Friday, October 7, 2005
1571: The combined fleets of Venice, Spain, and the Papacy, under Don John of Austria, defeat the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Lepanto, marking the end of undisputed Muslim rule of the eastern Mediterranean.
1763: King George III issues a proclamation restricting English settlement in North America west of the Allegheny Mountains.
1892: State judge Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., moves out of the shadow of his more famous father when the Autocrat of the Breakfast Table dies at age 85.
1806: Englishman Ralph Wedgwood receives a patent for carbon paper. Since neither steel pens nor typewriters are around, there’s not much demand.
1826: America’s first railroad opens for business: the three-mile Granite Railway between Charlestown, Massachusetts, and the granite quarries in nearby Quincy.
1865: Cornell University, founded by a businessman who made his money from the Western Union Telegraph Co., opens its doors at Ithaca, New York. The law school (left) will come 22 years later. (Image: Wikipedia, GNU License)
1912: The Helsinki Stock Exchange opens with its first trade.
1958: President Eisenhower nominates Potter Stewart (Yale Law 1941) for a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court.
1982: The musical Cats opens on Broadway. It will run for 18 years.
1996: News Corporation launches the Fox News Network as a competitor to Turner’s CNN.
2003: Gray Davis (Columbia Law 1967) of California becomes the second state governor in U.S. history to be recalled by the voters. (The first was Lynn Frazier of North Dakota, in 1921.)