Tuesday, November 9, 2010
1444 – Islamic troops under Sultan Murad II crush the allied armies of Hungary and Poland at the Battle of Varna in what will later become Bulgaria. The victory sets the stage for the Muslim conquest of Constantinople.
1674 – Pursuant to the Treaty of Westminster which ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War, England formally acquires the former Dutch colony of Nieuw-Nederland and its capital, Nieuw-Amsterdam.
1766 – The charter of Queen’s College—founded by the Dutch Reformed Church—is is signed by New Jersey royal governor William Franklin. After the War of 1812 it will be renamed for war hero and school benefactor Colonel Henry Rutgers.
1775 – At Tun Tavern in Philadelphia, Samuel Nicholas—commissioned by the Continental Congress only days earlier as the first Captain of Marines—holds the first drive to sign up men for what will become the United States Marine Corps.
1871 – After eight arduous months in the African jungle, reporter Henry Morton Stanley of the New York Herald finally tracks down explorer/missionary Dr. David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika. No one knows whether he actually said, "Dr. Livingston, I presume?"
1894 – Future Slovenian lawyer and law school dean Boris Furlan is born at Trieste in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1947 he will be sentenced to 20 years in prison by communist authorities for translating George Orwell’s Animal Farm.
1975 – Seventeen miles from the safety of Whitefish Bay, the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co.’s ore freighter Edmund Fitzgerald sinks suddenly and without a trace, killing all 29 crew members. No distress signal is ever sent.
1997 – WorldCom and MCI Communications announce a $37 billion merger, the biggest in U.S. history to that date. Five years later the whole shooting match will go bankrupt.