Saturday, October 16, 2010
1448 – A Muslim army under Sultan Murad II defeats Hungarian and Wallachian forces at the Second Battle of Kosovo. As a result, the Christian Balkan states and eventually Constantinople will fall under Muslim control.
1456 – Germany’s fourth oldest institution of higher learning, the University of Greifswald is officially established in a ceremony in the town’s cathedral.
1662 – Charles II of England sells Dunkirk—captured from Spain by Oliver Cromwell just five years earlier and awarded to it in the subsequent peace treaty—to France for 5 million livres.
1814 – At Meux & Co.'s Horse Shoe Brewery on Tottenham Road, London, bursting vats release more than 300,000 gallons of beer into the streets in a flash flood, killing eight. A subsequent lawsuit holds the disaster to be an "Act of God."
1907 – The Marconi Company inaugurates the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between stations in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Clifden, Ireland.
1965 – The New York World's Fair closes. More than 50 million people had attended the fair over its two-year run.
1973 – OPEC starts an oil embargo against a number of western countries, considered to have helped Israel in its war against Syria. The U.S responds with gas lines, price controls, and new taxes to discourage American oil production.
1979 – The Department of Education Organization Act is signed into law, creating the U.S. Department of Education. Its goal is to improve American public schools. It will fail.