Saturday, November 13, 2010
565 – Justinian, the Roman emperor whose codification of imperial laws would have an enormous impact on the development of the law around the world, dies at Constantinople.
1533 – Francisco Pizarro and 168 companions arrive at Cajamarca in the Inca Empire. Inca leaders see no reason to be worried. . . .
1765 – Robert Fulton is born at Little Britain, Pennsylvania. He will give up a planned career in art to invent the first commercially practical steamboat.
1832 – The only Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence, Charles Carroll of Carollton, dies at Baltimore at age 95. He is the last surviving signer.
1840 – Future painter (Oscar) Claude Monet is born at Paris, the son of a grocer. He will later develop a plein-air technique that will cut down the time to produce paintings dramatically, thus lowering costs and allowing the prosperous bourgeoisie to purchase original art.
1889 – Reporter Nellie Bly, sponsored by the New York Telegraph, sets out from Hoboken, New Jersey, on the first leg of her attempt to circumnavigate the world in less than 80 days. She’ll finish in 72.
1954 – Future Stanford provost and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice is born at Birmingham, Alabama.
1995 – A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the U.S. Congress forces the federal government to temporarily run most government offices with skeleton staffs. Hardly anyone notices except reporters, who have nothing to report.
2003 – Astronomers discover a new dwarf planet that they name Sedna. It goes around the sun about once every 12,000 years.