Wednesday, October 26, 2005
1825: With cannons firing in celebration, the $7.6 million Erie Canal opens. It will ensure that New York City becomes the principal port for the growing Great Lakes region.
1854: Cereal entrepreneur Charles William “C.W.” Post is born at Springfield, Illinois. His big secret will not be his products (Grape Nuts, Post Toasties), which he largely copies from Kellogg's, but his realization that sophisticated print advertising could be used to sell mass-market brands.
1863: At the Freemasons Tavern on Great Queen Street in London, the Football Association is formed.
1881: Sheriff Virgil Earp’s efforts to enforce a local gun control ordinance leads to three corpses and several men seriously wounded at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona Territory.
1931: Chicago White Sox owner (and former baseball player) Charles Comiskey dies at Eagle River, Wisconsin. In 1919 he ordered star pitcher Eddie Cicotte, who had 29 wins to be benched at the end of the season to prevent him from collecting a contractual bonus he’d receive for 30 wins.
1948: An atmospheric inversion in the Monongahela Valley traps emissions from local zinc works and steel mills in the fog at Donora, Pennsylvania. At least 20 people will die and 7,000 people will be hospitalized.
1985: All of the “present” events in the film Back to the Future occur on this date.
1991: A 33-year-old art aficionado is crushed to death when a 485-pound umbrella, part of an installation called "Umbrellas" by artist Christo, comes loose in the wind and pins her against a boulder.