Sunday, October 31, 2010
1604 – William Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice has its first performance, at Whitehall Palace in London.
1765 – The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act (right) on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America. Among other things, it puts a £10 tax on attorney licenses. That's about $20,000 in current U.S. dollars.
1802 – Thirty-five delegates gather at a raw hamlet on the Scioto River called Chillicothe to draft a constitution for what wll become the State of Ohio.
1848 – Dr. Samuel Gregory, who believes it inappropriate for men to be attending women at childbirth, opens the first medical school for women, Boston Female Medical College.
1946 – The new Basketball Association of America, forerunning of the NBA, opens its inaugural season at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto, where the visiting New York Knickerbockers down the Toronto Grizzlies 68-66. The Knicks will be one of 6 BAA teams to survive to the present day.
1950 – Pope Pius XI formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary in his Apostolic constitution, Munificentissimus Deus.
1959 – Jacques Plante of the Montreal Canadiens becomes the first goaltender to wear a protective mask in regulation play.
1968 – Looking for ways to add more more nudity, profanity, and violence to American films, the Motion Picture Association of America's scraps its old Hays Code and replaces it with a film rating system that categorizes films as G, M, R, and X.
1982 – Honda opens a factory in Marysville, Ohio, making it the first Japanese auto maker to build cars in the United States.
1993 – The Maastricht Treaty establishing the European Union goes into effect. This turns out to be the easy part. Getting everyone actually united will prove to be more difficult.