Monday, October 24, 2005
1648: The modern international system of nation-states is more or less officially born with the signing of the Peace of Westphalia.
1852: Daniel Webster, whose defense of Dartmouth College struck a major blow to public higher education in the Northeast, dies at his home at Marshfield, Massachusetts.
1855: Utica, New York lawyer and businessman James Schoolcraft Sherman is born at Utica. He'll become Vice President of the United States under William Howard Taft.
1861: The Western Union Co. completes the first transcontinental telegraph line, linking Sacramento, California, to the East.
1929: On "Black Thursday," the Dow Jones Industrial Average takes a sudden drop, spreading panic. The Chicago and Buffalo stock exchanges close their doors and eleven prominent financiers kill themselves, before an afternoon rally restores order to the market.
1945: Having temporarily reinstated the death penalty for the purpose, the Norwegian government sends Vidkun Quisling and two associates to a firing squad.
2003: Supersonic passenger fight comes to an end with the last regular British Airways Concorde flight. The plane, loaded with celebrities, crosses the Atlantic in 3.5 hours but must spend 45 minutes taxiing around Heathrow Airport.