Thursday, October 14, 2010
70 B.C. – Publius Vergilius Maro is born at Antes, near Mantua in Cisalpine Gaul. He will give up the study of the law to write poetry under the name of "Virgil."
1582 – Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15. The new American colonies, with their doctrine of separation of church and state, refuse to go along.
1783 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier becomes the first man to fly in a hot air balloon. The craft is designed by the Montgolfier brothers.
1810 – Former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Alfred Moore dies at his plantation in Bladen County, North Carolina. Moore, who wrote only one opinion during his term on the Court, is the last resident of the Old North State to serve on the Court.
1844 – Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is born at Röcken (now part of Lützen) in Prussia. He will go on to have one of the most impressive mustaches in the history of philosophy.
1878 – With financial backing from financier J.P. Morgan members of the Vanderbilt family, the Edison Electric Light Company is created. Some 130 years later, now called the General Electric Company, it will have more than 300,000 employees worldwide.
1935 – Future folk singer Barry McGuire is born at Oklahoma City. His 1965 hit, "Eve of Destruction" will prove premature.
1989 – Wayne Gretzky becomes the all_time leading points scorer in the National Hockey League.