Monday, October 31, 2005
1517: Martin Luther posts his Disputation . . . on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences (known familiarly as the “95 theses”) on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
1864: Nevada joins the Union as the 36th state. Motto? "Battle-Born."
1875: Eugene Isaac Meyer is born at Los Angeles, California. A successful stock speculator who kept his wealth during the Depression, he’ll buy the Washington Post at a bankruptcy auction, which will later bring fame to his daughter, Katherine Graham.
1912: The Biograph Co. releases the first Hollywood gangster film, the 17-minute silent Musketeers of Pig Alley, written and directed by Anita Loos and D.W. Griffith.
1941: Sculptor Gutzon Borglum and 400 workmen finish the portraits of the four U.S. Presidents on Mount Rushmore, South Dakota.
1988: Actor John Houseman, whose portrayal of Charles Kingsfield, Jr. remains the gold standard for contracts professors, dies at Malibu, California.
1998: President Clinton signs the Iraq Liberation Act, which makes it U.S. policy “to support efforts to remove the regime headed by Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq and to promote the emergence of a democratic government to replace that regime.”
2003: A federal approves MCI’s reorganization plan, letting the telecommunications firm exit bankruptcy.