbine) and railroad executive, than a general. But his whiskers will make him immortal.
1872 – A fire in the basement of a commercial warehouse on Summer Street gets out of control, and within twelve hours more than 60 acres of downtown Boston are destroyed in the worst fire in the city’s history.
1907 – Britain’s King Edward VII gets a birthday present: the Premier Mining Co.’s 530-carat Great Star of Africa diamond. It will later be mounted into the head of the Royal Scepter.
1935 – The Congress of Industrial Organizations is founded in Atlantic City, New Jersey by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor. The CIO and the AFL will battle fiercely for 20 years before merging back again.
1967 – With $7,500 borrowed from family members, 21-year-old college dropout Jann Wenner launches the first issue of Rolling Stone magazine in San Francisco.
1989 – The government of communist East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to travel to West Germany.