Thursday, November 18, 2010
1095 – The Council of Clermont convenes. The Council will hears Bl. Pope Urban II call on western Christians (left) to go to the aid of the Byzantine Empire, which in the previous 20 years has seen the whole of Greek-speaking, Christian Anatolia overrun by Muslim Turks.
1493 – Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. The inhabitants call it "Borinquen" but he will rename it "San Juan Bautista." Later still, it will be called "Puerto Rico."
1816 – The Royal University of Warsaw (now Warsaw University) is established. Its first two schools are Law and Medicine.
1863 – President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address. In keeping with the traditional civility of American public discourse, the Chicago Times observes, "The cheek of every American must tingle with shame as he reads the silly, flat and dishwatery utterances of the man who has to be pointed out to intelligent foreigners as the President of the United States."
1916 – Samuel Goldfish and brothers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures Corp. Sam likes the new name so much he takes it as his own.
1985 – Pennzoil wins a $10.53 billion judgment against Texaco for tortious interference with contractual relations. At issue was the alleged oral agreement Pennzoil had to buy Getty Oil, which Getty dropped after getting a higher bid from Texaco.
1990 – Members of Milli Vanilli (above) are stripped of their Grammy Awards because they didn’t actually sing on their Girl You Know It's True album. Meanwhile, Walter Duranty still has his Pulitzer Prize.
1998 – Christie’s New York sells Vincent van Gogh's Portrait de l'artiste sans barbe at auction for $71.5 million. It’s the twelfth most-expensive painting of all time on an inflation-adjusted basis.