Wednesday, November 10, 2010
1620 – At Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, 41 passengers aboard the Mayflower—who had expected to join the existing colony at New York but who were blown off course—sign a Compact to form a new colony in the unsettled stretch of Massachusetts where they landed.
1673 – Forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth under Jan Sobieski defeat a larger Muslim army at the Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine.
1821 – Writer Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky is born at Moscow. His Crime and Punishment is actually much better than the stuff written about it would lead you to think.
1855 – Danish Existentialist philosopher Søren Aabye Kierkegaard dies at Copenhagen. Too bad he can't tell us what he's since discovered about the meaning of life.
1869 – The government of the Colony of Victoria enacts the Aboriginal Protection Act, giving it nearly total control of the housing, employment, education, wages, and children of indigenous Australians. For some reason this doesn't lead to the increased health, wealth, and happiness of the aborigines.
1889 – Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state. They thought about naming the place "Columbia" because it lies between the Columbia River and British Columbia, but were afraid that there would be too much confusion with the existing "District of Columbia." No one could get confused if they called it "Washington."
1904 – Future U.S. lawyer, Supreme Court clerk, bureaucrat, and Russian spy Alger Hiss is born at Baltimore.
1938 – "Typhoid" Mary Mallon—who over her career as a cook would infect more than 50 people with typhoid—dies on North Brother Island in New York . . . of pneumonia.
1964 – Future TV lawyer Calista (Ally McBeal) Flockhart is born at Freeport, Illinois.
1999 – The House of Lords Act goes into effect in Britain, excluding hereditary (i.e., real) peers from sitting in the House.