Thursday, October 21, 2010
741 – Frankish Mayor of the Palace Charles "the Hammer" Martel – the man who stemmed the tide of Muslim invasion at the Battle of Tours – dies peacefully at Quierzy-sur-Oise in Picardy.
1633 – A Chinese fleet defeats the Dutch East India Co. at the Battle of Liaoluo Bay off Taiwan.
1746 – A new Presbyterian school for training ministers receives its charter as the College of New Jersey. It will later move and be renamed Princeton University.
1784 – Fur trader Grigory Ivanovich Shelikhov founds the first Russian settlement in North America at Three Saints Bay on Kodiak Island, Alaska. His Shelihov-Golikov Company will later become the basis of the first Russian joint-stock company, the Russian-American Company.
1797 – Inventor André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first demonstration of his new creation, the parachute, by jumping out of a hot-air balloon 3,200 feet above Paris.
1836 – Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
1964 – Jean-Paul Sartre wins the Nobel Prize for Literature. But what does that really mean?
1976 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration bans the use of Red Dye No. 4. It is still used in Canada, which is presumably why Canadians are much less healthy than Americans.