Sunday, October 17, 2010
1009 – Demonstrating Islamic tolerance, Caliph Al-Hakim bi_Amr Allah razes the Church of the Holy Sepulchre—the spot sacred to Christians as the site of the Crucifixion—down to the bedrock.
1016 – The Danes under Knut II defeat the Edmund Ironside’s Saxons in the Battle of Ashingdon, setting the state for the eventual Danish hegemony over all of England..
1646 – St. Isaac Jogues, a missionary to the Huron tribes in North America, is clubbed to death and beheaded by Mohawks—enemies of the Hurons—who believe he is a witch.
1648 – Shoemakers in Boston form a guild, creating what is often claimed to be the first labor organization in what will eventually become the United States.
1767 – Two English surveyors, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, finish surveying the disputed border between the properties of William Penn and those of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore. The "Mason-Dixon" line will go on to play a prominent role in U.S. culture.
1925 – Harmonica star "Doctor" Humphrey Bate and His Possum Hunters appear on the National Life & Accident Co.’s radio program on Nashville’s WSM—a program that will eventually become known as The Grand Ole Opry.
1926 – Charles Edward Anderson Berry is born at St. Louis, Mo., the son of a Baptist deacon. After a stretch in a reformatory for armed robbery and a stint as a cosmetologist, young "Chuck" Berry will mix black R&B with white country music into a new genre people will soon call "rock ‘n’ roll."
1954 – Dallas’s Texas Instruments, announces the creation of a new consumer product it calls a "transistor radio."