Tuesday, November 2, 2010
1600 – Theologian Richard Hooker dies at Bishopbourne in Kent. The "via media" he articulated in his Lawes of Ecclesiastical Pietie, with its emphasis on both tradition and reason, will have enormous influence on English thought, and his clear prose style will be a model for future English writers.
1783 – Tyburn Gallows hosts its last public execution, highwayman John Austin. Austin’s last words: "Good people, I request your prayers for the salvation of my departing soul. Let my example teach you to shun the bad ways I have followed. Keep good company, and mind the word of God. Lord have mercy on me. Jesus look down with pity on me. Christ have mercy on my poor soul!"
1793 – Future lawyer, real estate speculator and Texas founder Stephen Fuller Austin is born in Wythe County, Virginia.
1801 – Karl Baedeker is born, the son of a printer, at Essen in Prussia. Later he will invent the modern travel industry.
1817 – Canada’s oldest bank, the Bank of Montreal, Canada's oldest chartered bank, opens in Quebec. For some idiotic reason, it will later call itself BMO, pronounced BEE-mo.
1845 – Future U.S. Chief Justice Edward Douglass White is born at his family's plantation in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana.
1883 – English-born American stagecoach robber Charles "Black Bart" Boles, who likes to leave little poems with his victims, robs his last coach, near Copperopolis, California.
1911 – Ousted General Motors president Billy Durant and Swiss auto racer Louis_Joseph launch the Chevrolet Motor Car Co. Chevy will become America’s most popular car. And then things will go wrong.
1913 – Following the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment. The United States introduces an income tax. It probably seemed like a good idea at the time.